Russian Revolution1917
Czar Nicholas II       Last Czar of Russia       Exhausted nation’s economy by       involving Russia in WWI          This...
Karl Marx(1818 – 1883)    •He died long before    Revolution began, but his    political ideas of communism    lived on.  ...
Karl Marx Karl Marx - 1848 published the  Communist Manifesto with  Fredrich Engels This document advertised  Marx’s bel...
Communism•Form of governmentthat has a classlesssociety•Everyone is equal; norich and no poor•The Bolsheviks, orrevolution...
Bolsheviks•The Bolsheviks - an organization formed by therevolting people, or revolutionaries, of Russia.•Bolsheviks were ...
Vladimir Lenin    •A revolutionary who led the    Bolsheviks (working class) to    freedom.    •They eventually were able ...
Czar is Overthrown…•With the rise of the Bolsheviks, the Czar was forced to giveup thrown•In 1918, the Czar and his entire...
Lenin’s Death•Lenin died in 1924,leaving the Bolsheviksleaderless.•This caused a powerstruggle between two otherrevolution...
Leon Trotsky     •A revolutionary who was     popular with the people     •Wanted to make life better     for all by indus...
Josef Stalin•Lied to people to gainsupport•People believed his liesand promises, so he beatTrotsky in the powerstruggle•St...
Stalin, cont’d…     •Stalin grew more and more     powerful over the years.     •He began eliminating     anyone who oppos...
NKVD (KGB)•Stalin’s secret police•Killed, tortured, starved,intimidated anyone Stalinordered•Completely loyal to Stalin
Religionused to make people notcomplain about work bysaying those who workwill earn their way toheaventold people of a bet...
Vain, selfish people of Russia                 some people didn’t care                 about revolution                 on...
Dedicated, Tricked Russian Workers people believed Stalin because he said he was Communist many stayed loyal to Stalin eve...
Skeptical people of Russia               weren’t sure revolution               would change anything               realize...
Propaganda-Propaganda: is a form of communicationthat is aimed at influencing the attitude of acommunity toward some cause...
TotalitarianismForm of government with a strong central rule that attempts to control individuals by means of coercion and...
Examples of Totalitarian      governments and their            leaders   Nazi Germany - Adolf Hitler   Soviet Union - Jo...
Stalin’s Rule•Stalin became so greedy, helost the original vision of therevolutionaries•Millions of innocent peoplewere ki...
Animal Farm was an attack on           Stalin
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Russian revolutionnew

  1. 1. Russian Revolution1917
  2. 2. Czar Nicholas II Last Czar of Russia Exhausted nation’s economy by involving Russia in WWI This left the Russian people poor and starving, but the Czar and his family lived comfortably. The people were angry with this, so they decided to REVOLT!
  3. 3. Karl Marx(1818 – 1883) •He died long before Revolution began, but his political ideas of communism lived on. •Considered father of communism •People of Russia who revolted adopted his ideas
  4. 4. Karl Marx Karl Marx - 1848 published the Communist Manifesto with Fredrich Engels This document advertised Marx’s belief that pure communism would be the inevitable outcome of human history “From each according to his abilities, to each according to his need.”
  5. 5. Communism•Form of governmentthat has a classlesssociety•Everyone is equal; norich and no poor•The Bolsheviks, orrevolutionaries, adoptedthis idea.
  6. 6. Bolsheviks•The Bolsheviks - an organization formed by therevolting people, or revolutionaries, of Russia.•Bolsheviks were led by Vladimir Lenin.
  7. 7. Vladimir Lenin •A revolutionary who led the Bolsheviks (working class) to freedom. •They eventually were able to overthrow the Czar.
  8. 8. Czar is Overthrown…•With the rise of the Bolsheviks, the Czar was forced to giveup thrown•In 1918, the Czar and his entire family, wife and 5 children,were assassinated by an execution squad set up by therevolutionaries•The entire family was killed because they feared one of themcould rise to power again.
  9. 9. Lenin’s Death•Lenin died in 1924,leaving the Bolsheviksleaderless.•This caused a powerstruggle between two otherrevolutionaries, LeonTrotsky and Joseph Stalin.
  10. 10. Leon Trotsky •A revolutionary who was popular with the people •Wanted to make life better for all by industrializing Russia •Incredibly intelligent and manipulative
  11. 11. Josef Stalin•Lied to people to gainsupport•People believed his liesand promises, so he beatTrotsky in the powerstruggle•Stalin had Trotsky exiledfrom Russia. He fearedTrotsky would try toregain power, so heeventually had him killed.
  12. 12. Stalin, cont’d… •Stalin grew more and more powerful over the years. •He began eliminating anyone who opposed him. •He set up a secret police to carry out his deadly orders.
  13. 13. NKVD (KGB)•Stalin’s secret police•Killed, tortured, starved,intimidated anyone Stalinordered•Completely loyal to Stalin
  14. 14. Religionused to make people notcomplain about work bysaying those who workwill earn their way toheaventold people of a better lifeif they worked hard
  15. 15. Vain, selfish people of Russia some people didn’t care about revolution only thought of themselves went to other countries that offered more to them
  16. 16. Dedicated, Tricked Russian Workers people believed Stalin because he said he was Communist many stayed loyal to Stalin even after it was evident that he was a monster many were betrayed by Stalin
  17. 17. Skeptical people of Russia weren’t sure revolution would change anything realized that many of the leaders were only power hungry and didn’t care about the people
  18. 18. Propaganda-Propaganda: is a form of communicationthat is aimed at influencing the attitude of acommunity toward some cause or position.-Stalin used this to keep his image in thepublic eye positive-He had a whole bureau dedicated tocoming up with new propaganda on aregular basis creating pictures, statues,continuous praise and applause for him.
  19. 19. TotalitarianismForm of government with a strong central rule that attempts to control individuals by means of coercion and repression.
  20. 20. Examples of Totalitarian governments and their leaders Nazi Germany - Adolf Hitler Soviet Union - Joseph Stalin Italy - (Fascist) Benito Mussolini Spain - Gen. Francisco Franco
  21. 21. Stalin’s Rule•Stalin became so greedy, helost the original vision of therevolutionaries•Millions of innocent peoplewere killed under his rule•Ironically, he made Russiaworse off than it had beenbefore the Czar•Stalin became known asone of the most ruthlessdictators in history,comparable to Hitler
  22. 22. Animal Farm was an attack on Stalin
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