The Basics of AutismSpectrum Disorders Training Series Regional Autism Advisory Council of Southwest Ohio (RAAC-SWO) Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders Task Force
Adult Training Series ModulesModule One: Autism Defined, Autism Prevalenceand Primary CharacteristicsModule Two: Physical Characteristics of AutismModule Three: Cognition and Learning in AutismModule Four: Autism and Sensory Differences yModule Five: Communication and Autism
Adult Training Series ModulesModuleM dul Six: Behavior Challenges and Autism B h i Ch ll n s ndModule Seven: Understanding Behavior in Personswith AutismModule Eight: Functional Behavior AssessmentModule Nine: Autism and Leisure Skills to TeachModule Ten: Special Issues of Adolescence andAdulthoodAd l h dModule Eleven: Safety and Autism
The next few slides will introduce some of thephysical challenges of people with ASD ith
Pain DifferencesEven if the person can talk, they may not be able totell you when they are sick or in pain. y y pThe person may not seem to notice cuts or bruises orother injuries. jThe person may seem to be only slightlyuncomfortable even with major injuries. j jThe person may seem slightly ill even with a seriousillness.
Possible Signs of PainTheTh person may have new behaviors that are h b h i h different or unusual: They may be quieter than usual or may be very still. They may try to hurt or hit themselves. They may try to hurt someone else.
Big IdeaIf a person with ASD acts as if theydon tdont feel well pay very close well,attention. Any sudden, dramaticchange in behavior should beconsidered a possible sign of pain orillness.illness
Stomach or Digestion ProblemsSt h Di ti P blIt is believed that up to 70% of all people with ASDhave some type of stomach or digestion problems.Some people may have reflux or heartburn.Some people may have problems with constipation.Some people may have problems with frequentdiarrhea.
Stomach or Digestion ProblemsSt h Di ti P bl If the person has stomach or digestion problems they may have behaviors because they are uncomfortable. They may not be able to tell you when their stomach hurts. - Sometimes the way to tell that the person has stomach pain is if they are bent over or have difficulty standing up straight when they are walking.
Eating ProblemsSome people with ASD are very picky eaters. l i hA D i kSome reasons for being picky are: because they don’t l k the way the food feels in b h d ’ like h h f df l their mouth. because the smell of the f m f food m y bother them. may m because they don’t like the sound the food makes when they chew it. because they have reflux and that makes them not want to eat.
Eating Problems ContinuedSome people with ASD seem to be always hungry. w th They may seem to be hungry because they don’t feel full even if they have eaten a lot of food. Some people may be hungry because of a medicine they are taking. Some people eat because they d ’ h l b h don’t have a lot l of other things to do with their time.
Eating Problems ContinuedSome people eat things that are not food. This is p p g called pica. ll d This is a very dangerous behavior. The things they eat are things that we might think would taste awful. We don’t understand why they eat these things. things Usually an expert is needed to work on this behavior. We W need to watch the person carefully to d h h f ll keep them from eating these items.
Sleep ProblemsSome people with autism hS l ith ti have a h d ti hard time sleeping. l i Some have a hard time falling asleep. Some wake up during the n ght. dur ng night. Some have severe sleep apnea that causes them to have a hard time breathing.
Sleep Problems ContinuedIf they are awake at night, they may wander around. night aroundThis can be dangerous.If they do not sleep at night, they may fall asleep n ght,during the day.They may be grouchy during the day because theyare tired tired.
Ideas to Help with Sleep Problems Be sure to have a regular bedtime routine routine. Make sure that activities before bedtime are calming activities activities. Report sleep problems to their doctor because it may be a sign of illness illness. Sleep environment may affect the way they sleep (i n is li ht t mp sl p (i.e. noise, light, temperature, bed t b d clothing, etc.)
SeizuresSome people with ASD have seizures seizures.Some people with ASD may not develop seizuresuntil they are teenagers or adults adults.If a person has seizures and is on medicine tostop seizures, it is important that they always seizurestake their medication.If a seizure lasts for more five minutes you needto call 911.
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