74 77 global project focus EPC Age magazine 2008

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  • 1. Global project focus_Building in motion_Aug-08.qxp 8/9/2008 2:16 PM Page 2 GLOBAL PROJECT FOCUS Building in motion Dr. David Fisher is constructing the world’s first rotating skyscraper, which will be self-powered and completely prefabricated. Remona Divekar discovers some amazing facts about this unique structure. he Dynamic Tower represents the future of architecture by combining motion, green energy and efficient construction, which will change the old concept of architecture as we know it, and herald a new era of dynamic living. Created by revolutionary architect, Dr. David Fisher’s mixed use, Dynamic Tower offers infinite design possibilities, as each floor rotates independently at different speeds, resulting in a unique and ever-evolving structure that introduces a fourth dimension to architecture – time. The Dynamic Tower will continually reshape, allowing the sun to both rise and set from the same view. The building can also be adjusted to the season, weather, or to capture a T 74 AUGUST 08 special moment. The world’s first building in motion takes the concept of green buildings to the next level where it will generate electricity for itself as well as other nearby buildings, making it the first skyscraper designed to be selfpowered. The second Dynamic Tower, planned for Moscow, is now in the advanced design phase, with preassembling of the units to start soon and completion scheduled for 2010. The developer is the Mirax Group, headed by leading international developer, Sergei Polonsky. The Moscow tower, which will have 70 floors and be 400 mt (1,310 ft) tall, will be located in Moscow City area, the new prestigious part of
  • 2. Global project focus_Building in motion_Aug-08.qxp 8/9/2008 2:16 PM Page 3 The Engineering Team: Dubai Tower Leslie E. Robertson (LERA) are the main structural engineers of the Rotating skyscrapers, who is in charge, therefore, of the overall engineering aspects of the first two and future towers. ● Bosch Rexroth of Bosch Group, world leader of drive and control systems, is in charge of the engineering and manufacturing of all systems related to the mechanics of the revolving floors and interface between the floors (plumbing, electricity, etc) as well as the computerised control system. ● LEHR – World leader of MEP engineering, NY. ● Barker Mohandes - Among the largest vertical transportation engineering, Connecticut. ● Kerakoll SpA, Italian leader for special construction materials. ● Leonardo da Vinci smart bathroom – Manufacturers of luxury marble bathrooms, based in Italy. ● Kriston Enterprises Ltd., of Greece, a construction management company, and one of the main shareholders of the Dynamic Group. ● Turner International, leaders of project management of skyscrapers, will act as the project managers of the Moscow Rotating Tower. ● the Russian capital. “Additional Dynamic Towers will be built around the world, following an expression of interest from developers, governments and public officials to construct a similar Dynamic Towers in Canada, Germany, Italy, Korea and Switzerland. Our intention is to build the third rotating skyscraper in New York,” says Dr. Fisher. The design and the floorplan Dubai Development Ltd.’s rotating tower is headed by the Dynamic Group. The building will have 80 floors and will be 420 metres (1,380 feet) tall. Apartments will range in size from 124 sq mt (1,334 sq ft), to villas of 1,200 sq mt (12,916 sq ft), complete with a parking space inside the apartment. The first 20 floors will consist of offices; floors 21 to 35 will be a luxury hotel; floor 36 through 70 will be residential apartments; and, the top 10 floors will be luxury villas. The Dynamic Tower in Dubai will be the first skyscraper to be entirely constructed in a factory from prefabricated parts, which will require only 600 people in the assembly facility and 80 technicians resulting in fast construction and substantial cost savings. This also requires far fewer workers on the construction site, Buildings will follow the rhythms of 75 AUGUST 08
  • 3. Global project focus_Building in motion_Aug-08.qxp 8/9/2008 2:16 PM Page 4 GLOBAL PROJECT FOCUS nature – they will change direction and shape from spring to summer, from sunrise to sunset, and adjust themselves to the weather, thereby dramatically lowering construction costs. The apartments, which are expected to take between one and three hours to make a complete rotation, will cost from $3.7-million to $36-million. The skyscraper will cost an estimated $700-million to build and should be up and running in Dubai by 2010. His Highness Sheikh Mohammed Bin Rashid Al Maktoum, the ruler of Dubai and vice president of the United Arab Emirates, is considered by many to be a true visionary of the future. Dr. Fisher’s dreams for the Dynamic Tower in Dubai were inspired by His Highness who said, “Do not wait for the future to come to you; face the future.” The Dynamic Tower offers infinite design possibilities, as each floor rotates independently to create a building that constantly changes shape, resulting in a unique and ever-evolving architectural structure. The future of construction The pre-assembled units are simply hooked to each other mechanically, thus resulting in environmentally clean construction sites, avoiding unloading of materials, waste, noise and pollution and less risk of accidents to construction workers. Moreover, construction time will be reduced by over 30 percent. Each floor of the building can be completed in only seven days equipped with all necessary plumbing and electric systems, including all finishing – from flooring to ceilings, bathrooms, kitchens, cabinets, lighting and furniture. This approach, known as the Fisher Method, also requires far less workers on construction site while each floor of the building can be completed in only seven days, and units can also be customised according to the owners needs and styles. Due to their peculiar construction method, prefabricated buildings will also be easy to maintain and repair. Thus, the building’s maintenance facility, type of materials used, and the quality control employed will make them more durable than any traditional structure. “Today’s life is dynamic. So, the space we are living in should be dynamic as well, adjustable to our needs that changes continuously, to our concept of design and to our mood. Buildings will follow the rhythms of nature; they will change direction and shape from spring to summer, from sunrise to sunset and adjust themselves to the weather. Buildings will be alive. From now on, buildings will have four dimensions, the fourth dimension being ‘Time’, to become part of architecture,” states Dr. Fisher. Engineering marvel 76 AUGUST 08 The Dynamic Tower takes the concept of green buildings to the next level where it will generate electricity for itself as well as other nearby buildings, making it the first skyscraper designed to be self-powered. The building generates electricity from wind turbines mounted horizontally between each floor. The 80 storey building will have up to 79 wind turbines, making it a true green power plant. While traditional vertical wind turbines have some environmental negative impact, including obstruction of views and the need for roads to build and maintain them, the Dynamic Tower’s wind turbines are practically invisible and extremely quiet due to their special shape and the carbon fibre material they are made of. Another environmentally green element of the Dynamic Tower is the photovoltaic cells that will be placed on the roof of each rotating floor to produce solar energy. “Approximately 20 percent of each roof will be exposed to the sun. So, a building that has 80 roofs will equal the roofing space of 10 similar size buildings,” informs Dr. Fisher. In addition, natural and recyclable materials, including stone, marble, glass and wood will be used for the interior finishing. To further improve the energy efficiency of the Dynamic Tower, insulated glass and structural insulating panels will be employed. Challenging Times Among the challenges faced were technical obstructions, such as connecting the plumbing with the same kind of shutoff valves used when refuelling an aircraft in flight. To take the lift, residents have to step from the rotating floor into the stationary central core. Living and lifestyle Dynamic Tower offers infinite design possibilities, such as the design will allow each floor to turn independently using voice recognition technology and giving those inside an everchanging view over the space of one to three hours. The voice recognition will be able to interpret such instructions as ‘left’ or ‘right’ in English, Arabic or Italian, but any language could be programmed in for further buildings. The buildings can also be adjusted to the season, the weather, or to capture a special moment. Luxury penthouse villas, which will be over 1,000 sq mt (11,000 sq ft), will be completely custom-made to fulfill individual buyer’s personal needs, which will also include an indoor swimming pool, and voice activated features like demotic control systems, built-in phone system and any other special desire, all custom made. Bathrooms will be preassembled at the Leonardo da Vinci factory in Italy, part of the Dynamic Group, and will be made of precious Italian marble, sauna, Turkish bath, chromatography and sound therapy. The Villa’s residents will have the possibility to drive directly into the building where a special elevator will take their car to their floor and park at the entrance to their villa. Moscow Rotating Skyscraper Moscow too will have its rotating skyscraper soon to become the new icon of the Russian capital. This tower will have 70 storeys, 400 mt high (1,312 ft). The developer is the international Moscow-based, Mirax Group Company, headed by Sergei Polonsky. The volume of investments into the tower construction is going to exceed $400-million. The total area of the tower will be almost 110,000 sq mt (118, 4000 sq ft) with offices and retail premises as well as apartments and penthouses. The project, to be realised in the new area of Moscow City within the limits of the third transport ring,
  • 4. Global project focus_Building in motion_Aug-08.qxp 8/9/2008 is now in the stage of advanced design and coordination. The beginning of construction is planned for the end of the year, and the commissioning of the tower into operation will be for 2010. Some of the main features of the rotating skyscraper are: The tower The project will offer apartments with astonishing view villas, which can rotate according to the sun – from sunrise to sunset, just by a voice-activated system. It has state-ofthe-art design details, very high quality finishing, sophisticated electronic devices, custom-made luxury apartments, complete guaranteed maintenance service, most advanced safety system pools and sauna at the apartments and penthouses. According to the chairman of the Mirax Group, Sergey Polonsky, “The brightest feature of the building will be rotation of most floors around the central core, irrespective of the movement of other floors. Thus, floors will not only be identical but will allow the building to change the form constantly. Another characteristic feature of the building will be the system of connection of pipelines where all engineering systems of the central core will be connected to the rotating parts of floors, which will allow using water, electricity, heating and the sewerage in the apartments in a habitual mode. The method of construction will also be unique, like the central core, and will be poured in place and the floors will be made section by section at a factory and 2:16 PM Page 5 Dr. David Fisher began his career in Florence Italy, after graduating with honour in architecture from the University of Florence. He later became a lecturer of Architecture and Structural Engineering at the same university. Over the last three decades, he has been designing buildings in harmony with nature, as well as redefining the technical and technological extremes of buildings. Among the technologies he developed was the ‘Smart Marble bathrooms’ by Leonardo Da Vinci system, a completely pre-assembled marble construction for luxury hotels and homes. The Smart Bathroom is the first mechanical approach to civil construction and the only existing factory produced and integrated bathroom system. fastened to the core when assembled, with all MEP systems and, probably, even furniture.” This method will allow to reduce the time of construction minimum to 30 percent and essentially lower the site pollution during construction. The Rotating Tower of Moscow will be one of the most exclusive world residential buildings. ● Home AD