The Reproductive System


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The Reproductive System

  1. 1. The Reproductive System Presented by: Mher Hambardsumyan Noel Mardirossian Michael Dermenjian Arthur Sefiani Mrs. Benzer Period 7
  2. 2. Purpose of Reproductive System By: Noel Mardirossian <ul><li>The reproductive system serves the purpose of reproducing for the continuation of the species. </li></ul><ul><li>The major function of the reproductive system is to ensure survival of the species. </li></ul><ul><li>Note an individual can live a long happy healthy life without reproducing but to ensure that species continue to thrive some individuals most produce offspring. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Functions of Male Reproductive System <ul><li>To produce and secrete male sex hormones responsible for maintaining the male reproductive system. </li></ul><ul><li>The prostate gland contributes additional fluid to the ejaculate. Prostate fluids also help to nourish the sperm. </li></ul><ul><li>The urethra, which carries the ejaculate to be expelled during orgasm, runs through the center of the prostate gland. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Functions of Female Reproductive System <ul><li>To transport and sustain the sex cells. </li></ul><ul><li>To produce hormones. </li></ul><ul><li>The main functions of the female reproductive system are to produce ova, receive sperm from the male penis, house and provide nutrients to the developing embryo and fetus, give birth, and produce milk to feed offspring. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Male Organs By: Mher Hambardsumyan <ul><li>From the outside, the male has two visible sex organs, the testes and penis. </li></ul><ul><li>The testes are the primary male sexual organs in that they make sperm and produce testosterone. </li></ul><ul><li>Testosterone is the hormone that causes male secondary sex characteristics such as facial and pubic hair, thickened vocal cords and developed muscles. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Female Organs <ul><li>The vagina is a canal that joins the cervix to the outside of the body. </li></ul><ul><li>The uterus is a hollow, pear-shaped organ that is the home to a developing fetus. </li></ul><ul><li>The ovaries are small, oval-shaped glands that are located on either side of the uterus. </li></ul><ul><li>The Fallopian tubes are narrow tubes that are attached to the upper part of the uterus. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Functions of Male Organs <ul><li>The penis is the medium for urine from the bladder. It is also the male organ for sexual intercourse. </li></ul><ul><li>The scrotum houses testes and maintains their temperature at a level cooler than the body thus promoting normal sperm formation. </li></ul><ul><li>The testes are endocrine glands that secrete the primary male hormone, testosterone. </li></ul><ul><li>The epididymis is a long, coiled tube that rests on the backside of each testicle. It functions in the transport and storage of the sperm cells that are produced in the testes. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Functions of Female Organs <ul><li>The basic function of the vagina is to provide a route from the outside of the vagina to the uterus and the rest of the internal reproductive system. </li></ul><ul><li>The uterus provides structural integrity and support to the bladder, bowel, pelvic bones and organs. </li></ul><ul><li>The Fallopian tubes serve as tunnels for the ova (egg cells) to travel from the ovaries to the uterus. </li></ul><ul><li>The ovaries produce eggs and hormones. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Interactions with other Systems By: Arthur Sefiani <ul><li>The Cardiovascular System: </li></ul><ul><li>A system of organs that transports nutrients, hormones, blood cells, and waste products to and from cells. </li></ul><ul><li>Helps regulate the cells in the body, and blood temperature, and distributes blood around the body. </li></ul><ul><li>Interacts with reproductive system because to form an erection, you need venous blood which comes from the cardiovascular system, and is also needed for ejaculation. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Urinary System <ul><li>Used to illuminate waste from the body using the kidneys. </li></ul><ul><li>It uses the reproductive system to illuminate the waste. </li></ul><ul><li>In males, it uses the urethra which is located in the penis to exit the waste out of the body. </li></ul><ul><li>For females, it is located outside of the vagina. </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Endocrine System <ul><li>A system of glands that release hormones into your body. </li></ul><ul><li>Regulates metabolism, growth, development and puberty. </li></ul><ul><li>Interacts with the reproductive system by developing pubic hair, and also gives you hormones according to your gender which helps you develop puberty, and also is used for erections. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Diseases By: Michael Dermenjian <ul><li>Sexually Transmitted Diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Aids </li></ul><ul><li>Herpes </li></ul><ul><li>Chlamydia </li></ul><ul><li>Gonorrhea </li></ul><ul><li>Genital Herpes </li></ul><ul><li>HPV </li></ul><ul><li>Syphillis </li></ul><ul><li>Herpes is a common viral disease. </li></ul><ul><li>There are two herpes simplex viruses called herpes simplex type 1 and herpes simplex type 2. </li></ul><ul><li>Syphilis is a bacterial infection which can enter the body through the mouth, the anus, the penis, or the vagina. </li></ul><ul><li>Verneal warts are a disease, which is sometimes called genital warts or anal warts, and is transmitted through vaginal, anal, or in oral sexual contact with an infected person. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Treatments <ul><li>Treatment is decided on between you and your doctor on an individual basis in order to adjust for any other issues that may be affecting your overall physical health. </li></ul><ul><li>Antibiotics destroy the bacteria that cause syphilis. </li></ul><ul><li>Although medication will stop the infection, it will not repair any permanent damage done by the disease. </li></ul>
  14. 14. The End