EX101June 20, 2013 – 10:30 AM1 LUInnovative Design:The Expanding Use of Wood inConstruction
This presentation is protected by U.S.and international copyright laws.Reproduction, distribution, display anduse of the p...
Acknowledgements/CreditsSpeaker: Cheryl Ciecko, AIA, LEED AP, GGPMidwest Regional Director- WoodWorks
This program is registered with AIA CES for continuingprofessional education. As such, it does not includecontent that may...
Course Description• After a prolonged emphasis on concrete and steel for non-residentialbuildings, design professionals ar...
Course Description Continued1. Why any material? Wood has been a sought-after material for centuries thanks to itsrenewabi...
Learning Objectives• At the end of this program, participants will be able to:1. Recognize the benefits of wood materials ...
Life Cycle AssessmentSustainability
Why wood?Why choose any material?Sustainability
Life Cycle Assessment – 1960shttp://www.epa.gov/nrmrl/std/lca/pdfs/600r06060.pdfConsider system boundaries
Product UseorconsumptionRawMaterialsAcquisitionMaterialsManufactureProductManufactureFinaldeposition;incineration;landfill...
BEES 4.0• Developed by NIST –National Institute of Science & TechnologyU.S. Dept. of CommerceLife Cycle Assessment Tools*P...
Referenced calculators: Athena Impact Estimator Athena EcoCalulator GaBi SimaProLife Cycle Assessment Tools - Assembli...
Requirements forLCA: ISO 14040Requirements forEPDs: ISO 14025Report LCA data…GHG EmissionsWater PollutionAcid RainResource...
Environmental Product DeclarationsResources Acid rainWater Climate chgAir
Life Cycle Assessment – Steelwww.steel.org
Life Cycle Assessment – Concretewww.cement.org/basics/howmade.asps
Life Cycle Assessment – Wood
MaterialNet Carbon Emissions(kg C/metric ton)Net Carbon EmissionsIncluding Carbon StorageWithin Material(kg C/metric ton)F...
Carbon Absorbed and Sequestered
Wood Products Store Carbon – 50%New Genesis ApartmentsLos Angeles, CAKillefer Flammang ArchitectsPhotos: naturallywood.com...
Volume of wood used 3,088 m3Carbon sequesteredand stored (CO2e) 2,340 metric tonsAvoided greenhousegases (CO2e) 4,970 metr...
What is makes a forest sustainable?Challenge preconceptions…Forests
Is this sustainable forest management?
Forestry PracticesClear-cutting DeforestationScientific practice toaccelerate forestregeneration.
1940
1945 (+ 5 years )
1950 (+ 10 years )
1955 (+ 15 years )
1961 (+ 21 years )
1971 (+ 31 years )
1974(+ 34 years )Photos:Dovetail Partners
Natural Disruptions – Fire, Wind, Insects
Mountain Pine Beetle Epidemic
Glacier National Park2011
Richmond Oval – Vancouver OlympicsArchitects: Cannon Design Engineer: Fast & Epp Builder: StructureCraft
DeforestationCattle Ranching65-70%Agriculture25-35%Logging2-3%Causes - Brazilian Amazon 2000-2005
Sustainable Forest CertificationAustralia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Chile,Czech Republic, Denmark Estonia, Finlan...
Sustainable Forest CertificationFSC PEFCForest StewardshipCouncilProgramme for theEndorsement ofForest CertificationSFI CS...
Inclusive vs. ExclusiveCommercial Green BuildingRating SystemsGREEN GLOBESFSC PEFCATFCSASFILEED U.S.FSCFSCBREEAMFSC PEFCSF...
Note: Standards endorsed by PEFC include those in Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil,Canada, Chile, Czech Republic, Denma...
Certified Forests around the World
Deforestation in the U.S.?7% Hydro3% Renewables2009 Electric Sector Generation
M“Dryers help protectthe environment.They save trees frombeing used…”Think About the Messages…
BiophiliaWhat is the difference between a‘philia’ and a ‘phobia’?
“The connections that human beingssubconsciously seek withthe rest of life”Biophilia = “love of living systems”
Is there an emotional connection…when people see and touch wood?
Study: Wood and HealthHerrington Recovery CenterWisconsinArchitect: TWP ArchitecturePhoto: Curtis Waltz
Wood in SchoolsRosa Parks Elementary SchoolWashingtonArchitect: Mahlum ArchitectsPhoto: Benjamin Benschneider
Challenge preconceptions …MoistureMoistureWhat building materials are immune tomoisture damage or mold?
Moisture Damage
What material is mold-proof?
Dust/DirtMoisture + = Mold
Challenge preconceptions…DurabilityDurabilityDo structural materialsimpact durability &useful life?
Fulton CountyStadium, Atlanta, GA1965-Horyuji Temple, Ikaruga,Nara, Japan 607-71112th Century, 1374, 1603Materials = Long ...
Prentice Women’s Hospital - ChicagoArchitect: Bertrand Goldberg 1975Useful life: 37 years???
Built - 1915Many Glacier Hotel, Montana
1915 - ?Many Glacier HotelGlacier National Park, MTArchitect: McMahon,Thomas D.; Et al.Photos: Cheryl CieckoFive-Story Woo...
Built 1906 500,000 s.f.Butler Brothers Building – 9 Stories
Butler Square today…St. Louis, MOArchitect: Harry W. JonesRenovated 1974
Structural System = Long Useful Life?• No Relationship!Reasons for demolition•Changing Land values•Lack of suitability•Lac...
Challenge preconceptions... FireSustainabilityMoistureDurabilityFire
Performance in Fire
http://www.awc.org/pdf/tr10.pdfCHAR !Char protects theinner core.ColdwoodColdwoodHeatedwoodCharLayerTimber Fire Design
Fire Resistive Construction Resources• AITC Technical Note 7http://www.aitc-glulam.org• AWC Technical Report 10http://www....
IBC Provisions influence wood useHow high can youbuild with wood?
4 stories wood –TypeV4 stories of residential over podium (parking or retail)• 60-80 units/acre Inman Park Condos, Atlanta...
• Sprinkler systems• Fire walls• Mezzanines• Fire-resistivematerials• Concrete Podium5+ Stories with wood – Type IIIAMarse...
Increased OpportunitiesMarselleSeattle, WAArchitect: PB ArchitectsPhoto: Matt ToddMezzanine + $250KIncreased value +$1M
New Materials = Taller Wood BuildingsBridport House, UKKarakusevic CarsonArchitectsStadthaus, UKAndrew Waugh ArchitectsAlt...
Cross Laminated Timber (CLT)Photos: by FPInnovations
How does CLT work?
Nine Story Building in UKSaved 23 weeksSustainable?StadthausLondonAndrew Waugh ArchitectsCarbon storage = 210 years of 10%...
FortéMelbourne Victoria Harbour atDocklandsMelbourne, AustraliaArchitect and rendering: Lend Lease– 10 stories
• ANSI/APA PRG320 2012• IBC 2015CLT Codes and Standardswww.masstimber.com
Innovation & Collaboration…
Sentinal StructuresCredit Valley Hospital Prairie Island, MNCredit Valley HospitalConvention Ctr, VancouverUsing wood mate...
Prairie Island, MNRecreational Facilities
Percy Norman AquaticCentreVancouver, BCArchitect: Hughes Condon MarlerLEED GoldSolemar Saltwater BathsBad Durreim, Germany...
Thunder Bay Regional Health Sciences CentreThunder Bay, ONArchitect: Salter Farrow Pilon Architect Inc.Photo: Peter Sellar...
Carlo Fidani Peel Regional Cancer CentreMississauga, ONArchitect: Farrow Partnership
Atlanta, GAArchitect: Perkins & WillPhoto: Jim Roof Creative PhotographyWillson Hospice House
Cultural FacilitiesBlue Ridge Parkway DestinationCenterAsheville, NCArchitect: Lord, Aeck & Sargent ArchitectsPhotos: Jona...
Washington, DCArchitect: Bing Thom ArchitectsStructural engineer: Fast+EppFabricator: StructureCraft Builders Washington, ...
Jackson Hole International AirportJackson, WYArchitect: GenslerPhoto: Cheryl CieckoTransportation
Building Size: 115,578 s.f.Const. Cost: $30.6 millionPhoto: Cheryl CieckoLEED SilverJackson Hole International Airport
Fentress ArchitectsDenver, CORaleigh Durham International AirportRaleigh, NCArchitect: Fentress ArchitectsEngineers: Stewa...
Layton Petro MartGreenfield, WIArchitect and photo: Arquitectura, Inc
Unreinforced (0%) 1% GFRP 2% GFRP 3% GFRP6.75" x 52-1/2" DFwith 6.75" x 0.525"GFRP on tension face6.75" x 45" DF with6.75"...
• Tension reinforced glulam• FRP reinforced shear walls• Blast resistant technologyFiber Reinforced Polymers (FRP)
FRP use in Blast Resistant testingBlast Testing ResultsBeforeAfterAEWC
•Moment connections for Heavy Timber•Rapid erection•Light weight•Light carbon footprint•Earthquake resistantPost Tension G...
Glulam with LVL Tension LaminationLVL Tension Lam•Full length-no finger joints•Greater tensilestrength = 3000 psi•Glulam f...
University & School FacilitiesBethel UniversityArden Hills, MNRoosevelt UniversityCalifornia
$40,000 savings for gym roof structure$2.7 million savings due to use of wood framingEl Dorado High SchoolEl Dorado, ARArc...
Inspirational ProjectsOakland, CACathedral of Christ the LightOakland, CAArchitects: Skidmore, Owings & Merrill Architects...
Cathedral of Christ the Light• 110 feet tall• Designed for 1000 yr.earthquake event• Building life of 300 years
Belmont Abbey College ChapelWGM Design, Inc. Lancaster County Timber FrameBelmont, NCArchitect: WGM Design, Inc.Photos: Ti...
Industrial
Panelized RoofsConstruction Savings:• Batt insulationSavings• Construction detailsavings• Construction Timesavings• Safer ...
Panelized RoofsPhotos: Jerry Gregg, Hilbers Inc.
What is Next?! .. Wood Skyscraper20-Stories-CLT Building inNorway…Sky is the limit!
The Case forTall WoodBuildingsMass Timber – 30 storiesArchitect: Michael GreenEngineer: Eric Karsh
concrete jointed timber frame”Skidmore, Owings & Merrill – ChicagoResearch“Concrete jointed timber frame”Reduces carbon fo...
45450 kgSequesters1 ton of GHGs45450 kg -22% sizeGenerated2 tons of GHGshttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YHbD_X456BAWood Cub...
• Cost• Faster construction time• Easy to work with• Aesthetics• Sustainability• Carbon• RenewableThe benefits of using wo...
Renewable & providesassurance of EnvironmentalResponsibility regardingproduction.WOOD is the ONLY material:
The Future???
Contact InformationCheryl A. Ciecko, AIAWoodWorksTwitter: @InspiredarchtCheryl@woodworks.orgReThink WoodBooth #1542 - Wood...
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Innovative Design: The Expanding Use of Wood in Construction

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Design professionals are using wood to great effect in a growing number of commercial and multifamily buildings. Some applications are driven by wood's aesthetic and warmth while others cite its versatility or low carbon footprint. The increase in wood use has been made possible by building codes that increasingly recognize wood's structural and performance capabilities, and the continued evolution in the science and engineering of wood building systems and techniques. This presentation will challenge preconceptions about wood construction, while offering innovative solutions to current problems and provide a comprehensive background to move forward with taller, larger and more innovative wood structures.

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  1. 1. EX101June 20, 2013 – 10:30 AM1 LUInnovative Design:The Expanding Use of Wood inConstruction
  2. 2. This presentation is protected by U.S.and international copyright laws.Reproduction, distribution, display anduse of the presentation without writtenpermission of the speaker is prohibited.
  3. 3. Acknowledgements/CreditsSpeaker: Cheryl Ciecko, AIA, LEED AP, GGPMidwest Regional Director- WoodWorks
  4. 4. This program is registered with AIA CES for continuingprofessional education. As such, it does not includecontent that may be deemed or construed to constituteapproval, sponsorship or endorsement by the AIA of anymethod, product, service, enterprise or organization. Thestatements expressed by speakers, panelists, and otherparticipants reflect their own views and do notnecessarily reflect the views or positions of The AIA or ofAIA components, or those of their respective officers,directors, members, employees, or other organizations,groups or individuals associated with them. Questionsrelated to specific products, publications, and servicesmay be addressed at the conclusion of this presentation.
  5. 5. Course Description• After a prolonged emphasis on concrete and steel for non-residentialbuildings, design professionals are using wood to great effect in agrowing number of commercial and multi-family building types.Innovative applications for wood today include retail, schools,healthcare facilities, churches, bridges, industrial facilities, offices,student housing and more. Some applications are driven by woodsaesthetic and warmth while others cite its versatility or low carbonfootprint. Their collective path has been made possible by buildingcodes that increasingly recognize woods structural and performancecapabilities, and the continued evolution in the science andengineering of wood building systems and techniques.• This session will challenge preconceptions about wood construction,while offering innovative solutions to current problems and providingattendees with a comprehensive background to move forward withtaller, larger and more innovative wood structures.
  6. 6. Course Description Continued1. Why any material? Wood has been a sought-after material for centuries thanks to itsrenewability, affordability, warmth and beauty. More recently, its carbon benefits incomparison to concrete and steel have placed it at the forefront of green building design.The speaker will discuss life cycle comparisons of wood versus other structural materials andhow the use of wood reduces a building’s carbon footprint. Sustainable forestry will beexamined, including a discussion of myths and facts. The session also will explore how woodperforms in the areas of durability, fire and moisture.2. Building codes: Learn how the International Building Code increased the possibilities forwood construction by recognizing additional fire protection techniques, consolidating themaximum allowable areas and heights from the three legacy codes into one and allowingthe use of wood in a wider range of building types. The session will look even further tobuilding projects that have pushed the boundaries of wood design and construction.3. Innovation: From six-story mid-rise to 30-story wood composite structures to wood bridgeswith 100-year service lives, the world of wood today is an exciting display of creativity andinvention. Innovative wood materials and building systems are reducing the carbon footprintof the built environment while allowing wood to reach new heights, create safe havens inseismic zones and maximize energy efficiency. The session will showcase diverse projectsfrom around the world to demonstrate innovation and inspire collaboration of materialsdestined to influence building professionals for decades to come.
  7. 7. Learning Objectives• At the end of this program, participants will be able to:1. Recognize the benefits of wood materials through evaluation of allmaterials using Life Cycle Assessment methodology.• 2. Challenge preconceptions and myths related to forestry and theuse of wood materials use in terms of sustainability, moisture,durability, and fire, through historical and contemporary projectexamples.• 3. Make use of provisions in the International Building Code thatallow designers to increase the allowable heights and areas of buildingprojects beyond the stated tabular limits.• 4. Utilize innovative wood materials and hybrid wood, steel, andconcrete building systems that are being developed around the worldtoday through exposure to a variety of project case study examples.
  8. 8. Life Cycle AssessmentSustainability
  9. 9. Why wood?Why choose any material?Sustainability
  10. 10. Life Cycle Assessment – 1960shttp://www.epa.gov/nrmrl/std/lca/pdfs/600r06060.pdfConsider system boundaries
  11. 11. Product UseorconsumptionRawMaterialsAcquisitionMaterialsManufactureProductManufactureFinaldeposition;incineration;landfill; recycleor reuseWasteoutEmissionsoutEnergyInEmissionsoutEnergyInEmissionsoutEnergyInEmissionsoutEnergyInEmissionsoutEnergyInWasteoutWasteoutWasteoutWasteoutReuse & RecycleFrom cradle to grave… or cradle to cradle.Life Cycle Assessment
  12. 12. BEES 4.0• Developed by NIST –National Institute of Science & TechnologyU.S. Dept. of CommerceLife Cycle Assessment Tools*Productshttp://www.bfrl.nist.gov/oae/software/bees/
  13. 13. Referenced calculators: Athena Impact Estimator Athena EcoCalulator GaBi SimaProLife Cycle Assessment Tools - AssembliesLEED v2009 – Whole Building Life Cycle AssessmentLEED v4 – Building Life-Cycle Impact ReductionGreen Globes
  14. 14. Requirements forLCA: ISO 14040Requirements forEPDs: ISO 14025Report LCA data…GHG EmissionsWater PollutionAcid RainResource DepletionEnergy UseSolid WasteThe next wave of ‘eco-labeling’….Environmental FactsEnvironmental Product Declarations
  15. 15. Environmental Product DeclarationsResources Acid rainWater Climate chgAir
  16. 16. Life Cycle Assessment – Steelwww.steel.org
  17. 17. Life Cycle Assessment – Concretewww.cement.org/basics/howmade.asps
  18. 18. Life Cycle Assessment – Wood
  19. 19. MaterialNet Carbon Emissions(kg C/metric ton)Net Carbon EmissionsIncluding Carbon StorageWithin Material(kg C/metric ton)Framing lumber 50 -457Medium density fiberboard(virgin fiber)100 -382Brick 80 80Glass 150 150Recycled steel (100% fromscrap)210 210Concrete 240 240Concrete block 264 264Recycled aluminum (100%recycled content)300 300Steel (virgin) 660 660Plastic 580 237Aluminum (virgin) 4,260 4,260Source: USEPA (2006).Values are based on life cycle assessment and include gathering and processing of raw materials, primaryand secondary processing, and transportation. A carbon content of 49% is assumed for wood.Net Carbon Emissions
  20. 20. Carbon Absorbed and Sequestered
  21. 21. Wood Products Store Carbon – 50%New Genesis ApartmentsLos Angeles, CAKillefer Flammang ArchitectsPhotos: naturallywood.com,KC Kim, GB Construction
  22. 22. Volume of wood used 3,088 m3Carbon sequesteredand stored (CO2e) 2,340 metric tonsAvoided greenhousegases (CO2e) 4,970 metric tonsTotal potential carbonbenefit (CO2e) 7,310 metric tonsLibrary SquareKamloops, BCJM ArchitectureCarbon savings from the choice of wood inthis one building are equivalent to:1,390 passenger vehicles offroad for a yearEnough energy to operate 62homes for 100 years
  23. 23. What is makes a forest sustainable?Challenge preconceptions…Forests
  24. 24. Is this sustainable forest management?
  25. 25. Forestry PracticesClear-cutting DeforestationScientific practice toaccelerate forestregeneration.
  26. 26. 1940
  27. 27. 1945 (+ 5 years )
  28. 28. 1950 (+ 10 years )
  29. 29. 1955 (+ 15 years )
  30. 30. 1961 (+ 21 years )
  31. 31. 1971 (+ 31 years )
  32. 32. 1974(+ 34 years )Photos:Dovetail Partners
  33. 33. Natural Disruptions – Fire, Wind, Insects
  34. 34. Mountain Pine Beetle Epidemic
  35. 35. Glacier National Park2011
  36. 36. Richmond Oval – Vancouver OlympicsArchitects: Cannon Design Engineer: Fast & Epp Builder: StructureCraft
  37. 37. DeforestationCattle Ranching65-70%Agriculture25-35%Logging2-3%Causes - Brazilian Amazon 2000-2005
  38. 38. Sustainable Forest CertificationAustralia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Chile,Czech Republic, Denmark Estonia, Finland, France,Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, Norway, Poland,Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden,Switzerland, United Kingdom ,United StatesFSC PEFCForest StewardshipCouncilProgramme for theEndorsement ofForest Certification
  39. 39. Sustainable Forest CertificationFSC PEFCForest StewardshipCouncilProgramme for theEndorsement ofForest CertificationSFI CSA ATFS
  40. 40. Inclusive vs. ExclusiveCommercial Green BuildingRating SystemsGREEN GLOBESFSC PEFCATFCSASFILEED U.S.FSCFSCBREEAMFSC PEFCSFIATFCSAUSGBC is the ONLY certifier in the WORLD that does NOT accept PEFC
  41. 41. Note: Standards endorsed by PEFC include those in Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil,Canada, Chile, Czech Republic, Denmark Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Italy,Luxembourg, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,United Kingdom and the United States (SFI and ATFS).103 global hacertified toFSC210 global hacertified toPEFCPEFCNorthAmerica(66%)FSCNorthAmerica(35%)World-Wide Sustainable Forestry
  42. 42. Certified Forests around the World
  43. 43. Deforestation in the U.S.?7% Hydro3% Renewables2009 Electric Sector Generation
  44. 44. M“Dryers help protectthe environment.They save trees frombeing used…”Think About the Messages…
  45. 45. BiophiliaWhat is the difference between a‘philia’ and a ‘phobia’?
  46. 46. “The connections that human beingssubconsciously seek withthe rest of life”Biophilia = “love of living systems”
  47. 47. Is there an emotional connection…when people see and touch wood?
  48. 48. Study: Wood and HealthHerrington Recovery CenterWisconsinArchitect: TWP ArchitecturePhoto: Curtis Waltz
  49. 49. Wood in SchoolsRosa Parks Elementary SchoolWashingtonArchitect: Mahlum ArchitectsPhoto: Benjamin Benschneider
  50. 50. Challenge preconceptions …MoistureMoistureWhat building materials are immune tomoisture damage or mold?
  51. 51. Moisture Damage
  52. 52. What material is mold-proof?
  53. 53. Dust/DirtMoisture + = Mold
  54. 54. Challenge preconceptions…DurabilityDurabilityDo structural materialsimpact durability &useful life?
  55. 55. Fulton CountyStadium, Atlanta, GA1965-Horyuji Temple, Ikaruga,Nara, Japan 607-71112th Century, 1374, 1603Materials = Long Life Span?500+ years!32 years!1997
  56. 56. Prentice Women’s Hospital - ChicagoArchitect: Bertrand Goldberg 1975Useful life: 37 years???
  57. 57. Built - 1915Many Glacier Hotel, Montana
  58. 58. 1915 - ?Many Glacier HotelGlacier National Park, MTArchitect: McMahon,Thomas D.; Et al.Photos: Cheryl CieckoFive-Story Wood Structure
  59. 59. Built 1906 500,000 s.f.Butler Brothers Building – 9 Stories
  60. 60. Butler Square today…St. Louis, MOArchitect: Harry W. JonesRenovated 1974
  61. 61. Structural System = Long Useful Life?• No Relationship!Reasons for demolition•Changing Land values•Lack of suitability•Lack of maintenancehttp://www.cwc.ca/NR/rdonlyres/67D42613-BF5D-4573-BD43-C430B0B72C08/0/Service_Life_E.pdf
  62. 62. Challenge preconceptions... FireSustainabilityMoistureDurabilityFire
  63. 63. Performance in Fire
  64. 64. http://www.awc.org/pdf/tr10.pdfCHAR !Char protects theinner core.ColdwoodColdwoodHeatedwoodCharLayerTimber Fire Design
  65. 65. Fire Resistive Construction Resources• AITC Technical Note 7http://www.aitc-glulam.org• AWC Technical Report 10http://www.awc.org/pdf/tr10.pdf
  66. 66. IBC Provisions influence wood useHow high can youbuild with wood?
  67. 67. 4 stories wood –TypeV4 stories of residential over podium (parking or retail)• 60-80 units/acre Inman Park Condos, Atlanta, GADavis & Church
  68. 68. • Sprinkler systems• Fire walls• Mezzanines• Fire-resistivematerials• Concrete Podium5+ Stories with wood – Type IIIAMarselleSeattle, WAArchitect: PB ArchitectsPhoto: Matt Todd
  69. 69. Increased OpportunitiesMarselleSeattle, WAArchitect: PB ArchitectsPhoto: Matt ToddMezzanine + $250KIncreased value +$1M
  70. 70. New Materials = Taller Wood BuildingsBridport House, UKKarakusevic CarsonArchitectsStadthaus, UKAndrew Waugh ArchitectsAlternative Means Engineered Solution Heavy Timber.
  71. 71. Cross Laminated Timber (CLT)Photos: by FPInnovations
  72. 72. How does CLT work?
  73. 73. Nine Story Building in UKSaved 23 weeksSustainable?StadthausLondonAndrew Waugh ArchitectsCarbon storage = 210 years of 10% reduction in CO2
  74. 74. FortéMelbourne Victoria Harbour atDocklandsMelbourne, AustraliaArchitect and rendering: Lend Lease– 10 stories
  75. 75. • ANSI/APA PRG320 2012• IBC 2015CLT Codes and Standardswww.masstimber.com
  76. 76. Innovation & Collaboration…
  77. 77. Sentinal StructuresCredit Valley Hospital Prairie Island, MNCredit Valley HospitalConvention Ctr, VancouverUsing wood materials in new ways…
  78. 78. Prairie Island, MNRecreational Facilities
  79. 79. Percy Norman AquaticCentreVancouver, BCArchitect: Hughes Condon MarlerLEED GoldSolemar Saltwater BathsBad Durreim, GermanyAquatic Facilities
  80. 80. Thunder Bay Regional Health Sciences CentreThunder Bay, ONArchitect: Salter Farrow Pilon Architect Inc.Photo: Peter SellarHealthcare
  81. 81. Carlo Fidani Peel Regional Cancer CentreMississauga, ONArchitect: Farrow Partnership
  82. 82. Atlanta, GAArchitect: Perkins & WillPhoto: Jim Roof Creative PhotographyWillson Hospice House
  83. 83. Cultural FacilitiesBlue Ridge Parkway DestinationCenterAsheville, NCArchitect: Lord, Aeck & Sargent ArchitectsPhotos: Jonathan HillyerLEED Gold
  84. 84. Washington, DCArchitect: Bing Thom ArchitectsStructural engineer: Fast+EppFabricator: StructureCraft Builders Washington, D.C.Arena Stage at the Mead Center
  85. 85. Jackson Hole International AirportJackson, WYArchitect: GenslerPhoto: Cheryl CieckoTransportation
  86. 86. Building Size: 115,578 s.f.Const. Cost: $30.6 millionPhoto: Cheryl CieckoLEED SilverJackson Hole International Airport
  87. 87. Fentress ArchitectsDenver, CORaleigh Durham International AirportRaleigh, NCArchitect: Fentress ArchitectsEngineers: Stewart Engineering, Inc.ARUP Engineering
  88. 88. Layton Petro MartGreenfield, WIArchitect and photo: Arquitectura, Inc
  89. 89. Unreinforced (0%) 1% GFRP 2% GFRP 3% GFRP6.75" x 52-1/2" DFwith 6.75" x 0.525"GFRP on tension face6.75" x 45" DF with6.75" x 0.9" GFRP ontension face6.75" x 43-1/2" DFwith 6.75" x 1.3"GFRP on tension face6.75" x 66" DFFiber-Reinforced Polymer (FRP) GlulamAEWC
  90. 90. • Tension reinforced glulam• FRP reinforced shear walls• Blast resistant technologyFiber Reinforced Polymers (FRP)
  91. 91. FRP use in Blast Resistant testingBlast Testing ResultsBeforeAfterAEWC
  92. 92. •Moment connections for Heavy Timber•Rapid erection•Light weight•Light carbon footprint•Earthquake resistantPost Tension Glulam
  93. 93. Glulam with LVL Tension LaminationLVL Tension Lam•Full length-no finger joints•Greater tensilestrength = 3000 psi•Glulam floor beams –EWS C415 & Y117•Glulam design propertiesand layup combinations– EWS Y117
  94. 94. University & School FacilitiesBethel UniversityArden Hills, MNRoosevelt UniversityCalifornia
  95. 95. $40,000 savings for gym roof structure$2.7 million savings due to use of wood framingEl Dorado High SchoolEl Dorado, ARArchitect: CADM ArchitecturePhotos: Dennis Ivy
  96. 96. Inspirational ProjectsOakland, CACathedral of Christ the LightOakland, CAArchitects: Skidmore, Owings & Merrill Architects & EngineersKendall Heaton Architects
  97. 97. Cathedral of Christ the Light• 110 feet tall• Designed for 1000 yr.earthquake event• Building life of 300 years
  98. 98. Belmont Abbey College ChapelWGM Design, Inc. Lancaster County Timber FrameBelmont, NCArchitect: WGM Design, Inc.Photos: Tim Buchman
  99. 99. Industrial
  100. 100. Panelized RoofsConstruction Savings:• Batt insulationSavings• Construction detailsavings• Construction Timesavings• Safer construction Photo: Panelized Structures
  101. 101. Panelized RoofsPhotos: Jerry Gregg, Hilbers Inc.
  102. 102. What is Next?! .. Wood Skyscraper20-Stories-CLT Building inNorway…Sky is the limit!
  103. 103. The Case forTall WoodBuildingsMass Timber – 30 storiesArchitect: Michael GreenEngineer: Eric Karsh
  104. 104. concrete jointed timber frame”Skidmore, Owings & Merrill – ChicagoResearch“Concrete jointed timber frame”Reduces carbon footprint by 60-75%Prototype: 395 ft. tall/ 42 storyImages: SOM
  105. 105. 45450 kgSequesters1 ton of GHGs45450 kg -22% sizeGenerated2 tons of GHGshttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YHbD_X456BAWood Cube vs. Concrete Cube
  106. 106. • Cost• Faster construction time• Easy to work with• Aesthetics• Sustainability• Carbon• RenewableThe benefits of using wood…
  107. 107. Renewable & providesassurance of EnvironmentalResponsibility regardingproduction.WOOD is the ONLY material:
  108. 108. The Future???
  109. 109. Contact InformationCheryl A. Ciecko, AIAWoodWorksTwitter: @InspiredarchtCheryl@woodworks.orgReThink WoodBooth #1542 - Wood PavilionThank you!
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