Biomass Power Generation : Recent Trends in Technology <br />and Future Possibilities<br />NarasimhanSanthanam<br />Energy...
About EAI<br /><ul><li>Leading Indian renewable energy business intelligence, market strategy consulting firm
Work on all primary renewable energy sectors – solar, wind, bio-fuels / biomass, waste-to-energy and small hydro
Work on market research, entry and diversification strategy, economic and financial modeling and pre-feasibility analysis
Team comprises professionals from IITs and IIMs, with renewable energy, industry research and economics backgrounds
Based out of Chennai, India
More at www.eai.in</li></li></ul><li>What Am I Here For?<br /><ul><li>Imperatives for Power Generation Industry
Prospective Solutions
Role of Biomass in these Solutions
Processes and Technologies in Biomass-based Power Generation
Current Trends
Future Prospects</li></li></ul><li>Tech -> Solutions -> Imperatives<br />
Imperatives<br />Environmentally sustainable electricity production<br />Electricity for rural and remote areas<br />Socia...
Prospective Solutions<br />Distributed electricity generation<br />Electricity generation with less GHG emissions<br />Com...
Role of Biomass in the Solutions<br />Wide range of biomass feedstock<br />Waste biomass and energy crops available in a d...
Biomass-based Power Gen Processes and Technologies<br />Gasification and pyrolysis<br />Use of biomass as partial feedstoc...
Tech, Processes & Solutions <br />Combining different renewable energy sources for power generation to ensure stability an...
Gasification and Pyrolysis<br />Scalable<br />Biomass agnostic<br />Distributed electricity generation<br />Production of ...
Gasification/Pyrolysis – Current Trends<br />Current<br />Types of gasifiers - Updraft; downdraft; Fluidized bed; Entraine...
Gasification/Pyrolysis –Future Trends<br />Future<br /><ul><li>Plasma gasification
Use of fuel cells for electricity generation
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  • ==Range of biomass feedstock -&gt; Agri residues -&gt; dedicated energy crops -&gt; forest residues -&gt; urban wood wastes -&gt; wood mill waste
  • Plasma gasification - - breaking down matterat the atomic level by exposing it to very high temperature plasma arcs
  • Raw biomass has relatively low-energy density, too much moisture, is too hygroscopic, can rot during storage and difficult to grind into small particles. Numerous pre-treatment methods have been suggested, key being torrefactionTorrefaction results in:Increased energy densityDecreased volumeof biomassDecreased amount of volatilesIncreased amount of fixed carbon
  • Eai presentation green power conference hyderabad jan 2010

    1. 1. Biomass Power Generation : Recent Trends in Technology <br />and Future Possibilities<br />NarasimhanSanthanam<br />Energy Alternatives India, www.eai.in<br />
    2. 2. About EAI<br /><ul><li>Leading Indian renewable energy business intelligence, market strategy consulting firm
    3. 3. Work on all primary renewable energy sectors – solar, wind, bio-fuels / biomass, waste-to-energy and small hydro
    4. 4. Work on market research, entry and diversification strategy, economic and financial modeling and pre-feasibility analysis
    5. 5. Team comprises professionals from IITs and IIMs, with renewable energy, industry research and economics backgrounds
    6. 6. Based out of Chennai, India
    7. 7. More at www.eai.in</li></li></ul><li>What Am I Here For?<br /><ul><li>Imperatives for Power Generation Industry
    8. 8. Prospective Solutions
    9. 9. Role of Biomass in these Solutions
    10. 10. Processes and Technologies in Biomass-based Power Generation
    11. 11. Current Trends
    12. 12. Future Prospects</li></li></ul><li>Tech -> Solutions -> Imperatives<br />
    13. 13. Imperatives<br />Environmentally sustainable electricity production<br />Electricity for rural and remote areas<br />Socially beneficial electricity production<br />More reliable electricity production from renewable sources<br />
    14. 14. Prospective Solutions<br />Distributed electricity generation<br />Electricity generation with less GHG emissions<br />Combining synergistic revenue streams for economically sustainable power production<br />Combining different renewable energy sources for power generation to ensure stability and reliability<br />
    15. 15. Role of Biomass in the Solutions<br />Wide range of biomass feedstock<br />Waste biomass and energy crops available in a distributed manner<br />Biomass as a feedstock instead of fossil fuels at power plants<br />Possibility of useful products such as biofertilizers and biofuels along with electricity<br />Flexibility to integrate biomass with other renewable sources such as solar and wind.<br />
    16. 16. Biomass-based Power Gen Processes and Technologies<br />Gasification and pyrolysis<br />Use of biomass as partial feedstock in power plants for co-firing<br />Anaerobic digestion<br />
    17. 17. Tech, Processes & Solutions <br />Combining different renewable energy sources for power generation to ensure stability and reliability<br />Gasification and pyrolysis<br />Combining synergistic revenue streams for economically sustainable power production<br />Anaerobic digestion<br />Distributed electricity generation<br />Use of biomass as partial feedstock in power plants for co-firing<br />Electricity generation with less GHG emissions<br />
    18. 18. Gasification and Pyrolysis<br />Scalable<br />Biomass agnostic<br />Distributed electricity generation<br />Production of valuable co-products such as biochar<br />An established technology with potential for innovations<br />
    19. 19. Gasification/Pyrolysis – Current Trends<br />Current<br />Types of gasifiers - Updraft; downdraft; Fluidized bed; Entrained flow. Also: One stage and two stage gasifiers<br />High temperature treatment for easy removal of ash contaning heavy metals.<br />Electric power generated in engines and gas turbines, which are cheaper and more efficient than the steam cycle used in incineration<br />
    20. 20. Gasification/Pyrolysis –Future Trends<br />Future<br /><ul><li>Plasma gasification
    21. 21. Use of fuel cells for electricity generation
    22. 22. Significant advancements possible for:
    23. 23. Flexibility in biomass range
    24. 24. Slagging problem for biomass with low melting point
    25. 25. Reducing tar contamination in gas flow</li></li></ul><li>Use of Biomass for Co-firing in Power Plants<br />Less net GHG emissions compared to 100% coal power plants<br />Over 200 power plants worldwide using it<br />Could be a critical route used by power plants in the short and medium term as an important GHG reduction strategy<br />
    26. 26. Biomass Cofiring – Current Trends<br />Current<br />Max 20% biomass used<br />Process and material improvements for increased efficiency and decrease costs<br />Many technical bottlenecks in biomass co-firing are ash related; dedicated toolboxes are being developed to tackle these<br />
    27. 27. Biomass Cofiring – Future Trends<br />Future<br /><ul><li>Increase of cofiring %s to 50% w/w
    28. 28. Lower-quality (“salty”) biomass, higher fuel flexibility (per unit or by combining different units)
    29. 29. Integration with clean coal tech
    30. 30. Boilers with ultra-supercritical steam tech
    31. 31. Oxy-fuel combustion
    32. 32. IGCC
    33. 33. Torrefaction - thermal treatment of raw biomass materials in temperature range 200-300 C under inert atmosphere with aim of partial decomposition. A charcoal-like fuel is the result.</li></li></ul><li>Anaerobic Digestion<br />Can use waste biomass that present disposal problems<br />Can be a distributed avenue for power generation<br />Suitable for industrial and domestic waste biomass<br />
    34. 34. AD – Current and Future Trends<br />Current<br />Modifications in reactor designs and processes for higher efficiency of digestion<br />Newer and more efficient gas engines<br />Future<br />Using the AD effluent to grow biofuel feedstock such as algae<br />
    35. 35. Other Trends and Innovations<br />Use of renewable energy such as solar thermal to produce syngas<br />New technologies and processes for biomass harvesting, processing and handling.<br />Dedicated energy crops for power production<br />Innovations in biomass logistics and transportation.<br />
    36. 36. Biomass Power – Now and Future<br />
    37. 37. Inference<br />Biomass has the potential to be a more significant contributor to the world’s “green” electricity<br />For this to happen, significant advances in technology and processes are required<br />The pace at which advances are taking place are less than satisfactory; higher governmental and industry support for R&D and incentives required<br />
    38. 38. Thank you<br />NarasimhanSanthanam<br />Energy Alternatives India, www.eai.in<br />narsi@clixoo.com<br />Mob: 98413-48117<br />
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