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Reflections on challenges for program design and implementation


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“Reflections on challenges for program design and implementation” presented by Sanath Reddy, USAID-Indonesia, at the ReSAKSS-Asia Conference, Nov 14-16, 2011, in Kathmandu, Nepal.

“Reflections on challenges for program design and implementation” presented by Sanath Reddy, USAID-Indonesia, at the ReSAKSS-Asia Conference, Nov 14-16, 2011, in Kathmandu, Nepal.

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  • 1. CHALLENGES AND EXPERIENCES IN PROGRAM DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION Dr. S.K. Reddy Knowledge and Information Tools For Supporting Agriculture and Food Security Strategies in Asia. Kathmandu, Nepal November 14-17, 20111
  • 2. 2 • Successful development produces measurable results and impacts • Development impacts are sustained • Development Impacts and Results Depend on the quality of Program Design and Implementation
  • 3. 3 PROGRAM DESIGN PRINCIPLES AND PROCESSES 1. Determining the rationale for the project/activity 2. Linking the project to the relevant Strategy 3. Applying Analytical Rigor
  • 4. 4 PROGRAM DESIGN - CHALLENGES 4. Promoting collaboration and mutual accountability USAID/ key stakeholders/ host country ownership 5. Flexibility 6. Sustainability of key development outcomes
  • 5. 5 PROGRAM DESIGN - CHALLENGES 7. A rigorous M&E plan 8. Consider broad/range of implementation options 9. Peer review and input process 10.Cross-cutting issues
  • 6. 6 PROGRAM DESIGN - CHALLENGES 11.Interpreting Food Security 12.Major challenges in a project design: – Integrating sound design principle – Multifarious interests 13.Finally--The KIS principle: Keep It Simple
  • 7. 7 PROGRAM DESIGN – KEY COMPONENTS 1. Problem Analyses 2. Development Hypothesis (DH) – Articulates how a specific result is to be achieved 3. Log Frame (LF) Approach to Project design – Connects goals, purpose, outputs and inputs 4. Results Framework (RF) – A graphic representation of the DH used as a planning tool 5. Public-Private-Partnerships (PPPs)
  • 8. 8 6. Performance Management Plan (PMP) • Indicators are the heart of PMP – Consists of Standard Indicators (Mission Operational Plan) and any specific indicators deemed necessary in the design • Indicators: what will be measured and reported, and describe how well a program is achieving objectives • Indicators must be direct, objective, practical and adequate PROGRAM DESIGN – KEY COMPONENTS
  • 9. 9 PROGRAM DESIGN – KEY COMPONENTS 7. Projects and Activities – Project: addresses problems to be solved under several program elements within a program area – Activity: addresses problem to be solved under a single program element 8. Identifying appropriate interventions: – Assess similar interventions tried and their outcomes. – Review lessons learned
  • 10. 10 PROGRAM IMPLEMENTATION: EXPERIENCES 1. The RFAS and RFPs: – Project implementation begins with the RFP/RFA – Drafting of SOW 2. Work Plan Development: – Stakeholder consultations and input – Structure the Work Plan – Results / Indicators / Outputs / Annual targets
  • 11. 11 PROGRAM IMPLEMENTATION EXPERIENCES (CONTD.) 3. Structuring Public Private Partnerships: – Real partners/Nominal--yet very important (e.g. host country) – PPPs (management changes, commitments, lack of collaborative experiences) – Co-funded programs
  • 12. 12 PROGRAM IMPLEMENTATION EXPERIENCES (CONTD.) 4. Monitoring Project Implementation • Reviewing & Analyzing Project Performance • Progress Reporting • Does Implementation Track Work Plan? • Timely Delivery of Inputs • Technical Directions • Planning and Conducting Site Visits • USAID Internal Management • Effecting Mid-Course corrections • Monitoring Critical Assumptions
  • 13. 13 PROGRAM IMPLEMENTATION EXPERIENCES (CONTD) 5. Host Country Issues – Inter-ministerial Rivalries and Differences – Institutional Capacities
  • 14. 14 PROGRAM IMPLEMENTATION EXPERIENCES (CONTD) 6. Managing Conflict and Negotiating – Styles: Assertive / Unassertive / Passive – Avoiding/ Accommodating/ Compromising/ Collaborating
  • 15. 15 PROGRAM IMPLEMENTATION EXPERIENCES (CONTD) 7. Innovative Thinking and Pro-activeness. – Bridging the gap between phases – Enabling sustainability