The Human Rights Framework

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Lecture delivered during the IFMSA-AMSA International Joint Conference last June 2011 in the Chinese University of Hong Kong

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  • Greet… Introduce oneself…
  • The Human Rights Framework

    1. 1. The HumanRightsFrameworkAn Introduction Ramon Lorenzo Luis Rosa Guinto Facilitator, IFMSA Small Working Group on Health Inequities Immediate Past President, Asian Medical Students’ Association-Philippines Doctor of Medicine Class of 2012 University of the Philippines Manila
    2. 2. WHAT AREHUMANRIGHTS?
    3. 3. Key Human Rights Instruments• 1945: UN Charter: peace, human rights, development• 1948: Universal Declaration of Human Rights• 1949: Geneva Conventions (International Humanitarian Law)• 1965: Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Racial Discrimination (CERD)• 1966: Covenant on Civil and Political Rights• 1966: Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights• 1979: Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW)• 1984: Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CAT)• 1989: Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC)
    4. 4. Who among you can enjoy human rights?
    5. 5. • Universal All human beings have the same rights everywhere all the time
    6. 6. Who among you cannot enjoy human rights?
    7. 7. • Non-discrimination and special attention to vulnerable groups
    8. 8. When did you start having human rights?
    9. 9. • Inalienable- Every human being is born with human rights.- Human rights cannot be taken away.- Human rights cannot be given up.
    10. 10. Please state two or three human rights
    11. 11. • Indivisible and interconnected All rights are linked and have effects on each other. If one right is denied, this has an impact on other rights. One person’s enjoyment of rights should not come as a result of the suppression of others’ rights.
    12. 12. What is your role with respect tohow you will enjoy your rights?
    13. 13. • Participation Human rights are greatly protected and fully enjoyed only if people participate in the process, assert their rights, and let other people know about their rights as well.
    14. 14. What happens when your rights are violated?
    15. 15. • Accountability The duty bearer is accountable to the rights holder in ensuring that his/her rights are being protected and enjoyed.
    16. 16. ACCOUNTABILITY & PARTICIPATIONA Pc ac Duty bearer ro tu in Universality ct Fulfills Inalienability Claims responsibility rights i Indivisibilitya towards from p Equityb a Non-discriminationi tl ii ot Rights holder ny
    17. 17. “I disapprove of what you say,but I will defend to the death your right to say it.” Voltaire
    18. 18. If people don’t know their ownrights, how will they ever respect anyone else’s? Bring human rights to life. We can help.
    19. 19. ThankYou VeryMuch!

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