Occupational health ppt

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  • 1. OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH05/15/12 1
  • 2. • Harry McShane, age 16, 1908. Pulled into machinery in a factory in USA. His arm was ripped off at the shoulder and his leg broken. • No compensation paid.05/15/12 2
  • 3. OCCUPATIONAL HEALTHAIM "the promotion and maintenance of the highest degree of physical, mental and social well-being of workers in all occupations"05/15/12 3
  • 4. CONTENT• Health promotion of workers• Prevention of occupational diseases• Roles and responsibilities of occupational health nurse• Administration of occupational health services• International organizations• Women and occupational health• Child labour and prevention• Values at workplace05/15/12 4
  • 5. HEALTH PROMOTION OF WORKERS Recommendations by ILO / WHO committee on occupational health in 195305/15/12 5
  • 6. HEALTH PROMOTION OF WORKERS• Nutrition• Communicable disease control• Environmental sanitation• Mental health• Measures for women and children• Health education• Family planning05/15/12 6
  • 7. HEALTH PROMOTION OF WORKERS NUTRITION• Malnutrition• Canteen /250 workers• Diet and snacks at reasonable rates• Store /dining room• Health education05/15/12 7
  • 8. HEALTH PROMOTION OF WORKERSCOMMNICABLE DISEASE CONTROL• Early diagnosis/Rx• Cases isolated from working environment• Protective measures• Regular Medical checkup & Immunisation• TB,Typhoid,hepatitis,malar ia, venereal diseases05/15/12 8
  • 9. HEALTH PROMOTION OF WORKERS ENVIRONMENTAL SANITATION• Water supply• Food• Toilet• General cleanliness• Space• Lighting• Ventillation/Temperature• Protection from hazards• Housing 05/15/12 9
  • 10. HEALTH PROMOTION OF WORKERS MENTAL HEALTH• Promote health and happiness• Detect signs of emotional stress• Identify the cause• Treatment• Rehabilitation of the ill05/15/12 10
  • 11. HEALTH PROMOTION OF WORKERS MEASURES FOR WOMEN &CHILDREN• Maternity leave for 12 weeks with cash benefit under ESI act• Ante/Intra/Postnatal services• Prohibition of night work• Prohibits of work underground• Crèches• No child below 14 shall be employed 05/15/12 11
  • 12. HEALTH PROMOTION OF WORKERS HEALTH EDUCATION• Important health promotional measure• Provided whenever necessary• Content – Hygiene, participation• At all levels – Management – Supervisors – Workers – Trade union leaders 05/15/12 12
  • 13. HEALTH PROMOTION OF WORKERS FAMILY PLANNING• Encouraged to adopt small family norm• Health education 05/15/12 13
  • 14. PREVENTION OF OCCUPATIONAL DISEASES • MEDICAL MEASURES • ENGINEERING MEASURES • LEGISLATIVE MEASURES 05/15/12 14
  • 15. MEDICAL MEASURES• PRE PLACEMENT EXAMINATION• PERIODICAL EXAMINATION• MEDICAL & HEALTH CARE SERVICE• NOTIFICATION• SUPERVISION OF WORKING ENVIRONMENT• MAINTANANCE & ANALYSIS OF RECORDS• HEALTH EDUCATION & COUNSELLING 05/15/12 15
  • 16. ENGINEERING MEASURES• DESIGN OF BUILDING• GOOD HOUSEKEEPING• GENERAL VENTILATION• MECHANISATION• SUBSTITUTION• DUSTS• ENCLOSURE• ISOLATION• LOCAL EXHAUST VENTILATION• PROTECTIVE DEVICES• RESEARCH• STATISTICAL MONITORING• ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING 05/15/12 16
  • 17. LEGISLATIVE MEASURES• The Factories Act, 1948• The Employees State Insurance Act, 1948• Mine & Mineral Act, (Development & Regulation) Act, 1957• Noise Pollution (Regulation & Control ) Rules, 2000• The Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Act, 1986• The Air (Prevention & Control of Pollution ) Act, 1981• Maternity Benefit Act (1961)• Minimum wages Act 05/15/12 17
  • 18. THE FACTORIES ACT, 1948• Factories act enacted in 1881• The act amended in 1911, 1934, 1948, 1976, 1987• Factory: establishment employing 10 or more workers where power is used, and 20 or more workers where power is not used.• Prescribed working hours, holidays and employment of young men and women.• Prohibits employment of children under 14 years• Adolescents should be duly certified by certifying surgeons regarding fitness to work 05/15/12 18
  • 19. THE FACTORIES ACT, 1948• Chapter III (Section 11-20) deals with health aspects• Chapter IV (Section 21-40) deals with safety aspects• Chapter V deals with welfare aspects• Chapter VI deals with work hours holidays interval• Chapter VII deals with employment of young person05/15/12 19
  • 20. The Employees State Insurance Act, 1948• Provides cash and medical benefits to industrial employees in case of sickness, maternity and employment injury.• Administration by ESI Corporation• The Union minister for labour :chairman Secretary Ministry of labour : vice chairman• 4 principal officers – Insurance commissioner – Medical commissioner – Finance commissioner – Actuary 05/15/12 20
  • 21. The Employees State Insurance Act, 1948Benefits to employees Benefits to employers • Medical benefit • Exemption from the applicability of Workmens Compensation Act • Sickness benefit 1923 • Maternity benefit • Exemption from Maternity • Disablement benefit Benefit Act 1961 • Dependent benefit • Exemption from payment of Medical allowance to employees • Funeral expense and their dependants or • Rehabilitation arranging for their medical care allowance • Rebate under the Income Tax Act on contribution deposited in the ESI Account • Healthy work-force. 05/15/12
  • 22. The Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Act, 1986• Child (under 14 years) labour is prohibited in India under The Child Labour (Prohibition And Regulation) Act, 1986.• It includes work in a shop, commercial establishment, work-shop, farm, residential hotel, restaurant, eating- house, theatre or other place of public amusement or entertainment 05/15/12 22
  • 23. ROLES AND RESPOSIBILITIES OF OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH NURSE• Prevention of occupational injury and disease• Promotion of health and work ability• Improving environmental health management 05/15/12 23
  • 24. ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH NURSE• Clinician• Specialist• Manager• Coordinator• Adviser• Health educator• Counselor• Researcher05/15/12 24
  • 25. ADMINISTRATION OF OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH SERVICES• CENTRAL LEVEL• STATE LEVEL• VOLUNTARY ORGANIZATIONS 05/15/12 25
  • 26. ADMINISTRATION OF OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH SERVICES• CENTRAL LEVEL – The director general for factory inspection and advisory services – The government departments of labour and health and the Board of mines – The atomic energy commission – Central labour institute at Mumbai and regional labour institutes in Kanpur, Kolkata and Chennai. 05/15/12 26
  • 27. ADMINISTRATION OF OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH SERVICES• STATE LEVEL – No occupational health division in state health directorate except Uttar Pradesh – State responsibilities are vested in Chief inspector of factories 05/15/12 27
  • 28. ADMINISTRATION OF OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH SERVICES• VOLUNTARY ORGANIZATIONS – Tata institute of industrial hygiene – Society of Industrial Medicine. – Also certain political association work for the welfare of workers like, 05/15/12 28
  • 29. INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS• The International Labour Organization• Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety (Canada)• Congressional Office of Compliance (US)• European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU)• Government & Educational OHS Resources (Australia)• Health and Safety Executive (UK)• Health for Work Adviceline for small businesses (UK)• Information Center of Occupational Safety and Health (Israel)• Workplace Safety & Health Council, Singapore 05/15/12 29
  • 30. The International Labour Organization• The International Labour Organization is a specialized agency in relationship with the United Nations,• Comprises the International Labour Conference, the Governing Body, and the International Labour Office.• Conference meets annually, is composed of national representatives of government, management, and labour• Principal function is to formulate international labour standards in the form of Conventions and of Recommendations. It may also record its decisions in the form of resolutions which is accepted by05/15/12 30
  • 31. WELFARE ORGANISATION OF EMPLOYEES• Indian National Trade Union Congress (INTUC)• Centre of Indian trade unions (CITU)05/15/12 31
  • 32. WOMEN AND OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH• Womens jobs have specific characteristics• Equipment and schedules designed in relation to the average male body• Low wages• Sexual harassment at work place• Discrimination against women• Excluded from many health-promoting benefits• Increased responsibility on household works• The laws of labour are male oriented05/15/12 32
  • 33. Global Commission Report• Issues should be examined within the context of gender specific analyses• identify the specific occupational health risks of particular industries,• Womens work in the informal sector, in agriculture and in the home has to be conceptualized and measured• specific occupational health risks of women are to be addressed.• studies to identify and assess occupational health risks should be extended.• Legislation addressing womens occupational health needs should be reassessed• International agreement about the classification of reproductive hazards (such as chemicals) and on the precautions needed to protect both men and women from those hazards, should be developed.• collaboration on the part of the various international agencies concerned, such as WHO and ILO.• Interdisciplinary research with a strong social science component. 33
  • 34. VALUES AT WORKPLACECharacteristics of people at a work place• Different genders• Diverse ethnic, racial and cultural backgrounds• Different ages and experiences• Different abilities• Different religions• Different languages• Different family structures• Different educational backgrounds• Different work and life experiences05/15/12 34
  • 35. VALUES AT WORKPLACE1. Believe in yourself and your 1. Be sensitive to the impact you values. have on others.2. Know your rights as well as 2. Respect others‘ dignity, duties values , beliefs and feelings.3. Be responsible, sincere and 3. Communicate honestly. honest in your work. 4. Never harass or accept the4. Be acknowledgeable to harassment of others. superiors and kind towards 5. Confront prejudices and subordinates. stereotypes that demean or5. Don’t compromise justice exclude people6. Be a learner. 6. Accept our mistakes and don’t7. Be an advocate for others blame it on others. when situation calls. 7. Excuse others mistake, all are humans 05/15/12 35
  • 36. Thank You05/15/12 36