Fertilizer Policy Issues in Asia- Balu Bumb
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Fertilizer Policy Issues in Asia- Balu Bumb

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  • Change production to cereal production
  • Reworded- Title was originally going to be Innovations

Fertilizer Policy Issues in Asia- Balu Bumb Fertilizer Policy Issues in Asia- Balu Bumb Presentation Transcript

  • Role of Fertilizer Policy in Transforming Agriculture in Asia B. Bumb, BLB Associates Bingxin Yu, IFPRI Agricultural Transformation in Asia Policy Options for Food and Nutrition Security September 25 – 27, 2013 | Siem Reap Province, Kingdom of Cambodia
  • Miracle in Asia160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 240 Source: Prepared by IFDC from FAO data 131 181 203 250 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Cereal Production (Area x Yield) 100 Yield Area
  • Asia: Total NPK Production and Consumption, 1970-2011
  • 0 200400600800 0 1 2 3 4 Farm Size (Ha) Smallholder use more fertilizer per hectare of land Bangladesh Nepal Cambodia Vietnam Tajikistan MediumSmall Large
  • Smallholders have higher rice yield Yield (ton/ha) Farm Size 0-0.5 ha 0.5-1 ha 1-2 ha >2 ha Bangladesh 4.35 4.23 3.98 3.13 Cambodia 3.20 2.46 2.22 2.30 Nepal 3.05 2.44 2.15 1.68 Vietnam 4.86 4.75 4.67 5.39
  • • Challenges • Food security • environmental management • Innovations • Mindset/Perceptions: Private sector’s role • Improvements in the supply chain • Supporting small farmers without distorting the market • Improving input use efficiency- getting more from less Challenges and Innovations
  • Importers or Producers Wholesale & distribution Retail Network & Outlets Farmers Policy Environment and Market Structure Policy Market Structure Outcome Tariffs and producer Subsidies Uncertainty in the market; reduced supply, competition and rent seeking Regulatory, institutional environment , and capacities Finance costs for operating business and marketing along the domestic supply chain. State control & other interventions, regulatory, Market development Timely access to quality fertilizers, prices Price subsidies, R&D and extension, coordination Fertilizer cost to farmers; efficiency of fertilizer Utilization
  • Key Policy Issues • The Mindset: Perceptions about the role of the private sector; Role of public and private Sectors; • Market Interventions: affecting supply chain • Domestic Support: Are subsidies cost effective? Non-market distorting options for supporting small farmers • Barriers to trade: tariff and non-tariff restrictions • Regional Interdependence: Policy impacts • Technologies: Needed to improve nutrient use efficiency- Getting more from less
  • Thank you very much for your attention