The Basics of AutismSpectrum Disorders p Training Series Regional Autism Advisory Council of Southwest Ohio (RAAC SWO) (RAAC-SWO) Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders Task Force
Adult Training S i M d lAd lt T i i Series Modules Module One: Autism Defined, Autism Prevalence and Primary Characteristics m y Module Two: Physical Characteristics of Autism Module Three: Cognition and Learning in Autism Module Four: Autism and Sensory Differences Module Five: Communication and Autism
Adult Training S i M d lAd lt T i i Series Modules Module Six: Behavior Challenges and Autism Module Seven: Understanding Behavior in g Persons with Autism P h Module Eight: Functional Behavior Assessment Module Nine: Autism and Leisure Skills to Teach Module Ten: Special Issues of Adolescence and p f Adulthood Module Eleven: Safety and Autism
Big IdeaWe must first understand why a behavior occurs y before we are able to change it. h
Step One: Describe What WasHappening Before the Behavior Started Who, What, When, Where, and then Why? Where does the behavior happen? When does the behavior happen? Who is there when the behavior occurs? What Wh t was hhappening right b f i i ht before the th behavior started?
Step Two: D Describe th Behavior ib the B h i Describe the behavior exactly exactly. What did it look like (as if you had a y video camera)? Who was involved? How long did it last? g What was being said?
Step Three: What HappenedImmediately Following the Behavior?What happened to end the behavior?What did the person do?Was someone else involved in ending thebehavior?Did the person get what he wanted?What was it?
Big IdeaAll behavior happens fora reason and it ismotivated by something.
Some Reasons Behind BehaviorBehaviors are a way of coping with what is happeningB h i f i ith h t i h iaround us.Behaviors are lB h i learned through trial and error. d h h i l dBehaviors that are reinforced are likely to continue.If a behavior continues to occur or it is increasing,it is being reinforced in some way.To change the person’s behavior, we must changewhat we are doing.
ReinforcementReinforcement is something that f f g follows abehavior that either makes it occur more oftenor less often. Examples:a baby says “mama” for the first time and mommysmiles, claps, and yells her excitement. (Positive)a teenager comes home past curfew and theparent grounds the teenager for two weeks. (Negative)I receive a paycheck every 2 weeks. (Positive)
Reinforcement is Important We all reinforce ourselves throughout the day. f g y (i.e. an ice cream cone, a break, a favorite television show, praise) ,p ) Persons with ASD tend to need a lot of reinforcement throughout their day. f m ug u y. - It increases motivation to participate. - Participation can help in learning new things. - Once the behavior is learned, the reinforcement can usually be lessened.
Big Bi IdeaEveryone’s reinforcers are ydifferent. We have to find out what works for each p person.