The Basics of AutismSpectrum Disorders Training Series Regional Autism Advisory Council of Southwest Ohio (RAAC-SWO) Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders Task Force
Adult Training Series g ModulesModule One: Autism Defined, Autism Prevalenceand Primary CharacteristicsModule Two: Physical Characteristics of AutismModule Three: Cognition and Learning in AutismModule Four: Autism and Sensory Differences yModule Five: Communication and Autism
Adult Training Series g ModulesModule Six: Behavior Challenges and AutismModule Seven: Understanding Behavior in Personswith Autism ith A tismModule Eight: Functional Behavior AssessmentModule Nine: Autism and Leisure Skills to TeachModule Ten: Special Issues of Adolescence and pAdulthoodAd l h dModule Eleven: Safety and Autism
Big IdeaCommunication may beC mm ni ti n m b verydifficult for someone withASD.
CommunicationSome people with ASD do not t lkS l ith d t talk They may use sign language to communicate. They may use pictures to communicate. y y p They may use a device that talks for them.Some people with ASD talk but are hard tounderstand. d t d They may get upset if you don’t understand them.
Communication mmSome folks with ASD may repeat what you say. If you say, “do you want juice,” they may repeat what you said. This is called Echolalia. This may be their way of saying yes. It might mean that they did not understand what you said. It may happen more often when the person is h f h h nervous or upset.
CommunicationSome people with ASD have a hard timemaking choices. Some people say “yes” to almost every choice yes you give them, even if they don’t want it. Some people say “no” to almost every choice p p y y you give them, even if they want it. Some people almost always choose the last thing you said to them. For example: if you them say, “do you want crackers or cookies,” they may say “cookies” even when they want crackers.
Big IdeaFor people who have difficulty making choices, we need to help them by showing them pictures, drawings, pictures drawings logos or the actual items.
CommunicationJust bJ because the person can say something, it doesn’t h hi i d ’always mean they understand what they are saying.Just because the person with ASD has done somethingJ st b s th p s ith h sd s m thibefore, doesn’t mean that they will be able to understandwhat is going to happen the next time.People with ASD usually need pictures to help themunderstand what is going to happen.
CommunicationSome people with ASD have trouble p punderstanding certain words time words such as “later,” “tomorrow,” “after hil ” “ ft while.” feeling words such as “share” or “be nice.” sayings such as “shake a leg.” shake leg slang words such as “cool.”We have to “watch our language” and makesure the person understands what we aresaying.saying
Communication Tips• Use visuals – such as pictures to help the person understand.• Say things using simple words. y g g p• Don’t talk too fast.• Never talk about behaviors with the person while p they are upset.• Never talk about the person with ASD to someone else, as if th person weren’t there or as if they ls s the s ’t th s th can’t understand what you are saying.
Big IdeaWe could be the communicationpproblem. We need to watch what we say and how we say it.