Fertilizer Policy Issues in Asia- Balu Bumb

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  • Change production to cereal production
  • Reworded- Title was originally going to be Innovations
  • Fertilizer Policy Issues in Asia- Balu Bumb

    1. 1. Role of Fertilizer Policy in Transforming Agriculture in Asia B. Bumb, BLB Associates Bingxin Yu, IFPRI Agricultural Transformation in Asia Policy Options for Food and Nutrition Security September 25 – 27, 2013 | Siem Reap Province, Kingdom of Cambodia
    2. 2. Miracle in Asia160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 240 Source: Prepared by IFDC from FAO data 131 181 203 250 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Cereal Production (Area x Yield) 100 Yield Area
    3. 3. Asia: Total NPK Production and Consumption, 1970-2011
    4. 4. 0 200400600800 0 1 2 3 4 Farm Size (Ha) Smallholder use more fertilizer per hectare of land Bangladesh Nepal Cambodia Vietnam Tajikistan MediumSmall Large
    5. 5. Smallholders have higher rice yield Yield (ton/ha) Farm Size 0-0.5 ha 0.5-1 ha 1-2 ha >2 ha Bangladesh 4.35 4.23 3.98 3.13 Cambodia 3.20 2.46 2.22 2.30 Nepal 3.05 2.44 2.15 1.68 Vietnam 4.86 4.75 4.67 5.39
    6. 6. • Challenges • Food security • environmental management • Innovations • Mindset/Perceptions: Private sector’s role • Improvements in the supply chain • Supporting small farmers without distorting the market • Improving input use efficiency- getting more from less Challenges and Innovations
    7. 7. Importers or Producers Wholesale & distribution Retail Network & Outlets Farmers Policy Environment and Market Structure Policy Market Structure Outcome Tariffs and producer Subsidies Uncertainty in the market; reduced supply, competition and rent seeking Regulatory, institutional environment , and capacities Finance costs for operating business and marketing along the domestic supply chain. State control & other interventions, regulatory, Market development Timely access to quality fertilizers, prices Price subsidies, R&D and extension, coordination Fertilizer cost to farmers; efficiency of fertilizer Utilization
    8. 8. Key Policy Issues • The Mindset: Perceptions about the role of the private sector; Role of public and private Sectors; • Market Interventions: affecting supply chain • Domestic Support: Are subsidies cost effective? Non-market distorting options for supporting small farmers • Barriers to trade: tariff and non-tariff restrictions • Regional Interdependence: Policy impacts • Technologies: Needed to improve nutrient use efficiency- Getting more from less
    9. 9. Thank you very much for your attention

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