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The role of re sakss in monitoring agric trends in southern africa

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ReSAKSS-SA and Africa Lead Capacity Building Workshop in Pretoria, June,20-22 2012.

ReSAKSS-SA and Africa Lead Capacity Building Workshop in Pretoria, June,20-22 2012.

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  • 1. Strengthening Capacity for Strategic Agricultural Policy and Investment Planning and Implementation in the SADC Region ReSAKSS-Africa Lead Training Workshop Photo: :Tom van Cakenberghe/IWMI 20th June 2012 Photo: David Brazier/IWMI Photo David Brazier/IWMI Birchwood Hotel Johannesburg, South Africa Water for a food-secure world www.iwmi.org
  • 2. Outline of Presentation• About IWMI and ReSAKSS-SA• Highlights of the 2011 trends and outlook report Water for a food-secure world www.iwmi.org
  • 3. IWMI in Africa and Southern Africa Tunisia Morocco a Algeria ar• Strategic focus ah Libya S Egypt W. Identification of realistic, Mauritania Mali socially equitable and Niger Eritrea na Senegal Sudan ki Chad ur environmentally sustainable Faso B Guinea Benin Ghana Nigeria Togo agricultural water Cote Ethiopia Sierra Leone DIvoire C. A. R Cameroon management investment D.R. Congo Uganda o ng options that respond to Gabon Kenya Co Rwanda Burundi regional needs and priorities, Legend Tanzania Regional office, Ghana and contribute to increasing Malawi Sub regional office, Ethiopia Angola e qu bi agricultural productivity and r Sub regional office, South Africa sca Zambia z am Other Countries Mo aga reducing poverty d Collaboration and Zimbabwe Ma Namibia partnerships Botswana Swaziland South Africa 0 400 800 1,600 Kilometers Lesotho Water for a food-secure world www.iwmi.org
  • 4. IWMI Supporting regionally shared goals• CAADP aims to stimulate agriculture-led development that eliminates hunger and reduces poverty and food insecurity.• CAADP directs investment to four mutually reinforcing and interlinked pillars: – Pillar I: Extending the area under sustainable land management and reliable water control systems;• SADC Regional Indicative Strategic Plan (RISDP) calls for efficient irrigation systems in the region and has set out targets to increase food production and productivity for food security – Target 2: Double cropland under irrigation from 3.5% to 7% as percentage of the total by 2015 Water for a food-secure world www.iwmi.org
  • 5. ReSAKSS-SA • Is Part of an Africa wide initiative supporting CAADP and regionally shared goals – COMESA, SADC, ECOWAS • Provides Analysis and knowledge support for planning, review and policy dialogue for agricultural growth and poverty reduction • 3 Sub-Regional programmes launched in Sept 2006 • ReSAKSS-SA is facilitated by IWMI and IFPRI, and steering committee chaired by SADC FANR • Multi-donor initiative (USAID, Gates, (MDTF – potential)) Water for a food-secure worldMission: To improve the management of land and water resources for food, www.iwmi.org livelihoods and the environment
  • 6. Addressing 3 Regional Challenges • Increasing agricultural growth to reach an average annual growth rate of 6% as envisioned by CAADP/SADC RISDP as necessary for attaining overall economic growth, poverty reduction and food security. • Enhancing the contribution of agriculture to the achievement of the MDG 1 by 2015 (halving hunger and poverty in the region) • Assessing of policy and investment alternatives that will yield the highest payoffs given commitments of increasing national agricultural budgets (Maputo Declaration 2003) Water for a food-secure worldMission: To improve the management of land and water resources for food, www.iwmi.org livelihoods and the environment
  • 7. ReSAKSS-SA Strategic Components1. Strategic analysis • M&E of CAADP and SADC RISDP; data collection and analysis • Annual trends and outlook reports • Specific strategic analysis and production (occasional publications)2. Knowledge Support Systems – • e-Resource Centre (Website); Knowledge Products (Publications); Knowledge Sharing Platforms (workshops)• 3. Capacity building • Support to SADC • Establishing and supporting SAKSS nodes • Strengthening of local institutions Water for a food-secure world www.iwmi.org
  • 8. ReSAKSS-SA Support to SADC• CCARDESA Study - Exploring Strategic Priorities for Regional Agricultural R&D Investments in Southern Africa • Conducted strategic analysis that will support SADC MAPP and its partners in revising, reviewing and prioritizing the regional agricultural research strategy in Southern Africa and; • An early action activity for identifying and ranking agricultural research and development priorities in Southern Africa (evidence- based).• Providing on-going Support to SADC Regional Agricultural Policy – member if the RAP Working Group• Conducting study on ‘Options for up-scaling high performance irrigation investments in Southern Africa’• Providing an annual SADC-wide M&E report on agricultural sector performance in the region in the context of CAADP and SADC-RISDP (CAADP M&E framework) Water for a food-secure world www.iwmi.org
  • 9. Highlights of the 2011 trends and outlook report Water for a food-secure world www.iwmi.org
  • 10. SADC wide GDP growth rates yet to reach SADC-RISDP target….. Water for a food-secure world www.iwmi.org
  • 11. Photo: David Brazier/IWMIWater for a food-secure world www.iwmi.org
  • 12. …Mixed prospects for achieving MDG 1 targets on poverty reduction (based on the international poverty ($1.25/day) headcount ratio Water for a food-secure world www.iwmi.org
  • 13. Agriculture is most important in 7 low incomecountries out of 15 SADC countries Water for a food-secure world www.iwmi.org
  • 14. Yet, for most countries, public budget allocation and expenditure inagriculture remains low and far below the 10 percent target setunder the Maputo Declaration in 2003 Water for a food-secure world www.iwmi.org
  • 15. Agriculture share in total budget, 2000-2010 Water for a food-secure world www.iwmi.org
  • 16. The same trend prevails for the share ofagriculture in total spending Water for a food-secure world www.iwmi.org
  • 17. Share of agriculture in total spending Water for a food-secure world www.iwmi.org
  • 18. …the gap between AgGDP and GDP in the region has been widening in the last decades Water for a food-secure world www.iwmi.org
  • 19. Progress towards the 6 percent agriculture GDP CAADP growth target Water for a food-secure world www.iwmi.org
  • 20. Progress towards the 6 percent agriculture GDP CAADP growth target Water for a food-secure world www.iwmi.org
  • 21. AgGDP growth outlook to 2015: poor prospects for low income countries Water for a food-secure world www.iwmi.org
  • 22. …some countries likely to reach/surpass the 6 percent CAADP target by 2015 Water for a food-secure world www.iwmi.org
  • 23. On average, cereal yields fall short of the 2000kg/ha SADC RISDP target Water for a food-secure world www.iwmi.org
  • 24. On average, maize yields fall short of the 2000kg/ha SADC RISDP targetSource: ReSAKSS-SA Country Surveys 2011 Water for a food-secure world www.iwmi.org
  • 25. …cereal production has been failing to match population growth in the region over the last decades Water for a food-secure world www.iwmi.org
  • 26. Maize Production and Kg/capita - (1)Source: ReSAKSS-SA Country Surveys 2011 Water for a food-secure world www.iwmi.org
  • 27. Maize Production and Kg/capita - (2) Water for a food-secure world www.iwmi.org
  • 28. Annual growth rate in livestock production in SADC countries, 2003 to 2010 Water for a food-secure world www.iwmi.org
  • 29. Annual production growth rate by livestock type to achieve the SADC-RISDP 4% targetSource: ReSAKSS-SA Country Surveys 2011 Water for a food-secure world www.iwmi.org
  • 30. Net importer of cereals Water for a food-secure world www.iwmi.org
  • 31. Fertilizer consumption yet to achieve SADC RISDP target of 65kg/ha Water for a food-secure world www.iwmi.org
  • 32. Fertilizer consumption yet to achieve SADC RISDP target of 65kg/haSource: FAOSTAT and ReSAKSS-SA Country Survey 2011 Water for a food-secure world www.iwmi.org
  • 33. A SADC wide need exists to increase area under irrigation Water for a food-secure world www.iwmi.org
  • 34. Conclusions• Future Outlook: • AgGDP: as a group middle income countries are, on average and based on trends observed between 2003 and 2008, on track to meeting the CAADP target, low income countries are not • Poverty: most SADC countries are off-track to reaching the MDG1 target of halving 1990 poverty rates by 2015 • Mixed progress in meeting both goals of MDG1 – Poverty and Hunger – Challenges: – stabilizing and enhancing agricultural growth rates – Increasing agricultural productivity (e.g. Irrigation, Fertiliser use etc.) – Translating agriculture and total economic growth into poverty reduction Water for a food-secure world www.iwmi.org