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The seed sector in Tajikistan- Azam Murtazaev
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The seed sector in Tajikistan- Azam Murtazaev

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  • 1. № Activity Stakeholders Functions Constraints 1. Breeder seed production Public sector – research and public institutes Research; variety development Little coordination, leading to duplicative efforts; lack of finance; old equipment; lack of educated human resources 2. Foundation seed production Public sector – research and public institutes Research; variety development; seed multiplication Lack of finance; old equipment; lack of educated human resources 3. Registered / certified seed production Research institutes and special public and private seed farms Seed multiplication Lack of finance; old equipment; lack of educated human resources 4. Marketing of seed Seed producers, ginneries, private companies Seed marketing and distribution Lack of finances, knowledge and equipment at the end-users; poor marketing; high prices; high interest rate of loans; shortage of medium/long term loans.
  • 2. Crop Seed requirement, Mt Seed availability, Mt seed supply, % Wheat 64,138 33,991 53 Rice 1,925 1 0.1 Maize 608 145 24 Other cereals 9,134 1,712.3 18.7 Legumes 588 150 25.5 Potato 88,500 7,451 8.4 Cotton 28,050 15,679 56 2008 data
  • 3. Year Item Country Amount, MT 2006 Potato Russia 401.3 2007 Wheat Russia 742.0 Cotton Turkmenistan 103.0 Potato Kyrgyzstan, Netherlands, Russia 362.4 Maize Kazakhstan 165.0 2008 Wheat Russia 401.7 Cotton Uzbekistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan 72.7 Potato Germany, Kyrgyzstan, Netherlands 203.8 Maize Austria, Kazakhstan 435.5 Vegetables Uzbekistan 3.0 Alfalfa Uzbekistan 1.2 Grass-plot Germany 15.4 2009 Wheat Russia 1298.0 Cotton Turkey 305.0 Maize Turkey 32.0 Pumpkin Iran, Uzbekistan 2.4 Melon Iran 1.0 Alfalfa Uzbekistan 2.0 Rape Kazakhstan 879 Rice Iran 0.5 Flowers Netherlands 0.2 Source: State Inspection Service for Phytosanitary Plant Quarantine and Seeds; MoA, Seed Growing Department and Plant Growing Department.
  • 4. № Item Year 2009 2011 1. Cotton 305.0 306.0 2. Wheat 1298.0 900.0 3. Rape 879.0 0 4. Alfalfa 2.0 0 5. Pumpkin 2.4 0 6. Rice 0.5 0 7. Melon and watermelon 1.0 0 8. Flowers 0.2 0 Source: SISPPQS
  • 5. Item Medium price Price without custom duty and VAT Cotton – Carmen 7.00 5.39 Cotton – Flora 5.00 3.85 Cotton – Khujand 67 4.00 3.08 Cotton – Zafar 40 2.00 1.54 Potato – Condor 2.00 1.54 Potato – Picasso 2.00 1.54 Wheat – Lastochka 3.00 2.31 Wheat – Starshina 3.00 2.31
  • 6. Lending for period, Somoni (‘000) Change, % 2008 2009 2010 2011 Total lending1 4,830,685 4,626,396 6,592,762 7,583,599 57.0% Agricultural lending 1,112,229 1,066,775 1,128782 1,347,474 21.2% Commercial banks 631,820 623,452 735,312 824,507 30.5% Micro-finance organizations 480,409 443,323 393,470 522,967 8.9% Agriculture as % of total lending 23.0% 23.1% 17.1% 17.8% na Memorandum Nominal interest rates2 Domestic currency 19.23 22.35 21.95 22.50 17.0% Foreign currency 17.80 24.73 22.17 21.89 23.0% Real interest rates3 Domestic currency 7.43 17.35 12.15 13.20 77.7% Foreign currency 6.00 19.73 12.37 12.59 109.8% Source: National Bank of Tajikistan, Banking Statistics Bulletin 2012, № 8 (205) 1Commercial Banks and Micro-Finance combined; 2Commercial Banks only; 3Nominal interest rate minus annual inflation measured as CPI