CAADP M&E Framework_2010
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"CAADP M&E Framework", presentation by Sam Benin at the USAID, IFPRI Financial Gap Analysis Workshop held at the World Bank, January 7, 2010.

"CAADP M&E Framework", presentation by Sam Benin at the USAID, IFPRI Financial Gap Analysis Workshop held at the World Bank, January 7, 2010.



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    CAADP M&E Framework_2010 CAADP M&E Framework_2010 Presentation Transcript

    • IFPRI CAADP M&E Framework Sam Benin International Food Policy Research Institute USAID/World Bank Workshop on “Agricultural investment priorities and financing gaps for achieving growth and poverty reduction targets: Review of evidence and methodology” January 7, 2010INTERNATIONAL FOOD POLICY RESEARCH INSTITUTE
    • Why a CAADP M&E framework?  Demand » At 2nd CAADP Partnership Platform (PP) meeting in 2007 (Addis Ababa): need common M&E Framework capable of measuring progress towards achieving CAADP goals and targets at all (national, regional and continental) levels  Rationale » More than sum of pillar M&Es to consider how activities associated with specific pillars interact with each other to affect overall CAADP goals and objectives » Need indicators standardized and consistent across different countries and regions (and measurable at all levels) for comparisons and cross-country learning Page 2IFPRI
    • Idea behind CAADP M&E Greater poverty reduction t a r r n e Other factors a a p Accelerated agricultural c l o k y r growth i s t Other factors n i i g s n Increased & more efficient allocation of g agricultural investmentsOther factors National level More effective Roundtable 1 Processes 8 P4 2 P3 7 P2 Africa-wide level Global level Regional level 3 P1 Declarations Commitments Early actions 6 4 Decisions 5 Page 3 IFPRI
    • Key activities and achievements to date CAADP M&E working group established, beginning with a workshop at the AU (Addis Ababa, Dec 3-4, 2007) M&E framework developed and presented at CAADP PP meeting in Seychelles, March 2008 ( Based on recommended indicators, developed formats (mostly one-page surveys); ReSAKSS nodes to work with network partners to collect data on: » CAADP implementation process » Agricultural policies, strategies and institutions » Total and agricultural expenditures and investments » Agricultural performance indicators » Macro- and socio-economic performance indicators Page 4 IFPRI
    • M&E Framework: indicators Input indicators. What is the overall level of effort invested? » Processes, policies, strategies, institutions, expenditures, etc. Output indicators. What is the level of provision, utilization and coverage of investment programs? » Access to infrastructure/services, adoption of technologies, etc. Outcome indicators. What is the effect on assets and activities that affect goals? » Yields, production, trade, prices/wages, etc. Impact indicators. What was the ultimate impact on higher-level goals? » Growth, income, poverty, food security, hunger, etc. Conditioning factors. How confident are we that any observed effect is due to the intervention? » Resources, rainfall, prices/wages, employment, policies, etc. Page 5 IFPRI
    • Level of M&E analyses Trends and situation analyses to monitor annually at country, regional and continental levels (no attribution) » Progress towards achieving main CCADP targets:  10 percent government agricultural expenditure  6 percent agricultural growth  Halving poverty » Progress in other agricultural and macro- and socio- economic performance indicators Impact assessment using case study approach (e.g. for select countries and/or programs) ( Page 6 IFPRI
    • Key questions for impact analysis How effective have different types of CAADP-related policies and investments been in the achievements realized so far? What factors have shaped the level of impact that has been achieved? What are the trade-offs and complementarities, if any, among different types of policies and investments? What are the projected impacts if policies and investments proceed as currently planned? Are these projected impacts compatible with the CAADP growth and poverty- and hunger-reduction targets? Could greater or better distributed outcomes and impacts be obtained by reconfiguring the policies and investment portfolio? What are the different policies and types of investments that can lead to greater and more sustainable growth as well as greater and better distributed outcomes and impacts? Page 7 IFPRI
    • Dissemination and reporting ReSAKSS Annual Trends Report and situation analysis of the agricultural sector. Full report and briefs to be completed by end of September of each year―timely for CAADP PP meeting ReSAKSS website ( to view and download trends, data, charts, supporting research publications, etc. Various other media and presentations to review information and results of analyses: » CAADP PP (Africa wide) » CAADP advisory councils at REC level » ReSAKSS steering committee meetings (REC level) » Other regional and country level policy dialogue gatherings Page 8 IFPRI
    • General Trends » Progress at CAADP process at country level (path to compact signing) » Progress towards achieving main CCADP targets:  10 percent government agricultural expenditure  6 percent agricultural growth  Halving povertyIFPRI
    • CAADP roundtable process 2 countries 13 countries ERI, LBY BEN, BRD, ETH, National Focal Point appointed GMB, GHA, LIB, Donor conference 4 countries MAL, NIG, NGR, & Implementation DRC, EGY, CAADP Pillar 4 RWD, SIL, TOG Research & process MAUS, ZIM Technology launched Roundtable Pillar 3 conference Food security held & compact Pillar 2 Steering & signed Markets & trade Technical Pillar 1 Committees Land & water appointed National management 8 countries compact developed &BFS, GUB, GUI, discussed Cabinet memo discussed &KEN, MWI, SEN, Stock taking approved and gap UGA, ZAM analysis 3 countries 5 countries COM, MAD, SUD CPV, CID, DJI, SEY, Source: Omilola and Page 10 Lambert, 2009 IFPRI SWZ
    • 0 10 15 20 25 0 5 10 15 20 25 5 BEN BEN BOT BOT BUK BUK BUR BURIFPRI CAM CAM CAR CAR CHD CHD CID CID DJI DJI DRC DRC EGY EGY ETH ETH GAB GAB GAM GAM GHA GHA GUB Sources: IMF, AU/NEPAD, Countries’ GFS, etc. GUB GUI GUI KEN KEN LES LES MAD MAD MAL MAL MAU MAU MOR MOR MOZ MOZ MUS MUS MWI MWI NAM NAM NGR NGR NIG NIG RWA RWA 2002 Number of countries allocating: ≥10% = 6, 2007 Number of countries allocating: ≥10% = 9, SEN SEN SEY SEY SIL SIL STP STP SUD SUD SWZ SWZ Government spending on agriculture TNZ TNZ TOG TOG Page 11 TUN TUN 5%-10% = 19 5%-10% = 17 UGA UGA ZAM ZAM ZIM ZIM
    • -6 -36 -30 -24 -18 -12 0 6 12 18 24 Eritrea Gambia, The Zimbabwe Source: WDI SenegalIFPRI Tunisia Mauritania 2008: Malawi Lesotho 2002: Cape Verde 6% CAADP target 6% CAADP target Gabon Mali Kenya Cote dIvoire Ethiopia Zambia Madagascar Algeria CAR Chad Guinea-Bissau Botswana DRC Seychelles Swaziland Niger Burkina Faso Djibouti Sudan Egypt Cameroon Uganda Ghana Burundi Nigeria Comoros Mauritius Morocco Agricultural GDP growth Tanzania Guinea South Africa Togo Benin Namibia Only 9 countries achieved 6% or more annual growth Page 12 At least 20 countries achieved 6% or more annual growth Mozambique Sao Tome &… Angola Rwanda Equatorial…
    • 0 30 60 90 0 30 60 90 1989 1986 BOT 1994 1994 MAL 2001 1994 2006 1998 BFS 1987 2003IFPRI 1993 1992 MAU 1996 1998 BRD 2000 2006 1985 1996 1991 CAM 2001 1999 1985 MOR 2001 1986 2007 1987 1997 1988 MOZ 2003 CID 1993 1992 1995 1994 NIG 1998 2005 2002 1986 1996 1993 DJI 2002 NGR 1996 1982 2004 1995 1985 ETH 2000 RWD 2000 2005 0 30 60 90 0 60 90 30 1991 1988 1995 1989 SEN 2001 1992 GHA 2005 1998 2006 Source: PovCal database 1990 SIL 1991 2003 1993 GUB 1993 2002 Changes in poverty 1995 SA 1991 2000 1994 GUI 1995 2003 2001 1992 1992 1994 % population in households below $1.25/day SWZ TNZ KEN 2000 1997 1989 2005 1992 1987 1996 1993 LES 1995 UGA 1999 2002 2003 1980 2005 1993 1991 Page 13 1997 1993 1999 MAD 1996 2001 ZAM 1998 2005 2003 1998 2004 2004 MWI
    • Next steps for M&E  ReSAKSS conference in November 2009  Validation of M&E framework in February 2010 in time for CAADP Partnership Platform meeting in March 2010 » Action plan for implementation including peer review at regional and country level  ReSAKSS planning meeting in Dakar next week (January 12-14, 2010)  …IFPRI
    • Thank you Page 15IFPRI
    • ODA Commitments and share to agriculture • ODA to SSA has grown at 5%/year • Share to agriculture declined dramatically; although it has risen in recent times Aid to agriculture (selected countries) 70 BOT BF CAM CID Million (2007 constant USD) Source: OECD CRS, 2009 60 ETH GHA KEN MLW MAL MOR NGR TOG 50Largest amounts: Mali, Burkina Faso, 40Uganda, Kenya, Ghana, Ethiopia 30 20Lowest amounts: Botswana, Nigeria, 10Cote d’Ivoire, Togo 0 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Page 16 IFPRI