Ch 01 (adjectives, verbs, adverbs, prepositions, conjuntions, interjections) ppp

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  • 1. Chapter 1 THE PARTS OF SPEECH
  • 2. conjunction verb preposition adverb interjection adjective Please fill in the blanks using the correct part of speech listed at the bottom.
  • 3. WHAT IS A VERB ? A verb expresses an action, a condition or a state of being.
  • 4. LINKING VERBS Forms of Verb to BE Verbs that express conditions is, am are, was, were, been, being… look, smell, feel, sound, taste, appear, seem… Some verbs can be either action or linking verbs. Uncle Lou smelled skunks. They smelled awful. Dad tasted the fresh water. It tasted wonderful. ACTION LINKINGACTION LINKING
  • 5. AUXILIARY VERBS AND VERB PHRASES Auxiliary verbs or helping verbs, are combined with other verbs to form verb phrases. Small wood pieces are crackling in the fire. Our muscles will be sore from chopping wood. AUXILIARY AUXILIARY
  • 6. Underline each verb or verb phrase and identify it as linking or action. Circle the auxiliary verbs. 1. Like everyone else, travelers with disabilities want fun vacations. 2. With a wide range of accessibility features available, travel seems easy. 3. Wheelchair travelers can choose rental cars with hand controls. 4. A tour to Nepal has featured a ride on an elephant’s back through Royal Chitwan National Park. VERBS
  • 7. Underline each verb or verb phrase and identify it as linking or action. Circle the auxiliary verbs. 1. Like everyone else, travelers with disabilities want fun vacations. A 2. With a wide range of accessibility features available, travel seems easy. L 3. Wheelchair travelers can choose rental cars with hand controls. A 4. A tour to Nepal has featured a ride on an elephant’s back through Royal Chitwan National Park. A VERBS
  • 8. WHAT IS AN ADJECTIVE? An adjective modifies or limits the meaning of a noun or pronoun. It answers the question •WHAT KIND (fast) •WHICH ONE (this) •HOW MANY(four) •HOW MUCH(enough).
  • 9. Underline each adjective in these sentences and circle the word it modifies. 1. An enjoyable way to travel in a new country is on a horse. 2. In Jamaica, formerly a British colony, polo is popular among English immigrants. 3. To exercise polo ponies in the hot country, trainers let them swim in deep water. 4. My very competitive pony swam up between two other ponies. ADJECTIVES
  • 10. Underline each adjective in these sentences and circle the word it modifies. 1. An enjoyable way to travel in a new country is on a horse. 2. In Jamaica, formerly a British colony, polo is popular among English immigrants. 3. To exercise polo ponies in the hot country, trainers let them swim in deep water. 4. My very competitive pony swam up between two other ponies. ADJECTIVES
  • 11. WHAT IS AN ADVERB? An adverb modifies a verb, an adjective or another adverb. Mike scrambled quickly from the icy pond. MODIFIES VERB He was extremely cold. MODIFIES ADJECTIVE He had fallen into the pond quite accidentally. MODIFIES ADVERB
  • 12. An adverb answers the question •WHERE (here, downstairs) •WHEN (yesterday, never) •HOW(slowly, well) •TO WHAT EXTENT(almost, somewhat) ADVERBS
  • 13. Underline each adverb in these sentences. 1. Quite often, when we travel anywhere, we go to water parks. 2. We have slid crazily down water slides at the Wisconsin Dells. 3. At the top of a slide, you sit carefully on a mat and nervously grip its edges. 4. Immediately, you start whizzing down, careening nearly uncontrollably from side to side. ADVERBS
  • 14. Underline each adverb in these sentences. 1. Quite often, when we travel anywhere, we go to water parks. 2. We have slid crazily down water slides at the Wisconsin Dells. 3. At the top of a slide, you sit carefully on a mat and nervously grip its edges. 4. Immediately, you start whizzing down, careening nearly uncontrollably from side to side. ADVERBS
  • 15. WHAT IS A PREPOSITION? A preposition shows the relationship between a noun or pronoun and another word or sentence. COMMONLY USED PREPOSITIONS at about before by rather down for out of Luis traveled to Guatemala with other teens.
  • 16. A preposition that consists of more than one word are called compound prepositions. Because of his heavy pack, Luis had trouble hiking. COMMONLY USED COMPOUND PREPOSITIONS aside from according to out of by means of in addition to in place of in front of in spite of instead of on account of because of prior to PREPOSITIONS
  • 17. Circle the prepositions. 1. Some organizations plan trips for students, combining education, service and adventure. 2. These trips offer young people special opportunities in other countries. 3. These teens visit small villages instead of tourist attractions. 4. Sometimes they work with local teenagers on projects. PREPOSITIONS
  • 18. Circle the prepositions. 1. Some organizations plan trips for students, combining education, service and adventure. 2. These trips offer young people special opportunities in other countries. 3. These teens visit small villages instead of tourist attractions. 4. Sometimes they work with local teenagers on projects. PREPOSITIONS
  • 19. WHAT IS A CONJUNCTION? A conjunction connects words or groups of words.
  • 20. Coordinating conjunctions connect words or groups of words of equal importance in a sentence. Claudia and Peter visited the Yucatan Peninsula, but they stayed only a few days. COORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS nor and or but yet so for CONJUNTIONS
  • 21. Correlative conjunctions are word pairs that serve to join words or groups of words. Neither Claudia nor Peter had been to Mexico before. They found it not only beautiful but also rich in history. CORRELATIVE CONJUNCTIONS Both…and neither…nor whether…or not only… either…or but also CONJUNCTIONS
  • 22. Underline the conjunctions and conjunctive adverbs in the sentences. 1. Many people visit Mexico or Central America to see the remains of the Mayan civilization. 2. The Mayan culture fascinates visitors because the Mayans achieved so much. 3. Mayans not only created a written language but also built many large pyramids. 4. Beneath the slab, Ruz and his helpers found a stairway leading into the pyramid; however, it was filled with rubble. CONJUNCTIONS
  • 23. Underline the conjunctions and conjunctive adverbs in the sentences. 1. Many people visit Mexico or Central America to see the remains of the Mayan civilization. 2. The Mayan culture fascinates visitors because the Mayans achieved so much. 3. Mayans not only created a written language but also built many large pyramids. 4. Beneath the slab, Ruz and his helpers found a stairway leading into the pyramid; however, it was filled with rubble. CONJUNCTIONS
  • 24. WHAT IS AN INTERJECTION? An interjection is a word or phrase that expresses a feeling. A strong interjection is followed by an exclamation point. A mild interjection is set off with commas. Yikes ! Have you ever seen such a tall building? Well, no, I guess I haven’t.
  • 25. Underline the interjections in these sentences. 1. Here we are in Chicago, and wow, is it cold! 2. Hey, is it always this cold here in the winter? 3. Oh, no! You left your gloves in the hotel room? 4. Well, we can always get you another pair. 5. Brrr! Better hurry; it’s about to snow. INTERJECTIONS
  • 26. Underline the interjections in these sentences. 1. Here we are in Chicago, and wow, is it cold! 2. Hey, is it always this cold here in the winter? 3. Oh, no! You left your gloves in the hotel room? 4. Well, we can always get you another pair. 5. Brrr! Better hurry; it’s about to snow. INTERJECTIONS