Since the Industrial Revolution, which commenced in the 18 th century, demand for energy has continued to grow.
In meeting the demand for energy, fossil type energy carriers and in particular oil and gas have contributed the largest share, over the years. Fossil type resources are known to have been formed over hundreds of million years ago and are therefore finite in quantity.
An energy crisis is any great bottleneck (or price rise) in the supply of energy resources to an economy.
choke point disruption or bottlenecks at oil refineries and port facilities that restrict fuel supply.
This is what is happening around…
World’s energy consumption graph showing constant raise
1973 oil crisis
1979 energy crisis
1990 spike in the price of oil
The UK fuel protest of 2000
North American natural gas crisis
Argentine energy crisis of 2004
North Korea has had energy shortages for many years.
Zimbabwe has experienced a shortage of energy supplies for many years due to financial mismanagement.
Political riots occurring during the 2007 Burmese anti-government protests were sparked by rising energy prices.
Crises that exist as of 2008 include:
Oil price increases since 2003
2008 Central Asia energy crisis
South African electrical crisis.
China experienced severe energy shortages towards the end of 2005 and again in early 2008.
It has been predicted that in the coming years after 2009 that the United Kingdom will suffer an energy crisis
It is to be noted that developed countries like USA consume more energy than developing countries..
Future and alternative energy sources:
Thus, efforts must be made, and structures put in place, by government and non governmental organizations for the development of necessary policies and legal frame works well as programs that promote the adoption of renewable energy for sustainable development.
Such resources include biomass, hydro, solar, wind, geo- thermal, tides and ocean waves.
By the nature of these resources, they are non depletable and their exploitation and utilization have minimum adverse effect on the environment and are therefore sustainable