OMAN CHINWEIKE OSUBOR MR. PATRIC SWEENY GRADE 8B
Where is OMAN located? <ul><li>Oman is located in the Middle East, bordering the Arabian Sea to the east, Saudi Arabia to the west, Yemen to the south and UAE to the north . </li></ul><ul><li>It is located 21degrees north and 59 degrees east and on the globe. It is an Arabian country. it is among the Persian gulf. Its capital is Muscat. it has a population of about 3,001,583 .Area: About 309,500 sq. km. (approximately the size of the State of New Mexico). </li></ul><ul><li>The Omani coastline stretches 3,165 km. </li></ul>
Geographic Features of Oman. <ul><li>There are few geographic features that can be found in the Arabian peninsula. </li></ul><ul><li>One of them is the dessert landscape and also the highness of the topography of the land. This desert feature of Oman causes some of Oman's land to be barren. </li></ul><ul><li>the second which is the Arabian sea. </li></ul><ul><li>The Arabian Sea is bordered by Yemen ,Oman, UAE, Iran, Pakistan, and India. It merges with the Gulf of Oman to the northwest, which flows through the strait of hormuz into the Persian gulf, and the gulf of Aden in the southwest. The maximum width of the Arabian Sea is estimated to 2,400 km, and its maximum depth is about 5,000 meters. </li></ul><ul><li>It helps the Omani people and the Arabian peninsula in whole because it provides them with water, fish, and fossil water which is a resource. Fossil water is groundwater that has remained in an aquifer for millennia. Water can rest underground in aquifers for thousands or even millions of years. When geologic changes seal the aquifer off from further "recharging," the water becomes trapped inside and then becomes known as fossil water. Radiocarbon dating has revealed that some aquifer water has been there for 40,000 years, since before the end of the last ice age. </li></ul>
Climate of Oman. <ul><li>Climate of Oman is very complicated. </li></ul><ul><li>The climate is hot and dry in the interior and hot and humid along the coast. </li></ul><ul><li>Summer temperatures in the capital of Muscat and other coastal locations often climb to 110 °F (43 °C), with high humidity; winters are mild, with lows averaging about 63 °F (17 °C). </li></ul><ul><li>Temperatures are similar in the interior, although they are more moderate at higher elevations. </li></ul><ul><li>Dhofar is dominated by the summer monsoon, making Shalala's climate more temperate than that of northern Oman. </li></ul><ul><li>Rainfall throughout the country is minimal, averaging only about 4 inches (100 mm) per year, although precipitation in the mountains is heavier. </li></ul>
Environment of Oman. <ul><li>Oman is a place where little plants and animals are found . </li></ul><ul><li>Deserts are found every where in Oman, but this deserts are different from another because it is not completely dry like many others. </li></ul><ul><li>The desert is not completely barren; the moisture in the night mists supports some plants and animals. Other wildlife has, like the camel, adapted to the lack of water. The Arabian Oryx, a type of antelope, has been brought back from extinction by a captive breeding programme. Among the birds of Oman are bee-eaters, eagles, flamingoes, green shanks, kingfishers, plovers, spoonbills and storks. Over thirteen types of whales and dolphins are found in the waters off Oman. The fish stocks of the shoreline have been depleted by over fishing and the fisherman have been compelled to sail further for their catches. </li></ul><ul><li>There are types of plants I Oman for example, desert shrubs. there are also extremely dangerous ones like the oleander which is found in the south. The environment has also been damaged by rising soil salinity and oil spills on the beaches. </li></ul>
History of Oman. <ul><li>Timeline of Oman. </li></ul>Said bin Tamur becomes sultan. Peace is restored. Fights between the groups of imam and the one of the sultan starts. The ruler not the imam takes the title sultan, in oman Treaty of peace with Britain but Oman is still independent Imam ahmad bin said expels the Iranian community The Portuguese are driven out of Masqat The arrival of the Portuguese Masqat is captured 1932 1920 1913 1861 1798 1741 1650 1507 Said becomes sultan of Oman Peace is restored at last! The imam and sultans groups start a fight Ruler claims the title sultan Britain and Oman are friends Iranian community is expelled Masqat is regained Capturing Masqat
Customs and Traditions <ul><li>Islam is an important part of Oman's culture Muslims pray five times a day and on Friday is their holly day. </li></ul><ul><li>There are two sets of Islam, this are ,the shia and the Sunni. </li></ul><ul><li>In Oman 96% of Muslims are Sunnis and 4% shia’s. </li></ul><ul><li>This groups are both share the same beliefs but have different rules and behaviors. </li></ul><ul><li>Oman has several customs and traditions for example: the Ramadan, which is done by the Sunni's. it is done from usually from September to October (usualy a month). </li></ul><ul><li>It is a period when Muslims are to fast (not to eat or drink), from a period of 3.00am to 5.00pm. </li></ul><ul><li>Another is the birth of the prophet, it takes place on the 31 of march. </li></ul><ul><li>It is celebrated and enjoyed by both the Sunni's and the shia’s, in Oman and the Arabian peninsula. </li></ul><ul><li>Another is the Eid-ul-fitr id is an Arabic word meaning "festivity", while Fiṭr means "to break the fast" (and can also mean "nature", from the word "fitrah") and so symbolizes the breaking of the fasting period. its also done in Oman. </li></ul>
Government of Oman. <ul><li>In Oman the legislative group are the people who make the laws in Oman. Oman is governed by a monarchy (sultanate). The sultan is the head of state, and, although he also acts as the prime minister, he may appoint one if he chooses. </li></ul><ul><li>The sultan is chosen by a method called voting, in which only the tribal leaders and intellectuals and prominent businessmen may vote. </li></ul>
Economy of Oman. <ul><li>Oman's currency is called the Omani riyal. One Omani riyal is o.4 dollars. </li></ul><ul><li>Oman is best known for the large quantities of oil she produces. Oman uses her oil to improve but the large population keeps increasing everyday, and that is one of the major economical problem Oman is facing. </li></ul><ul><li>Oman also has so many factories and also known for producing and processing rubber. </li></ul><ul><li>The people of Oman are known for farming and fishing and agriculture. </li></ul><ul><li>They farm and harvest for income, because parts of Oman has fertile soil Oman is also beside the Arabian sea, so its quite easy for the people living in the south-east or east to fish. </li></ul><ul><li>Some of their natural resources includes :petroleum, copper, asbestos, some marble, limestone, rubber ,chromium, gypsum and natural gas. </li></ul><ul><li>Oman has a pretty low GPD per capita of about 8,300 ,which is slightly lower than the worlds average. </li></ul>
Tourism in Oman. <ul><li>In the year 2004 over 4 million people from different countries visited Oman. </li></ul><ul><li>Oman has so many tourist attractions ,for example: wadi shab,wahiba and the jabrin castle. The Wadi is 76 Km from Qurayyat–Muscat. The road to the wadi dips as it crosses the bed of the ravine and rises steeply on the other side where the houses of Tiwi cling to the cliffs. At the mouth of the wadi is a single beach dotted with fishing boats. Water flows all year round. The wadi runs through a narrow gorge with date plantations, restful pools and lush vegetation. Oleander bushes attract butterflies and the singing of the birds is delightful. Half of the numbers of tourist that visit Oman comes to this place </li></ul>Wadi Shab Wahiba
Bibliography. <ul><li>This are the websites that helped me in this presentation: </li></ul><ul><li>www.cia.gov </li></ul><ul><li>http :// www.britannica.com/nations/Oman </li></ul><ul><li>en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oman </li></ul><ul><li>www.Omantourism.gov </li></ul><ul><li>http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/country_profiles/791892.stm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.omaninfo.com/oman/history.asp </li></ul><ul><li>www.arab.de/arabinfo/oman </li></ul>
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