What is logistics and then coming down to cold chain logistics.
fresh food distribution logistics
LOGISTICS IN FRESH
By :- Revathy (35), Kaveri(5),
Ravi(44), Avadhesh(52), Aditya
Logistics is the
of the flow of goods
origin to destination to
Right Time, Right Place
@ Minimum Cost
What is Logistics ?
What is Cold Chain Logistics?
•A cold chain is a temperature-controlled supply chain.
•An unbroken cold chain is an uninterrupted series of storage and
distribution activities which maintain a given temperature range.
•It is used to help extend and ensure the shelf life of products such as
fresh agricultural produce, seafood, frozen food, photographic
film, chemicals and pharmaceutical drugs
IMPORTANT FACTORS WHILE
HANDLING COLD CHAIN LOGISTICS
• The use of refrigerator trucks, refrigerator cars, reefer
ships, reefer containers, and refrigerated warehouses is
• Shipment in insulated shipping containers or other
• Temperature data loggers and RFID tags help monitor the
temperature history of the truck, warehouse, etc. and the
temperature history of the product being shipped. They also
can help determine the remaining shelf life.
• Documentation is critical.Customs delays occur due to
inaccurate or incomplete customs paperwork, so basic
guidelines for creating a commercial invoice should be
followed to ensure the proper verbiage, number of copies, and
CHALLENGES FACED BY
THE FOOD INDUSTRY
• The food industry faces not only the traditional
challenges of handling perishables and dated
products, but also additional challenges have
been recently introduced that were unimaginable
a few years ago:
• Increased globalization;
• Competitive pricing from mass-retailers-turned-
• Tighter standards for compliance and security;
• Bioterrorism regulations requiring two-year
histories on all food shipments.
Global Cold Chain Facts: Food Sector
Meat Fish &
In European and American developed countries, the
refrigerated transport is up to 80-90%,
pre-cooling preservation is up to 80-100%,
and the loss rate is below 5%.
25% of the total food production is processed foods. A
Source: Ingersol Rand at ICE EXPO 2010
Daily consumption in india
• 9000 trucks of fruit
• 14000 trucks of vegetables
• 4000 trucks of potatoes
• 8000 trucks of onions
Apple 90-240 0
Bananas 7-28 13.5
Bell Peppers 21-35 7
Cabbage 14-20 1
Eggs 180 1.1
Onions 30-180 1
Lettuce 12-14 0.6
Fresh Meat (beef,
lamb, pork, poultry)
Oranges 21-90 7
Pears 120-180 -0.6
Potatoes 30-50 10
Strawberries 5-10 0.6
Tomatoes 7-14 12
MEAT DISTRIBUTION LOGISTICS
• Meat transportation is particularly dependent on the
cold chain since once slaughtered unfrozen meat has a
limited storage life.
• meat animals are collected alive and transported to
major slaughterhouses / stockyard complexes
• Then, the carcasses are frozen and transported mainly
by refrigerated railcars to consumption markets.
• There, they will be butchered, packed and
sold, commonly in large super markets having a
temperature controlled room.
• ColdStar offers end-to-end refrigerated storage and transportation
solutions for temperature-sensitive consumables. They enable their
customers – leaders in Food, Retail, FMCG
• ColdStar provides pre-cooling, cold storage and reefer transportation /
trucking facilities in an integrated model to processors, food service
providers, distributors and retailers across India. With a state-of-the-art
warehouse and logistics infrastructure, ColdStar helps ensure optimum
storage conditions for perishables from point of harvest / manufacturing to
point of sale.
• Their warehouses provide storage solutions while their reefer / freezer
trucks help in inbound and outbound transportation. They are building
their distribution system through a ‘hub and spoke’ model where they
transport in big, medium and small freezer vehicles as per distribution
needs like long haul, point-to-point and within-city-limits distribution.
1) COLDSTAR LOGISTICS
Reefer trucks A refrigerated
container or reefer is a
shipping container used in i
freight transport that
is refrigerated for the
temperature sensitive cargo
like fresh food .
V.G frozen food carriers
• V. G. Frozen Food Carrier co. provides end-to-end
movement of temperature sensitive consignments
including vegetables, seafoods, etc. in the domestic
• They are a leading service provider, rendering Food
Transportation Services, Truck Transportation
Services, Beverage Transportation
Services, Refrigerated Transportation
Services, Frozen Food Transportation
Services, Agricultural Products Transportation
The trucks of this company have
refrigerated and insulated body along with
every necessary arrangement to be used
in case of unpredictable circumstances.
• Acorn Warehouses & Logistics Parks is the
one of its kind, organized warehouse
complex, committed to achieve optimization
in overall logistics costs, efficient operations
& better services in the clients supply chain
operations, Acorn Warehouses.
Modular Cold Rooms
built at site to desired
dimensions and cooling
of fresh food
• Global. Specialization of
permitting the transport of
temperature sensitive food
products to distant markets.
• Regional. Can support the
specialization of production
and economies of scale in
distribution. This could involve
large cold storage
facilities servicing regional
• Local. Timely distribution to
the final consumer of
perishables, namely grocery
stores and restaurants.
3rd Party and Warehousing
• Food products begin to deteriorate the
moment they are harvested or
slaughtered, so it is essential for cold
chain logistics to insure that the cargo
is kept in optimum storage
conditions so that shelf life, and
therefore commercial potential, is