Since the Industrial Revolution, which commenced in the 18 th century, demand for energy has continued to grow.
In meeting the demand for energy, fossil type energy carriers and in particular oil and gas have contributed the largest share, over the years. Fossil type resources are known to have been formed over hundreds of million years ago and are therefore finite in quantity.
An energy crisis is any great bottleneck (or price rise) in the supply of energy resources to an economy.
Thus, efforts must be made, and structures put in place, by government and non governmental organizations for the development of necessary policies and legal frame works well as programs that promote the adoption of renewable energy for sustainable development.