International Conference on
“Knowledge, Tools, and Lessons for Informing the Design and
Implementation of Food Security St...
Market for agricultural education in India growing (Supply side)
60 Agricultural universities; 436 Agricultural colleges
L...
Demand for agricultural education
Agriculture - growing at 3 %
Dairy & Horticulture - 5 %
Food consumption basket getting ...
Inadequate educational Infrastructure
Lack of adequate financial support and autonomy
About 40% of State Agricultural Univ...
Contd…
Quality of graduates continually declining (NAARM, 2011)
Unplanned growth of institutions
Poor quality of intake
La...
Changes that are happening
Growing population and increasing demand for high
quality food and non food commodities
Indian ...
Need for agricultural curriculum modernization
Foregoing discussion underscores the significance of
revamping agricultural...
Contd….
Besides demand for skilled manpower to work at grass root level
keeps rising ; particularly private extension is a...
Needed reforms in ag. curriculum
Market driven agricultural education
Emphasis on agricultural related social sciences in
...
UG Program – Capacity Building
Need for instructional farm development
Faculty training: continuous updating knowledge in
...
Contd…
Equip new graduates with subject competency, self
motivation, positive attitudes, agribusiness skills,
computer & I...
Cornell University – Sathguru Consultants perceive
the Education as the key driver to the pace of
progress and made unique...
Sathguru Management Consultants
Established in 1985
Leadership in Technology Management in
developing regions of Asia and ...
Cornell – in – India™ & Sathguru ®
Cornell – in – India and Sathguru engagement dates
back to 1995
Initial engagement rela...
The results so far
“High tech” and “low tech” innovations transferred
Sathguru complemented Cornell’s dual goals of
commer...
Cornell – Sathguru Foundation (established 2006)
A 501(c)(3) equivalent initiative in India
Supports Dual Graduate program...
Cornell-Sathguru engaged US LGUs with Indian SAUs-
rewarding in many ways for Land Grants
Great relationships
Internationa...
However…
Global knowledge partnerships are complicated – understanding
relevance
Distance and culture can be an issue
Rela...
Project I
International Agriculture and Rural Development Course
(IARD)
Objectives
Provide strategic and operational perspectives one merging
challenges and opportunities in agriculture to US an...
Institutions Involved
Cornell University, USA
TNAU, Coimbatore
UAS, Dharwad
ANGRAU, Hyderabad
GBPUAT, Pant Nagar
Universit...
Module 1: INTAG 402
Video compressed lectures (13 nos) to impart knowledge
in major issues and challenges in international...
Interacting with Indian Farmers in Hyderabad
Visit to Biotech Industry (Monsanto)
Bt Cotton…
INTAG Students in Thailand
Wholesale Agriculture Market Orchids Farm
No. Year No. of Students
1 2004-05 13
2 2005-06 8
3 2006-07 7
4 2007-08 7
5 2008-09 13
6 2009-10 13
7 2010-11 6
Participat...
Sensitized on the emerging challenges and opportunities in
agriculture
Understood the complexity of Indian and global agri...
CONT…
Acquired International experience in Agriculture
Exposed to frontier areas of science and state of the art
laborator...
Impact on Faculty
Acquired international experience and integrated lessons learned
in the curriculum
Synthesized new cours...
Impact on the Institution
Developed new courses besides revising the existing curriculum to
match with global agriculture
...
Project 2
Unique Initiatives – Linkage with
Agribusiness firms
Unique initiatives - Centre for Executive Education
Created in partnership with Cornell for delivering Executive
Education...
What we do..
Shaping strategy and building public private linkages.
 Global growth planning - footprint analysis
 Strate...
Program Details
Program is conducted in India and in the U.S. and its focus is on:
1. Technology transfer opportunities an...
Project 3
MPS / M Tech Dual Degree Program
First ever outcome of Cornell-TNAU-Sathguru-TATA Trust Collaboration
Need
Huge Post Harvest losses / Requirement to procure raw material
from open market – as opposed to the practice of compl...
The degrees offered are:
MPS-Food Science at Cornell University & M. Tech (Food
Processing and Marketing) at TNAU
MPS-Plan...
CORNELL CREDITS
Food Science
23
6
1
5
34
Food Science
Seminar
IARD
TNAU
Plant Breeding & Genetics
20
6
1
6
3
34
Plant Bree...
Purpose of Faculty Deputation at Cornell
Designed flexible course and
curriculum development for MPS
and M. Tech programs
...
Progress….
32 students enrolled – 26
qualified with Cornell and TNAU
degree
12 Faculty from TNAU and 8
faculty from Cornel...
Greatest Challenges
To develop a program that provides a well rounded
experience
Time difference between the USA and India...
Project 4
Agricultural Innovation Partnership
Supported by USAID
India:
Banaras Hindu University, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel...
Agricultural Innovation Partnership
Lead Implementing Agency - Cornell University, Ithaca
Goal: Improve food availability,...
Target Beneficiaries
Component 1 : Agricultural Education Component 2 : Agricultural Extension
Banaras Hindu University,
A...
Activities so far
A Curriculum Development and Planning workshop organized at
BHU and work plan developed.
3 faculties fro...
Revamping agricultural extension system
Public system unable to meet the demands of the farmers in
terms effective deliver...
Project 5 - Horticulture Collaborative Research Support
Program
Globally led by University of California, Davis
Lead in Ba...
Objectives
Map base line levels of food contaminants that emanate from
the farm and thereafter until consumption, and impl...
Thank you
Cornell University and Sathguru Engagement in Agriculture Development In South Asia - 1994 - 2011
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Cornell University and Sathguru Engagement in Agriculture Development In South Asia - 1994 - 2011

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“Cornell University and Sathguru Engagement in Agriculture Development In South Asia - 1994 - 2011” presented by Chinnachamy Ramasamy and Damodaran Suresh, Cornell University, at the ReSAKSS-Asia Conference, Nov 14-16, 2011, in Kathmandu, Nepal.

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Cornell University and Sathguru Engagement in Agriculture Development In South Asia - 1994 - 2011

  1. 1. International Conference on “Knowledge, Tools, and Lessons for Informing the Design and Implementation of Food Security Strategies in Asia” held at Kathmandu, Nepal during 14th to 17th September, 2011 Paper entitled “ Integrating Education, Farm Extension and Private Sector Efforts from India” Presented by C. Ramasamy and D. Suresh Supported by USAID’s Agricultural Innovation Partnership
  2. 2. Market for agricultural education in India growing (Supply side) 60 Agricultural universities; 436 Agricultural colleges Large number of Institutes offering diploma and certificate programs and courses Recently private investment growing. Maharashtra - 136 private agricultural colleges Tamilnadu - 4 private agricultural colleges and 10 more private institutes. SAUs adding more colleges agriculture, veterinary and animal sciences, dairy , horticulture and agricultural engineering
  3. 3. Demand for agricultural education Agriculture - growing at 3 % Dairy & Horticulture - 5 % Food consumption basket getting more diversified higher consumption of dairy and horti. products Processed food consumption growing due to growing urban population Organized retailing expanding Ag graduates are in great demand from the banking and insurance sector The public and private agricultural R&D and extension is growing and so do agricultural education
  4. 4. Inadequate educational Infrastructure Lack of adequate financial support and autonomy About 40% of State Agricultural Universities faculty positions vacant Only 10% of ICAR budget spent on education Dilution in quality of human resources engaged in agricultural education, research and extension Present status of agricultural education
  5. 5. Contd… Quality of graduates continually declining (NAARM, 2011) Unplanned growth of institutions Poor quality of intake Lack of practical orientation Poor industry interaction Less exposure to recent advances Lack of support skills IVth Deans Committee Report
  6. 6. Changes that are happening Growing population and increasing demand for high quality food and non food commodities Indian agriculture becoming more and more globalized Biotechnology applications to agriculture is being commercialized ; huge scope for GM crops as evidenced from unprecedented success of Bt. Cotton and many GM products are in the pipeline GIS is used in crop planning, fishing, drought management, etc.
  7. 7. Need for agricultural curriculum modernization Foregoing discussion underscores the significance of revamping agricultural curriculum in India. Ag. education designed mainly for green revolution era has not transformed much to meet the current needs . Though ICAR made efforts to improve the ag. education through funding support and guidance , large number of SAUs and other institutions offering agricultural education have not responded adequately Further efforts are to be made to develop agricultural education in India
  8. 8. Contd…. Besides demand for skilled manpower to work at grass root level keeps rising ; particularly private extension is already showing lot of promise in delivering farm inputs and advising farmers and is in need of trained manpower(para professionals) to work in rural areas Hi-tech horticulture is another area which creates employment for qualified and trained manpower. Trained manpower for animal husbandry ,dairying, poultry, food processing, sericulture and fisheries are also in demand. Agricultural graduates also moving to public administration and own business It is critical that agricultural education has to meet the diversified demand
  9. 9. Needed reforms in ag. curriculum Market driven agricultural education Emphasis on agricultural related social sciences in agrl. curriculum (to understand the problems in globalization of agriculture) Curriculum to include agrl. marketing policy for national and international markets Curri. reorientation which is:  Environment sensitive  Attitudinal changes in graduates’ minds
  10. 10. UG Program – Capacity Building Need for instructional farm development Faculty training: continuous updating knowledge in frontier & emerging areas Training to focus on pedagogy, computer related skills, knowledge about national & international agrl. curriculum development , communication skill (soft & hard) Specialized courses in educational technology to upgradee teaching skills
  11. 11. Contd… Equip new graduates with subject competency, self motivation, positive attitudes, agribusiness skills, computer & IT application skills, communication skills both in English and regional languages SAUs could have flexible course credit system buttressed by continuous internal evaluation Training in biotechnology, processing and value addition, GIS, remote sensing, agribusiness management, diagnostics, IPR, quality standards, exports and entrepreneurship development needed; and to be trained in LGUs
  12. 12. Cornell University – Sathguru Consultants perceive the Education as the key driver to the pace of progress and made unique initiatives in this direction
  13. 13. Sathguru Management Consultants Established in 1985 Leadership in Technology Management in developing regions of Asia and Africa Innovation strategy and policy advisory in 18 countries 200 professionals with diverse skills Global Mission
  14. 14. Cornell – in – India™ & Sathguru ® Cornell – in – India and Sathguru engagement dates back to 1995 Initial engagement related to Life Science related research partnership and technology transfer focusing on the urgent Indian need to produce more food and fiber with optimized water use
  15. 15. The results so far “High tech” and “low tech” innovations transferred Sathguru complemented Cornell’s dual goals of commercial success and philanthropy Cornell’s faculty involvement and reach extended through new partnerships Leveraging reputation and competency collectively to demonstrate that economic growth and social responsibility is not a dilemma but a reality Spin-off activities created  educational opportunities  consulting  Government Relations  Newly endowed programs and more
  16. 16. Cornell – Sathguru Foundation (established 2006) A 501(c)(3) equivalent initiative in India Supports Dual Graduate program launched by Cornell in partnership with Sathguru and Indian Universities in life sciences Efforts with Indian planners to explore next generation education needs The goal is to leverage national funding opportunities with complimentary contribution from Sathguru and Indian development organizations – Invitation grants and competitive
  17. 17. Cornell-Sathguru engaged US LGUs with Indian SAUs- rewarding in many ways for Land Grants Great relationships International engagement of students, faculty Administrators& Staff engagement (and trailing spouses) Faculty consulting Co-development of research results, technology transfer and licensing Engagement of University Licensees in USA with that of partner entities in India
  18. 18. However… Global knowledge partnerships are complicated – understanding relevance Distance and culture can be an issue Relationship development time consuming Constraint of resources (faculty, interns, staff) Capability alignment – Academic, managerial and delivery competencies Respect for mutual brand and mutual protection Engagement focus – sustainability driven breadth and depth
  19. 19. Project I International Agriculture and Rural Development Course (IARD)
  20. 20. Objectives Provide strategic and operational perspectives one merging challenges and opportunities in agriculture to US and Indian Students Develop an awareness of the global nature of the international economy and multi-disciplinary nature of issues to them
  21. 21. Institutions Involved Cornell University, USA TNAU, Coimbatore UAS, Dharwad ANGRAU, Hyderabad GBPUAT, Pant Nagar Universities in Thailand
  22. 22. Module 1: INTAG 402 Video compressed lectures (13 nos) to impart knowledge in major issues and challenges in international agriculture and rural development Module 2: INTAG 602 Joint field visits of US, Indian and Thai students to acquire hands-on-experience in agriculture and rural development in these countries Modules of INTAG
  23. 23. Interacting with Indian Farmers in Hyderabad
  24. 24. Visit to Biotech Industry (Monsanto) Bt Cotton…
  25. 25. INTAG Students in Thailand Wholesale Agriculture Market Orchids Farm
  26. 26. No. Year No. of Students 1 2004-05 13 2 2005-06 8 3 2006-07 7 4 2007-08 7 5 2008-09 13 6 2009-10 13 7 2010-11 6 Participation from TNAU
  27. 27. Sensitized on the emerging challenges and opportunities in agriculture Understood the complexity of Indian and global agriculture through field trips Improved communication skills (written & spoken) Video-conferencing assisted in confidence building and presentation skills Multifunctional career options Impact on Indian Students
  28. 28. CONT… Acquired International experience in Agriculture Exposed to frontier areas of science and state of the art laboratories Experienced with innovative learning processes such as special lectures, field visits, group activities, blackboard interaction, video conferencing etc Instilled self confidence for higher academic pursuits
  29. 29. Impact on Faculty Acquired international experience and integrated lessons learned in the curriculum Synthesized new courses encompassing growing concerns of globalization in agriculture Explored the possibilities of research collaborations and faculty exchanges in cross cutting theme areas CRIDA, Hyderabad Thailand
  30. 30. Impact on the Institution Developed new courses besides revising the existing curriculum to match with global agriculture State-of-the-art Communication laboratory facility and e-learning modules created as a follow up of students feedback Served as a base to establish dual degree program between TNAU and Cornell
  31. 31. Project 2 Unique Initiatives – Linkage with Agribusiness firms
  32. 32. Unique initiatives - Centre for Executive Education Created in partnership with Cornell for delivering Executive Education Trained over 1200 Indian managers – A self sustaining model Exposure to science administrators, policy planners, industry captains and the academia in getting “future ready”
  33. 33. What we do.. Shaping strategy and building public private linkages.  Global growth planning - footprint analysis  Strategic repositioning – diversity analysis  Allied sector linkages and next generation opportunities Large food chain integrators, retailers, processors, product developers, donor Institutions and multilateral development bodies gained experience  Tata, ITC, Unilever, ConAgra and 12 other large food brands, several mid-sized companies Sector trends and enterprise level competitive advantage assessment – Focus on linking technology advancements to market needs
  34. 34. Program Details Program is conducted in India and in the U.S. and its focus is on: 1. Technology transfer opportunities and issues in agriculture and food product commercialization 2. Food retailing and supply chain management; and 3. International food marketing standards and World Trade Organization regulations
  35. 35. Project 3 MPS / M Tech Dual Degree Program First ever outcome of Cornell-TNAU-Sathguru-TATA Trust Collaboration
  36. 36. Need Huge Post Harvest losses / Requirement to procure raw material from open market – as opposed to the practice of complete backward linkage in developed economies Leading Indian food players focus entirely on the processing end while ignoring procurement, quality of raw material and farming practices. Much larger number of intermediaries in the system than one would see in food chains elsewhere. To modernize system well trained man power in biotechnology, food science and agricultural marketing is needed
  37. 37. The degrees offered are: MPS-Food Science at Cornell University & M. Tech (Food Processing and Marketing) at TNAU MPS-Plant Breeding and Genetics at Cornell University & M. Tech (Biotechnology and Business Management) at TNAU Funding Support by the Sir Ratan Tata Trust, Cornell Sathguru Foundation for Development
  38. 38. CORNELL CREDITS Food Science 23 6 1 5 34 Food Science Seminar IARD TNAU Plant Breeding & Genetics 20 6 1 6 3 34 Plant Breeding Research Internship TNAU Seminar IARD Research Credits Composition COMBINED CREDITS
  39. 39. Purpose of Faculty Deputation at Cornell Designed flexible course and curriculum development for MPS and M. Tech programs Laboratory Methods standardization were incorporated New Experiential learning modules and case studies were developed Provide mentoring support to MPS Research topics identification students Modern teaching aids and methods would be used to enhance greater learning among the individuals From left: KM. Shivakumar, Assistant professor (Agrl.Econ), P. Prema, Asst. Librarian G. Hemalatha, Associate Professor (Food Science) and K. Thangavel, Professor (Food Process Eng.)
  40. 40. Progress…. 32 students enrolled – 26 qualified with Cornell and TNAU degree 12 Faculty from TNAU and 8 faculty from Cornell participated in faculty exchange for the program success ICAR Supports extending this initiative to Ph.D to two more SAUs forthcoming from this year
  41. 41. Greatest Challenges To develop a program that provides a well rounded experience Time difference between the USA and India Adjusting to cultural differences Use of video-conferencing involving multiple partners Follow-up and feedback
  42. 42. Project 4 Agricultural Innovation Partnership Supported by USAID India: Banaras Hindu University, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture and Technology and Rajendra Agricultural University USA: Cornell University, Tuskegee University, University of Georgia, University of Illinois, Ohio State University, University of California, Davis Private Sector: Tata Chemicals, John Deere and Sathguru
  43. 43. Agricultural Innovation Partnership Lead Implementing Agency - Cornell University, Ithaca Goal: Improve food availability, nutrition and health in eastern India and Africa while providing opportunities for diversification of income and consequent economic and social advancement of the rural poor and women in particular by modernizing agricultural sciences curriculum and extension programs To be implemented in Agricultural Universities located in Indo-Gangetic plains Comprise of two major components - duration of 5 years.  1- Improve agricultural education at targeted institutions  2- Improve agricultural extension programs
  44. 44. Target Beneficiaries Component 1 : Agricultural Education Component 2 : Agricultural Extension Banaras Hindu University, Agricultural Universities in Eastern India and African countries like Liberia, Kenya and Malawi Agriculture Graduates Teaching faculty Non teaching faculty Farmers Rural Community Agriculture Technology Management Agency (ATMA) State Department of Extension (India & Africa) Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVK) Agriculture Extension Specialists- Public /Private
  45. 45. Activities so far A Curriculum Development and Planning workshop organized at BHU and work plan developed. 3 faculties from SVPUA&T & 4 faculties from BHU were trained in curriculum development at US partner universities. The new curriculum has been designed in SVPUA&T and is in the process of approval. A workshop planned jointly with ICAR to discuss about the curriculum development and sensitize the policy makers and administrators in the area of agricultural education and extension.
  46. 46. Revamping agricultural extension system Public system unable to meet the demands of the farmers in terms effective delivery of knowledge and skills for modern farming Increasing presence of private extension by the participation of input companies and NGOs Introduce public private partnership (PPP) in transmitting knowledge and products of the agricultural universities; Tata chemicals and John Deere will work with AIP project universities in delivery of knowledge and technologies in Indo- Gangetic plains
  47. 47. Project 5 - Horticulture Collaborative Research Support Program Globally led by University of California, Davis Lead in Bangladesh  Cornell University & BARI in partnership with UC, Davis, and Sathguru, India Project on “Horticulture, Food Safety and Adoption of GAP” Initially awarded an Exploratory Project of one year for ground level food safety position analysis though stakeholder consultation and developing action plan for the subsequent Pilot Project for three years.
  48. 48. Objectives Map base line levels of food contaminants that emanate from the farm and thereafter until consumption, and implement Good Agriculture Practices that will help to provide resource poor communities an access to nutritious fruits and vegetables that are contamination free and safe to consume Adopt and implement the Good Agriculture Practices in the Khulna region as a pilot effort Capacity Building and Awareness Development of low cost detection systems
  49. 49. Thank you
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