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Conducting a Lit Review

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Presentation to help prepare statistics students to conduct a literature review prior to conducting original statistical research.

Presentation to help prepare statistics students to conduct a literature review prior to conducting original statistical research.

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  • 1. Conducting a literature review MLWGS Library W. DeGroat March 2010
  • 2. By ideologie
  • 3. By dnkbdotcom
  • 4. By gotplaid?
  • 5. By JPDaigle
  • 6. Conceptual framework
    • Concept mapping
      • Key concepts in your research question
      • Related, broader, and narrower concepts
      • Building your word list
        • Subject thesauri
        • Subject indexes
        • Found articles
          • Author-supplied key words
          • Assigned subject terms
          • Skim for key words
    By culturecat
  • 7. Key word vs. subject searching
    • Key word
      • Literal, so need multiple searches
      • Casts a wider net
    • Subject headings
      • Unites/connects terms
      • About topic
      • Reduces result set
    • Combine in Advanced Search
      • AND vs. OR
      • Using * (e.g. math*)
  • 8. Preliminary reading & search strategy
    • Literature reviews
      • Stand-alone literature reviews
        • Meta analysis
        • Systematic review
      • Sections of published studies
    • Subject encyclopedias
      • Print or digital
    • Identifying databases
      • VCU Databases by Subject
      • VCU Journal Locator
    By florian.b
  • 9. Evaluating Lit Reviews
    • Scope – explicit about topic limits
    • Information search – extent clearly explained
    • Documentation – accurate and complete
    • Selectivity – criteria/rationale described
    • Balance – in source types and publications
    • Organization – sources similar enough to be grouped under designated subheadings
    • Synthesis – summaries describe relative importance, connections, comparisons in findings/methodologies
    • Conclusion – analysis identifies opportunities for future research (e.g. gaps, conflicting results)
    Adapted from Williamson (2002, p. 533).
  • 10. By Vlad
  • 11. By Krista76
  • 12. Sources to examine
    • Journal articles – peer-reviewed primary research
      • In subscription databases
      • In reputable, peer-reviewed online journals
      • In archives/databases of preprints
    • Government publications
    • Scholarly books
    • Dissertations and theses
    • Conference proceedings and forums
    • Reports published on organization web sites
  • 13. A-B-C-D of Evaluation
    • Authority
    • Bias
      • Does the researcher begin the experiment with an open mind?
      • Was there a sponsor for the study? If so, is there a potential conflict of interest?
    • Currency
    • Documentation
    Adapted from the University of Southern Maine (n.d.). By ChicagoEye
  • 14. Peer-reviewed vs. scholarly
    • Peer-reviewed (a.k.a. refereed)
      • Rigorous review by experts (editors or anonymous)
      • Typical criteria for acceptance by journal
        • Contribution to current body of knowledge
        • Sound methods
        • Objectivity / neutrality
    • Scholarly
      • Written by experts in the field
      • Before including, evaluate for relevance, quality & bias
      • Example - reports published by government agencies
    Adapted from the University of Southern Maine (n.d.).
  • 15. Potential pitfalls
    • In your process
      • Trying to read everything
      • Reading without writing
      • Not keeping track of sources
    • In your product
      • “ Exhaustive summary” of every article you read
      • Including only conceptual OR research literature
    Adapted from Conducting a literature review (n.d.). By Mr.Guybrarian
  • 16. Conceptual literature
    • Discusses theory, summaries, or critiques of research studies
    • Provides a general overview of the concepts related to your study
    • Gives insight to assumptions and the historical development of the problem
    Adapted from Conducting a literature review (n.d.).
  • 17. Avoiding pitfalls
    • Take notes rather than highlighting passages
      • Two-column notes (template in library’s share folder)
      • Note cards feature of Noodle Tools
      • Word/Google Docs
    • Tag or otherwise identify key concepts/threads for later clustering (may lead to subheadings)
    • Create an outline for your literature review
    • Begin writing early
    • Share early drafts with trusted peers for feedback
    Adapted from Conducting a literature review (n.d.).
  • 18. Note-taking methods and tools
    • Library research wiki
    • Passive paster vs. Active learner
    • Many methods
    • Templates
    • Tools
      • Noodle Tools
      • Zotero
      • Word/Google Docs
    By podcom
  • 19. By re-ality
  • 20. Reference sources
    • Gale Virtual Reference Library (in PowerSearch)
    • NetLibrary
    • l
      • Search this book vs. Table of Contents/Index
      • My Library
      • Find this book in a library
    • V
      • LC call numbers and reference v. stacks
      • VCU e-books (their NetLibrary is larger than ours)
      • Resource Guides
  • 21. Journal articles
    • MW Library
      • Gale PowerSearch
      • JSTOR and MUSE
      • Science Direct
    • VCU Libraries
      • Find Articles
      • Journal Locator
    • Open sources
      • Google Scholar
      • DOAJ
  • 22. Government documents
    • Digital
      • USA Search
      • Google Uncle Sam
      • VCU databases for government information
    • Print
      • VCU catalog
        • Limit format to US Government Document
  • 23. Dissertations and theses
    • VCU Libraries
      • Dissertation Abstracts Online
      • Dissertations from VCU
      • Digital Library of Electronic Theses and Dissertations
    • Google Scholar
    • Archives/ open access repositories of universities with related research focus
  • 24. Conferences and conversations
    • Conference Proceedings
      • Open web
      • Databases (e.g. JSTOR)
    • Discussion groups (a.k.a. forums)
      • Google or Yahoo Groups
      • Professional organizations
      • Schools or centers at universities
    • Listservs (search CataList )
    • Blogs
  • 25. Project guide
    • http://mwlibrary.wordpress.com
      • Bookmarks for MW Library (first link on left link menu)
        • walter_vcustats tag (in Project Guides bundle in right column)
  • 26. Pour yourself a cup … By Martapiqs
  • 27. References
    • Conducting a literature review [PowerPoint presentation]. (n.d.). Retrieved February 20, 2008, from California State University Stanislaus, Social Work Department Web site: http://web.csustan.edu/Social_Work/
    • 5991%20literature%20review.ppt
    • University of Southern Maine. (n.d.). Module 2: Conducting the lit review. In Department of Environmental Science, Literature Review Online Tutorial . Retrieved February 20, 2008, from http://library.usm.maine.edu/tutorials/ esp/module2/03a_sources_to_use.htm
    • Williamson, J.W. (2002). Healthcare informatics and information synthesis . Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.