6 major principles constitution

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Unit 2 Powerpoint on the principles of the Constitution

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6 major principles constitution

  1. 1. U.S. Constitution – MajorPrinciples As the supreme law of the land, you might expect the Constitution to be long. When the founders drafted the Constitution in 1787, it was only around 7000 words & could be read in about ½ hour. They purposefully didn’t include many details about how the new government would work The new Constitution was built on 6 major principles
  2. 2. Popular Sovereignty “We the People” are the opening words of the Constitution All political power in the U.S. resides in the people People are the source of government power Government can only govern with the consent of the governed
  3. 3. Limited Government Government is not all powerful Government may only do the things that the people have given it the power to do In the Bill of Rights the founders strengthened the concept of limited government power over the people with the words, “Congress shall make no law”
  4. 4. Separation of Power The Constitution distributes the powers of government among 3 equal branches Legislative – Tasked with creation of laws (Article 1) Executive – Tasked with enforcement of the laws (Article 2) Judicial – Tasked with interpretation of the laws (Article 3)
  5. 5. Checks and BalancesEach branch is subject to restraints on theirpower by other branches.
  6. 6. Judicial Review The power of judicial review is the power of courts to determine whether what government does is in accord with what the constitution provides. That means that any laws that the government creates cannot break any of our constitutional rights such as freedom of speech.
  7. 7. Federalism The principle of federalism is the division of power among a central government and several regional governments. By spreading the powers throughout the different states the Framers of the constitution built a stronger, more effective national government while preserving the existing states and the concept of local self government.
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