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Prostate Cancer: CyberKnife® Treatment Overview
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Prostate Cancer: CyberKnife® Treatment Overview

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September is Prostate Cancer Awareness Month! A prostate cancer diagnosis can be scary. Learn more about prostate cancer and how we can help.

September is Prostate Cancer Awareness Month! A prostate cancer diagnosis can be scary. Learn more about prostate cancer and how we can help.

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    Prostate Cancer: CyberKnife® Treatment Overview Prostate Cancer: CyberKnife® Treatment Overview Presentation Transcript

    • 645 North Arlington Ave. Suite 120, Reno, NV 89503 (775) 348-9900 www.renocyberknife.com
    • September  is  Prostate  Cancer  Awareness  Month!       A  prostate  cancer  diagnosis  can  be  scary.  Learn  more  about   prostate  cancer  and  how  we  can  help.     Please  note:  We  encourage  consumers  to  thoroughly  review  and  understand  all  treatment  op8ons.   The  informa8on  presented  here  is  not  all-­‐inclusive.  Rather,  it  represents  a  star8ng  point  to  learn   more  about  medical  condi8ons  and  treatment  op8ons.  There  is  no  subs,tute  for  consul,ng  a   medical  professional.   645 North Arlington Ave. Suite 120, Reno, NV 89503 (775) 348-9900 www.renocyberknife.com
    • 645 North Arlington Ave. Suite 120, Reno, NV 89503 (775) 348-9900 www.renocyberknife.com
    • About  Prostate  Cancer   The  prostate  is  a  walnut-­‐shaped  organ  in  a  man’s  lower   abdomen  that  controls  the  flow  of  urine  and  semen   through  the  penis.  Prostate  cancer  is  among  the  leading   causes  of  cancer  death  among  American  men,  second   only  to  lung  cancer.       Risk  factors:   There  is  no  single  cause  of  prostate  cancer,  though  there   are  several  known  risk  factors:     •  Age  –  Risks  generally  increase  for  older  men.   •  Race  –  African-­‐American  men  have  a  higher  risk  for   unknown  reasons.   •  NaBonality  –  Asian  men,  for  example,  have  a  lower   risk.   •  Diet  –  Red  meat  and  dairy  products  tend  to   increase  risk.  Several  studies  suggest  that  some   dietary  supplements  like  vitamin  E  and  lycopene   may  reduce  risk.   •  Lack  of  exercise   •  Family  history  of  prostate  cancer     645 North Arlington Ave. Suite 120, Reno, NV 89503 (775) 348-9900 www.renocyberknife.com
    • •  Early-­‐stage  prostate  cancer  usually  has  no  symptoms.  Older  men  may  experience  frequent  urinaHon,   though  it’s  likely  due  to  an  enlarged  prostate  in  a  condiHon  known  as  benign  prostaHc  hypertrophy,  or   BPH.  Pain  or  bleeding  is  not  commonly  associated  with  early  stages.     •  Prostate  cancer  is  suspected  if  men  have  an  elevated  level  of  a  substance  in  the  bloodstream  known   as  prostate  specific  anHgen  (PSA),  or  if  they  have  an  abnormality  like  a  nodule  found  during  a  digital   rectal  examinaHon.  A  prostate  cancer  diagnosis  is  confirmed,  however,  only  through  biopsy.     •  Urologists  usually  perform  biopsies  as  an  outpaHent  procedure.  An  ultrasound  probe  is  used  to  guide   a  needle  that  removes  10  to  12  small  Hssue  samples  from  different  parts  of  the  prostate  gland.   SomeHmes,  addiHonal  diagnosHc  tests  like  a  bone  scan,  CT  or  MRI  are  performed,  depending  on  the   specific  diagnosis.   What  are  symptoms  of  prostate  cancer?   645 North Arlington Ave. Suite 120, Reno, NV 89503 (775) 348-9900 www.renocyberknife.com
    • 645 North Arlington Ave. Suite 120, Reno, NV 89503 (775) 348-9900 www.renocyberknife.com
    • How  does  CyberKnife  treat  prostate   cancer?   Prior  to  stereotacHc  body  radiosurgery  treatment   with  CyberKnife,  small  Hssue  markers  known  as   fiducials  are  implanted  in  the  prostate  to  help  the   CyberKnife  pinpoint  the  tumor  locaHon   throughout  each  treatment,  so  the  radiaHon   beams  can  be  locked  on  the  tumor.       About  a  week  later,  paHents  are  fiWed  with  a   custom  body  mold  of  soX  material  that  they  lie  on   during  treatments.  The  fiYng  process  is  painless.     The  treatment  process  includes:   I.  ConsultaHon  appointment   II.  Pretreatment  procedures   III.  CyberKnife  treatment   IV.  Follow-­‐up   645 North Arlington Ave. Suite 120, Reno, NV 89503 (775) 348-9900 www.renocyberknife.com
    • ConsultaBon  and  Pretreatment  Procedures   Reno  CyberKnife  physicians,  therapists  and  nurses  are  focused  on  your  individualized   treatment  plan:     •  You  will  meet  a  Reno  CyberKnife  radiaHon  oncologist  to  decide  if  CyberKnife   treatment  is  appropriate  for  your  diagnosis.       •  Your  CyberKnife  team  will  decide  which  pretreatment  procedures  you  may  need  to   help  develop  your  treatment  plan.  These  could  include  a  CT  scan,  an  MRI,  laboratory   studies  or  Hssue  markers.       •  The  data  from  your  pretreatment  procedures  will  be  used  by  the  CyberKnife  team  to   determine  the  exact  size,  shape  and  locaHon  of  your  tumor.   •  This  informaHon  will  indicate  the  size  of  the  area  being  treated  with  radiaHon,  the   radiaHon  dose  and  criHcal  structures  where  radiaHon  exposure  should  be  minimized.     645 North Arlington Ave. Suite 120, Reno, NV 89503 (775) 348-9900 www.renocyberknife.com
    • CyberKnife  Treatment   Typically  treatment  is  completed  within  five   sessions.  On  the  day  of  your  treatment:       1.  A  therapist  will  help  you  onto  the  treatment   table  and  fit  the  body  mold.  PaHents  are   observed  throughout  the  treatment  on  closed-­‐ circuit  television,  and  they  can  pause  treatment   at  any  Hme  by  waving  or  speaking  to  the   technicians.   2.  While  the  CyberKnife’s  advanced  tracking   system  accounts  for  movements  like  breathing,   you’re  asked  to  lie  sHll  during  treatments.  The   system  periodically  takes  x-­‐ray  images  and   compares  them  to  the  CT  scan  data  to  make   sure  the  radiaHon  beam  is  locked  on  the  tumor.   3.  PaHents  can  usually  return  to  their  normal   rouHnes  once  the  treatment  is  complete.   FOR  YOUR  INFORMATION   •  Treatment  procedures  take  about  30  –  90   minutes,  depending  on  the  complexity  of  your   tumor.   •  PaHents  are  asked  to  wear  comfortable  clothing   during  CyberKnife  treatments.  Jewelry  is   acceptable  unless  it  is  close  to  the  area  being   treated.   •  Feel  free  to  bring  an  iPod®  or  your  favorite   music  CDs  with  you  on  the  day  of  your   treatment,  and  we  will  play  them  for  you  during   the  procedure.   645 North Arlington Ave. Suite 120, Reno, NV 89503 (775) 348-9900 www.renocyberknife.com
    • AddiBonal  Resources   645 North Arlington Ave. Suite 120, Reno, NV 89503 (775) 348-9900 www.renocyberknife.com
    • Our Center Opened  in  2008,  Reno  CyberKnife  is  part  of  Saint  Mary’s  Cancer  Center,  naHonally  accredited  by  the  American   College  of  Surgeons  Commission  on  Cancer  as  well  as  the  NaHonal  AccreditaHon  Program  for  Breast  Cancer.  Reno   CyberKnife  operates  under  Co-­‐Medical  Directors  Dr.  Jonathan  Tay  and  Dr.  KaHe  Legarza.       If  you  or  a  loved  one  is  diagnosed  with  prostate  cancer,  contact  Reno  CyberKnife  to  schedule  a  consultaHon  with   our  physicians  to  determine  the  best  next  step  for  your  treatment  needs.       Co-­‐Medical  Director:  Dr.  Jonathan  Tay     Co-­‐Medical  Director:  Dr.  KaHe  Legarza     Medical  Physicist:  David  Chamberlain   Connect  with  us     645 North Arlington Ave. Suite 120, Reno, NV 89503 (775) 348-9900 www.renocyberknife.com