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Open access to bibliodiversity - Facing the Future: European Research Infrastructure for Humanities and Social Sciences - ESFRI - Berlin 2014
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Open access to bibliodiversity - Facing the Future: European Research Infrastructure for Humanities and Social Sciences - ESFRI - Berlin 2014


The conference Facing the Future: European Research Infrastructure for Humanities and Social Sciences …

The conference Facing the Future: European Research Infrastructure for Humanities and Social Sciences

Berlin, november 2014


The conference Facing the Future: European Research Infrastructure for Humanities and Social Sciences, initiated by the Social and Cultural Innovation Strategy Working Group of ESFRI and the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research, and hosted by the European Federation of Academies of Sciences and Humanities (ALLEA) and the German Data Forum (RatSWD), invites humanities and social science experts, policy makers, and scientific research infrastructure coordinators to engage in a productive exchange of ideas for a roadmap to strengthen humanities and social sciences alike.
The aim of the conference is to identify and discuss relevant topics - e.g. possible ways of getting countries more involved in the current roadmap and the importance of "big data" across different domains - and to highlight opportunities for an excellent research environment as a foundation for innovative research today and in the future.

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  • 1. OPEN ACCESS TO BIBLIODIVERSITY November 2013 – Facing the future – Berlin - ESFRI Marin Dacos (CNRS) – Director - OpenEdition
  • 2. Paris Marseilles Lisbon Turino
  • 3. 400 journals France : 316 Yemen Thailand Slovenia Serbie Peru Mexico Morocco Luxembourg Kirghizstan Iran United States Egypt Chile Angola Algeria Turkey Syria Israel China Germany Spain Italie Brazil Canada Belgium Portugal Switzerland 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16
  • 4. France : 16 700 23000 events Number of events by country Russia Hungary Ireland Estonia Finland Poland Kingdom of Sweden Holland Czechia Denmark Greece Grand Duchy of Luxembourg Romania Kingdom of Spain Federal Republic of Germany Britain Italian Republic Switzerland Portugal Belgium 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800
  • 5. Number of blogs 800 700 600 500 400 300 200 100 0 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 projection
  • 6. Language based documentation ressources
  • 7. Open Premium Premium Premium
  • 8. Open Premium Premium Premium
  • 9. Already 30 presses. New publishers are joining From Canada From Denmark From Germany From Mexico From Colombia From Italy From Argentina From Brazil http://www.flickr.com/photos/dirkb86/8554933153/sizes/o/
  • 10. We propose Bibliodiversity ! Combination of biblio + diversity, like in biodiversity. As in the ecosystem, diversity is a key for innovation, evolution and adaptability
  • 11. Diversity for culture, publishing and research • Diversity of languages (not only English) • Diversity of disciplines (not only physics) • Diversity of types of publications (not only articles! Books are also important) • Diversity of players (not only Oxford)
  • 12. The old power relations are evolving as non-anglophones embrace open access Now Scielo competes with JSTOR. Blue : JSTOR (restricted access) - Red : Scielo.br (open access)
  • 13. Maps show interest from a lot of countries Source : http://logs.openedition.org
  • 14. OpenEdition annual # of visits 40,000,000 Who said that HSS do not interest people outside academia? 35,000,000 30,000,000 25,000,000 20,000,000 15,000,000 10,000,000 5,000,000 0 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
  • 15. But we still have work to do Threats to diversity : “Matthew effect” (Robert King Merton, 1968) “The winner takes it all” Tends to produce a domination of monocultures… - Disciplines - Languages - Types of publications - Players http://www.flickr.com/photos/vinothchandar/76969 /
  • 16. Disciplines & languages “The world’s most trusted citation index” “Covering the leading scholarly literature”
  • 17. In fact, the WOS is an island ignoring the majority of journals Only this But not … In HSS, only 60 of 1000 French peer-reviewed journals are in WOS !
  • 18. But not Annales ! Historia and Positif Magazines you can buy in a newsagent's The most prestigious French-language history journal, founded by Lucien Febvre and Marc Bloch And not Études photographiques The reference in photographic studies Who said “Covering the leading scholarly literature” ?
  • 19. The system is broken Is it protectionism ? Is it ignorance ? It is violence against diversity http://www.flickr.com/photos/cpstorm/879782403/ We need serious new metrics
  • 20. “The winner takes it all” Disciplines http://www.flickr.com/photos/vinothchandar/7696925948 /
  • 21. Construction cost (M€) of European infrastructures (ESFRI) 4000 3500 3000 2500 Without initial investment, No initiative, Without initiative, No viable proposition, Without viable proposition, No leadership, Without leadership, No investment... … and no diversity 2000 1500 1000 500 1% 0 Social Sciences and Humanities Environmental Sciences Energy Biological Materials&and Analytical Facilities Physical Sciences and Engineering Source : Strategy Report on Research Infrastructures - Roadmap 2010
  • 22. Humanites and social sciences are going digital They call for infrastructures « We call for the creation of scalable digital infrastructures responding to real needs. These digital infrastructures will be built iteratively, based upon methods and approaches that prove successful in research communities. » They will promote bibliodiversity in open
  • 23. TACTICAL PROPOSALS I Publishing is often forgotten in research infrastructures because we focus on research processes Yet, it is the best way to convince our big bosses, just because of PUBLIC USE Not only colleagues : usage by journalists, teachers, students and other people, etc. The same public that Wikipedia REMEMBER : 35 000 000 visits, 19 000 000 unique visitors (impossible in restricted access) http://fr.fotopedia.com/items/flickr-5687300963
  • 24. TACTICAL PROPOSALS II • Consider publishing as a node, or the missing link between public demand and the deep research work (rules of evidence) • Visualization may be considered as a good example of connecting both parts • Models : – DPLA – Hypotheses http://fr.fotopedia.com/items/flickr-5687300963
  • 25. TACTICAL PROPOSALS III If people love science (i.e. HSS) Policy makers will provide money for it How can we help people to like humanities and social sciences ? By building attractive infrastructures ! Being boring is not a sign of scientific quality ! http://fr.fotopedia.com/items/flickr-5687300963
  • 26. THINK ABOUT NASA AND CERN Highly technical and abstract disciplines With a clear and professionnal will of communication
  • 28. marin.dacos@openedition. org http://twitter.com/openmarin Thanks to the OpenEdition team!