Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg   Fakultät für Verfahrens- und SystemtechnikModulhandbuch Chemical and Energy Engi...
Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg                     Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik                  Mo...
Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg                     Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik                  Mo...
Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg                     Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik                  Mo...
Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg                       Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik                  ...
Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg                      Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik                   ...
Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg                      Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik                   ...
Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg                       Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik                  ...
Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg                     Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik                  Mo...
Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg                      Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik                   ...
Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg                    Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik                 Modu...
Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg                      Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik                   ...
Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg                      Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik                   ...
Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg                     Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik                  Mo...
Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg                      Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik                   ...
Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg                     Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik                  Mo...
Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg                      Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik                   ...
Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg                         Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik                ...
Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg                       Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik                  ...
Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg                     Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik                  Mo...
Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg                      Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik                   ...
Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg                     Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik                  Mo...
Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg                     Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik                  Mo...
Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg                     Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik                  Mo...
Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg                      Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik                   ...
Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg                      Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik                   ...
Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg                      Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik                   ...
Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg                      Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik                   ...
Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg                       Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik                  ...
Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg                      Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik                   ...
Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg                      Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik                   ...
Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg                       Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik                  ...
Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg                       Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik                  ...
Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg                     Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik                  Mo...
Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg                       Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik                  ...
Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg                      Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik                   ...
Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg                     Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik                  Mo...
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  1. 1. Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg Fakultät für Verfahrens- und SystemtechnikModulhandbuch Chemical and Energy Engineering Wahlpflichtfächer Modulhandbuch für den MasterstudiengangChemical and Energy Engineering - Wahlpflichtveranstaltungen - Stand: 04.02.11 vorläufig
  2. 2. Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik Modulhandbuch Chemical and Energy Engineering WahlpflichtfächerCourse: Master CourseChemical and Energy EngineeringModule:Process ControlObjectivesStudents should  learn fundamentals of multivariable process control with special emphasis on decentralized control  gain the ability to apply the above mentioned methods for the control of single and multi unit processes  gain the ability to apply advanced software (MATLAB) for computer aided control system designContents1. Introduction2. Process control fundamentals  Mathematical models of processes  Control structures  Decentralized control and Relative gain analysis  Tuning of decentralized controllers  Control implementation issues3. Case studies4. Plantwide controlTeachingLecture and exercises/tutorialsPrerequisitesBasic knowledge in control theoryWorkload:Lectures and tutorials:  2 hours/week – lecture  1 hour/week – exercise/tutorialPrivate studies  Post-processing of lectures, preparation of project work/report and examExamination/Credits:- oral 4 CP and project reportResponsible lecturer: Prof. Kienle with Dr. Sommer as co-worker
  3. 3. Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik Modulhandbuch Chemical and Energy Engineering WahlpflichtfächerCourse:Master Course Chemical and Energy EngineeringModule: Drying TechnologyObjectives:The students gain fundamental and exemplary deepened knowledge about the state of dryingtechnology. They learn to understand and calculate heat- and matter transport processesproceeding the different drying processes. The most important types of dryers from industrialapplications will be explained and calculated exemplary for different drying processes. The aimof the module is, to impart ready to use knowledge to the listeners about calculation of dryingprocesses and especially about their construction.Contents  The ways of adhesion of the liquid to a commodity, capillary manner, ideal and real sorption, sorptions isotherms  Characteristics of humid gases and their use for Nutzung für die convective drying  Theoretical handling of real dryers: single stage, multi stage, circulating air, inert gas cycle, heat pump, exhaust vapor compression  Kinetics of drying, first and second drying section, diffusion on moist surfaces, Stefan- and Ackermann correction, standardized drying process  Convecting drying at local and temporal changeable air conditions  Fluid bed drying with gas and overheated solvent vapor  Fluidized bed granulation drying and various control options of drying plants with and without heat recovery  types, constructive design and calculation possibilities of selected types of dryers, such as compartment dryers, fluidized bed dryers, conveying air dryers, drum dryers, spray dryers, conveyor dryers, disk dryers et al.  Exemplary calculation and design of selected dryersTeaching: lecture (presentation), examples, script, excursion in a drying plant,Literature: Krischer / Kröll/Kast: „Wissenschaftliche Grundlagen der Trocknungstechnik“ (tome 1)„Trockner und Trocknungsverfahren“ (tome 2), „Trocknen und Trockner in der Produktion“ (tome3), Springer-Verlag 1989,H. Uhlemann, L. Mörl: „Wirbelschicht-Sprühgranulation“, Springer-Verlag, Berlin-Heidelberg-New-York 2000Prerequisites:Basics of process engineeringWorkload: 3 SWSLectures: 42 hoursPrivate: 48 hoursExamination/Credits:- M 4 CPResponsible lecturers: Prof. Tsotsas with Jun.-Prof. Metzger as co-worker
  4. 4. Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik Modulhandbuch Chemical and Energy Engineering WahlpflichtfächerCourse:Master Course Chemical and Energy EngineeringModule: Electrochemical Process EngineeringObjectives:The lecture conveys physicochemical and engineering basics of electrochemical processengineering (EPE). In the first part fundamentals of EPE including electrochemicalthermodynamics and kinetics, transport phenomena, current distribution and electrochemicalreaction engineering will be discussed. In the second part typical applications of electrochemicaltechnologies like electrolysis processes and electrochemical energy sources will be reviewed.Finally, electrochemical fundamentals of corrosion, as well as corrosion prevention and controlwill be explained. The lectures will be followed by experimental laboratory courses which shouldcontribute to a better understanding of the theory part.Contents:  Introduction (Fundamental laws, Figures of merit, Cell voltage)  Basics of electrochemistry (Ionic conductivity, Electrochemical thermodynamics, Double layer, Electrochemical kinetics)  Mass transport (Diffusion, Migration, Convection)  Current distribution (Primary, Secondary, Tertiary)  Electrochemical reaction engineering ( Electrolyte, Electrodes, Separators, Reactors, Mode of operation)  Electrolysis (Chlor-alkali electrolysis, Organic electrosynthesis, Electroplating)  Electrochemical energy sources (Batteries, Supercapacitors) and Corrosion and its controlTeaching: lectures (2 SWS), tutorials (1 SWS)Prerequisites  Basic knowledge in chemistry and physical chemistry  Mass and heat transport  Chemical reaction engineeringWork load: 3 SWSlectures and tutorials: 42 Stundenprivate studies: 48 StundenExaminations / Credits:- M 4 CPResponsible lecturer: Dr.-Ing. Vidaković / Prof. SundmacherLiterature:  V. M. Schmidt, Elektrochemische Verfahrenstechnik, Grundlagen, Reaktionstechnik, Prozessoptimierung, Wiley-VCH GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2003, ISBN 3-527-29958-0.  K. Scott, Electrochemical Reaction Engineering, Academic Press Limited, 1991, ISBN 0- 12-633330-0.  D. Pletcher, F. C. Walsh, Industrial Electrochemistry, 2nd Edition, Blackie Academic & Professional, Paperback edition, 1993, ISBN 0-7514-0148-X.
  5. 5. Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik Modulhandbuch Chemical and Energy Engineering WahlpflichtfächerCourse:Master Course Chemical and Energy EngineeringModule: Measurement of physical particle propertiesObjectives: • Theoretical fundamentals of experimental characterisation techniques for particle characterisation are to be understood and applied, • the instrumental realisation, experimental procedures and approaches for data evaluation are to be understood and applied, • problem solutions by efficient application of the particle characterisation techniques for mechanical processes in the particle technology (product design) are to be developedContents:  Introduction, properties of particulate materials, particle size and particle size distribution, characteristic parameters, particle shape, particle surface and packing,  Particle size and shape, image analysis, optical microscopy, TEM, SEM, light scattering, laser diffraction, ultra sonic damping and ESA techniques, instruments,  Particle density, solid particle density, apparent density, bulk density, gas and powder pycnometry, instruments, term porosity,  Specific surface area and porosity, surface structures of solid materials, pore and pore size distribution, adsorption measurements, data evaluation, BET, BJH, Hg porosimetry, instruments,  Electro-kinetic phenomena, fundamentals, electrochemical double layer, surface potential, electrophoresis, Zeta potential, theories, instruments,  Particle adhesion, adhesion force measurements, atomic force measurements AFM, centrifugal techniques, instruments, particle and agglomerate strength, particle breaking, mechanolumineszenz,  Characterisation of particle packings, packing states, packing density, fundamentals of flow behaviour of particulate solids, flow characteristics and parameters, measurement of flow properties, translation and rotational shear cells, press shear cell,  Characterisation techniques for moving packings and beds, fundamentals, particle movement in rotating apparatus, characterisation techniques,Teaching: lecturePrerequisites: Mechanical process engineeringWork load: 2 SWSLectures: 28 hPrivate studies: 32 hExaminations/Credits:- M 3 CPResponsible lecturer: Prof. Tomas with Dr. Hintz as co-worker
  6. 6. Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik Modulhandbuch Chemical and Energy Engineering WahlpflichtfächerCourse: Master CourseChemical and Energy EngineeringModule: Micro Process EngineeringObjectives: Basic understanding of all important physical and chemical phenomena relevant in microstructures Real-life know-how and relevant methods for choice, evaluation and designing of microstructured process equipment Adequate model representations for realistic and convenient design and simulation of microstructured process equipmentContents:- Heat and mass transfer in microstructures- Safety and economic aspects of microstructured process equipment- Designing of micro heat exchangers, mixers and reactors- Role of surface/interfacial forces: Capillary effects and wetting- Design concepts of microstructured equipment, commercial realisations and suppliers- Process design and scale-up of microstructured process equipment- Real life experience: Design rules, Dos & Don’ts- Limitations of microstructured process equipmentTeaching:Seminar-style lecture with group work (calculation examples etc.)PrerequisitesHeat Transfer, Fluid Mechanics, Chemical Reaction Eng.Also helpful: Process Systems Engineering, Process Dynamics.Work load: 3 SWS lecture incl. group work39h lectures and tutorials10h private studiesExaminations / CreditsWritten (90 min.); If less than 20 participants: Oral examinations (30 min.) / 4 CPResponsible lecturer:Dr.-Ing. T. Schultz (Evonik Degussa GmbH) with Prof. Dr.-Ing. K. Sundmacher as co-workerSupplemental literature:  W. Ehrfeld, V. Hessel, H. Löwe: Microreactors, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 2000  V. Hessel, S. Hardt, H. Löwe: Chemical Micro Process Engineering: Fundamentals, Modeling and Reactions, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 2004  V. Hessel, S. Hardt, H. Löwe: Chemical Micro Process Engineering: Processing, Applications and Plants, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 2004  W. Menz, J. Mohr, O. Paul: Microsystem Technology, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 2001
  7. 7. Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik Modulhandbuch Chemical and Energy Engineering WahlpflichtfächerCourse:Master Course Chemical and Energy EngineeringModule: Modeling with population balancesObjectives:Participants learn to:  characterize systems with density functions  model nucleation, growth and agglomeration  solve population balances (analytical solutions, momentum approaches, sectional models)  apply population balances to real problemsContents:The concept of population balances is one approach to describe the properties of dispersesystems. By definition a disperse system is a population of individual particles, which areembedded in a continuous phase. These particles can have different properties (internalcoordinates) such as size, shape or composition. The concept of population balances allows topredict the temporal change of the density distribution of the disperse phase. By heat, mass andmomentum transfer between the disperse and the continuous phase and by interaction betweenindividual particles of the disperse phase the density distribution of the particles will change.These mechanisms are characterized as population phenomena.  nucleation,  growth,  breakage and  agglomeration:Teaching: lectures and tutorialsPrerequisites:Work load: 3 SWSlectures and tutorials: 42 hprivate studies: 48 hExaminations/Credits:- M 4 CPResponsible lecturer: Jun.-Prof. Peglow
  8. 8. Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik Modulhandbuch Chemical and Energy Engineering WahlpflichtfächerCourse:Master Course Chemical and Energy EngineeringModule: Modern organic synthesisObjectives:Constitutive to the basic knowledge of the „Chemistry“ module in this module the expertise fordevelopment of strategy for complex synthesis will be procured. On example of chosen synthesisthe principles of total synthesis will be trained.Contents:  Short overview reactivity, carbon hybrids, organic chemical basic reactions  Concept of the acyclic stereoselection on the example of Aldol reactions  Demonstration of the concept on the example of miscellaneous total synthesis of natural products  Basics of metal organic chemistry  Vinyl silanes  Allyl silanes:Teaching: LecturePrerequisites: Module ChemistryWork load: 2 SWSlectures: 28 Stundenprivate studiens: 32 StundenExaminations/Credits:- M 3 CPResponsible lecturer: Prof. Schinzer
  9. 9. Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik Modulhandbuch Chemical and Energy Engineering WahlpflichtfächerCourse:Master Course Chemical and Energy EngineeringModule:Molecular ModelingObjectives:The students acquire theoretical and practical knowledge on the principles and applications ofdifferent modeling approaches for discrete systems of particles, molecules and atoms ondifferent time and length scales. They will be introduced to Monte Carlo methods, moleculardynamics and basic quantum mechanical modeling on different relevant practical applications ofchemical engineering interest.Contents:  Introduction to concepts and basics of molecular modeling  Basics of simulation tools for different time and length scales  Monte Carlo methods o Introduction o Equilibrium methods – Metropolis algorithm o Non-equilibrium methods – Kinetic Monte Carlo o Application to particle precipitation  Molecular Dynamics o Basics and Potentials o Algorithms: Verlet, Velocity Verlet, Leap-Frog o Application to diffusion and nucleation  Quantum Mechanics o Introduction o Force fields o Density function theory  Recent progress and modern software toolsTeaching:Lecture and seminarPrerequisites:Basic knowledge on physics and chemistry and numerical methodsWorkload:- Lectures and seminar: weekly lecture (90 min), bi-weekly computer lab seminar (90min)- Suggested self study time: 48h per semesterExamination/Credits:Programming home work and oral exam / 4 CPResponsible lecturer: Dr. A. Voigt
  10. 10. Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik Modulhandbuch Chemical and Energy Engineering WahlpflichtfächerCourse:Master Course Chemical and Energy EngineeringModule: Nanoparticle technologyObjectives: Students get to know main physical and chemical theories on nanoparticle formation and particle formation processes including important technical products. The lecture includes modern physical characterisation methods for nanoparticles as well as application examples for nanoparticlesContents: • Introduction into nanotechnology, definition of the term nanotechnology and nanoparticle, nanoparticles as a disperse system, properties, applications • Thermodynamics of disperse systems, nucleation theory and particle growth, homogeneous and heterogeneous nucleation, nucleation rates, model of LaMer and Dinegar, Ostwald ripening, agglomeration • Electrochemical properties of nanoparticle, surface structures, electrochemical double layer, models (Helmholtz, Gouy-Chapman, Stern), electrochemical potential, Zeta potential • Stabilisation of disperse systems, sterical and electrostatic stabilisation, DLVO theory, van-der-Waals attraction, electrostatic repulsion, critical coagulation concentration, Schulze-Hardy rule, pH and electrolyte concentration • Coagulation processes, coagulation kinetics, fast and slow coagulation, transport models, Smoluchowski theory, interaction potential, stability factor, structures • Precipitation process, basics, precipitation in homogeneous phase, nucleation, particle growth, reaction processes, particle formation models, apparatuses (CDJP, T mixer), hydro thermal processes • Precipitation in nano-compartments, principles, nano compartments, surfactant-water systems, structures, emulsions (micro, mini and macro), phase behaviour, particle formation, kinetic models • Sol-Gel process, Stöber process, titania, reactions, stabilisation, morphology, pH, electrolyte, RLCA, RLMC, drying, gelation, aging, coating, thin films, ceramics • Aerosol process, particle formation, gas-particle and particle-particle conversion, flame hydrolysis, Degussa and chlorine process, soot, spray pyrolysis • Formation of polymer particles (latex particles), emulsion polymerisation, theory of Fikentscher and Harkins, perl polymerisation, latex particles • Nanoparticles und and their application, technical products, silica, titania, soot, Stöber particles, nanoparticles in medicine and pharmaceutics, functionalised nanoparticles, diagnostics, carrier systems, magnetic nanoparticles and liquids, • Characterisation of nanoparticles - particle sizing, TEM, SEM, light scattering, laser diffraction, theory (Rayleigh, Fraunhofer, Mie), ultra sonic and ESA technique, Instruments • Characterisation of nanoparticles - Zeta potential determination, electrokinetic phenomena, electrophoresis, electro osmosis, streaming and sedimentation potential, electrophoretical mobility, Zeta potential, theories according to Smoluchowski, Hückel, Henry, electrophoretical mobility, instruments, PALS techniquesTeaching: lecture, tutorials, laboratory work (nanoparticle synthesis)
  11. 11. Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik Modulhandbuch Chemical and Energy Engineering WahlpflichtfächerPrerequisites:Work load 3 SWSLectures and tutorials 42 hoursPrivate studies: 48 hoursExaminations/Credits:- M 4 CPResponsible lecturer: Prof. Tomas with Dr. Hintz as co-worker
  12. 12. Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik Modulhandbuch Chemical and Energy Engineering WahlpflichtfächerCourse:Master Course Chemical and Energy EngineeringModule: Parameter estimation in engineeringObjectives:In many situations, engineers need to estimate model parameters from experimental data.However, due to measurement error, the parameters cannot be obtained exactly, but only interms of confidence intervals. The aim of the lecture is to provide engineers with mathematicallycorrect methods for such parameter estimation.The necessary tools – like matrix analysis, random variables, probabilities and statistics – aresupplied in the lecture. Several aspects of linear regression and non-linear parameter estimationare treated: hypothesis testing for parameter values; residual analysis for model testing; knownand unknown measurement noise; constant and variable measurement error; sensitivity analysisand identifiability of parameters; Monte Carlo simulations of experiments to determine errors onestimates.The theoretical tools are demonstrated in examples and exercises from heat and mass transferas well as chemical engineering. Several computer lab sessions help students to use MATLABfor solving problems of parameter estimation.Contents:  Introduction to random variables and probabilities  Estimators, confidence intervals and hypothesis testing  Matrix operations: determinant, inverse, diagonalisation, quadratic form  Linear parameter estimation: ordinary, weighted and total least squares  Linear parameter estimation: residual correlation, choice of model, maximum a posteriori estimation, sequential estimation  Non-linear parameter estimation: Gauss-Newton iteration, identifiability, Monte Carlo simulations, propagation of errors  Parameter estimation for non-analytical problemsTeaching:Lecture, tutorial (exercises are presented by students), computer lab.Prerequisites:Basic knowledge of matrix analysis and probabilities and some experience in MATLAB would beof advantage, but are not absolutely required.Workload: 3 SWSLectures and tutorials: 42 hoursPrivate studies: 48 hoursExamination/Credits:one exercise must be presented to the class / oral / 4 CPResponsible lecturer: Jun.-Prof. Metzger
  13. 13. Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik Modulhandbuch Chemical and Energy Engineering WahlpflichtfächerCourse:Master Course Chemical and Energy EngineeringModule: Population Dynamics of Chemical and Biological SystemsObjectives:The students acquire the theoretical principles of population dynamics modelling and itsapplication to a variation of process systems. Basic physical, chemical and biologicalphenomena are introduced and their fundamental relation to important population phenomenalike nucleation, growth, agglomeration and breakage are highlighted and analysed. Theintroduction to global process modelling including material balancing and population dynamicswill enable the students to understand , to model and to control technical processes for theproduction of disperse products.Contents:  Introduction to populations: Fundamental principles and characterisation  Properties of distributions: Representation, functions, moments  Fundamentals of population balance equations and numerical solution methods  Crystallisation: Kinetics of nucleation, dissolutions and growth, model reductions  Emulsions: Coalescence and breakage kernels, droplet size distribution dynamics  Biological systems: Modelling virus replication in cells with discrete event methods  Measurement principles for population properties: photon correlation spectroscopy, laser back reflection, electron microscopy, dynamic light scattering, fluorescence counters, flow cytometryTeaching:2SW Lecture and 1SWS Seminar for practical applicationsPrerequisites:Principals of process engineering and numerical methodsWork load: 3 SWSLectures and tutorials: 42 hPrivate studies: 48 hExaminations /Credits:- M 4 CPResponsible lecturer: Dr. Voigt / Prof. SundmacherLiterature:  Ramkrishna, D., Population Balances: Theory and Application to Particulate Systems in Engineering, Acad. Press, New York, 2000.  Mersmann, A., Ed., Crystallization Technology Handbook, 1. Edition, Marcel Dekker, New York, 1995.  Takeo, M. Disperse Systems, Wiley-VCH, 1999.  Alberts B, Bray D, Lewis J. 2002. Molecular biology of the cell. 4th ed. Garland Publishing, Inc.
  14. 14. Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik Modulhandbuch Chemical and Energy Engineering WahlpflichtfächerCourse:Master Course Chemical and Energy EngineeringModule: Process Engineering of Metals and CeramicsObjectives:Training of application of simultaneous heat transfer, mass transfer, reaction and combustion inindustrial processes.Contents:  Manufacturing process of steel, basic reactions, handling of raw material  Thermal and chemical treatment of raw materials in shaft kilns and cupola furnaces (reaction kinetics, heat and mass transfer, fluid dynamics)  Modeling of lime calcination as example  Thermal and chemical treatment of materials in rotary kilns  Manufacturing process of ceramics, shaping, drying, sintering  Thermal and chemical treatment of shaped material in roller kilns and tunnel kilns  Casting and shaping processes of metals (steel, copper, aluminium)Teaching: Lectures with experiments and excursionsPrerequisites: Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass TransferWork load: 3 SWSLectures and tutorials: 42 hPrivate studiens: 48 hExaminations/Credits:- M 4 CPResponsible lecturer: Prof. Specht
  15. 15. Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik Modulhandbuch Chemical and Energy Engineering WahlpflichtfächerCourse:Master Course Chemical and Energy EngineeringModule: Product quality in the chemical industryObjectives:Understanding the● Requirement profiles for products of the chemical and process industry● Relation between structure and functionality of complex products● Opportunities and methods for product designContents: ● Fundamentals of product design and product quality in the chemical industry (differences tomechanical branches of industry, customer orientation, multi-dimensionality and complexity asopportunities for product design) ● Formulation and properties of granular materials (dustiness, fluidizability, storage, color andtaste, pourability, adhesion and cohesion, bulk density, redispersibility, instantization etc.) ● Detergents (design by composition and structure, molecular fundamentals and forces,tensides and their properties, competitive aspects of quality, alternative design possibilities,production procedures) ● Solid catalysts (quality of active centres, function and design of catalyst carriers, catalystefficiency, formulation, competitive aspects and solutions in the design of reactors, esp. of fixedbed reactors, remarks on adsorption processes) ● Drugs (quality of active substances and formulations, release kinetics and retardcharacteristics, coatings, microencapsulation, implants, further possibilities of formulation) ● Clean surfaces (the "Lotus Effect", its molecular background and its use, different ways oftechnical innovation)● Short introduction to quality management after ISO in the chemical industry (block lecture andworkshop by Mrs. Dr. Fruehauf, Dow Deutschland GmbH)Teaching: Lectures / Exercises / Lab exercises / WorkshopPrerequisitesWork load: 3 SWSLectures and tutorials: 42 hPrivate studies: 48 hExaminations /Credits:- M 4 CPResponsible lecturer: Prof. Tsotsas
  16. 16. Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik Modulhandbuch Chemical and Energy Engineering WahlpflichtfächerCourse:Master Course Chemical and Energy EngineeringModule: Simulation of Particle Dynamics by Discrete Element Method (DEM)Objectives: • Recognition and analysis of problems with respect to particle dynamics (technological diagnostics), • Understanding the fundamentals of particle dynamics and simulations, using this new knowledge for modelling methods as well as model synthesis and to simulate technological and processing problems (technological therapy and software design), • Development of problem solutions especially for mechanical processes by effective simulation algorithms (advanced process design) including improved functional design of machinery and apparatuses.Contents • Introduction, Discrete Element Method, basic ideas, Itasca-software, different program versions and modules, software and programming levels, basic commands, • Particle interactions and contact mechanics, 6 mechanical degrees of freedom, decomposition of contact forces in normal and tangential components, rolling and torsional moments, contact normal force as free oscillating undamped mass-spring system, elastic spherical contact by Hertz theory, • Discrete Element Method, forward calculations in incremental time steps, balances of forces and moments, equations of movement of every primary particle, contact interactions and solid bridge bondings, general particle and particle-wall interactions, • Calculation examples (translation between two particles in contact as „two-ball“ toy system), starting values, starting geometries, force calculations at begin, calculation of particle velocities by first numerical integration of force balance, calculation of particle positions by second numerical integration of force balance, selection of time steps, incremental scaling of density, mechanical damping: loss (dissipation) of kinetic energy, viscose damping, • Exercises of simple calculations examples of powder storage and handling.Teaching: lecture and exercisesPrerequisites: Mechanical Process Engineering, MathematicsWork load 2 SWSLectures and tutorials 28 hPrivate studies: 32 hExaminations/Credits:- M 3 CPResponsible lecturer: Prof. Tomas
  17. 17. Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik Modulhandbuch Chemical and Energy Engineering WahlpflichtfächerCourse:Master Course Chemical and Energy EngineeringModule: Storage and flow of particulate solidsObjectives: • Problems, technical, economic and ecological conditions of storage and solid bulk handling are to be understood and analysed (Process diagnostics), • Fundamentals and processes of storage and solid bulk handling are to be understood and applied, processes and apparatus are to be design (Process design), • Problem solution by efficient combination of mechanical processes are to be designed and developed (processing system design) • Unity of material properties, micro and macro processes, processing system and product design are to be understood and usedContents: • Task and problems of silo or bunker plant, • Introduction into mechanics of particulate solids, fundamentals of particle mechanics, adhesion forces, flow characteristics of particulate solids, equations of axial- symmetric and plane stress fields, flow criteria, powder test equipment and techniques, flow parameters of cohesive particulate solids, • Silo and bunker design for reliable flow, hopper design for core and mass flow, minimal hopper outlet width and angle, discharge mass flow rate, • Silo and bunker pressure calculation, shaft pressure, hopper pressure distributions, wall thickness of concrete and metal sheet • Design and selection of discharge aids, • Design of discharge devices and selection of valves, • Introduction into dosing, • Introduction into design and selection of periphere equipmentTeaching: lecture, tutorialsPrerequisites: Mechanical process engineering, MechanicsWork load: 3 SWSLectures and tutorials: 42 hPrivate studies: 48 hExaminations/Credits:- M 4 CPResponsible lecturer: Prof. Tomas
  18. 18. Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik Modulhandbuch Chemical and Energy Engineering WahlpflichtfächerCourse:Master Course Chemical and Energy EngineeringModule: Transport phenomena in granular, particulate and porous mediaObjectives:Dispersed solids find broad industrial application as raw materials (e.g. coal), products (e.g.plastic granulates) or auxiliaries (e.g. catalyst pellets). Solids are in this way involved innumerous important processes, e.g. regenerative heat transfer, adsorption, chromatography,drying, heterogeneous catalysis.To the most frequent forms of the dispersed solids belong fixed, agitated and fluidized beds. Inthe lecture the transport phenomena, i.e. momentum, heat and mass transfer, in such systemsare discussed. It is shown, how physical fundamentals in combination with mathematical modelsand with intelligent laboratory experiments can be used for the design of processes andproducts, and for the dimensioning of the appropriate apparatuses. ● Master transport phenomena in granular, particulate and porous media ● Learn to design respective processes and products ● Learn to combine mathematical modelling with lab experiments-Contents: ● Transport phenomena between single particles and a fluid ● Fixed beds: Porosity, distribution of velocity, fluid-solid transport phenomena Influence of flow maldistribution and axial dispersion on heat and mass transfer Fluidized beds: Structure, expansion, fluid-solid transport phenomena ● Mechanisms of heat transfer through gas-filled gaps ● Thermal conductivity of fixed beds without flow Axial and lateral heat and mass transfer in fixed beds with fluid flow ● Heat transfer from heating surfaces to static or agitated bulk materials ● Contact drying in vacuum and in presence of inert gas ● Heat transfer between fluidized beds and immersed heating elementsTeaching: Lectures / ExercisesPrerequisites:Work load: 3 SWSLectures and tutorials: 42 hPrivate studies: 48 hExaminations/Credits:- M 4 CPResponsible lecturer: Prof. Tsotsas
  19. 19. Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik Modulhandbuch Chemical and Energy Engineering WahlpflichtfächerCourse:Master Course Chemical and Energy EngineeringModule: Technical CrystallizationObjectivesCrystallization is a separation method which belongs to the thermal separation processes. Goalof crystallization is the production of a pure solid crystalline phase which is usually further utilizedas intermediate or end product. Typical tasks for crystallization are separation of mixtures,purification of solutions, recovery of solvents etc. Single crystal as well as mass crystallizationmethods are nowadays well established.In order to gain deeper insights into this old but up to now not completely understood process,knowledge from several disciplines (thermodynamics, chemistry, physics, reaction engineering,thermal and mechanical engineering, fluid dynamics, crystallography, mathematics) isindispensable. Therefore, crystallization is a prime example for an interdisciplinary research field.Based on the fundamentals for crystallization selected innovative examples from research andindustry will be presented and discussed during this course.Contents1. Introduction  Short introduction of aspects presented within this lecture  System characteristics (solubility, driving force, metastable zone width MZW)  Types of crystallization processes (solution crystallization, evaporative crystallization, melt crystallization)  Precipitation2. Physical-Chemical Foundations  Thermodynamical aspects (solubilities, phase equilibria, influence of temperature, pH value, impurities etc.)  Kinetic aspects (metastable zone width MZW; crystal growth, crystal dissolution; primary & secondary nucleation; agglomeration; attrition; ripening processes)3. Selected Measuring Techniques  Characterization of the liquid phase (density, viscometry, refractometry, ultra sonic, polarimetry etc.)  Charakterization of the solid phase (microscopy, fibre sensors, laser diffractometry, FBRM etc.)4. Crystallographic Fundamentals  Crystal habitus, morphology (Miller index, crystal systems), polymorphism5. Particle Size Distribution  Crystal size distribution (types of distribution, moments of distributions)  Particle characterization (sedimentation, microscopy, optical methods, laser diffraction, focused beam reflectance measurement FBRM)6. Mathematical Description of Crystallization Processes
  20. 20. Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik Modulhandbuch Chemical and Energy Engineering Wahlpflichtfächer  Modeling & simulation of crystallization processes (batch- & continuous crystallization)  Optimization of crystallization processes7. Examples from Industry & Research  Industrial crystallization (application fields, types of crystallizers etc.)  Crystallization as separation method for the manufacture of pure enantiomersTeaching: Lectures and tutorialsPrerequisites: Thermodynamics, reaction engineering, chemistry, mathematical backgroundWork load: 3 SWSLectures and tutorials: 42 hPrivate studies: 48 hExaminations/Credits:- M 4 CPResponsible lecturer: Dr. ElsnerLiterature:- Atkins, P.W. (2004): Physikalische Chemie, 3. Auflage, Wiley-VCH Weinheim- Gmehling, J.; Brehm, A. (1996): Grundoperationen. Lehrbuch der Technischen Chemie, Band 2, Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart, New York- Mullin, J.W. (1997): Crystallization, 3rd edition, Butterworth-Heinemann Oxford- Mersmann, A. (2001): Crystallization technology handbook, 2nd edition, Marcel Dekker Inc. New York- Vauck, W.R.A., Müller, H.A. (1994): Grundoperationen chemischer Verfahrenstechnik, 10. Aufl., Dt. Verlag für Grundstoffindustrie Leipzig- Hofmann, G. (2004): Kristallisation in der industriellen Praxis, Wiley-VCH Weinheim
  21. 21. Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik Modulhandbuch Chemical and Energy Engineering WahlpflichtfächerCourse:Master Course Chemical and Energy EngineeringModule:Biofuels – Sustainable Production and UtilisationObjectives: The lecture will give an overview of the conversion of biomass to various fuels. Thebiomass resources, the production processes as well as their energetic, economical andecological aspects will be declared. The principles of the sustainability and life cycle assessment(well-to-wheel) for the production and utilization of biofuels will be presented.Contents1. Renewable biomass sources in comparison to fossil sources2. Biomass feedstock and intermediates3. Biofuels (Ethanol, FAME, FT-Fuels, biogas, methanol, hydrogen)  Properties, utilization, comparison to fossil fuels4. Production Processes  Ethanol production routes (conventional – lignocellulosic)  Biodiesel: Transesterification and hydrogenation  Thermochemical conversion: Biomass Gasification and Pyrolysis  Fischer-Tropsch process for biomass-to-Liquid (BTL) conversion  Algae utilisation for biofuel production (hydrogen and liquid fuel)  Production costs and relation to GHG Emissions5. Sustainability of biofuel production and utilisation  Principles of LCA and case studies for biofuel productionTeachingLecturesPrivate studies: literature research with the university library on-line database system and apreparation of a literature survey for actual subject in the field.PrerequisitesBasic courses of chemistry and chemical engineering (Bachelor level)Workload:Lectures: 2 SWSPrivate studies: 1 SWS (literature survey)Examination/Credits:- oral examination / 4 CPResponsible lecturer: Dr. Techn. L. Rihko-Struckmann, MPI MagdeburgTel: 0391-6110 318 , email: rihko@mpi-magdeburg.mpg.de
  22. 22. Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik Modulhandbuch Chemical and Energy Engineering WahlpflichtfächerCourse:Master Course Chemical and Energy EngineeringModule: Challenge Climate ChangeObjectives:The students should be able to understand the problems and scenarios for global warming andcontrol of CO2 emissionsContents:  Mechanism of global warming: sun radiation, air circulation in atmosphere, rain, flow of oceans, climate  Modelling of heat transfer, radiation between earth and clouds, influence of radiative gases, calculation of earth temperature in dependence on CO2-concentration, adsorption of CO2 in oceans  Developing of world energy consumption, scenarios of global warming  Energy consumption in private households, traffic, industry, trade  Concepts of lowering CO2-emissions, possibility to improve efficiency, concepts of CO2 capture and storage  Ecological balances, energy for supply and production of fuels and energy, problems of allocation, impact of emissions, examples for waste water pipes, comparison of energy consumption for the production of different materialsTeaching: Lectures with SeminarsPrerequisites: Heat and Mass Transfer, ThermodynamicsWork load: 2 SWSLectures and tutorials: 28 hPrivate studies:Examinations/Credits:- M 3 CPResponsible lecturer: Prof. Specht
  23. 23. Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik Modulhandbuch Chemical and Energy Engineering WahlpflichtfächerCourse: Master CourseChemical and Energy EngineeringModule: Computational Fluid DynamicsObjectivesStudents participating in this course will get both a solid theoretical knowledge of ComputationalFluid Dynamics (CFD) as well as a practical experience of problem-solving on the computer.Best-practice guidelines for CFD are discussed extensively. CFD-code properties and structureare described and the students first realize the own, simple CFD-code, before consideringdifferent existing industrial codes with advantages and drawbacks. At the end of the module, thestudents are able to use CFD in an autonomous manner for solving a realistic test-case,including a critical check of the obtained solution.Contents 1. Introduction and organization. Historical development of CFD. Importance of CFD. Main methods (finite-differences, -volumes, -elements) for discretization. 2. Vector- and parallel computing. Introduction to Linux, main instructions, account structuration, FTP transfer. 3. How to use supercomputers, optimal computing loop, validation procedure, Best Practice Guidelines. Detailed introduction to Matlab, presentation and practical use of all main instructions. 4. Linear systems of equations. Iterative solution methods. Examples and applications. Tridiagonal systems. ADI methods. Realization of a Matlab-Script for the solution of a simple flow in a cavity (Poisson equation), with Dirichlet-Neumann boundary conditions. 5. Practical solution of unsteady problems. Explicit and implicit methods. Stability considerations. CFL and Fourier criteria. Choice of convergence criteria and tests. Grid independency. Impact on the solution. 6. Introduction to finite elements on the basis of Femlab. Introduction to Femlab and practical use based on a simple example. 7. Carrying out CFD: CAD, grid generation and solution. Importance of gridding. Best Practice (ERCOFTAC). Introduction to Gambit, production of CAD-data and grids. Grid quality. Production of simple and complex (3D burner) grids. 8. Physical models available in Fluent. Importance of these models for obtaining a good solution. Introduction to Fluent. Practical solution using Fluent. Influence of grid and convergence criteria. First- and second-order discretization. Grid-dependency. 9. Properties and computation of turbulent flows. Turbulence modeling, k- models, Reynolds-Stress-models. Research methods (LES, DNS). Use of Fluent to compute a turbulent flow behind a backward-facing step, using best practice instructions. Comparison with experiments. Limits of CFD. 10. Non-newtonian flows, importance and computation. Use of Fluent to compute a problem involving a non-newtonian flow (medical application), using best practice guidelines. Analysis of results. Limits of CFD. 11. Multi-phase flows, importance and computation. Lagrangian and Eulerian approaches. Modeling multi-phase flows. Use of Fluent to compute expansion of solid particles in an industrial furnace, using best practice guidelines. Comparison with experiments. Limits of CFD.12.-14. Summary of the lectures. Short theoretical questionnaire. Dispatching subjects for thefinal CFD-project, begin of work under supervision. Students work on their project during the lastweeks, using also free time. In the second half of the last lecture, oral presentations by thestudents of the results they have obtained for their project, with intensive questions concerningmethods and results.Teaching
  24. 24. Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik Modulhandbuch Chemical and Energy Engineering WahlpflichtfächerLecture and hands-on on the computerPrerequisitesFluid DynamicsWorkload: 3 SWSLectures and tutorials: 42 hPrivate studies: 78 hExamination/Credits:Written and oral 4 CPResponsible lecturer: Dr. G. Janiga with Prof. D. Thévenin as co-worker
  25. 25. Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik Modulhandbuch Chemical and Energy Engineering WahlpflichtfächerCourse:Master Course Chemical and Energy EngineeringModule:Fuel Cell TechnologyObjectives:The lecture gives an introduction to the basic principle, technical issues and future developmentsof fuel cells. The theoretical part covers aspects on electrochemical thermodynamics,electrochemical reaction kinetics, mass transport and modeling of fuel cells. The technical partcovers the different types of fuel cells and their current applications, fuel processing andexperimental methods.Contents:- Introduction to fuel cells, types of fuel cells and historical aspects- Electrochemistry basics; double layer phenomena, electrochemical equilibrium, reaction kinetics, efficiencies- Mass and energy transport in porous structures- Modeling of fuel cells- Experimental methods; equipment and methods, laboratory- Fuel processing; fuels, handling and production of hydrogen- Fuel cell systemsTeaching:Lecture and TutorialPrerequisites:Basic knowledge on thermodynamics, reaction engineering and mass transport is advantageous.Workload:- Lectures and tutorials: Full-time block seminar (5 days, Monday-Friday)- Private studies: 1h per lecture dayExamination/Credits:Oral exam/4 CPResponsible lecturer: Dr. R. Hanke-Rauschenbach with Prof. K. Sundmacher as co-worker
  26. 26. Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik Modulhandbuch Chemical and Energy EngineeringCourse: WahlpflichtfächerMaster Course Chemical and Energy EngineeringModule:Functional materials for energy storageObjectives:The course starts with a short analysis of the imperative of energy storage in general followed bya classification of storage methods related to the different kinds of energy (thermal, electrical,chemical). The main storage technologies are described and the materials requirements areanalyzed.Special focus lies on modern trends in research and application.Content: 1. Thermal energy Temperature ranges of energy storage and temperature lift between heat source and demand, sensible, latent, adsorption and absorption heat; basics, differences between short term, long term and seasonal storage, materials: solid systems, liquid systems selected applications 2. Electrical energy Accumulators and batteries: overview, kinds and application fields gravimetric and volumetric storage density standard potential, dependence on system temperature and concentration of the reactants Nernst equation of particular Systems loading-/deloading kinetics; thermal stress; dimensioning working systems super caps: working principle 3. Chemical energy hydrogen, production by electrolysis, storage Adam / Eva-process 4. Compressed air storage locations, potential, work principles 5. Fly wheels fast and slow, potential, work principles 6. Others e.g. pump storage plantTeaching:LectureTutorialPrerequisites:NoneWorkload:Lecture and tutorials: 3 SWS, (2 lecture, 1 tutorial)Regular Study: 42 hPrivate Study: 78 hExamination/Credits:Written 90 min, 4 CPResponsible lecturer: Prof. Dr. F. Scheffler
  27. 27. Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik Modulhandbuch Chemical and Energy Engineering WahlpflichtfächerCourse: Master CourseChemical and Energy EngineeringModule: Modelling and analysis of energy processesObjectivesStudents learn to use modelling and simulation as tools to get more insight into energysystems. In a first step, the physicochemical fundamentals of various renewable andconventional power plants are discussed; subsequently the single process steps arediscussed in detail. Lectures are accompanied by modelling and simulation exercises tothe various topics. In this way, students learn to combine the knowledge on simulationand the various processes to model and simulate new processes on their own.Contents  Energy processes  Mass and energy balances in energy processes  Reaction engineering of energy processes  Heat and mass transfer  Compression/expansion  Analysis of energy systemsTeachingLecture, 2 SWSExercises, 1 SWSPrerequisitesFundamentals in programming, thermodynamics, physics and chemistryWorkload:Lectures and tutorials: 42 hPrivate studies: 48 hExamination/Credits:-Written or project work / 4 CPResponsible lecturer: Jun.-Prof. Ulrike Krewer
  28. 28. Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik Modulhandbuch Chemical and Energy Engineering WahlpflichtfächerCourse:Master Course Chemical and Energy EngineeringModule: Modelling and simulation of energy generation systemsObjectives:Acquisition of the ability to develop and apply methods of simulation for technical systems inenergy generation, interconnected power-grids, and environmental loadsContent: Resources, interconnected power grid and environmental protection Oil field capacities according to Hubbert Short description of technical equipment for converting primary energy into electricity: o Steam cycle o Gas turbine cycle, o Gas and steam turbine cycle o Water energy o Nuclear energy o Solar energy o Solar thermal power plants o Photovoltaic energy conversion o Wind energy o Biomass o Fuel cells Stochastic modelling of an interconnected grid of three wind turbines Thermoshock in a feedwater line Water hammer Modelling of a coal-fired plant Modelling of a gas and steam turbine plant Modelling of solar heating and warm water supply Availability of a coal-fired plant Cost optimal composition of an interconnected power-grid using dynamic programming Risik comparison and determination of minimal risk for an interconnected power-grid (Lagrange multiplyer) Energy comsumption of a car Modelling of a self-sustained electricity supply based on renewable energiesNumerous models with analytical solutions or numerical solutions using FORTRAN programsare presentedTeaching approach: Lecture with an overwhelming part of problem presentationPre-requisites: Ordinary and partial differential eqiuations, stochastics, thermo and fluiddynamicsWork load: 2 SWSPräsenzzeit: 28Selbststudium:14Examinations/Credits:oral 3 CPResponsible lecturer: Prof. Hauptmanns
  29. 29. Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik Modulhandbuch Chemical and Energy Engineering WahlpflichtfächerCourse:Master Course Chemical and Energy EngineeringModule: Portable und autarke EnergiesystemeObjectivesStudents get an insight into the technology for portable and autonomous energy systems,starting from basic fundamentals and ending at technical systems and their operation. Besideswidely established technologies such as batteries, the lecture covers also fuel cells, supercapsand energy harvesting.Contents  Introduction and definitions  Electrochemistry  Batteries  Supercaps  Fuel cells  Energy harvestingTeachingLecture, 2 SWSPrerequisitesFundamentals in physics and chemistryWorkload:Lectures and tutorials: 28 h:Private studies: 56 hExamination/Credits:-Oral 3 CPResponsible lecturer: Jun.-Prof. Ulrike Krewer
  30. 30. Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik Modulhandbuch Chemical and Energy Engineering WahlpflichtfächerClean up of Contaminated sitesCourse: Master Course Chemical and Energy EngineeringModule: Environmental air cleaningObjectives  Recognize and learn to analyze the framework of environmental engineering as well as the sources and consequences of air pollution  Understand the principles of mechanical, thermal, chemical and biological processes of exhaust gas treatment, learn to design such processes and the respective equipment  Learn to develop solutions for the prevention of air pollution by efficient combination of mechanical, thermal, chemical and biological processesContents 1. Terms of environmental engineering, legal and economic frame 2. Types, sources, amount and impact of pollutants in exhaust gases 3. Typical separation processes and process combinations for the removal of pollutants from gases 4. Principles of dust removal, assessment of process efficiency and gas purity, process and equipment examples: inertial separators, wet separators, particle and dust filters, electrical separators 5. Removal of gaseous pollutants by condensation, absorption, reactive absorption 6. Removal of gaseous pollutants by adsorption, membranes, biological processes 7. Thermal and catalytic post-combustionTeachingLectureTutorialPrerequisitesWorkload:Lectures and tutorials: 42 hoursPrivate studies: 48 hoursExamination/Credits:-Written / 4 CPResponsible lecturer: Prof. Dr.-Ing. E. Tsotsas with Dr. rer. nat. W. Hintz as co-worker
  31. 31. Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik Modulhandbuch Chemical and Energy Engineering WahlpflichtfächerCourse:Master Course Chemical and Energy EngineeringModule: Environmental BiotechnologyObjectives:The students achieve a deeper understanding in microbiological fundamentals. They areable to characterize the industrial processes of the biological waste gas and biogenicwaste treatment and the corresponding reactors and plants. They know thefundamentals of the reactor and plant design. They realise the potential ofbiotechnological processes for more sustainable industrial processes.Contents:  Biological Fundamentals (structure and function of cells, energy metabolism, turnover/degradation of environmental pollutants)  Biological Waste Gas Treatment (Biofilters, Bioscrubbers, Trickle Bed Reactors)  Biological Treatment of Wastes (Composting, Anaerobic Digestion)  Bioremediation of Soil and Groundwater  Prospects of Biotechnological Processes – Benefits for the Environment:Teaching: Lectures/Presentation, script, company visitPrerequisites:Work load: 2 SWSLectures and tutorials: 28 hPrivate studies: 32 hExaminations/Credits:- Oral 3 CPResponsible lecturer: Dr. Haida /Dr. Grammel
  32. 32. Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik Modulhandbuch Chemical and Energy Engineering WahlpflichtfächerCourse:Master Course Chemical and Energy EngineeringModule: Recycling and Mechanical Waste TreatmentObjectives (competences): • Data acquisition and analysis of sources of solid waste materials, like municipal solid waste (MSW), building rubble, metal and electronic scraps, plastics waste, including analysis of economic and technological problems of environmental engineering and recycling technologies under abidance of legal frameworks • Understanding and proper treatment of statistically distributed material properties of solid waste materials and minerals (analysis) to improve recycling product quality (recycling product design) • Learning of thorough problem analysis (diagnose) of waste material and mineral processing and conversions to develop appropriate problem solutions (process design) • Development and consolidation of creative skills in design and evaluation of complex recycling processes (process and plant design)Content: • Fundamentals of mineral processing and recycling technology, principles of environmental policy and legal frameworks, complex material circuits and sustainable technologies • Physical basics in characterisation of solid waste materials, waste accumulation and material properties, sampling, fundamentals of particle interactions and transport, • Liberation of valuables by comminution, stressing conditions, comminution machines for waste with ductile material behaviour, shear crusher and shredders, • Classification of waste, fundamentals, processes and classifiers, • Sorting of waste, fundamentals, microprocesses, processes and separation machines (density, magnetic, electrostatic separators, flotation, automatic sorting), • Design of recycling processes and plants, post-consumer waste, building rubble, metal and electronic scraps, plastics and industrial waste for reuseTeaching:Lectures, tutorials with oral presentations and practical tutorials (aerosorting, flotation)Prerequisites: Mechanical Process EngineeringWorkload:Lectures and tutorials: 42 h, private studies: 48 hExamination/Credits:- oral examination- 4 CPResponsible lecturer: Prof. Dr.-Ing. habil. Jürgen Tomas
  33. 33. Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik Modulhandbuch Chemical and Energy Engineering WahlpflichtfächerControl of Industrial Toxic Metal EmissionsCourse:Master Course Chemical and Energy EngineeringModule: Thermal Waste Treatment/Air Pollution ControlObjectives:The students should be able to use residues as fuel in industrial processes, to incinerate wasteand to apply the techniques to minimize the air pollution.Contents:  Characterization and composition of residues and waste  Classifying and separation of residues and waste  Thermal decomposition of organic materials, problems and specialities in combustion of residues, halogens, condensates, corrosion  Firings (swirl combustion chambers, stoker firings, rotary kilns, blast furnaces, tunnel kilns), examples for usage in cement and in brick production  CO2 Emissions, potentials, concepts, capture and storage  Mechanism of NO emissions (thermal, prompt, fuel NO), methods of reduction (lowering of temperature, flue gas recirculation, staged combustion)  Desulfurization (hot, cold, wet methods), soot, hydrocarbonsTeaching: Lectures with examples and excursionsPrerequisites: Combustion Engineering, VerbrennungstechnikWork load: 2 SWSLectures and tutorials: 28 hPrivate studies: 56 hExaminations/Credits:- Oral 3 CPResponsible lecturer: Prof. Specht
  34. 34. Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik Modulhandbuch Chemical and Energy Engineering WahlpflichtfächerCourse:Master Course Chemical and Energy EngineeringModule: Waste water treatmentObjectives:The students are able to characterize the state of the art in waste water treatment (focused onmunicipal waste water) and sewage sludge treatment, utilization or disposal corresponding to theEuropean and German ecolaws. They have basic knowledge of the design of the technicalequipment.Contents:  Wastewater: Composition, Characterization  Mechanical Treatment (screens, grit chambers, sedimentation tanks)  Biological Treatment Activated sludge, biofilms, aerobic/anaerobic conversion of organics, nitrification/denitrification, phosphorus removal Activated Sludge Plants, Biofilm Systems  Wastewater Lagoons, Constructed Wetlands  Chemical and Physical processes, Membranes  Reactors for anaerobic treatment  Sludge Treatment: Typical process sequences for utilization or disposalTeaching: Lecture, Calculation examples, Company visitPrerequisites:Process engineering fundamentalsWork load: 2 SWSLectures and tutorials: 28 hoursPrivate studies: 56 hoursExaminations/Credits:- Oral 3 CPResponsible lecturer: Dr. Haida
  35. 35. Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik Modulhandbuch Chemical and Energy Engineering WahlpflichtfächerPollution Prevention – Principles and TechnologiesCourse:Master Course Chemical and Energy EngineeringModule: Engineering Risks-Consequences of accidents in industriesObjectives: Ability to quantitatively assess the consequences of accidents in process plants.Content:  Concept of risk  leak formation and frequency determination  discharge from tanks and pipes of liquids, gases and two-phase  airborne and heavier-than-air atmospheric dispersion  jets  tank rupture  fires, sources of ignition  self heating  explosions  BLEVE  toxic releases  effects of heat, pressure and toxicity on man  damage from missiles  modelling of evacuation  risk assessment for a pipeline:Teaching: Class lectures and tutorial exercisesPre-requisites: thermo and fluid dynamicsWork load: 3 SWSLectures and tutorials: 42 hoursPrivate studies: 48 hoursExamination/Credits:Written 4 CPResponsible lecturer: Prof. Hauptmanns
  36. 36. Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik Modulhandbuch Chemical and Energy Engineering WahlpflichtfächerCourse:Master Course Chemical and Energy EngineeringModule: Modelling and simulation in industrial safety I + IIObjectives: Participants acquire the ability to formulate models in plant safety and to develop the corresponding analytical or numerical models to solve them. In addition, they learn to use some of the commercial programs in the field.Contents:  Introduction to FORTRAN and VBA  Discharge of hazardous materials  Fault tree analysis using Monte Carlo  Commercial programs for analyzing accident consequences  Uncertainties in engineering calculations  Entrainment of a tree trunk by a river  Determination of the time required for dumping the contents of a reactor  Self-heating  Dynamic simulation of a reactor for producing trichlorophenol (including cooling failure)  Catalytic conversion of heptanes to toluene  Incipient fault detection using neural networks.  Stability of non-linear systems  Determination of boundary conditions for emergency trips  Non-stationary and stationary calculation of a heat exchanger:Teaching: Lecture and integrated tutorialPre-requisites: ordinary and partial differential equations, ordinary non-linear differentialequationsWork load: 2 SWS + 1SWSLectures and tutorials: 28 hoursPrivate studies: 14 hoursExamination/Credits: Written 4 CPResponsible lecturers: Prof. Hauptmanns with Dipl.-Inf. Bernhardt and Dr.-Ing. Gabel as co-worker
  37. 37. Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg Fakultät für Verfahrens- und Systemtechnik Modulhandbuch Chemical and Energy Engineering WahlpflichtfächerCourse:Master Course Chemical and Energy EngineeringModule: Safety aspects of chemical reactionsObjectivesChemical reactions might cause hazards if they proceed without control. A runaway reaction mayoccur which ends in a blow-off of a reactor top and an emission of reactants and products,possibly followed by a gas explosion. Important is a thorough risk analysis if exothermallyreacting chemicals are involved. Exothermic reactions can be quantified using different caloricand kinetic properties.To evaluate how safe a chemical reaction can be performed in a certain process or environmentthe following two areas will be discussed: analysis of underlying chemistry analysis of technical implementation and process conditions determination of relevant physical & chemical propertiesContents  General aspects related to chemical reactions  Causes for hazardous situations, examples of incidents – safety analysis  Basics of chemical reaction engineering  Analysis of a continuous stirred tank reactor  Stability and dynamics  Relevant data and experimental methods, eg. Thermogravimetry and DSC  Determination of save operation modeTeaching: Lecture / TutorialsPrerequisites: ChemistryWork load: 1 SWSLectures and tutorials: 42 hPrivate studies: 38 hExaminations/Credits: written 1 CPResponsible lecturers: Prof. Seidel-Morgenstern with Dr. Hamel as co-workerLiterature:-Levenspiel, Chemical Reaction Engineering, John Wiley & Sons, 1972-Steinbach, Safety assessment of chemical process, VCH, Weinheim, 1999-Westerterp, van Swaaij, Beenackers, Chemical reactor design and operations, Wiley, 1984

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