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Key issues in the rice sub sector and regional trade in the eca paul guthiga-july 11 2012
 

Key issues in the rice sub sector and regional trade in the eca paul guthiga-july 11 2012

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Presented by Paul Guthiga, Policy Analyst of IFPRI-ILRI ReSAKSS-ECA at the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), at the KILIMO TRUST 1st Stakeholder Consultative Meeting Held on 11th July ...

Presented by Paul Guthiga, Policy Analyst of IFPRI-ILRI ReSAKSS-ECA at the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), at the KILIMO TRUST 1st Stakeholder Consultative Meeting Held on 11th July 2012

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    Key issues in the rice sub sector and regional trade in the eca paul guthiga-july 11 2012 Key issues in the rice sub sector and regional trade in the eca paul guthiga-july 11 2012 Presentation Transcript

    • Keys Issues In the Rice Sub-sector and Regional Trade in the EAC A brief presentation made at the KILIMO TRUST 1st Stakeholder Consultative Meeting Held on 11th July 2012 Paul Guthiga, Policy Analyst, ReSAKSS-ECA
    • An overviewISSUE SourceProduction and productivity Annual Trends and Outlook Report for Key Agriculture and Rural Development Indicators in the COMESA regionRegional Trade Flow Status of Intra-COMESA Trade in Food StaplesLevel of trade protectiveness Study on Trade Openness in COMESA Region for Key StaplesRegional and global food price Food Staples price trackingtrends
    • Average annual change (%) in production and productivity (1990 -2010) Production YieldCountry/region Maize Rice Wheat Maize Rice WheatBurundi -1.8 4.4 -0.3 -1.7 0.6 0.6Kenya 1.0 0.4 1.7 -0.6 -2.4 2.2Rwanda 4.8 14.9 11.6 -0.2 5.2 0.0Uganda 4.2 6.6 6.3 0.3 0.3 -0.5Tanzania 3.1 4.9 0.6 -0.5 0.7 2.9Sudan 1.5 22.3 -0.2 7.3 9.8 2.1COMESA 2.4 2.9 3.2 0.5 1.8 0.3EAST AFRICA 2.3 4.7 1.0 -0.5 0.6 1.2In general , rice production and productivity is increasing fasterthan maize production in EACSource: ReSAKKS’s computations based on data from FAOSTAT
    • Exports from EAC Countries to COMESA Region in 2010(MT)250000200000150000100000 Maize grain Rice grain 50000 0
    • Exports from EAC Countries to COMESA Region in 2010 (Current US$ 1000) 60000 50000 40000 30000 Maize grain Rice grain 20000 10000 0 Burundi Kenya Rwanda Tanzania Uganda Total
    • Trade protection• Intra-regional trade in rice is mainly duty-free with a few imports from the EAC member countries applying high tariffs of 75 percent to imports from outside EAC.• Escalating tariffs apply with processing…
    • Tariff escalation…Product Product Name S. Ave. W. Ave. Min Max Value (USHs code Rate Rate $’000)Rice100610 Rice in the husk 6.54 0.00 0.00 75.00 11601.9 (paddy or rough)100620 Husked (brown) rice 13.33 0.03 0.00 75.00 2086.6100640 Broken rice 17.37 1.62 0.00 75.00 3159.9100630 Semi-milled or wholly 17.80 0.37 0.00 75.00 12898.5 milled rice,
    • Price trends400300200100 0 May-07 May-08 May-09 May-10 May-11 Jan-07 Mar-07 Jan-08 Mar-08 Jan-09 Mar-09 Jan-10 Mar-10 Jan-11 Mar-11 Jan-12 Mar-12 Jul-09 Jul-07 Jul-08 Jul-10 Jul-11 Sep-07 Sep-08 Sep-09 Sep-10 Sep-11 Nov-07 Nov-08 Nov-09 Nov-10 Nov-11 Rwanda - Rice (Price Data in USD/MT) Ethiopia - Rice Imported Kg Zambia- Rice (local), Retail, Kwacha, Kg Uganda- Rice Kg FAO GLOBAL - Rice (White Rice, Thai 100% B second grade, f.o.b. Bangkok (Wednesday)) US$/Ton