Chess Basics


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chess basics, equipment, setup, objective, special moves

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  • The main goal of chess is to checkmate your opponent's KING
    The KING is not actually captured and removed from the board like other pieces.
    But if the KING is attacked (checked) and threatened with capture, it must get out of check immediately. If there's no way to get out of check, the position is a checkmate, and the side that is checkmated loses.
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Chess Basics

  1. 2. Equipment <ul><li>> Chessboard </li></ul><ul><li>> Pieces </li></ul>
  2. 3. Chessboard 8 x 8 squares alternately of light and dark color sometimes labeled 1-8 vertically and a-h horizontally Files / columns Ranks / rows Diagonals a b c d e f g h 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
  3. 4. Chess Pieces <ul><li>> King </li></ul><ul><li>> Queen </li></ul><ul><li>> Bishop </li></ul><ul><li>> Knight </li></ul><ul><li>> Rook </li></ul><ul><li>> Pawn </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>limited to 1 square/turn </li></ul><ul><li>rank/file/diagonal </li></ul>king <ul><li>description: </li></ul><ul><li>most important piece </li></ul><ul><li>capturing opponent’s is the objective of the game </li></ul><ul><li>capturing: </li></ul><ul><li>same as moves </li></ul>k
  5. 6. queen <ul><li>unlimited # of squares/turn </li></ul><ul><li>ranks/files/diagonals </li></ul><ul><li>description: </li></ul><ul><li>most powerful piece </li></ul><ul><li>has combined powers of bishop and rook </li></ul><ul><li>capturing: </li></ul><ul><li>same as moves </li></ul>q
  6. 7. bishop <ul><li>unlimited # of squares/turn </li></ul><ul><li>diagonals </li></ul><ul><li>capturing: </li></ul><ul><li>same as moves </li></ul>b
  7. 8. knight <ul><li>1 square then 2 squares </li></ul><ul><li>or 2 then 1 (L-shape) </li></ul><ul><li>description: </li></ul><ul><li>only piece that can leap over other pieces </li></ul><ul><li>capturing: </li></ul><ul><li>same as moves </li></ul>k
  8. 9. rook <ul><li>unlimited # of squares/turn </li></ul><ul><li>ranks/files </li></ul><ul><li>capturing: </li></ul><ul><li>same as moves </li></ul>r
  9. 10. pawn <ul><li>initial: 1/2 squares forward </li></ul><ul><li>next moves : 1 square/turn </li></ul><ul><li>description: </li></ul><ul><li>can be exchanged for any official of the same color upon reaching the opposite side of the board </li></ul><ul><li>capturing: </li></ul><ul><li>forward diagonals </li></ul>p
  10. 11. Game play <ul><li>> Setup </li></ul><ul><li>> Objective </li></ul><ul><li>> Rules </li></ul><ul><li>> Special moves </li></ul>
  11. 12. Setup <ul><li>2 players </li></ul><ul><li>choice of piece color is up to the players </li></ul><ul><li>board must be placed so that there is a white square at the lower- right corner of the players </li></ul><ul><li>same position for pieces </li></ul><ul><li>of black and white except for queens </li></ul><ul><li>and kings </li></ul><ul><li>white queen on white </li></ul><ul><li>which means king on black </li></ul><ul><li>black queen on black </li></ul><ul><li>which means king on white </li></ul><ul><li>see next slide for position of pieces </li></ul>
  12. 13. Setup King Queen Bishop Knight Rook Pawn Pieces
  13. 14. Objective <ul><li>to capture, most importantly, the opponent’s king, or his pieces as the game goes on to weaker his offense and defense </li></ul><ul><li>to protect own pieces, first the king, then the next valuable pieces for your strategy, which usually includes the queen… </li></ul><ul><li>pawns are often used as sacrifice and are seen of low-value but it maybe life-saving after it reaches the opposite end of the board where it can be exchanged with any piece of the same color, except for the king </li></ul>
  14. 15. Rules <ul><li>White starts the game </li></ul><ul><li>Then black makes the move </li></ul><ul><li>From then on, players alternate turns until game ends </li></ul>End of the Game >when a king is captured or >when a player resigns from the game or >when the game is a draw Game is a Draw >by mutual consent >because of inadequate forces >50-move law >repetition >perpetual check MUTUAL CONSENT called when players feel the play would lead to nothing but draw, and it would just be a waste of time and energy to continue playing INADEQUATE FORCE called when neither player has enough pieces with which to mate, like when all that’s left are kings 50-move law requires that in the next 50 moves, the other player must either mate or show some tangible proof (making a capture or moving a pawn or forcing a pawn-move on the part of one’s opponent) that he has made headway Repetition called if same position is reached 3 times (no other move except the one he’s making repeatedly) Perpetual Check series of checks for a draw
  15. 16. Special Moves <ul><li>Checkmate </li></ul><ul><li>when the king is in check and there’s no possible way to escape from being check, his side lost the game </li></ul>Castling done to hide king in a safer place or create opening for the pieces can only be done if neither king or rook has previously made a move squares between them are not occupied En Passant “ in passing” When pawn advances two squares on its first move and lands next to opponent’s pawn that is on an adjacent file and the same horizontal row, the opponent’s pawn may capture it as if it had advanced only one square 8 th rank pawn when pawn reaches the 8 th rank, or the opponents side of the board, it may be promoted to any piece except the king…if it is promoted to a queen, the move is called queening/promotion