The HumanRightsFrameworkAn Introduction Ramon Lorenzo Luis Rosa Guinto Facilitator, IFMSA Small Working Group on Health Inequities Immediate Past President, Asian Medical Students’ Association-Philippines Doctor of Medicine Class of 2012 University of the Philippines Manila
Key Human Rights Instruments• 1945: UN Charter: peace, human rights, development• 1948: Universal Declaration of Human Rights• 1949: Geneva Conventions (International Humanitarian Law)• 1965: Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Racial Discrimination (CERD)• 1966: Covenant on Civil and Political Rights• 1966: Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights• 1979: Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW)• 1984: Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CAT)• 1989: Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC)
• Indivisible and interconnected All rights are linked and have effects on each other. If one right is denied, this has an impact on other rights. One person’s enjoyment of rights should not come as a result of the suppression of others’ rights.
What is your role with respect tohow you will enjoy your rights?
• Participation Human rights are greatly protected and fully enjoyed only if people participate in the process, assert their rights, and let other people know about their rights as well.
• Accountability The duty bearer is accountable to the rights holder in ensuring that his/her rights are being protected and enjoyed.
ACCOUNTABILITY & PARTICIPATIONA Pc ac Duty bearer ro tu in Universality ct Fulfills Inalienability Claims responsibility rights i Indivisibilitya towards from p Equityb a Non-discriminationi tl ii ot Rights holder ny
“I disapprove of what you say,but I will defend to the death your right to say it.” Voltaire
If people don’t know their ownrights, how will they ever respect anyone else’s? Bring human rights to life. We can help.