African Geography

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African Geography

  1. 1. The Geography of Africa Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY
  2. 2. A Satellite View
  3. 3. Africa’s Size <ul><li>Second largest continent  11,700,000 sq. mi. </li></ul><ul><li>10% of the world’s population. </li></ul><ul><li>2 ½ times the size of the U. S. </li></ul>5 0 0 0 M I L E S 4 6 0 0 M I L E S
  4. 4. Bodies Of Water Nile River Congo River Zambezi River Niger River Orange River Limpopo River Mediterranean Sea Atlantic Ocean Pacific Ocean Indian Ocean Red Sea L. Victoria L. Albert--> L. Chad--> L. Tanganyika-> <--Gulf of Aden
  5. 5. The Mighty Nile River: “Longest River in the World”
  6. 6. The Congo River Basin <ul><li>Covers 12% of the continent. </li></ul><ul><li>Extends over 9 countries. </li></ul><ul><li>2,720 miles long. </li></ul><ul><li>99% of the country of Zaire is in the Congo River basin. </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Niger River Basin <ul><li>Covers 7.5% of the continent. </li></ul><ul><li>Extends over 10 countries. </li></ul><ul><li>2,600 miles long. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Hydroelectric Power
  9. 9. Drajensburg Mts. Ruwenzori Mts. Δ Mt. Kenya Δ Mt. Kilimanjaro Mountains & Peaks Atlas Mts.
  10. 10. The African Plateau
  11. 11. Deserts Sahara Desert Sahel Kalahari Desert Namib Desert Libyan Desert
  12. 12. The Sahara Desert
  13. 13. Desertification
  14. 14. The Sahel
  15. 15. Valleys & Plains Great Rift Valley
  16. 16. Great Rift Valley 3,000 miles long
  17. 17. Seismic Activity in Africa
  18. 18. Africa: The “Tropical” Continent Tropic of Cancer 20 ° N Tropic of Capricorn 20 ° S Equator 0 °
  19. 19. African Trade Winds
  20. 20. West Africa: Home of our Hurricanes
  21. 21. Vegetation Zones
  22. 22. The African Savannah: 13 million sq. mi.
  23. 23. African Rain Forest <ul><li>Annual rainfall of up to 17 ft. </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid decomposition (very humid). </li></ul><ul><li>Covers 37 countries. </li></ul><ul><li>15% of the land surface of Africa. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Mt. Kilimanjaro: Snow on the Equator ?
  25. 25. The Complete Topography Of AFRICA Nile River Congo River Zambezi River Niger River Orange River Limpopo River Mediterranean Sea Atlantic Ocean Pacific Ocean Indian Ocean Red Sea L. Victoria L. Albert--> L. Chad--> L. Tanganyika-> <--Gulf of Aden Drajensburg Mts. Ruwenzori Mts. Δ Mt. Kenya Δ Mt. Kilimanjaro Sahara Desert Sahel Kalahari Desert Namib Desert Libyan Desert Great Rift Valley Atlas Mts. Tropic of Cancer 20 ° N Tropic of Capricorn 20 ° S Equator 0 °
  26. 26. Natural Resources

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