LOCAH Project <ul><li>L inked  O pen  C opac and  A rchives  H ub </li></ul><ul><li>Funded by #JiscEXPO 2/10 ‘Expose’ call...
Archives Hub and Copac <ul><li>UK National Data Services based at Mimas </li></ul><ul><li>Archives Hub is an aggregation o...
What is LOCAH Doing? <ul><li>Part 1: Exposing Archives Hub & Copac data as Linked Data </li></ul><ul><li>Part 2: Creating ...
Linked Data Design Issues <ul><li>URIs </li></ul><ul><li>LD Design Issues </li></ul><ul><li>Triples </li></ul>http://www.w...
Triples <ul><li>Triples statements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>‘ Things’ have ‘properties’ with ‘values’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
We’re Linking Data! <ul><li>If something is identified, it can be linked to </li></ul><ul><li>We take  items from one data...
Enhancing our data <ul><li>Already have some links: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Time - reference.data.gov.uk URIs </li></ul></ul...
http://data.archiveshub.ac.uk/
http://data.archiveshub.ac.uk/id/person/nra/webbmarthabeatrice1858-1943socialreformer
 
How are we creating the Visualisation Prototype? <ul><li>Based on researcher use cases </li></ul><ul><li>Data queried from...
Visualisation Prototype <ul><li>Using Timemap –  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Googlemaps and Simile </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ht...
Linking Lives Project <ul><li>Starts September 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>Builds on Locah work </li></ul>
The Key Benefit of Linked Data (?) <ul><li>Mashups work against a fixed set of data sources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hand cra...
Matching Subjects
Matching Places
Sustainability <ul><li>Can you rely on data sources long-term?  </li></ul><ul><li>Ed Summers at the Library of Congress cr...
Scalability / Provenance Example by Bradley Allen, Elsevier  at LOD LAM Summit, SF, USA <ul><li>Same issue with attributio...
Data Modelling <ul><li>Complexity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Archival description is hierarchical and multi-level </li></ul></u...
Linked Data for Repositories? <ul><li>Repository data can ‘work harder’ </li></ul><ul><li>New channels into your data </li...
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Adrian Stevenson (UKOLN) – Linked Open Copac Archives Hub (LOCAH) project – use of Timemap for visualising linked data

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Pecha Kucha presented at Repository Fringe 2011.

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  • Copac a union catalogue Both successful JISC services running for many years now Locah is a research project – will have to see if go into service with LD interface
  • http://www.w3.org/DesignIssues/LinkedData.html
  • In hypertext web sites it is considered generally rather bad etiquette not to link to related external material. The value of your own information is very much a function of what it links to, as well as the inherent value of the information within the web page.  So it is also in the Semantic Web. Remember, this is about machines linking – machines need identifiers; humans generally know when something is a place or when it is a person. BBC + DBPedia + GeoNames + Archives Hub + Copac + VIAF = the Web as an exploratory space
  • This also an example of aggregating data
  • More aggregation
  • Data can be integrated from many diff sources
  • Ex
  • “ lower level” units interpreted in context of the higher levels of description Arguably “incomplete” without the contextual data. Relations are asserted, e.g. member-of/component-of But there is no requirement or expectation that data consumers will follow the links describing the relations
  • Adrian Stevenson (UKOLN) – Linked Open Copac Archives Hub (LOCAH) project – use of Timemap for visualising linked data

    1. 1. LOCAH Project <ul><li>L inked O pen C opac and A rchives H ub </li></ul><ul><li>Funded by #JiscEXPO 2/10 ‘Expose’ call </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 year project. Started August 2010 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Partners & Consultants: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>UKOLN – Adrian Stevenson, Julian Cheal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mimas – Jane Stevenson, Bethan Ruddock, Yogesh Patel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eduserv – Pete Johnston </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Talis – Leigh Dodds, Tim Hodson </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OCLC - Ralph LeVan, Thom Hickey </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ed Summers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>http://blogs.ukoln.ac.uk/locah/ </li></ul>
    2. 2. Archives Hub and Copac <ul><li>UK National Data Services based at Mimas </li></ul><ul><li>Archives Hub is an aggregation of archival descriptions from archive repositories across the UK </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://archiveshub.ac.uk </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Copac provides access to the merged library catalogues of libraries throughout the UK, including all national libraries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://copac.ac.uk </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. What is LOCAH Doing? <ul><li>Part 1: Exposing Archives Hub & Copac data as Linked Data </li></ul><ul><li>Part 2: Creating a prototype visualisation </li></ul><ul><li>Part 3: Reporting on opportunities and barriers </li></ul>
    4. 4. Linked Data Design Issues <ul><li>URIs </li></ul><ul><li>LD Design Issues </li></ul><ul><li>Triples </li></ul>http://www.w3.org/DesignIssues/LinkedData.html
    5. 5. Triples <ul><li>Triples statements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>‘ Things’ have ‘properties’ with ‘values’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subject – Predicate - Object </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Triples are the basis of RDF </li></ul>Archival Resource Repository Provides Access To The Rolling Stones Keith Richards Is Member Of
    6. 6. We’re Linking Data! <ul><li>If something is identified, it can be linked to </li></ul><ul><li>We take items from one dataset and link them to items from other datasets </li></ul>BBC VIAF DBPedia Archives Hub Copac GeoNames
    7. 7. Enhancing our data <ul><li>Already have some links: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Time - reference.data.gov.uk URIs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Location - UK Postcodes URIs and Ordnance Survey URIs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Names - Virtual International Authority File </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Matches and links widely-used authority files - http://viaf.org/ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Names - DBPedia </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Also looking at: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Subjects - Library Congress Subject Headings and DBPedia </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. http://data.archiveshub.ac.uk/
    9. 9. http://data.archiveshub.ac.uk/id/person/nra/webbmarthabeatrice1858-1943socialreformer
    10. 11. How are we creating the Visualisation Prototype? <ul><li>Based on researcher use cases </li></ul><ul><li>Data queried from Sparql endpoint </li></ul><ul><li>Use tools such as Simile, Many Eyes, Google Charts </li></ul>
    11. 12. Visualisation Prototype <ul><li>Using Timemap – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Googlemaps and Simile </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://code.google.com/p/timemap / </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Early stages with this </li></ul><ul><li>Will give location and ‘extent’ of archive. </li></ul><ul><li>Will link through to Archives Hub </li></ul>
    12. 13. Linking Lives Project <ul><li>Starts September 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>Builds on Locah work </li></ul>
    13. 14. The Key Benefit of Linked Data (?) <ul><li>Mashups work against a fixed set of data sources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hand crafted by humans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t integrate well </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Linked Data promises an unbound global data space </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Easy dataset integration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Generic ‘mesh-up’ tools </li></ul></ul>
    14. 15. Matching Subjects
    15. 16. Matching Places
    16. 17. Sustainability <ul><li>Can you rely on data sources long-term? </li></ul><ul><li>Ed Summers at the Library of Congress created http://lcsh.info </li></ul><ul><li>Linked Data interface for LOC subject headings </li></ul><ul><li>People started using it </li></ul>
    17. 18. Scalability / Provenance Example by Bradley Allen, Elsevier at LOD LAM Summit, SF, USA <ul><li>Same issue with attribution </li></ul><ul><li>Solutions: Named graphs? Quads? </li></ul><ul><li>Best Practice </li></ul>
    18. 19. Data Modelling <ul><li>Complexity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Archival description is hierarchical and multi-level </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dirty Data </li></ul>Licensing <ul><li>‘ Ownership’ of data </li></ul><ul><li>Hard to track attribution </li></ul><ul><li>CC0 for Archives Hub and Copac data </li></ul>
    19. 20. Linked Data for Repositories? <ul><li>Repository data can ‘work harder’ </li></ul><ul><li>New channels into your data </li></ul><ul><li>New connections with other data sources </li></ul><ul><li>Researchers are more likely to discover sources </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Hidden' collections of repositories become of the Web </li></ul>
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