Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Dietary changes – example from India, Bangladesh and Pakistan
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×

Introducing the official SlideShare app

Stunning, full-screen experience for iPhone and Android

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

Dietary changes – example from India, Bangladesh and Pakistan

1,676
views

Published on

“Dietary changes – example from India, Bangladesh and Pakistan” presented by P. K. Joshi and Praduman Kumar, IFPRI-New Delhi, at the ReSAKSS-Asia Conference, Nov 14-16, 2011, in Kathmandu, Nepal.

“Dietary changes – example from India, Bangladesh and Pakistan” presented by P. K. Joshi and Praduman Kumar, IFPRI-New Delhi, at the ReSAKSS-Asia Conference, Nov 14-16, 2011, in Kathmandu, Nepal.

Published in: Education

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,676
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Food Demand in Context of Dietary Diversification in South Asian Countries Praduman Kumar P.K.Joshi International Food Policy Reseaerch Institute-New Delhi pkumariari@gmail.com
  • 2. The Context • South Asia has 22% world population, 3% world land and 11% arable land • Remarkable progress in agricultural production in last three decades: food deficit to food self-sufficient • Technology triggered the growth • Household food and nutrition security remains a challenge in South Asian countries
  • 3.  Structural changes in dietary pattern in Bangladesh, India and Pakistan  Food demand projections to 2030  Food demand supply gap  Concerns towards food supply and nutritional- security Outlines of Presentation
  • 4. Sources of data • Household income and expenditure survey data for various rounds in Bangladesh • Household income and expenditure survey data for various rounds in Pakistan • Household data on consumer expenditure data collected under various rounds of National Sample Survey in India
  • 5. Changes in consumption of cereals (kg/capita/annum) 186 171 168 142 137 113 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 Bangladesh India Pakistan 1990 2005
  • 6. Changes in consumption of pulses (kg/capita/annum) 5.1 5.2 11.7 8.9 6.5 5.4 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 Bangladesh India Pakistan 1990 2005
  • 7. Changes in consumption of edible oils (kg/capita/annum) 3.6 6 4.4 6.4 7.5 9.6 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Bangladesh India Pakistan 1990 2005
  • 8. Changes in consumption of sugar (kg/capita/annum) 3.4 3 11 9.5 14.5 18.4 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 Bangladesh India Pakistan 1990 2005
  • 9. Changes in consumption of vegetables & fruits (kg/capita/annum) 87 100 51 77 68 65 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Bangladesh India Pakistan 1990 2005
  • 10. Changes in consumption of milk (kg/capita/annum) 11.8 11.8 44 57 79 108 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Bangladesh India Pakistan 1990 2005
  • 11. Changes in consumption of fish, meat & eggs (kg/capita/annum) 21.5 22.8 5.3 6.9 9 13 0 5 10 15 20 25 Bangladesh India Pakistan 1990 2005
  • 12. Income elasticity of food demand Food Bangladesh India Pakistan Rice -0.01 0.02 0.14 Wheat 0.06 0.07 -0.08 Pulses 0.39 0.22 0.33 Edible oils 0.32 0.30 0.12 Sugar 0.30 0.06 0.05 Vegetables 0.42 0.26 0.54 Fruits 0.58 0.36 0.57 Milk 0.56 0.43 0.49 Fish, meat & eggs 0.66 0.67 0.62
  • 13. Changes in Dietary Pattern in Bangladesh 2010-2030 (%) 50.4 48.1 43.3 30 26.8 18.8 6.5 4.4 -0.3 -10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 rice wheat edible oil sugar pulses vegetables fruits milk Fish, meat, eggs Per cent ``
  • 14. Changes in Dietary Pattern in Pakistan 2010-2030 (%) 32.8 29.7 25.5 24.6 17.3 9.5 8.3 8.8 -1.7 -5 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 wheat rice edible oil sugar pulses fruits milk vegetables fish, meat, eggs Per cent ``
  • 15. Changes in Dietary Pattern in India 2010-2030 (%) 33.7 30.8 28.6 26.8 26.3 24.7 19.5 11.1 -0.1 -5 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 rice wheat pulses vegetables sugar pulses fruits Fish, meat, eggs milk Per cent ``
  • 16. Share of total calories and protein from foodgrains (% of total intake) Food 2010 2020 2030 Bangladesh Calories 75.7 73.1 70.8 Protein 63.6 59.1 55.3 India Calories 63.1 61.3 58.6 Protein 75.6 74.0 71.7 Pakistan Calories 48.6 46.5 44.7 Protein 57.3 54.3 51.7
  • 17. Food expenditure and calories income elasticites in South Asian countries Income Elasticity Bangladesh India Pakistan Food expenditure 0.323 0.290 0.380 Total calories 0.094 0.056 0.066
  • 18. Population Projections in South Asian Countries Year Bangladesh India Pakistan Population (millions) 2010 148.7 1190.7 173.3 2015 158.3 1272.0 190.6 2020 167.3 1344.9 208.3 2025 175.2 1408.2 224.9 2030 181.9 1471.3 240.3
  • 19. Food demand in Bangladesh (million ton) Food 2010 2020 2030 Growth,% Rice 23.8 26.7 29.0 0.99 Wheat 0.67 0.77 0.85 1.22 Total cereals 25.4 28.6 31.1 1.02 Pulses 0.88 1.13 1.36 2.23 Foodgrains 30.7 34.8 38.0 1.06 Edible oils 1.22 1.43 1.61 1.37 Sugar 0.97 1.21 1.43 1.97 Vegetables & fruits 20.5 26.8 33.0 2.41 Milk 2.9 4.0 5.1 2.76 Fish 2.6 3.7 4.9 3.08
  • 20. Food demand in Pakistan (million ton) Food 2010 2020 2030 Growth,% Rice 2.9 3.6 4.3 2.06 Wheat 21.2 25.2 28.9 1.56 Total cereals 27.5 33.3 38.7 1.72 Pulses 1.6 2.2 2.7 2.48 Foodgrains 29.2 35.5 41.4 1.76 Edible oils 2.9 3.6 4.3 2.07 Sugar 5.3 6.6 8.0 2.12 Vegetables & Fruits 20.2 27.6 35.6 2.88 Milk 36.5 49.6 63.6 2.81 Fish, meat & eggs 3.3 4.7 6.1 3.08
  • 21. Food demand in India (million ton) Food 2010 2020 2030 Growth,% Rice 98.7 111.8 122.4 1.08 Wheat 83.0 98.3 114.6 1.63 Total cereals 218.1 252.6 284.2 1.33 Pulses 18.0 21.9 26.6 1.97 Foodgrains 236.2 274.4 310.8 1.38 Edible oils 13.6 16.9 21.3 2.25 Sugar 27.6 33.1 39.2 1.77 Vegetables 124.7 154.8 192.0 2.18 Fruits 64.8 80.9 103.0 2.35 Milk 111.9 143.2 184.9 2.54 Fish 6.4 8.2 11.1 2.80
  • 22. Annual growth in Food Demand (%) Food Bangladesh India Pakistan Rice 0.99 1.08 2.06 Wheat 1.22 1.63 1.56 Total cereals 1.02 1.33 1.72 Pulses 2.23 1.97 2.48 Foodgrains 1.06 1.36 1.76 Edible oils 1.37 2.25 2.07 Sugar 1.97 1.77 2.12 Vegetables & fruits 2.41 2.16 2.88 Milk 2.76 2.54 2.81 Fish 3.08 2.80 3.08
  • 23. Demand, Supply, and Trade for Rice in India (Million ton) Year Demand Supply Trade 2010 98.2 98.5 - 0.2 2015 105.8 108.4 2.6 2020 111.8 112.6 0.8 2025 116.9 123.4 6.5 2030 122.4 133.3 10.9
  • 24. Demand, Supply, and Trade for Wheat in India (Million ton) Year Demand Supply Trade 2010 83.0 82.1 -0.9 2015 90.5 89.5 -1.0 2020 98.3 97.9 -0.4 2025 106.2 111.1 4.9 2030 114.6 123.5 8.9
  • 25. Demand, Supply, and Trade for Pulses in India (Million ton) Year Demand Supply Trade 2010 18.0 14.9 (18.0) -3.1 2015 19.9 16.5 -3.4 2020 21.9 18.5 -3.4 2025 24.1 20.9 -3.2 2030 26.6 23.1 -3.5
  • 26. Demand, Supply, and Trade for Edible Oils in India (Million ton) Year Demand Supply Trade 2010 13.6 8.9 -4.8 2015 15.2 11.0 -4.3 2020 17.0 13.6 -3.4 2025 19.0 16.2 -2.8 2030 21.3 19.0 -2.3
  • 27. Demand, Supply, and Trade for Sugar in India (Million ton) Year Demand Supply Trade 2010 27.6 29.7 2.1 2015 30.3 33.6 3.3 2020 33.1 38.0 4.9 2025 36.0 44.2 8.2 2030 39.2 50.0 10.8
  • 28. Summing up : • Diversifying the consumption basket in favor of high- value foods, such as horticultural, livestock and fishries products. • Pathway of change: Coarse gains → Rice/Wheat → Vegetables/ fruits/eggs/meat/fish/milk • The steady changes in consumption pattern, driven by income growth, life style and infrastructural facilities • Protein intake increasing mainly due to dietary diversification towards high value non-cereals commodities • Future food demand is high and require higher productivity growth
  • 29. Major concerns towards food and nutritional security in South Asia • Decelerating TFP growth • Slackness in investment on agricultural research, technology development and extension • Continued increase in population • Diminishing land and freshwater resources • Expanding biotic & abiotic stresses, increasing soil salinity and waterloging problem
  • 30. Contd… • South Asian countries may experience a deficit in production to match their domestic need of the food commodities. • India being a large country, influencing production, consumption and trade, has to play a responsible role in maintaining its own self-reliance in food production and meeting the additional requirements of its neighbouring countries • Farming systems approach in ecosystem framework to pursue diversification (livestock, horticulture, fisheries)