01 ethics moral and morality(2)

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01 ethics moral and morality(2)

  1. 1. BasicConceptsETHICS FUNDAMENTS1
  2. 2. 1. What would bea good definition forETHICS?2. What about MORALand MORALITY?3. What is the connectionbetween the 3?Do we really need them?
  3. 3. ETHICS (tasks)A sub-field of philosophy1. Clarification: what?2. Foundation: why?3. Application: where and how?3"El aporte de la Ética en la sociedad del siglo XXI”, Dr.Emilio Martínez Navarro
  4. 4. ETHICS (d.) From ethos: “character” or “custom” (habit) d: A branch of philosophy concerned withmoral principles and values…and howpeople should live their lives. Ethical philosophers are concerned withthe ideas of ‘good’ and ‘bad’ as theyapply to human affairs.5"ethics" A Dictionary of Sociology. John Scott and Gordon Marshall. Oxford University Press 2009.Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press. ITESM. 9 August 2011 http://0-www.oxfordreference.com.millenium.itesm.mx/views/ENTRY.html?subview=Main&entry=t88.e750Ordieres, Alejandro. Fundamentos para una Ética Ciudadana. McGraw Hill, 2010. p. 12
  5. 5. MORAL (d.)From mos or moris: customsadjective: Relating to principles ofright and wrong in behaviornoun: Moral practices or teachings(modes of conduct)6“moral” Merriam Webster DictionaryOrdieres, Alejandro. Fundamentos para una Ética Ciudadana. McGraw Hill, 2010. p. 17.d: A code of norms, beliefs, values, and customs thatguide a person’s behavior (as a member of acommunity) or a group.
  6. 6. How do we acquire ourmoral orientation?a. Obtaining reasons to behave in acertain way.b. Following examples of moralbehavior.c. Developing abilities for our personalreflection and the dialogue withothers.= our own moral conscience.7"El aporte de la Ética en la sociedad del siglo XXI”, Dr. Emilio Martínez Navarro.
  7. 7. How does society acquireits moral code?a. Popular traditionsb. Religionsc. Judicial dispositions= each cultural group sees their ownway of living as natural, right, andgood.8"El aporte de la Ética en la sociedad del siglo XXI”, Dr. Emilio Martínez Navarro.
  8. 8. CONTRATO DE MAESTRAS 1923Fuente: ‘La Revista del Consejo Nacional de la Mujer’, Año 4, Nro. 12. marzo 1999. Buenos Aires. Inspirado en los contratos norteamericanos, las escuelas argentinasde las primeras décadas del Siglo XX solían acordar con susmaestras algunas pautas de comportamiento [en] el famoso contratodel “Consejo Nacional de Educación”, todo un orgullo para las chicasde los años 20, en una de las pocas profesiones con prestigio socialal que podían acceder.
  9. 9. 1. Both words mean the same2. Both establish codes and norms of conduct3. Both determine how the individual should behave and classifyhim/her as good or bad.ETHICS1. It is the result of an individualproposition.2. Its norms come from theconscience’s interior, not theexterior.3. The value proposed by theconscience comes from within.MORAL1. It comes from a social group.2. Its norms are established bythe exterior (i.e. society)3. The norms are applied with theuse of an external force (i.e.laws)10SimilaritiesDifferencesOrdieres, Alejandro. Fundamentos para una Ética Ciudadana. McGraw Hill, 2010. p. 19
  10. 10. MORALITY (d.)The codes of conduct…a. put forward by a societyor another group (such asa religion), andb. accepted by an individualfor his/her own behavior11“morality” Standford Encyclopedia of Philosophyhttp://plato.stanford.edu/entries/morality-definition/
  11. 11. 12morality…assimilatesand lives thevaluesproposed bythesociety/groupThe individualis capable oflivingaccording tothosenorms…Thesociety/groupestablishesnorms andcodes ofconduct.Ordieres,Alejandro.FundamentosparaunaÉticaCiudadana.McGrawHill,2010.p.21*It involves codes of conductthat, given specifiedconditions, would be put forwardby ALL rational persons.
  12. 12. Our morality tries to answerquestions such as…“What should I do with my life?”“Which are the values and principlesthat I should follow?”“How could we live in a better andmore civilized way?”13"El aporte de la Ética en la sociedad del siglo XXI”, Dr. Emilio Martínez Navarro.

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