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Industrial revolution causes (empty presentation)


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  • Sources of water power: water mills Minute 8.00
  • Navigable rivers: trade within the country Natural harbours:
  • Colonies supplied with abundant raw material
  • Captured colonial market: textile and iron industries: growing demands 11.00 spinning machines: Iron: 12.00
  • 2.25 – 4.00
  • Video: 5.00 – 7.00
  • Coal mines in the IR:
  • The first commercially successful true engine was the atmospheric engine , invented by Thomas Newcomen around 1712
  • James Watt developed (1763–75) an improved version of Newcomen's engine, with a separate condenser . Boulton and Watt's early engines used half as much coal as John Smeaton 's improved version of Newcomen's. [18]
  • Transcript

    • 1. BLUE 1ST YEAR - 2013 GREEN 1ST YEAR - 2013 Industrial Revolution
    • 2. Why did the Industrial Revolution happen? Why in Britain?
    • 3. Sources of water
    • 4. 1. Navigable rivers Trade within the country
    • 5. 2. Natural harbours Ships can move easily, make trade easier
    • 6. Raw materials and numerous markets
    • 7. 3. Colonies supplied with abundant raw material
    • 8. 4. Colonies demanded goods from the textile and iron industries
    • 9. COAL
    • 10. 5. Abundant deposits of coal which are easily mined and transported. Coal provides three times more energy than wood. Coal kick-started a revolution in XIII century Britain, a revolution which transformed not only the country but the world itself.
    • 11. 6. In Britain the mines were near the sea, so ships could carry coal cheaply to the most important market, London.
    • 12. Scientific and technological new ideas
    • 13. 7. The demand for coal became larger, but the deeper the miners went the more water there was underground, so it was necessary to pump water out of the mine.
    • 14. 8. Initially people used horse-driven pumps, but they needed a more effective way to draw water from much deeper.
    • 15. 9. In 1712 Thomas Newcomen invented the atmospheric engine . It worked by creating a partial vacuum by condensing steam under a piston within a cylinder.
    • 16. 10. James Watt developed (1763–75) an improved version of Newcomen's engine, with a separate condenser. Boulton and Watt’s early machines used less coal than Newcomen's
    • 17. 11. Flying shuttle
    • 18. 12. Spinning Jenny
    • 19. 13. The water frame