India example

930
-1

Published on

“India example” , presented by M.S. Rao, CSISA at the ReSAKSS-Asia Conference, Nov 14-16, 2011, in Kathmandu, Nepal.

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
930
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
3
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

India example

  1. 1. “Farmer Outreach - Raising Productivity” IFPRI –USAID workshop on “Food Security Strategies in Asia” Kathmandu , Nepal , November 15 , 2011 Srinivas Rao m.s.rao@cgiar.org
  2. 2. Presentation Scheme… • The Context - About CSISA • The Approach –Scale and Scope • About Delivery , and Roll Out • About Building Partnerships • Other Models • Private Sector
  3. 3. • Food security • Rural and urban poverty & malnutrition • Natural resources: land and water • Farm sizes and labor • Energy • Climate extremes and climate change • Financial crisis The Big challenges
  4. 4. Geographic Spread of CSISA Pakistan, India ,Nepal and Bangladesh Phase 1: 2009-2011 (launched April 2009) Phase 2: 2012-2019 BMGF, USAID, WB - US $ 31 Million CGIAR:IRRI, CIMMYT, IFPRI, ILRI NARES Private sector NGOs ARI Universities Societies (ASA)
  5. 5. • Integrated solutions for ecological intensification and diversification at high levels of productivity, new prodn systems • Strategic germplasm improvement for selected traits • Public-private sector partnerships, R&D ,delivery , Value Chains • Policy analyses ,Business Models , Communications • Impact Assessment , Scale up, Replicability , Sustainability • By Year 03 40,000 farmers @ 0.5 mts on 50,000 hectares 20,000 farmers @1.0 mts on 20,000 hectares • By Year 10 4 million farmers @ 0.5 mts on 5 million hectares 2 million farmers @ 1.0 mts on 2.5 million hectares Incomes up by at least $ 350 per household p.a. Scope
  6. 6. Holistic Approach of CSISA The 8 Key Themes :  Delivery of new technologies and practices through public- private partnerships , CKB, HCP , Value Chains , business models  Future cereal-based systems  Rice breeding for current and future systems  Wheat breeding for current and future systems  Maize breeding for current and future systems  Technology targeting and improved policies  Capacity building: scientists ,Interns, professional agronomists  Project management, communication and impact assessment
  7. 7. Theme 1: Delivery of Production and Post Harvest technologies • Local synthesis of cereal farming knowledge for greater impact • Design & implement schemes for outscaling improved delivery of seeds and modern technologies, conservation agriculture technologies • Large scale Roll through Public –Private Partnerships CKB, HCP ,Value chains , Business Models, Training, ICT ● ●
  8. 8. 8 5. Labor, Energy shortages, High production cost • Minimal tillage • Zero tillage • Raised bed • Double no-till system • New Machines 6. Diversification and ‘Fallows’ • Relay/Para cropping • Crop substitution • Cotton –wheat) • S.Cane –wheat ) • Rice Fallows 7. Herbicide resistance / Weed mgt. • Test new molecules • Integrated weed management approach 8. Net works and Capacity Building • Public –Private partnerships • Trainings • Traveling seminars 1. Water 2. Rainwater 3. Nutrient 4. Terminal Heat shortages Management Imbalances tolerance/ Seed •In-situ moisture conservation • Groundwater recharge • Conjunctive use of nutrient inputs • LCC/ GS • Super granules • Cultivar choices • Seed increase • Water schedules • Residue manage. • Laser land leveling • Raised beds • DSR & remove puddling Conceptual Framework of CSISA Strategic Entry Points and Potential Options for solutions
  9. 9. Customized Management Solutions • Seeds • Laser land leveling to save water and facilitate direct sowing • Zero till crops after rice • Raised bed systems • Direct-seeded rice • Alternate wetting and drying in rice cultivation • Site-specific nutrient management (R, W, M) • Integrated weed and pest management in cropping systems • Postharvest solutions (drying, storage, ….) • Agri Mechanisation • Super bags • Information systems (hub communication platform) • Business Models and Market Linkages
  10. 10. India Pakistan Nepal Bangladesh CSISA – Delivery Hubs & Research Platforms Tamil Nadu Rice Research Institute, Aduthurai Research Platform BARI/BRRI ICAR Complex for Eastern Region, Patna Faislabad, Pakistan Thanjavur, TN Bagusarai, Bihar Ludhiana Central Soil Salinity Research Institute, Karnal
  11. 11. • 163 districts in IGP • 67 districts covered • 1/3 of the IGP • Nine hubs with one satellite established and fully functional Hub Name Area (Mha) Haryana 2.75 Punjab 3.9 EUP 4.5 Bihar 7.3 Tamil Nadu 4.5 Total Area (mha) 22.95 CSISA Action Corridors
  12. 12. Laser Assisted Precision Land Leveling • Laser land leveling introduced in the region • 6700 units (Farmer investment ~ USD 9.0 Million) in the past 3 years • Saved 800 Kwhr-1 units /ha during rice season in Punjab; USD 55M in India (Sidhu,2009), and saves 25-30% water at least • Employs 4 persons for 125-150 days / year
  13. 13. Direct Seeded Rice becomes a Reality DSR in flood prone areas • DSR improves productivity • DSR and PTR yield can be similar at less cost and saving of water • Rice hybrids useful in irrigated areas • Choice of rice cultivars and use of herbicide molecule holds the key for success in DSR • Useful to counter labor shortage DSR
  14. 14. CKB: CSISA Knowledge Bank
  15. 15. Partnerships to Synergize The Rationale of the TWGs …. A group of like minded experts who believe and deliver new CSISA and other “bundled” technologies to the farming community.  Have the “reach” and wherewithal to outscale  Have to “ability” to convince farmer groups  Have the “systems” to train ,motivate, and assess impact.  Have the “credibility” to influence policy over time Typically Cross section of Experts from: • Govt Agri Institutions / SAUs • District Agri Officer • NGO representatives • Farmer Associations/ Cooperaratives • Private Sector • Input Suppliers ( seeds, equipment, agri biz) • Media • Local extension experts / agencies • CSISA Hub Manager More of an “Action group” with complimentary objectives to synergize mutual efforts
  16. 16. CA based RCT Key Technologies evaluated in farmer participatory mode 19 RCTs inclusive of elite cultivars Household benefitted >100,000 Number of trainings on CA practices > 250 Participants in training program (Farmers) 2100 (30,000) Adaptive trials 700 Technology roll-out demos, FPTs 7400 New machinery development/ refinement 6 Seed Increase of elite germplasm 800 tons Public-private partnership forged in 9 hubs 318 Salient Achievements (Year 2)
  17. 17. Other Models –Private Sector • E-choupal ( ITC Ltd ) • 6200 computer kiosks , 40,000 villages , 4.10 million farmers • End to end solution – demonstrations ,advice , information , procurement • First mile to last mile . Digital to Physical , demand led production • Haryali Kisan Bazzar ( DSCL group ) • Rural Hyper markets , agri advisory , sales , agri services • 200+ outlets , one stop shop for farmers , 300+ agronomist • Mahindra Samirdhi Centers ( Mahindra Group) • Largest tractor manufacturer , agri service centers • Equipment and multi product outlets
  18. 18. Thank You !

×