ReportsnReports – China – Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Forecasts

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China’s entire telecommunications market generated around US$140 billion in 2010 contributing around 3% to GDP. It is the second largest telecoms services market in Asia Pacific after Japan. The …

China’s entire telecommunications market generated around US$140 billion in 2010 contributing around 3% to GDP. It is the second largest telecoms services market in Asia Pacific after Japan. The market is expected to increase at a compound annual growth rate of 8.8% between 2009 and 2014, reaching US$187 billion by 2014, surpassing Japan as the largest telecommunications market in Asia.

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  • 1. China – Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and ForecastsThe China market still has low penetration rates and this is an excellent indicator for futuregrowth. The report covers trends and developments in telecommunications, mobile,internet, broadband, digital TV and IPTV developments. Subjects include:Market and industry analyses, trends and developments;Facts, figures and statistics;Industry and regulatory issues;Infrastructure;Major players, revenues, net profit, EBITDA, subscribers, ARPU;Internet, VoIP, IPTV;Mobile voice and data markets;Broadband (FttH, DSL, cable TV, mobile);Digital media;Smart cities;Cloud computing;Smart grids;Forecasts for internet users, fixed-line, mobile, 3G, broadband, FttX and cable subscribersto 2016.China outperformed all other major economies in 2010 with GDP growth over 10%. Thegovernment vowed, in the 12th Five-Year Plan released in March 2011, to continuereforming the economy and emphasised the need to increase domestic consumption inorder to make the economy less dependent on exports for GDP growth.Buy Now: China Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Forecasts MarketBrowse All: Latest Market Research ReportsAccording to the International Monetary Fund, China’s share of worldwide GDP is to growfrom 1.7% in 1991 to 11% in 2014. This highlights the massive change underway in China.Telecommunications is an important vehicle to drive through this radical shift in economicprosperity and culture.China’s entire telecommunications market generated around US$140 billion in 2010contributing around 3% to GDP. It is the second largest telecoms services market in AsiaPacific after Japan. The market is expected to increase at a compound annual growth rate of8.8% between 2009 and 2014, reaching US$187 billion by 2014, surpassing Japan as thelargest telecommunications market in Asia.The market experienced a settling in period after the government initiated industryrestructure in 2008. China Mobile is still the dominant player but the 3G space sees a moreequitable distribution of market share. The mobile sector is still expanding at over 15% perannum and 3G services are starting to gain momentum supported by a more mature valuechain. Confronted with a continuous decline in the fixed-line market, the government hasagain intervened to set aggressive targets for broadband services. China became the
  • 2. leading country in the number of digital subscriber line users in 2003 and by 2010 was theleading country in terms of FttX deployment.There is rapid development of internet businesses in China as the digital economy takesshape. The pace of development has escalated as more and more of the population gainaccess to the internet. Chinese based online enterprises can target consumers like nowestern company has been able to do and numerous successful initial public offerings onthe NYSE into 2011 are testament to this. Internet users are approaching the 500 millionmark, increasingly accessing web sites via mobile phones.China continues to build a substantial world-class telecommunications infrastructure and theinvestments show no sign of abating. As data traffic grows, the major operators are keepingpace by increasing both domestic and international connectivity through submarine andterrestrial cable links. The country also has high aspirations with its space program and hasdeveloped a local industry to develop, build and deploy communications satellites.China is at the forefront of technology development, strongly supported by all levels ofgovernment. Amongst these initiatives are cloud computing and smart grid deploymentsand the building of smart cities that support the government’s climate change targets setout in the 12th Five Year Plan.Market highlights:China had close to 1,200 million phone users by mid-2011, including mobile phones, fixed-line phones and PHS handsets. Mobile subscribers comprised over 75% of the total.Non-voice revenue comprised 40% of total industry revenue and value-added servicescomprised 25% of total industry revenue.Internet access conditions improved in rural areas as more provinces and municipalitiesmoved into the first echelon of internet development.Broadband investments increased particularly with FttX infrastructure, driven bygovernment initiatives.Nascent IPTV growth was impacted by the government announcement of three-networkintegration trials of the country’s telecom, broadcast television and internet networks.Mobile TV was introduced using the local China Multimedia Mobile Broadcasting mobile TVstandard.Large scale LTE trials were started even though 3G deployments still have to reach criticalmass, and government statements that 4G operations will only be approved in 2014.Table of Contents1. Key Statistics2. Telecommunications Market2.1 Country Overview2.1.1 Background2.1.2 China’s economy2.2 Telecommunications market progression2.2.1 Background of China’s telecom market2.2.2 China’s telecom market restructure in 20082.2.3 Overview of China’s telecom market – 2008-20102.3 Telecommunications market sectors
  • 3. 2.3.1 Fixed lines and mobiles2.3.2 Internet and broadband3. Regulatory Environment3.1 Overview3.2 Tenth Five-Year Plan (2000-2005)3.3 Eleventh Five-Year Plan (2006-2010)3.4 Twelfth Five-Year Plan (2011-2015)3.5 E-government3.5.1 Government e-commerce projects3.6 Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT)3.6.1 Ministry of Information Industry (MII)3.6.2 MII Expansion3.6.3 Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT)3.7 China Internet Network Information Centre3.8 World Trade Organisation accession3.9 Regulatory developments: 2010-20113.9.1 Roaming and long-distance fees simplified3.9.2 Draft Telecom Law review3.9.3 Industry Standards updated3.9.4 Internet information watchdog established4. Fixed Network Market4.1 Overview5. Major Operators5.1 Overview of industry restructure5.1.1 Restructuring of the telecommunications operators: 1993-20015.1.2 Industry restructure: 2002-20075.1.3 Drivers for business restructuring in China – 20075.1.4 Industry restructure – 20085.1.5 Newly formed entities – 20085.2 China Mobile Ltd (CML)5.2.1 Company overview5.2.2 Company background5.2.3 China Mobile: Financial statistics5.2.4 China Mobile: Operations statistics5.2.5 China Mobile: Business operations strategies5.2.6 China Mobile investments and the development of m-commerce5.2.7 China Tietong (merged into China Mobile)5.3 China Telecom5.3.1 Company overview5.3.2 Company background5.3.3 China Telecom: Financial statistics5.3.4 China Telecom: Operations statistics5.3.5 China Telecom: Business operations strategies5.3.6 China Satcom (merged into China Telecom)5.4 China Unicom
  • 4. 5.4.1 Company overview5.4.2 Network capacity5.4.3 Company background5.4.4 China Unicom: Financial statistics5.4.5 China Unicom: Operations statistics5.4.6 China Netcom (merged into China Unicom)6. Telecommunications Infrastructure6.1 Infrastructure developments in China6.2 International infrastructure6.2.1 Terrestrial and submarine cable infrastructure6.2.2 Satellite infrastructure6.3 Other infrastructure developments6.3.1 Climate change in China’s 12th five year plan6.3.2 Smart cities6.3.3 Forming a silicon delta in Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macau6.3.4 Moving up the value chain6.4 Smart grids6.4.1 Smart grids – background6.4.2 Electricity growth projections for China6.4.3 Smart grids – China investments6.4.4 State Grid Corporation6.4.5 Smart grids – China policy6.4.6 Smart grids – industry standardisation6.4.7 Smart grids – Anhui Province6.5 Cloud computing6.5.1 Background6.5.2 Market size6.5.3 Cloud computing investments and deployments7. Internet Market7.1 Backbone internet networks7.1.1 ChinaNet Next Carrying Network (CN2)7.2 International outlet bandwidth7.3 Basic internet resources7.4 IP Addresses7.5 Domain names7.6 Websites7.7 Web pages7.8 Internet growth7.8.1 Background7.8.2 China internet user statistics8. Broadband Market8.1 Overview8.2 Broadband statistics8.2.1 Operator broadband subscribers8.2.2 Broadband subscribers by access type8.3 Broadband technologies
  • 5. 8.3.1 Overview8.3.2 Cable modems8.3.3 Digital subscriber line (DSL)8.3.4 Fibre-to-the-home (FttH)8.4 Wireless broadband8.4.1 Wireless local area networks (WLANs)8.4.2 WiFi8.4.3 World Interoperability for Microwave Access (WiMAX)8.4.4 Multi-carrier Wireless Internet Local Loop (McWiLL)8.4.5 Wireless Authentication and Privacy Infrastructure (WAPI)8.5 IP telephony/Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)8.5.1 Market overview9. Digital Media / Digital Economy9.1 Digital Media9.1.1 Overview9.1.2 Online advertising and marketing9.1.3 Television broadcasting9.2 Digital Economy9.2.1 E-Services Overview9.2.2 E-Commerce9.2.3 E-Entertainment9.2.4 Information acquisition9.2.5 Commercial exchange9.2.6 Web entertainment9.2.7 Exchange and communication9.2.8 OnLine companies10. Mobile Communications10.1 Overview of China’s mobile market10.2 Mobile statistics10.2.1 Mobile subscribers 1995-201210.2.2 Mobile subscribers by operator10.2.3 Prepaid cards (SIM and PIM cards)10.2.4 Mobile talk time10.3 Mobile technologies10.3.1 PAS/PHS (Little Smart/Xiaolingtong)10.3.2 GSM10.3.3 General Packet Radio Service (GPRS)10.3.4 Enhanced Data for GSM Evolution (EDGE)10.3.5 CDMA10.3.6 HSPA+10.4 Third Generation (3G) mobile10.4.1 Background10.4.2 3G Licences10.4.3 3G Investments10.4.4 3G developments10.4.5 3G statistics10.5 3G technologies
  • 6. 10.5.1 TD-SCDMA10.5.2 WCDMA10.5.3 CDMA200010.6 Fourth Generation (4G) mobile10.7 Mobile number portability (MNP)10.8 Mobile handset market10.8.1 Overview10.9 Mobile data services10.9.1 Short Message Service (SMS)10.9.2 Wireless Application Protocol (WAP)10.9.3 Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)10.9.4 Push-to-Talk (PTT)10.10 Mobile TV10.10.1 Overview10.10.2 Market size10.10.3 Mobile TV standards10.10.4 Mobile TV developments10.11 Mobile applications10.11.1 Market overview10.11.2 M-commerce10.11.3 M-payment10.11.4 Mobile gaming10.11.5 Instant Message (IM) search services10.11.6 Mobile music10.11.7 Mobile internet11. Forecasts11.1 Forecast fixed-line subscribers – 2011-201611.2 Forecast: Mobile subscribers 2010-2012; 201611.2.1 Forecast: Total mobile subscribers 2010-2012; 201611.2.2 Forecast: 3G mobile subscribers11.3 Forecast internet users – 2011-201611.4 Forecast broadband subscribers – 2010-201611.5 Forecast FttX subscribers – 2010-201611.6 Forecast cable TV market – 2010-201511.7 Forecast digital cable TV market – 2010-201512. Glossary of AbbreviationsList of TablesTable 1 – Country statistics – 2011Table 2 – Telecom revenue and investment statistics – 2010Table 3 – Telephone network statistics – April 2011Table 4 – Internet user statistics – December 2010Table 5 – Broadband statistics – April 2011Table 6 – Mobile statistics – April 2011Table 7 – National telecommunications authoritiesTable 8 – Percentage share of global GDP – 1991, 2014Table 9 – China GDP growth – 2006 – 2015
  • 7. Table 10 – Telecommunications investment in fixed assets – 2006 – 2010Table 11 – Value added services telecom business revenue – 2006 – 2010Table 12 – Fixed-line and mobile subscriptions and penetration rate – 1998 – 2012Table 13 – Fixed-line local telephone calls – 2006 – 2010Table 14 – Fixed-line traditional long-distance telephone calls – 2006 – 2010Table 15 – China’s telephone subscribers fixed versus mobile overview – 1998 – 2012Table 16 – Product ownership in households: 2005; 2009Table 17 – Fixed-line local telephone calls – 2006 – 2010Table 18 – Fixed-line traditional long-distance telephone calls – 2006 – 2010Table 19 – China Mobile revenue, capex, EBITDA margin, net profit – 2000 – 2010Table 20 – China Mobile VAS revenue breakdown (selected items) – 2006 – 2010Table 21 – China Mobile revenue composition of value added business – 2006 – 2010Table 22 – China Mobile capex – 2008 – 2013Table 23 – China Mobile subscribers, annual change, ARPU and market share – 1997 – 2010Table 24 – China Mobile voice usage – 2006 – 2010Table 25 – China Mobile key operating data – 2008 – 2010Table 26 – China Mobile Advanced services usage – 2007 – 2010Table 27 – China Mobile advanced services by subscription – 2008 – 2009Table 28 – China Mobile advanced services by subscription – 2010Table 29 – China Telecom financial data – 2001 – 2010Table 30 – China Telecom revenue breakdown – 2008 – 2010Table 31 – China Telecom wireline revenue breakdown – 2007 – 2010Table 32 – China Telecom capex breakdown – 2008 – 2010Table 33 – China Telecom fixed-line, PHS and broadband subscribers and ARPU – 2004 –2010Table 34 – China Telecom mobile and 3G subscribers and ARPU – 2002 – 2010Table 35 – China Telecom key operational statistics – 2007 – 2010Table 36 – China Unicom financial data – 2001 – 2010Table 37 – China Unicom mobile and fixed-line service revenue structure – 2009 – 2010Table 38 – China Unicom mobile and fixed-line voice and non-voice revenue – 2008 – 2010Table 39 – China Unicom mobile service revenue 2G and 3G – 2009 – 2010Table 40 – China Unicom capex breakdown – 2007 – 2011Table 41 – China Unicom GSM mobile subscribers – 2002 – 2010Table 42 – China Unicom key operating metrics – 2007 – 2010Table 43 – China Netcom subscribers by service – 2003 – 2008Table 44 – China Netcom ARPU by sector – 2003 – 2008Table 45 – China Netcom revenue percentages – 2003 – 2008Table 46 – China Netcom financial data – 2003 – 2008Table 47 – China Netcom traditional and innovative revenue ratios – 2005 – 2008Table 48 – China main indicators of telecommunications capacity – 2009 – 2011Table 49 – China total international outlet bandwidth: 2006 – 2010Table 50 – International outlet bandwidth for key networks – 2004 – 2010Table 51 – IPv4 address resources in China and annual change – 2005 – 2010Table 52 – Total domain names in China and annual change – 2005 – 2010Table 53 – Classified domain names in China – 2009 – 2010Table 54 – Classified .cn domain names – 2009 – 2010Table 55 – Growth of websites in China and annual change – 2002 – 2010Table 56 – Growth of web pages in China and annual change – 2006 – 2010Table 57 – Internet users and annual change – 1996 – 2012
  • 8. Table 58 – Internet subscribers and annual change – 1996 – 2012Table 59 – CNNIC internet statistical survey – 2009 – 2010Table 60 – Comparison in age structure of China internet users – 2008 – 2010Table 61 – Broadband subscribers, annual change and penetration – 2000 – 2012Table 62 – Broadband subscribers and households – April 2011Table 63 – China Telecom broadband subscribers and annual change – 2003 – 2011Table 64 – China Unicom broadband subscribers and annual change – 2003 – 2011Table 65 – Broadband subscribers and growth by access type – April 2010Table 66 – Forecast broadband subscribers and household penetration – higher band: 2011– 2012; 2016Table 67 – Cable modem internet subscribers and annual change – 2000 – 2010Table 68 – DSL internet subscribers – 2000 – 2011Table 69 – FttX subscribers – 2006 – 2012Table 70 – Growth in IP telephony in China – 2004 – 2010Table 71 – Registered Tom-Skype users in China – 2005 – 2009Table 72 – China media market revenue – 2002 – 2009Table 73 – China advertising market revenues in major media – 2001, 2010, 2012 (e)Table 74 – Overview of cable TV market – December 2010Table 75 – Cable TV subscriptions and annual growth – 1996 – 2012Table 76 – Digital cable TV subscribers and penetration rate – 2002 – 2012Table 77 – Digital pay TV subscribers – 2005 – 2009Table 78 – Reception devices connected to main television set – 2008Table 79 – IPTV subscribers – 2004 – 2012Table 80 – Estimated value of B2C e-commerce market – 2005 – 2012Table 81 – Estimated value of C2C e-commerce market – 2005 – 2012Table 82 – Online activities by percentage of users – 2009Table 83 – Utilisation rate and number of users of different network applications in China –2009 – 2010Table 84 – Market share of online search engines – 2005 – 2010Table 85 – Search engine users – 2007 – 2010Table 86 –Online search advertising market – actual: 2005 – 2014Table 87 – China online retail market revenue and customers – 2003 – 2012Table 88 – Online banking users and utilisation rate – 2007 – 2010Table 89 – Online gaming revenues – 2004 – 2012Table 90 – Online gamers users – 2007 – 2010Table 91 – Online video users – 2007 – 2010Table 92 – Online music users and utilisation rate – 2007 – 2010Table 93 – Instant messaging users and utilisation rate – 2007 – 2010Table 94 – China’s top 15 social networks – March 2011Table 95 – China’s SNS market share and user loyalty – 2010Table 96 – Mobile subscribers and annual change – 1995 – 2012Table 97 – Mobile subscribers by operator and annual change – March 2011Table 98 – Prepaid mobile subscribers by operator – September 2010Table 99 – China Unicom postpaid versus prepaid mobile subscribers by network – 2004 –2010Table 100 – China Mobile postpaid versus prepaid mobile subscribers – 2004 – 2010Table 101 – Mobile talk time – 2006 – 2010Table 102 – Little Smart (PHS) subscribers – 2002 – 2011Table 103 – China Telecom CDMA subscribers pre/postpaid, MOU and ARPU – 2002 – 2010
  • 9. Table 104 – China Telecom CDMA network statistics – December 2010Table 105 – HSPA+ and LTE downlink peak data ratesTable 106 – 3G subscribers in China – 2008 – 2012Table 107 – China Mobile – TD-SCDMA datacard packages – May 2011Table 108 – 3G usage fee comparison – April 2009Table 109 – Mobile phones manufactured in China – 2004 – 2010Table 110 – Mobile data revenues – top three countries – 2009Table 111 – China Mobile mobile data service user growth – 2004 – 2010Table 112 – China Mobile and China Unicom mobile VAS revenue – 2009Table 113 – China Mobile and China Unicom mobile VAS revenue – 2010Table 114 – China Mobile value-added business revenue breakdown – 2006 – 2010Table 115 – Growth of text messages (SMS) in China and annual change – 2000 – 2010Table 116 – China Mobile SMS usage volume and annual change – 2003 – 2010Table 117 – Leading mobile value added services by subscribers and penetration – 2010Table 118 – Mobile internet subscribers and annual change – 2006 – 2010Table 119 – Mobile internet use in China – 2008 – 2010; USA and Japan – 2009Table 120 – Mobile internet use among urban Chinese youth – 2008 – 2010; USA and Japanurban youth – 2009Table 121 – Forecast fixed-line subscribers and penetration – lower band: 2011 – 2012;2016Table 122 – Forecast fixed-line subscribers and penetration – higher band: 2011 – 2012;2016Table 123 – Forecast mobile subscribers and penetration lower band forecast – 2011 –2012; 2016Table 124 – Forecast mobile subscribers and penetration higher band forecast – 2011 –2012; 2016Table 125 – Forecast 3G mobile subscribers and share of mobile market – 2011 – 2012,2016Table 126 – Forecast internet users and penetration – lower band: 2011 – 2012; 2016Table 127 – Forecast internet users and penetration – higher band: 2011 – 2012; 2016Table 128 – Forecast broadband subscribers and household penetration – lower band: 2011– 2012; 2016Table 129 – Forecast broadband subscribers and household penetration – higher band:2011 – 2012; 2016Table 130 – Forecast FttX subscribers and penetration: 2011 – 2012, 2016Table 131 – Forecast cable TV subscribers and household penetration: 2011 – 2012; 2015Table 132 – Forecast digital cable TV subscribers and percentage of cable TV subscribers:2011 – 2012; 2015List of ChartsChart 1 – China revenue breakdown fixed/mobile; voice/non-voice – 2010Chart 2 – China revenue breakdown fixed/mobile; voice/non-voice – 2006 – 2010Chart 3 – China fixed-line and mobile subscribers – 1998 – 2012Chart 4 – Fixed-line local telephone calls – 2006 – 2010Chart 5 – Fixed-line traditional long-distance telephone calls – 2006 – 2010Chart 6 – Internet penetration rate of key countries – June 2010Chart 7 – Fixed-line local telephone calls – 2006 – 2010Chart 8 – Fixed-line traditional long-distance telephone calls – 2006 – 2010Chart 9 – China Mobile revenue, capex, ARPU – 2000 – 2010
  • 10. Chart 10 – China Telecom revenue, capex, broadband ARPU, mobile ARPU – 2004 – 2010Chart 11 – China Unicom revenue, capex, mobile ARPU – 2002 – 2010Chart 12 – China Unicom subscriber data – mobile, fixed-line, broadband – 2007 – 2010Chart 13 – China total international outlet bandwidth – 2006 – 2010Chart 14 – IPv4 address resources in China and annual change– 2006 – 2010Chart 15 – Websites in China and annual change– 2002 – 2010Chart 16 – Web pages in China and annual change– 2006 – 2010Chart 17 – Number of internet users and growth rate in China – 2002 – 2012Chart 18 – Comparison in age structure of China internet users – 2009 – 2010Chart 19 – China broadband subscribers and household penetration – 2002 – 2012Chart 20 –Cable TV subscribers and digital TV penetration – 1996 – 2010Chart 21 – China mobile subscriber growth, population penetration – 2000 – 2012Chart 22 – China operator market share 2G vs 3G – March 2011Chart 23 – Leading mobile value added services by subscribers and penetration – 2010Chart 24 – China subscriber reasons for using the mobile internetChart 25 – China popular mobile internet applications – June 2010List of ExhibitsExhibit 1 – Map of ChinaExhibit 2 – Telecommunications industry statistics – 2006 – 2007Exhibit 3 – Restructuring of China’s telecommunications industryExhibit 4 – Telecommunications industry statistics from the MIIT – 2008 – 2010Exhibit 5 – China’s agreed schedule for telecom liberalisation – 2002 – 2007Exhibit 6 – Restructuring Scenario 1Exhibit 7 – Restructuring Scenario 2Exhibit 8 – Restructuring Scenario 3Exhibit 9 – China Mobile Limited at a glance – December 2010Exhibit 10 – China Telecom Corporation Ltd at a glance – December 2010Exhibit 11 – China Unicom Ltd at a glance – December 2010Exhibit 12 – China Network Communications Group Corporation (Hong Kong) Limited at aglance – H1 2008Exhibit 13 – Regional/international fibre optic cable networksExhibit 14 – Selected Chinese satellite service providers and satellitesExhibit 15 – China Satcom satellite fleetExhibit 16 – Types of telecom convergenceExhibit 17 – BesTV CorporationExhibit 18 – Jiangsu IPTV applicationExhibit 19 – Overview of ‘eye will’Latest Market Research Reports:Cancer Diagnostic Testing World MarketsCompanion Diagnostics in Personalized Medicine and Cancer TherapyChina – Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and ForecastsMolecular Diagnostics in Infectious Disease TestingMolecular Diagnostics in Cancer TestingMolecular Diagnostics Markets
  • 11. About Us:ReportsnReports is an online library of over 75,000 market research reports and in-depthmarket research studies & analysis of over 5000 micro markets. We provide 24/7 online andoffline support to our customers. Get in touch with us for your needs of market researchreports.Follow us on Twitter: http://twitter.com/marketsreportsOur Facebook Page: http://www.facebook.com/pages/ReportsnReports/191441427571689Contact:Mr. Priyank7557 Rambler road,Suite 727, Dallas, TX 75231Tel: +1-888-989-8004 EXT 106E-mail: sales@reportsandreports.comhttp://www.reportsnreports.comBlog: http://www.reportsnreportsblog.com