Old and new business models for academic journals
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Old and new business models for academic journals

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Presentation for the EAEPE conference 2013 Bobigny

Presentation for the EAEPE conference 2013 Bobigny

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Old and new business models for academic journals Old and new business models for academic journals Presentation Transcript

  • Pierre Mounier – EAEPE 2013 - Bobigny Academic Journals : old and new business models
  • Shifting from old to new business model Subscription model : readers (libraries) pay Open access model : authors (institutions) pay
  • Incentives • Print and digital: from high marginal distribution costs to high fixed publication costs • Serials crisis and the libraries mutiny • Development of succesful Gold Open Access models
  • Plos The perfect « pay to say » model
  • • Article processing charge • Flat charge Platinum (Diamond) journals….. • Double dipping ? Gold Journals…………………. • Moving wall • Fully restricted Hybrid journals…….………….. Paywall journals ……………….. Diversity of business models • Fully funded • Freemium
  • Our experience with OpenEdition
  • « too successful » open access journals for full institutional up front funding
  • « Too big to work ? » : about the transition costs to gold APC model • June 2012 : « Finch report » evaluated the transition cost to £50-60 million a year on top of £175 million spent on subscriptions. • RCUK estimated its needs to £100 millions in the next 5 years to cover APC costs • Sept. 2013 UK House of Commons report : « At a time when the budgets of research organisations and HEIs are under great pressure, it is unacceptable that the Government has issued, without public consultation, an open access policy that will require considerable subsidy from research budgets in order to maintain journal subscriptions and cover APCs […] We are concerned that the expectation appears to be that universities and research organisations will fund the balance of APCs and open access costs from their own reserves. »
  • OpenEdition Freemium : leveraging the libraries budget to support open access journals
  • Freemium : open access to content, premium services to libraries
  • « Subscribing » to open access • Platform fixed cost funded by institutions • 66% of Freemium income to journals • 33% to develop new services • 100% reinvested for open access • 100 journals participating to OE Freemium program • 2012 : 39 libraries subscribing • 2013 : 60 libraries subscribing • 2014 : 83 libraries subscribing
  • OpenEdition Freemium is a pragmatic AND a political proposition to academic community…
  • … in order to build an alliance between scholars, publishers and librairies to support open access & knowledge dissemination
  • Thank you ! pierre.mounier@openedition.org