03 powerpoint p1c


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  • Some of the slide concept presented are by William V. Ganis, PhD. Some of the slides are from other sources. FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • 03 powerpoint p1c

    1. 1. Ancient Egyptian Art
    2. 2. Sculpture <ul><li>Statues for eternity: As already noted, in Egyptian tombs statues fulfilled an important function. Sculptures created images of the deceased to serve as abodes for the ka should the mummies be destroyed. The primary material for funerary objects was stone.       </li></ul>
    3. 3. Image gallery Kafre, Gizeh, Egypt, Dynasty IV Ca 2520-2495 bc Made of carved of extremely hard stone called diorite which would have been brought seven hundred miles down the Nile from royal quarries in the south This sculpure shows the enthroned king with the falcon of the god Horus Demonstrates the artist ’ s cubic view of the human figure- created by drawing the front and side view of the figure on the block of stone and then working inward until the views met The figure is immobile and firm- the body is impersonal but the face has some individual traits Sculptures such as this would serve as home for the Ka to exist should the mummies be destroyed. ANCIENT EGYPT
    4. 4. Image gallery Kafre, Gizeh, Egypt, Dynasty IV Ca 2520-2495 bc The intertwined lotus and papyrus plants between the legs of Kafre’s throne are thought to be symbolic of the united Egypt. The Falcon god Horus extends his protective wings to shelter Kafre’s head. Kafre wears the royal fake beard fastened to his chin and wears the royal linen nemes ( the royal headdress worn by the pharaoh containing the uraeus cobra of kingship on the front.) His proportions are idealized and are appropriate for representing majesty. This sculpture is indicative of the block statue standard of Egyptian statuary. ANCIENT EGYPT
    5. 5. Khafre from Gizeh, Egypt ca. 2,520-2,494 B.C.E. diorite approximately 66 in. high
    6. 6. Menkaure and Khamerenebty from Gizeh, Egypt ca. 2,490-2,472 B.C.E. graywacke approximately 54 1/2 in. high
    7. 7. Menkaure and Khamerenebty from Gizeh, Egypt ca. 2,490-2,472 B.C.E. graywacke approximately 54 1/2 in. high
    8. 8. Image gallery Seated Scribe, Saqqara, Egypt, Dynasty IV Ca 2450-2350 bc The scribe pose- cross-legged on the ground- The Scribe is a high court official- most scribes were sons of pharaohs. (Alert expression in face, individualized torso- flabby and middle-aged) Old kingdom also invented the portrait bust- whether it was an abbreviated statue or had some greater significance is unknown Notice the realism depicted in this sculpture, when compared to that of the Pharaohs. His depiction in this manner is a result of his lower hierarchy in Egyptian society than that of a Pharaoh. Young scribes were sent to a place known as the House of Life where they would learn to read and write. Much of there time was spent copying letters, accounts, and stories of the gods on pieces of pottery called ostraka. It has been said that it could take up to 10 years for a scribe to learn the language of hieroglyphics that contained nearly 700 characters. ANCIENT EGYPT
    9. 9. Seated Scribe from Saqqara, Egypt ca. 2,450-2,350 B.C.E. painted limestone approximately 21 in. high
    10. 10. Ka-Aper from his mastaba at Saqqara, Egypt ca. 2,450-2,350 B.C.E. wood approximately 43 in. high
    11. 11. Image gallery Ti watching a hippopotamus hunt, Saqarra, Egypt Dynasty V, ca 2450-2350 bc Tomb paintings (non-royal)- landscapes were popular (background is very active) Ti is much larger than others (shows importance) Ti isn’t engaging in activity- he’s watching- (shows his importance in his society) Action is going on after death- body does not respond, but the spirit appreciates the activity Scenes depicted in funerary tombs were of everyday life. They were created as an insurance that the ka of the dead will continue in the afterlife as it did in life on earth. The success of the hunt in Ancient Egypt was a metaphor for the triumph over the forces of evil. ANCIENT EGYPT
    12. 12. Ti watching hippopotamus hunt from Saqqara, Egypt ca. 2,450-2,350 B.C.E. painted limestone approximately 48 in. high
    13. 13. Goats Treading Seed and Cattle Fording a Canal Saqqara, Egypt - Mastaba of Ti ca. 2450-2350 B.C.E. painted limestone
    14. 14. The Pharaoh <ul><li>God-King - unlike Mesopotamia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Religious </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>direct descendant of the Sun god </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>controls access to the afterlife </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>July-Sept, during floods life is controlled by the Pharaoh </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>365 day calendar. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    15. 15. III. Role played by size in Egyptian Artwork
    16. 16. IV. Daily Life in Egypt <ul><li>Cosmetics, cleanliness (bathe 3 times a day), shaved bodies, wigs </li></ul><ul><li>main food is beer and bread </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grow many crops: emmer, barley, flax, lentils, onion, beans, and millet </li></ul></ul><ul><li>common building made of sun-dried mud bricks - up to three stories in height </li></ul><ul><li>Four social classes - slaves on the bottom </li></ul><ul><li>Most common job … farming </li></ul>
    17. 17. IV. Farmers in Egypt
    18. 18. IV. Hieroglyphics <ul><li>Language is written without vowels </li></ul><ul><li>Different pronunciations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MNFR as Memphis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SR as Osiris </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TTMS as either Thutmose, Thutmosis, Tatmusa or Atithmese </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Who learns this writing style? </li></ul>
    19. 19. IV. Hieroglyphics <ul><li>Use in temples </li></ul><ul><li>Rosetta Stone </li></ul><ul><li>Napoleon and Egyptology. </li></ul>
    20. 20. IV. Egyptian Artwork Egyptian Farmers & animals Stela (carved stone) Notice, all people drawn from the side – even when looking right at you!