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Batteries and Supercapacitors for Smart Portable Devices 2013-2023: Markets, Technologies, Companies


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  • 1. Batteries and Supercapacitors for Smart Portable Devices 2013-2023: Markets, Technologies, CompaniesReport Details:Published:October 2012No. of Pages: 345Price: Single User License – US$4250Mobile phone and Laptop sales have increased consistently by double digits in the last years, nowwith the presence of Smartphones and Tablet PCs this trend will boost in the following years. Thisnew age of communications, information and portability would have not been possible withoutenergy storage solutions to power these portable devices.Lithium batteries are currently the dominant technology in the energy storage space; this isbecause of their superior energy density characteristics. The consumer electronics industry haspushed their production to the scale of billions, and consequently through economies of scaleoptimized its supply chain and reduced their price. However lithium battery technology capabilitiesare being challenged by the modern multifunctional portable devices which are increasinglyrequiring higher performance in terms of power density. Whilst current research and developmentpathways aim for the emergence of a new generation of high energy density technologies,alternative energy storage technologies, are challenging the dominance of lithium batteries. This isthe case with supercapacitors, which are an emerging energy storage technology whosecharacteristics make them strong candidates for satisfying those specific functions where lithiumbatteries underperform.On the other hand, the developments of electronics and material science is allowing for newdevelopments in the energy storage field. Now we can build, or better said, print, thin film batterieson different surfaces allowing for new energy storage solutions which coupled with energyharvesting (collecting energy from the environment) and radio frequency technologies unlockmany potential applications as traceability in consumer product supply chains and internet remotelocalization without the need of big devices, just to mention some examples.This report leads you from the basic concepts to understand the technologies in the energystorage industry including the advantages and limitations of different technologies. This is followedby a comprehensive section of the supercapacitor technology explaining where they fit in theenergy storage industry and their potential applications. Finally it introduces the emerging andfuture technologies in the energy storage space: Thin Film and Flexible Batteries. We present bothfor batteries and supercapacitors their current research and development paths leading toimprovements. Through these sections we highlight the work of the companies involved in thisindustry. Expanding from previous editions we present potential cost reduction paths for lithium
  • 2. batteries, drivers of the consumer electronic industry, the potential role of super capacitors andinnovative technologies and their niche markets. In addition this report presents IDTechExscomprehensive study of companies in the lithium battery industry: 138 manufacturers of lithium-based rechargeable batteries, including their country, cathode and anode chemistry, electrolytemorphology case type and application priorities. We present a 10 year forecast on lithiumbatteries, supercapacitors, RFID and wireless sensors applications.Energy Storage for Smart and Portable Electronic Devices is currently the biggest and fastestgrowing battery market. The Consumer Electronics segment is one of the fastest changingmarkets. Portable electronic devices are becoming increasingly multifunctional and this trend iscurrently requiring better performance from batteries. This report explains the drivers in thischanging segment, what are these changes demanding from battery technologies and what arethe research and development paths to improve battery technologies accordingly. We present anew entrant technology in the energy storage industry: supercapacitors, which compared withbatteries, can deliver high power instantly and do not rely on chemical processes to store energyso they have longer useful lives. We present what is the role of this new technology as analternative to improve battery performance and satisfy the changing demands of the consumerelectronics market. Indeed supercapacitors as an emerging energy storage alternative arechallenging the predominance of batteries and complementing their functions. By the other handthin film batteries open a new category in energy solutions for specific niche markets which canpotentially launch them to mass production. RFID and Wireless Sensors are two examples.Emerging battery manufacturing technologies as spray battery painting and new technologies astransparent batteries hold the promise of opening new possibilities in portable device design andenergy storage applications.This report has a global coverage and presents global forecasts and players in the sector.In this report we provide a 10 year forecast (2013-2023) for the following segments of the energystorage for portable devices and related markets:•Primary Batteries•Secondary (or Rechargeable Batteries) (Lithium Batteries)•Supercapacitors for Smart and Portable Devices•RFID and Wireless Sensors applicationsIn addition this report presents IDTechExs comprehensive study of companies in the lithiumbattery industry: 138 manufacturers of lithium-based rechargeable batteries, including theircountry, cathode and anode chemistry, electrolyte morphology case type and application priorities.Some of the insights you will find in this report:•Following the trend of smartphones, portable devices are becoming increasingly multifunctional, in this report you will find what this trend will be demanding from the energy storage industry.•What trends are behind the primary consumer battery market contraction?•How supercapacitors will step in the consumer electronics industry? What will be the value of this market in 2023?•What are the pathways for cost reduction and increased performance for Lithium Batteries?
  • 3. Get your copy of this report @ points covered in Table of Contents of this report includeTable of Contents1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS1.1. Objective of this report1.2. Batteries, Supercapacitors and Alternative Energy Storage for Smart and Portable Electronicdevices in context1.3. IDTechEx forecasts1.4. Total global battery market1.5. Rechargeable batteries by use1.6. Cost Drivers and Cost Structure of Lithium Ion Batteries1.6.1. Cost Structure of Lithium Ion batteries1.6.2. Paths for further cost reductions on Lithium-ion Batteries1.7. 138 Lithium-based Rechargeable Battery Manufacturers - Chemistry, Strategy, Success,Potential1.8. Power requirements of small devices1.8.1. Power Demand and Specific Power1.8.2. Capacity, Energy Density and Specific Power1.9. The Consumer Electronics game is changing: a role for supercapacitors?1.9.1. Smartphones and Tablet PCs are changing the game of consumer electronics1.9.2. An analysis of power consumption in Smartphones1.9.3. A role for supercapacitors in the consumer electronics market1.10. Alternative directions1.10.1. Transparent Smartphone1.10.2. Spray Painted Batteries1.10.3. Flexible Smartphone1.10.4. New market drivers1.11. Conclusions2. INTRODUCTION2.1. Small electrical and electronic devices2.2. Popular chemistry and shape2.3. What is a battery?2.3.1. Battery definition2.3.2. Analogy to a container of liquid2.3.3. Construction of a battery2.3.4. Many shapes of battery2.3.5. Single use vs rechargeable batteries2.3.6. Challenges with batteries in small devices2.4. What is a capacitor?2.4.1. Capacitor definition
  • 4. 2.4.2. Analogy to a spring2.4.3. Capacitor construction2.5. Limitations of energy storage devices2.5.1. The electronic device and its immediate support2.5.2. Safety2.5.3. Improvement in performance taking place2.6. Standards3. RECHARGEABLE BATTERIES3.1. Technology successes and failures3.2. Lithium ion3.2.1. Formats of the leading forms of battery3.2.2. Cost Drivers of Lithium Ion Batteries.3.2.3. Materials Cost Drivers3.2.4. Improvements in specific energy and/or energy density3.2.5. Anode New Materials Development3.2.6. Cathode New Materials Improvement3.2.7. Improvements in Power3.2.8. Improvements in safety and reliability3.2.9. The Lithium Batteries of the Future3.2.10. Materials and economies of scale3.2.11. Manufacturing cost drivers4. TRENDS IN SMART AND PORTABLE DEVICES4.1. Evolution of Markets for Lithium Ion Batteries4.2. Forecast for Smart and Portable Devices4.3. Trends in Smart and Portable Electronic Devices4.3.1. Increasing Multifunctionality: From Simon to IPhone.4.3.2. Is the race for the thinnest mobile in the market over?4.3.3. The iPad4.3.4. IPhone and Nokia want a piece of Cannon and Nikkons market- Can Supercapacitors playa role on this strategy?4.3.5. Power Efficiency due to Multiple Core Processors in Smartphones4.4. Supercapacitors as a solution for peak power requirements in smart and portable devices4.4.1. An analysis of power consumption in Smartphones4.4.2. Digital Cameras Flash - why todays digital cameras need a more powerful flash4.4.3. Laptop Solid State Drives use Supercapacitors5. SINGLE USE BATTERIES AND ALTERNATIVE ENERGY STORAGE5.1. Energy Storage for Wireless Sensors and RFID5.1.1. Customised and AAA/AA Batteries5.1.2. Planar Energy Devices5.1.3. Primary battery life extension5.1.4. Always Ready Smart Nano Battery5.1.5. Energy Storage of batteries in standard and laminar formats
  • 5. 5.1.6. Future options for higher energy density5.1.7. Laminar Fuel Cells5.1.8. Tadiran Batteries twenty year batteries6. NEW SHAPES - LAMINAR AND FLEXIBLE BATTERIES6.1. Laminar lithium batteries6.2. Laminar printed manganese dioxide batteries6.2.1. Printed battery construction6.2.2. Printed battery production facilities6.2.3. Applications of printed batteries6.2.4. Printed battery specifications6.3. Ultrathin battery from Front Edge Technology6.4. Nanotube flexible battery6.5. Transparent battery - NEC and Waseda University6.6. Battery Assembly through Spray Painting6.7. Other emerging needs for laminar batteries - apparel and medical6.7.1. Electronic apparel6.7.2. Wireless body area network6.8. Biobatteries do their own harvesting6.9. Battery that incorporates energy harvesting - FlexEl6.10. Microbatteries built with viruses6.11. Biomimetic energy storage system6.12. Magnetic spin battery7. SUPERCAPACITORS7.1. Example of capacitor storage application - e-labels7.2. Many shapes of capacitor7.3. Capacitors for small devices7.4. What does a supercapacitor for small devices look like?7.5. Supercapacitors = Ultracapacitors7.6. Where supercapacitors fit in7.7. Advantages and disadvantages7.8. How it all began7.9. Applications7.10. Uses in small devices.7.11. Relevance to energy harvesting7.11.1. Perpetuum harvester7.11.2. Human power to recharge portable electronics7.11.3. Use in nanoelectronics7.12. Can supercapacitors replace capacitors?7.13. Can supercapacitors replace batteries?7.14. Electric vehicle demonstrations and adoption7.15. How an EDLC supercapacitor works7.15.1. Basic geometry
  • 6. 7.15.2. Properties of EDL7.15.3. Charging7.15.4. Discharging and cycling7.15.5. Energy density7.15.6. Achieving higher voltages7.16. Improvements coming along7.16.1. Better electrodes7.16.2. Better electrolytes7.16.3. Better carbon technologies7.16.4. Carbon nanotubes and Graphene7.16.5. Carbon aerogel7.16.6. Solid activated carbon7.16.7. Carbon derived carbon7.16.8. Fast charging is achieved7.17. Microscopic supercapacitors become possible7.17.1. Graphene7.18. Flexible, paper and transparent supercapacitors7.18.1. University of Minnesota7.18.2. University of Southern California7.18.3. Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute USA7.19. Woven wearable supercapacitors7.20. National University of Singapore: a competitor for supercapacitors?7.21. Handling surge power in electronics7.22. Wireless systems and Burst-Mode Communications7.23. Energy harvesting7.23.1. Bicycles and wristwatches7.23.2. Polyacenes or polypyrrole7.23.3. New shapes7.23.4. Human power to recharge portable electronics7.24. Using a supercapacitor to manage your power7.24.1. A glimpse at the new magic7.25. Supercabatteries or bacitors8. ORGANISATION PROFILES8.1. Blue Spark Technologies USA8.2. Cap-XX Australia8.3. Celxpert Energy Corp. Taiwan Head Quarter8.4. Cymbet USA8.5. Permanent Power for Wireless Sensors - White Paper from Cymbet8.6. DYNAPACK8.7. Duracell USA8.8. Enfucell Finland8.9. Excellatron USA
  • 7. 8.10. Front Edge Technology USA8.11. Frontier Carbon Corporation Japan8.12. Harvard University USA8.13. Hitachi Maxell8.14. Holst Centre Netherlands8.15. Infinite Power Solutions USA8.16. Institute of Bioengineering and Nanotechnology Singapore8.17. Lebônê Solutions South Africa8.18. Lifeline Energy8.19. LG Chem8.20. Lilliputian Systems8.21. Massachusetts Institute of Technology USA8.22. Maxwell Technologies Inc., USA8.23. Murata Japan8.24. National Renewable Energy Laboratory USA8.25. NEC Japan8.26. Nippon Chemi-Con Japan8.27. Oak Ridge National Laboratory USA8.28. Panasonic Japan8.29. Paper Battery Company USA8.30. Planar Energy Devices USA8.31. Renata Batteries8.32. ReVolt Technologies Ltd8.33. Sandia National Laboratory USA8.34. SIMPLO TECHNOLOGY CO. LTD8.35. Solicore USA8.36. Sony Japan8.37. Technical University of Berlin Germany8.38. University of California Los Angeles USA8.39. University of Michigan USA8.40. Tadiran Batteries8.41. University of Sheffield UK8.42. University of Wollongong Australia8.43. Waseda University9. MARKETS AND FORECASTS9.1. Market for energy storage for smart and portable electronic devices9.1.1. IDTechEx forecasts9.2. Total global battery market9.3. Batteries for Active RFID and Wireless Sensors Networks9.3.2. Batteries for gift cards9.3.3. Batteries for car keys9.4. Printed and thin film batteries 2013-2023
  • 8. 9.5. Forecast assumptions and Reality Checks9.5.1. Rechargeable Energy Storage for Smart and Portable electronic devices.9.5.2. Global Battery Outlook9.5.3. Supercapacitors10. GLOSSARYAPPENDIX 1: IDTECHEX PUBLICATIONS AND CONSULTANCYContact: for more information.