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  • 1. Surgery BY: Therese Polig ED-105 10/15/08
  • 2. What is surgery?
    • Surgery is when a person undergoes an operation due to diseases, deformities, or injuries. A doctor who performs surgery is a surgeon. There are other physicians who can perform other simple operations.
  • 3. The surgeon at work
    • Except in cases of emergencies, surgical operations happen in an operating room in the hospital. A surgical team is made up of a surgeon, a first assistant, an anesthesiologist, and a nurse. The procedure when you are in an operating room, is to scrub hands thoroughly and wear sterile clothing like face masks, a gown and rubber gloves. The equipment in the room is all sterilized because it minimizes the number of disease-causing microorganisms in the area around the patient.
  • 4. The instruments
    • The instruments used to undergo an operation are sharp instruments such as scissors and scalps. Other instruments include holders for needles and sponges, clamps and retractors. Some surgeons use saws and lasers.
  • 5. Kinds of surgery:
    • These are surgeries of the head, neck, chest, and abdomen. The recovery time can be lengthy and may involve a stay in intensive care or several days in the hospital. There is a higher risk of complications after such surgeries. In children, types of major surgery may include, but are not limited to, the following:
    • Removal of brain tumors
    • Correction of bone malformations of the skull and face
    • Repair of congenital heart disease, transplantation of organs, and repair of intestinal malformations
    • Correction of spinal abnormalities and treatment of injuries sustained from major blunt trauma
    • Correction of problems in fetal development of the lungs, intestines, diaphragm, or anus.
  • 6. Transplantation
    • A transplant is the most common surgical procedure. A transplant is remove one part of the body to another or from one person or animal to another.
  • 7. Conclusion
    • Surgery is basically a life and death situation, you may never know the outcome, whether you’re going to live or die. I chose this topic because it’s really interesting and fun to learn about (:
  • 8. References
    • Encyclopedia