Those who get affected… People who generally have long- term diabetes, or Type 1 and Type 2 Those who are Hispanic and African American have a greater risk There is no age limit with this disease; however it generally occurs in adolescents and people who have had diabetes for 30+ years It also affects both genders Extra info: Diabetes is a disease of the metabolism, which means it can either be genetic (born with it) or it can happen over time due to an unhealthy lifestyle
Stages Of Diabetic Retinopathy Note the slow loss of red color the eye undergoes, and the change in vein size
What is retinopathy? Damage to the eye’s retina that occurs with long-term diabetes Symptoms include: blind spots, difficulty in vision in dim light, double vision, hazy or blurry focus, pain in the eye, headaches, floating spots, no peripheral vision, and shadows Possible complications include: cataracts, glaucoma, macular edema, retinal detachment.
This would be a person’s vision with amild to severe case of DiabeticRetinopathy
Areas of infection Infects blood vessels in the eyes Blocks the blood vessel Small bleeding (or retinal hemorrhages) and fluid leaking into the retina. New blood vessels are fragile and can bleed Scars develop on retina and other parts of the eye (the vitreous, Macula, Optic Nerve, Retina, ext…)
A test to determine the deterioration of the Macula is… Distortions could indicate a problem in the MACULA, the center of the retina. If you close one eye and look at something that should be straight, like the edge of a door, blinds on a window, or the grid shown below, you should not see distortions.
In the diagramto the right youcan see thedamaged bloodvessels, inaddition it willcause redspots in theeye were thebloodcoagulates
The cause of infection Diabetes Type 1 and 2 Damage to blood vessels of retina When you are diagnosed with Type 1 or 2 diabetes you are more susceptible to infection A person in adolescence or of more than 30 years with diabetes are at greatest risk
Personal Treatment Prevention Control levels of: blood sugar blood pressure cholesterol Refrain from tobacco use In other words eat healthy and limit sugar intake along with regular exercise!!
Other Treatments are… Surgical Treatments: focal laser photocoagulation is used Scatter laser treatment or panretinal photocoagulation Also surgical treatment called vitrectomy Perceptions include: corticosteroids
CitationA.D.A.M. MEDICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA. (2012, JANUARY 12). PUBMED HEALTH. RETRIEVED FROMHTTP://WWW.NCVI.NLM.NIH.GOV/PUBMENDHEALTH/PMH0002192/Retinal Detachment, Diabetic Retinopathy Treatment Los Angeles, Orange County - MacularDegeneration. (n.d.). Ophthalmology for Orange County: Eye Surgery at VMR Institute - Dr.Sebag & Dr. Chong. Retrieved February 8, 2012, from http://www.vmrinstitute.com/html/symDiabetic Retinopathy Symptoms, Pictures, Treatment & Surgery diabetic retinopathy stagesbackground � Diabetes Catalog. (n.d.). Diabetes Guide, Facts and Tips. Retrieved February 8,2012, from http://www.diabetescatalog.com/diabetic-retinopathy/diabetic-retinopathy-stages-background/Family Eye Care of the Carolinas - Vision Services - Diabetic Retinopathy. (n.d.). Family EyeCare of the Carolinas - Welcome. Retrieved February 8, 2012, fromhttp://www.feccweb.com/VisionServicesDiabetes Overview - National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse . (n.d.). National DiabetesInformation Clearinghouse Home . Retrieved February 8, 2012, fromhttp://diabetes.niddk.nih.gov/dm/pubs/over