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Tracking intra-regional trade in agricultural inputs in Eastern and Southern Africa

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Julliet Wanjiku from ReSAKSS-ECA presented at the second workshop on Tracking intra-regional trade in agricultural inputs in ESA, September 2012, Nairobi, Kenya …

Julliet Wanjiku from ReSAKSS-ECA presented at the second workshop on Tracking intra-regional trade in agricultural inputs in ESA, September 2012, Nairobi, Kenya

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  • 1. Tracking intra-regional trade in agricultural inputs in Eastern and Southern Africa Presented at the second workshop onTracking intra-regional trade in agricultural inputs in ESA, September 2012, Nairobi, kenya Julliet Wanjiku
  • 2. Introduction• Trade in agricultural input (fertilizers, seeds, pesticides, animal feeds etc) is crucial for agricultural productivity• Trade in agricultural inputs is essential to improve and sustain regional food security• Thus the need for an indicator for tracking trade in the inputs
  • 3. Proposed sources of agricultural input trade data to be adopted• Formal: – COMSTAT→ available imports and exports, source and destination for all countries except Tanzania-TRA• Informal: – UBOS→Only agency monitoring informal trade of agricultural inputs in the region Other sources
  • 4. Key agricultural inputs to track• Fertilizers→ Nitrogen fertilizers, Phosphatic fertilizers, Potassic fertilizers and Urea. – CAN, DAP etc can be converted back to main fertilizers according to indicated percentage e.g. NPK:25:5:5 means 25% of N, 5% of P and 5% of K in bulk . Ammonium sulphate 21% N fertilizer in bulk• Seeds: Maize, Vegetable seeds (aggregated) only• Farm Machinery→Combine harvesters, Ploughs, tractors, milking and dairy machinery (very limited trade)• Breeding stocks→Pure-bred breeding bovines, Pure-bred breeding swine• Herbicides (aggregated)• Fungicides (aggregated)NB: Choice of inputs is informed by data availabilityDetailed sources (see Table 1 and Table 2)
  • 5. COMESA member countries to be included in the indicator• Which countries have sufficient data to be included in the indicator? Data available is for 2008, 2009, 2010 (Worksheet 1)• 14 countries → Burundi, Congo DR, Ethiopia, Malawi, Rwanda, Sudan, Uganda, Zambia, Madagascar, Kenya, Libya, Mauritius, Zimbabwe, Tanzania
  • 6. Proposed methodology for tracking volume and value of agricultural Inputs• As proposed in 2011 workshop, we adopt the methodology for tracking trade in food staples in the region developed by ReSAKSS• Formal trade + Informal trade = Total trade (value terms)• Formal trade + Informal trade = Total trade (volume terms)• Annual change in volume and values to be calculated, baseline 2008• Note: For machinery, only to include in the values matrix only, volumes are in numbers
  • 7. Challenges• Incomplete data on agricultural inputs – Most private sector data is not on public domain e.g. seeds – Missing data especially on livestock (e.g. AI semen, Day-old chicks)• Fertilizers reported in various different forms
  • 8. Conclusion• Tracking trade in agricultural input will inform input related trade policies• However, in the region there is incomplete trade data in agricultural inputs• There is need to work towards harmonising and improving the agricultural input trade data infrastructure
  • 9. Need for consensus on:-• Inputs to track• Any other available data• Methodology proposed• Overcoming the challenges