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Michael Morgan - Barnardos Workshop

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Slides from the Promoting Respectful Relationships conference in Cardiff 12th November 2010 - See http://www.respectwales.org.uk

Slides from the Promoting Respectful Relationships conference in Cardiff 12th November 2010 - See http://www.respectwales.org.uk

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    Michael Morgan -  Barnardos Workshop Michael Morgan - Barnardos Workshop Presentation Transcript

      • Young people who sexually abuse others: an introductory session
    • Introduction to the Taith Service
      • Taith is a partnership between
      • Barnardo’s
      • South Wales Police
      • 7 Local Authorities
      • Hillside Secure Centre
      • Abertawe Bro Morgannwg Health Board
      • Youth Justice Board
    • Introduction to the Taith Service
      • The Service offers
      • Assessment
      • Longer-term programme work
      • Consultation
      • Direct work to parents/ carers
      • Training
      • The Taith Service accepts referrals across Wales
    • Referral criteria
      • Aged 8-17 years on referral or
      • Aged 18-21 years
      • Displaying sexually harmful behaviour
      • Ordinarily open to YOS/ SSD
    • Referrals
      • In 2009/10
      • Taith worked with 128 young people
      • For over half, yp had engaged in at least one incident prior
      • to the referring behaviour
      • 7% referral rate on girls
      • Average age on referral 13.5 years
      • 56% mainstream education, 20% PRU/ special school
      • 33% in LAC system
      • 30% have statement of special educational need
    • Referring behaviour
      • In 2009/10
      • 12% exposed genitals (incl exposure and masturbation)
      • 43% sexually assaulted another
      • 28% raped/ attempted to rape (penetration of vagina, anus
      • or mouth without consent)
      • 8% engaged in other penetrative behaviour (causing
      • another to penetrate him without consent/ digital or
      • objectile penetration)
      • 3% had downloaded indecent images of children
      • 5% other behaviours
    • Structure of assessment
      • ERASOR Version 2.0 (Worling and Curwen, 2001)
      • Range of questionnaires devpd by ASAP (Beckett et al),
      • where appropriate
      • SDQ (Goodman, 2005)
      • TSCC (Briere, 1996)
    • The purpose of assessment
      • Identify level of concern/ risks yp may represent
      • Establish therapeutic needs
      • Make recommendations for placement (where
      • appropriate)
      • Make recommendations for risk management
    • Talking to young people about sexually harmful behaviour
      • Acknowledgement of difficulty/ demonstrate empathy etc
      • Non judgemental
      • Straightforward approach
      • Clear on boundaries of confidentiality
      • Create an expectation that they will discuss the incident
      • with you
      • Importance of language/ terminology used
      • Questioning style
      • 16% of children aged under 16 years experienced abuse in
      • childhood, 11% of which was contact abuse (11% boys and
      • 21% girls) (Cawson et al, 2000, published by NSPCC)
      • Retrospective studies present a broad consensus that 25-
      • 35% of all child sexual abuse is perpetrated by other young
      • people (NSPCC Research briefing)
      • Review of 25 studies into arrest and reconviction rates
      • amongst adolescent sexual offenders found recidivism
      • rates of between 1.7% and 19.6% over 1-10 year periods
      • (Caldwell, 2002)
      • 30-50% of adult sex offenders reported that they began to
      • abuse when they were children or adolescents (Marshall
      • et al, 1991; Vizard, 1994; Elliot et al, 1995)
    • Own victimisation and other behavioural issues
      • Taith 2009/10 N 128
      • 41% known or suspected to have been sexually abused
      • 42% known or suspected to have been physically abused
      • 61% known or suspected to have been emotionally abused
      • 62% known or suspected to have been exposed to
      • domestic violence
      • 48% known or suspected as having been bullied by others
      • 3% known or suspected as having been sexually exploited
    • Own victimisation and other behavioural issues
      • 18% young people reported as having known or suspected
      • drug or alcohol issues
      • 18% young people have diagnosed or suspected
      • depression
      • 14% young people are known or suspected to engage in
      • self harm
      • 62% involved in fighting/ aggression
      • 38% involved in bullying (of others)
      • 35% were identified as having damaged property
    • Areas that may be of concern
      • Social adequacy deficits
      • Poor self regulation/ problem solving skills
      • Specific thinking errors about young children and sex
      • Poor empathy for victim of own behaviour/ victims of
      • sexual abuse (poor correlation with risk in adults)
      • Hostile/ adversarial attitude towards girls
      • Likely to misinterpret girls’ behaviour in sexualised ways
      • Pro criminal thinking
    • Some ideas on risk management in school setting
      • For all young people
      • Clear rules around privacy
      • Clear guidelines around masturbation
      • Clear rules around pornography and mobile phones
      • (internet and camera funcs)
      • Clear policies on bullying (incl sexual/ homophobic)
      • Awareness of safeguarding duties and procedures
      • Promotion of healthy sexuality
    • Our thoughts on challenging inappropriate behaviour
      • Directly challenge
      • Challenge immediately where possible
      • But with respect for sensitivities involved
      • Do challenge ‘the small stuff’
      • Be explicit
      • Outline alternative appropriate behaviour
    • Our thoughts on challenging inappropriate behaviour
      • Record behaviour clearly
      • Discuss behaviour with appropriate colleagues
      • Check out your own feelings – get support when needed
      • Report behaviour when necessary
      • Inform young person and parents
    • Managing Risk - Processes
      • Safety plans
      • Child Protection Procedures
      • Criminal Justice System – bail/ licence/ supervision
      • conditions
      • MAPPA
      • Sexual Offences Prevention Order
    • Contact us at
      • E mail [email_address]
      • Tel 01656 – 749235
      • www.barnardos.org.uk/taith