Input Policy in Tajikistan- Tanzila Ergasheva
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Input Policy in Tajikistan- Tanzila Ergasheva

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    Input Policy in Tajikistan- Tanzila Ergasheva Input Policy in Tajikistan- Tanzila Ergasheva Presentation Transcript

    • Regional Strategic Analysis and Knowledge Support Systems in Asia (ReSAKSS-Asia) Program Initiative on The Role of Fertilizer and Seeds in Transforming Agriculture in Asia Input Policy in Tajikistan September 26th, 2013 Tanzila R. Ergasheva
    • General information Tajikistan Republic of Tajikistan –is a mountainous landlocked country in the South-east of Central Asia. Afghanistan borders it to the south, Uzbekistan to the west, Kyrgyzstan to the north, and People's Republic of China to the east. Lying between 300 and 7495 meters. With 11 agro-climatic zones from hot arid valleys in the west to high mountains The climate is mainly continental.
    • Number of enterprises and organizations in agriculture, (units) 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012* Collective farms 169 80 12 16 14 1 1 1 0 0 State farms 148 120 46 41 18 7 5 5 0 0 Intersectorial cooperation farms 5 6 3 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 Private (dehkan) farms 16431 19416 23100 24900 26500 30800 38000 51400 58300 115143 Source: Statistical Agency under President of the Republic of Tajikistan (2012) * State Land Committee of the Republic of Tajikistan (2013)
    • Structure of sown areas, (%) Source: Statistical Agency under President of the Republic of Tajikistan (2012) 1991 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 wheat 22,1 35,6 34,5 37,3 41,0 40,8 36,6 cotton 36,6 29,2 28,6 26,7 19,3 19,3 24,0 potato 1,6 3,1 3,3 3,2 3,4 3,8 4,3 other crops 39,7 32,1 33,6 32,8 36,3 36,1 35,1
    • Laws regulating the Seed Industry and Fertilizer  on Crop Breeding Achievements dated November 4, 1995 and amended December 2, 2002.  on Plant Quarantine, April 28, 2001  on Production and safe handling of pesticides and agrochemicals, April 7, 2003  on State Regulation of crop-producing power of agricultural land, July 8, 2004.  on State support of agricultural sector of the Republic of Tajikistan, February 22, 2007  on Seed Industry, January 5, 2008  on Plant variety protection, December 29, 2010.
    • Policy documents  Millennium Development Goals (MDG), May 2005.  National Development Strategy (NDS) of the Republic of Tajikistan for the period to 2015, April 3, 2007.  Concept of the Agrarian Policy of the Republic of Tajikistan, December 31, 2008.  Food Security Programme of the Republic of Tajikistan until 2015, February 2, 2009.  Agriculture Reform Programme of the Republic of Tajikistan for 2012- 2020, August 6, 2012.  Program for Development of the Seed Industry in the Republic of Tajikistan for 2010-2014, May, 2009.  Resolution of the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan № 413 On special zones and seed crop farms, July 28, 2009.
    • Seed requirement of priority crops depending on planting rate, tons Source: Program for Development of the Seed Industry in the Republic of Tajikistan for 2010- 2014 (2009) Region Seeding rate, kg/ha Total seed requirement (tons), including 15% for security reserve Cotton Soghd Oblast 110,00 11000,00 30,00 3000,00 Khatlon Oblast 110,00 21500,00 30,00 6000,00 RRS 110,00 3000,00 30,00 800,00 TOTAL 110,00 35500,00 30,00 9800,00 Wheat Soghd Oblast 220,00 16200,00 150,00 11100,00 Khatlon Oblast 220,00 46200,00 150,00 31500,00 RRS 220,00 17000,00 150,00 11500,00 GBAO 220,00 1350,00 150,00 910,00 TOTAL 220,00 80750,00 150,00 55010,00 Potato Soghd Oblast 3500,00 41000,00 Khatlon Oblast 3500,00 29000,00 RRS 3500,00 37500,00 GBAO 3500,00 7500,00 TOTAL 3500,00 115000,00
    • Fertilizer consumption in Tajikistan, for 2012 Source: Statistical Agency under President of the Republic of Tajikistan (2012) ALL TYPE of FARMS (Agr.Enterprises, Associations, Dehkan farms) Wheat Cotton Potatoes Total arable land where FERTILIZER used for 2012 (HA) Tajikistan 143233 182683 13834 GBAO 2841 0 1266 Sogd oblast 14512 45669 4794 Khatlon oblast 99785 127330 3605 RRS -Raion (district) under Republican Subordination 26095 9684 4169
    • 0.0 10.0 20.0 30.0 40.0 50.0 60.0 70.0 80.0 90.0 100.0 1985 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Domestic production of fertilizer in Tajikistan from 1985 to 2009 (1,000s MT)
    • Conclusions  Recommendations for effective Input Policy : - long-term vision and structure of seed sector development; - strengthen the legal framework for the use and provision of fertilizers, to strengthen the control over the quality of imported fertilizers and their use; - development of the regulatory framework to improve the fertilizer policy - strengthening land use rights; - water sector reform; - accesses to finance; - accesses to mechanization (leasing).