oPt Humanitarian Overview: The Gaza Strip
The Humanitarian Impact of Two years of Blockade and the Israeli offensive on Gaza
Gaza Strip – Profile <ul><li>Population </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1.43 million (~1 million refugees) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cr...
The Gaza Strip: August 2005 21 Settlements ~9,000 Israeli settlers The Gaza Strip 2009 Access to Gaza 3 nautical miles (ho...
The Israeli Blockade on Gaza Since June 2007 <ul><li>Air/sea movement banned </li></ul><ul><li>All exports banned </li></u...
The Impact of the Blockade <ul><li>95% of private business closed </li></ul><ul><li>More than 120,000 jobs lost </li></ul>...
Deterioration of water and sanitation services <ul><li>10,000 people with no access to piped water </li></ul><ul><li>Repai...
The devastation of livelihoods   <ul><li>5,000 farmers and 10,000 agricultural laborers affected by export ban </li></ul><...
The Gaza War:  27 Dec 2008-18 Jan 2009 <ul><li>1.4 million civilians unprotected: </li></ul><ul><li>Massive military aeria...
People affected during “Cast Lead” Offensive <ul><li>1,383 Palestinians fatalities, including 350 children, identified by ...
<ul><li>Public   infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Agricultural land </li></ul><ul><li>Commerce/Industry </li></ul><ul><li>...
Inability to reconstruct homes   <ul><li>Ban on construction materials prevents reconstruction and repairs of homes  </li>...
<ul><li>Further  Erosion of livelihoods </li></ul><ul><li>Further   decline in the quality of all services </li></ul><ul><...
The way forward <ul><li>Ending the Blockade – GoI must: </li></ul><ul><li>Lift restrictions on all Gaza crossings  </li></...
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feb10unochagaza

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United Nations information on the humanitarian situation in Gaza.

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feb10unochagaza

  1. 1. oPt Humanitarian Overview: The Gaza Strip
  2. 2. The Humanitarian Impact of Two years of Blockade and the Israeli offensive on Gaza
  3. 3. Gaza Strip – Profile <ul><li>Population </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1.43 million (~1 million refugees) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Crowded </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3,881 persons per sq km </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Young </li></ul><ul><ul><li>54% of the population under the age of 18 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Poor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>80% poverty rate/79% aid dependant </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. The Gaza Strip: August 2005 21 Settlements ~9,000 Israeli settlers The Gaza Strip 2009 Access to Gaza 3 nautical miles (horizon) Effective since January 2009 6 nautical miles (horizon) Effective since April 2009 Access and Movement Data Erez Crossing Point Rafah Crossing Point Karni Crossing Point WORKERS AND TRADERS CROSSING EREZ / DAY KARNI: MONTHLY TRUCKLOADS PEOPLE CROSSING RAFAH / DAY
  5. 5. The Israeli Blockade on Gaza Since June 2007 <ul><li>Air/sea movement banned </li></ul><ul><li>All exports banned </li></ul><ul><li>Import of most construction, raw materials & spare parts banned </li></ul><ul><li>Imports restricted to food and hygiene; limited cash/fuel </li></ul><ul><li>Medical referrals restricted </li></ul><ul><li>Buffer zones </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Impact of the Blockade <ul><li>95% of private business closed </li></ul><ul><li>More than 120,000 jobs lost </li></ul><ul><li>Hospital functioning impeded </li></ul><ul><li>Electricity reduced and intermittent </li></ul><ul><li>Deterioration of water supply & sanitation services </li></ul>
  7. 7. Deterioration of water and sanitation services <ul><li>10,000 people with no access to piped water </li></ul><ul><li>Repair and upgrade of treatment plants impeded </li></ul><ul><li>80 million liters of untreated and partially treated sewage discharged into the environment daily </li></ul><ul><li>Increased health risks due to polluted sea water </li></ul><ul><li>Sewage infiltrates into the aquifer: only 5-10% of the extracted water is safe </li></ul>
  8. 8. The devastation of livelihoods <ul><li>5,000 farmers and 10,000 agricultural laborers affected by export ban </li></ul><ul><li>Local market saturated with previously exported items </li></ul><ul><li>“ Buffer Zone” expanded to 300 metres from the fence </li></ul><ul><li>Fishing zone reduce to 3 nautical miles </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Gaza War: 27 Dec 2008-18 Jan 2009 <ul><li>1.4 million civilians unprotected: </li></ul><ul><li>Massive military aerial and ground bombardment </li></ul><ul><li>Densely populated – small area </li></ul><ul><li>No safe space – no bomb shelters </li></ul><ul><li>No alarm/warning system </li></ul><ul><li>No place to flee – all borders sealed </li></ul>
  10. 10. People affected during “Cast Lead” Offensive <ul><li>1,383 Palestinians fatalities, including 350 children, identified by OCHA. </li></ul><ul><li>5,303 Palestinian injuries (MoH) </li></ul><ul><li>Civilian fatalities disputed: 73-83% (Palestinian HR orgs); 25-39% (IDF) </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Public infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Agricultural land </li></ul><ul><li>Commerce/Industry </li></ul><ul><li>UN property </li></ul><ul><li>Tunnels </li></ul><ul><li>All together </li></ul><ul><li>Residential buildings </li></ul>Gaza War Damages: Damage Assessment JRC, 28 Jan 2009
  12. 12. Inability to reconstruct homes <ul><li>Ban on construction materials prevents reconstruction and repairs of homes </li></ul><ul><li>“ Cast Lead” housing impact: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3,500 destroyed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2,900 severely damaged </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>53,000 with minor damages </li></ul></ul><ul><li>20,000 displaced people forced to live in alternative accommodation </li></ul><ul><li>Pre- “Cast Lead” housing needs: 7,500 units </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Further Erosion of livelihoods </li></ul><ul><li>Further decline in the quality of all services </li></ul><ul><li>Continued denial of right to leave Gaza, move to WB </li></ul><ul><li>Limited capacity to address needs resulting of “Cast Lead” </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing aid dependence </li></ul>The continued Blockade: A protracted human dignity crisis
  14. 14. The way forward <ul><li>Ending the Blockade – GoI must: </li></ul><ul><li>Lift restrictions on all Gaza crossings </li></ul><ul><li>Allow free access to agricultural and fishing areas </li></ul><ul><li>Allow access for goods and people between Gaza and the West Bank </li></ul><ul><li>“ Protection, food, water, healthcare, and shelter are basic human needs, not bargaining chips.” (John Holmes) </li></ul>

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