Construction and Architecture 07 sep oct 2010


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Construction and Architecture 07 sep oct 2010

  1. 1. Cover Story INDIA’S MEGA PROJECTS Over 117 storeys, 1,450 ft tall tower to come up in Upper Worli. Created by New York based architects and structural consultants - Pei Cobb Freed & Partners and Leslie E. Robertson Associates, Lodha's World One is slated to be the tallest residential tower in the world. Remona Divekar unearths few intersting facts Indian in character. World One will come to represent India's quest for excellence in the economic and cultural arenas. At the forefront of this economic progress in its commercial capital - Mumbai, India's gateway to the world. World economies have been typically marked by iconic structures. Be it the Empire State Building which symbolised America's might in the early 1930s, to more recently the Petronas Twin Towers and Shanghai World Financial Center representing the rise of Asia. With World One, Lodha will give Mumbai, its well deserved icon. World have this coveted certification, indicating a high level of environmental care in its construction and operations. The key environmental sustainability features include: 100 percent water recycling and rain water harvesting - reducing water consumption by upto 50 percent over a conventional building. Use of VRV air-conditioning and solar energy for common area lighting and water heating - reducing electricity consumption by upto 40%. Waste segregation and recycling. ICON IN THE MAKING E very global city is made memorable by its architectural landmarks. Be it the Eiffel Tower in Paris, the Opera House in Sydney or the Empire State Building in New York, these vibrant forms reflect the passion and culture of the city they are located in. Lodha developers have strived hard to ensure that their current development not only gains from Mumbai's energy but also gives back high quality public spaces to the city. In partnership with the globe's finest architects, designers and engineers, we seek to bring to Mumbai, a landmark which will exemplify the spirit of Mumbai - to always soar higher through hard work and passion. The form of the building is a tribute to Mumbai’s location on the coast and its textile heritage. The developers have consciously tried to create a building fabric which is global in its appeal but 26 September – October 2010 One will be located at Lodha Place, a landmark development on a 17 acre site. The mixed-use development will include 3 residential towers, a high-end shopping avenue and a world-class office building. At over 1,450 ft tall, the tower will be the tallest residential development in the world and taller than some of the most iconic global landmarks including: Sears Tower, Chicago (442 mt). Jin Mao Building, Shanghai (421 mt). Empire State Building, New York (381 mt). The final height and number of floors, shall be finalised closer to the completion of the tower. Features: World One will be the tallest residential tower in the world. It shall be one of the only 100+ storey buildings in the world to ▲ Construction & Architecture Magazine One of the landmark features of this iconic development with be an exclusive observatory called '1000' - located at a height of 1000 feet above the city. This open-to-air observatory will allow residents to enjoy fabulous views of the city and the Arabian Sea - it is estimated that a person can see as far away as 60 kms from the building from this height. One of the key features of the project is the high-end clubhouse and spa, spread over 3 levels and 20,000 sq ft, which is expected to be managed by one of the world's leading spa operators. In addition, the site will have over 2,00,000 sq ft (5 acres) of landscaped areas for the residents, including a special 80,000 sq ft. Sports Club at a height of 175 ft above ground. The project is expected to provide its residents with the finest in luxury living. Leading luxury brands from across the globe are expected to be involved in the project:
  2. 2. Cover Story Cover Story INDIA’S MEGA PROJECTS INDIA’S MEGA PROJECTS Behind the scenes: Lodha Developers has partnered with some of the world's foremost names to bring World One to life. Pei Cobb Freed & Partners (founded as I.M. Pei & Partners) is renowned for projects whose iconic skyline or streetscape presence is equally balanced with a concern for the quality of public space they engender as well as a deep commitment to the craft of building. Responsible for landmark global projects such as the 492 m Shanghai World Financial Center in China, Leslie E. Robertson Associates (LERA) is a consulting engineering firm providing structural engineering design services for architects, developers, contractors and owners. safety, including fully automated fire detection and sprinkling systems, dedicated pressurised fire staircases and high-speed fire lifts. Landmark features : World One is expected to be Rs 2,000 crores (approx US$ 440 million). Some landmark features includes exclusive observatory called ‘1000’ - located at a height of 1000 ft above the city. This open-to-air observatory will allow residents to enjoy view of the city and the Arabian Sea - it is estimated that a person can see as far away as 60 km from the building from this height. World One will include about 300 exclusive homes, including 3 and 4 bedroom world residences, lavish world villas with their own private pools and a limited number of upper-luxurious duplex world mansions. Thanks to the unique curved form of the building, the residents will enjoy spectacular 360° views of the entire city, including the Bandra Worli Sealink, the race course and the Arabian Sea. World One shall be rated as GOLD LEED certified building by the Green Building Council. It shall be one of the only 100+ storey buildings in the world to have this coveted Some key benefits of living in a super high-rise: Lower temperature: It is like living on a hill station - The drop in temperature (DALR) is approximately constant at 9.78 °C/km (5.37 °F/1000 ft, or about 3°C/1,000 ft) viz. The temperature at the top of World One will be almost 4.5°C lower than the ground temperature in the area. Lesser noise from outside: There is reduction in noise in buildings as we move up and the building and the variation noise is also less as compared to the lower floors. A difference of 30 floors reduces the maximum experienced noise by 30 percent. Cleaner air: A steady concentration decrease with increasing height of the concentration of automotive-related pollutants, such as of PM10 airborne particulate, and of CO occurs in the immediate neighboring of the tower building. A decrease in concentration of particulates by 10 milligrams increases life by 0.61 years for a 7 year old child. With the availability of cleaner air in upper floors, reduction of 20 percent in lung capacity can be avoided. 28 September – October 2010 Safety at World One: There is an automatic fire detection system in place to prevent a fire mishap. An advanced sprinkler system douses any fire breakout before it can spread. In case of a fire, there is a bank of fire elevators that are equipped to get the residents to the ground in under a minute. There is also specific fire stair case for the purpose. Additionally, in case of complete power failure during a fire, there is a provision for refuge floors where residents may take refuge until the fire abates. certification, indicating a high level of environmental care in its construction and operations. Structural excellence: Construction is expected to be carried out by one of the world's top civil engineering firms - those in the fray include ▲ Construction & Architecture Magazine Samsung Constructions (the constructors of the Burj Khalifa in Dubai), L&T (India's pre-eminent civil engineering firm) and Grocon (Australia’s leading high-rise construction company). Best-in-class technology will be used for the construction of this tower, including high-capacity concrete pumps with ability to pump to heights over 450 m and highcapacity construction hoists, with a speed of up to 2 m/sec (6.5 feet/sec) to move men and materials will be used for the construction of this tower. Reflecting a nocompromise approach to safety, World One is been designed to manage the effect of wind and seismic movements. Highstrength concrete makes up the tower’s super-structure, which is supported by large reinforced concrete mats and piles. The structure has been designed as a ‘Mega Structure’ to optimise the building design - the very first time that this technology has been used in India. Special measures have been taken to ensure the highest levels of fire Fact sheet: World One has been granted an FSI of 3.7. The mixed-use development will include 3 residential towers, a high-end shopping avenue and a world-class 30 September – October 2010 ▲ Construction & Architecture Magazine office building. 100 percent water recycling and rain water harvesting - reducing water consumption by upto 50 percent over a conventional building. Use of VRV air-conditioning and solar energy for common area lighting and water heating - reducing electricity consumption by up to 40 percent. 300 exclusive homes, including 3 and 4 bedroom world residences, lavish world villas with their own private pools and a limited number of uber-luxurious duplex world mansions. In addition, the site will have over 2,00,000 sq ft (5 acres) of landscaped areas for the residents, including a special 80,000 sq ft sports club at a height of 175 ft above ground. Kitchens- Bulthaup (Germany) Bath fittings - Antonio Lupi (Italy), Dornbracht (Germany), Gessi (Italy), Villeroy & Boch (Germany/France) Elevators - Mitsubishi (Japan), Otis (USA). Flooring - Imported Italian marbles. This iconic tower is expected to consume over: 2,50,000 cubic mt of concrete. V35,000 mt tonnes of steel rebar 40,000 sq m of glass . 14 million man hours. 18 elevators travelling at upto 8 m/sec (over 25 ft/sec, more than 2½ storey's/sec. Study of Traffic Noise bevels at Various Heights of a 39-Storey BuildingNorman L. Meyerson. 3Fine-Particulate air pollution and Life Expectancy in the United States- C. Arden Pope, Majid Ezzat and Douglas W. Dockery. Finally: The construction is scheduled to be completed by 2014. The total investment is expected to be Rs 2,000 crores (approx US$ 440 million). These residences are expected to be priced at Rs 7.50 crores onwards (USD 1.5 million+).The building’s height, unique cloverleaf configuration, the unobstructed panoramic views from each residence, and overall luxury and services will make World One unquestionably the country's most coveted address.
  3. 3. realty talk realty talk projects under its belt, mainly in Mumbai and its suburbs. The group has concentrated on playing a key role in offering a diverse range of projects in upper mid-income and midIncome. Why just this segment? What other wide range of features does it offer for qualitative and affordable living? We see immense demand and growth from the upper mid-income and mid-income segments. Also soaring land prices and little help from the government makes it very difficult to cater to other segments of society. We provide amenities clubhouse, gymnasium, indoor games and community hall in most of our projects. We also offer power backup to every apartment in areas such as Mira-Road, Dahisar, Kalwa, Kalyan and Dombivili. In a bid to contribute beyond the conventional and defined domain for the betterment of the community in Mumbai and bridge the gap in the current real estate residential offering by promoting spiritual harmony, the Sanghvi Group, while offering luxury living at an optimal value have also been committed in creating places of spiritual worship. The group has built a series of temples which are adjoining or in close proximity to their residential projects. LUXURY, LIFESTYLE AND COMFORT W Shailesh Sanghvi, Director, Sanghvi Group of Companies speaks to Remona Divekar on the group and the projects 54 September – October 2010 ith a clear focus, Sanghavi Group offers a combination of luxury, lifestyle and comfort with aesthetically designed private terrace and garden flats with natural landscapes, panoramic view from the apartment. Founded in 1983, the Group has played a key role in offering diverse range of projects in both the residential and commercial space just concentrating on developing properties for upper midincome and mid-income groups thus offering a wide range of features for qualitative and affordable living. Tell us about diverse rang e of projects ▲ Construction & Architecture Magazine your company has developed in residential and commercial space? The Sanghvi Group has established an immense level of credibility in the field of real estate, developing well designed projects of commendable quality. The company has created a wide variety of projects, utilising an innovative range of architectural styles. The residential complexes are built in the size from 10,000 sq ft to 3,50,000 sq ft, which include homes of size ranging from 325 to 3,000 sq ft per condominium. The facilities provided at these residential complexes are amongst the best in the industry. The company has over 30 Tell us about the land bank status? Give us estimation on each segment based on your projects developed and those which are in the development process? What is the group's status in the development of the projects undertaken? To keep a pace with the renewed thrust in the real estate in Mumbai, Sanghvi Group has a strategic corporate plan to generate returns in tune of Rs 1,500 crore by launching a mix of qualitative residential and commercial properties across the city over the next one year. The group's immediate plans 26 lakh sq ft of land has been earmarked for the development of the ten new projects in the metropolis. The Group has strategically procured a land bank of prime real estate in the areas of Worli, Lower Parel, Byculla, Dahisar, Mazgaon, Ghatkopar, Kalwa, Dombivili and Kalyan to ensure that consumers are offered best connectivity to roads, railways, 56 September – October 2010 over the next decade and attract foreign investment worth $30 billion, with a number of IT parks and residential townships being constructed across India. Your take on future trends expected? We expected a rapid growth of infrastructure in the suburbs, so that commuting from distant places is easier, faster and less cumbersome also. High rises, new business parks and efficient rail network will change the face of India in the years to come. Most of the future projects will be developed based on the PPP model since the government has a huge land bank which could potentially be developed to meet residential and commercial need. The commercial establishments entertainment hubs. and Do you agree with the fact that niche market for luxurious residential and commercial spaces have been created in the city largely due to demand from NRIs? What your take on this statement? Yes, there is a significant demand coming from NRIs since they travel a lot and want the same experience in India too. However, there is a growing demand from the affluent class in India. The demand is typically comes from entrepreneurs, CEOs and senior professionals are looking for homes in India. As the job market is steadily growing up, developers have realised there will be a rise in demand for homes in the luxury segment. Many developers have tapped this and are now offering luxury boutique homes to the niche segment. Property prices in the national capital region (NCR) have increased by up to 54 percent during the first three month of this year due to higher demand. What is the status of other metro cities like Mumbai? In Mumbai we speculate a rise in demand post Monsoon. Also there is a possibility that prices may rise by 12-14% in fourth quarter of the year, owing to market demand and various government and financial policies. The real estate sector is anticipated to grow at the rate of 30 percent annually ▲ Construction & Architecture Magazine government and the real estate sector are becoming increasingly aware of environmental issues and to need to preserve it. Projects of the future will certainly be environment friendly. The real-estate sector is one of the largest employers in the country, and has backward and forward linkages with about 250 industries, such as cement, brick, steel, building material and many others. What will be the impact on them in future if there is again dwindling conditions in the country's economy? The real estate is the second biggest contributor to the GDP of the country. Many ancillary industries like cement, brick, steel etc are dependent on real estate for their revenue. A rise in price of raw material will certainly affect the price of the end product.
  4. 4. special feature special feature PRE-FAB/ROOFING AND CLADDING PRE-FAB/ROOFING AND CLADDING Setting an industry benchmark Fabricated sections, colour coated steel which has strength and easy formability, has made it possible to achieve dreams of attractive building for both industry and the public at large shares Mahendra Pingle, Head - Technical Marketing (Building Products and Distribution), Tata BlueScope Steel with Remona Divekar What is the current scenario of this industry? How has it progressed over the years? The roofing and wall cladding industry of Zinc-Aluminum coated sheets has gained healthy market share in Q1 FY'11 over Q1 FY'10 and we believe that the overall growth will be approximately 25 percent. This may be attributed to its superior performance over other intermaterial product such as galvanised and PPGI (pre-painted galvanised iron) and the overall growth in industrial and infra sector projects. We have observed that the market demand is now; more skewed towards the colour coated products than the bare unpainted metallic coated steel. This is due to its appeal, on account of better aesthetics and the 'prestige factor' associated with it. Over the year how has been the company's journey to the top? In the roofing and walling applications, Tata BlueScope Steel has the highest market share due to its augmented product offering of quality product and 60 September – October 2010 services. The company, now, has a strong customer base and has bagged many repeat orders. Over the years we have introduced innovative products in the market, which include - LYSAGHT SMARTDEK® structural decking system used for composite slab construction, STYLWALL® system - an alternative to Aluminum Composite Panel for facade ▲ Construction & Architecture Magazine application,PEB-Lite™/ SMARTBUILD® - light-weight preengineered buildings for small shed applications for SSI, community centre, porta cabin, affordable housing solutions etc. In the near future, we will be introducing more innovative products in our market offer which will help architects, structural engineers and consultants to design architectural building with green star rating. According to you how is the Indian roofing industry undergone changes and growing number of industrial applications? Your opinion? The roofing market has progressed from existing roofing materials such as asbestos, clay tile, cement tile, aluminum, GC and is progressively moving towards Zn-Al products. The Zinc-Aluminum coated steel roofing and wall cladding is getting preferred over the others in Industrial applications due to a wide array of benefits they offer to the customer, such as long life, architectural design flexibility, speed of construction and its aesthetics. This metal roofing and wall cladding industry, we believe has more than 50 roll forming companies, which supply metal coated steel products and every year there is an entry of 5-10 more companies. This will help to increase the usage of steel in construction but important aspects like people safety, quality of product and its installation needs to be improved upon. What are the world class technologies available in the Indian market for this industry? If yes what are they and how well are they received in Indian market? In roofing and wall cladding industry, recently high tensile fabric material, copper cladding, zinc- titanium cladding etc is been introduced in particular applications. The zinc- aluminum coated steel cladding, however, is the best option as it gels with all type buildings and is easily available at competitive prices. This also decreases construction time and provides long life to the building. A well known brand in Roofing and Walling industry is LYSAGHT®, which is more than 140 years old and is manufactured from world-class ZINCALUME® steel or COLORBOND® steel. Also, it is a Green product. Roofing is the critical area in the building envelope. In the current times have the builders/developers and the consumers realised the importance to have efficient technology and materials. Have they taken it more than a visual element? What is the progress ratio? In any buildings, an important conventional steel buildings (e.g. warehouse as factory shed) due to less usage of steel, achieved by optimisation of the structure design as per the site location and building usage. Clear span is costlier than a multi-span building. PEBs is early possession, saves overall cost of building by enabling early start of production or occupation. If one considers the life cycle cost, the PEB structure is cheaper than any other building. Fabricated sections, colour coated steel which has strength and easy formability, has made it possible to achieve dreams of attractive building for both industry and the public at large. component is the roofing and wall cladding which provides the visual fascia of the building and keeps the valuable machinery and workforce in a comfortable and safe environment. In addition to this, nowadays, companies are well aware that better quality claddings help in acquiring a LEED certification, as they affect the solar reflective index (SRI) value which decides the thermal efficiency of a building. Besides this, claddings, such as those made from ZINCALUME® steel and COLROBOND® steel, which have no hazardous ingredients in their paint system, have long life, are recyclable and re-useable, help facilitate LEED 62 September – October 2010 certification. The usage of green product in building sector has shown positive signs and is going to increase in the near future as everyone, now, understands the importance of the green products other than just the visual element to conserve and use environment friendly products. Depending on the structure how does it impact the cost factor? Are there any cost effective solutions available? Any new materials available today for the structures to look attractive? The building cost depends on the type of building you require. As we all know, PEB, as a concept is well accepted over the ▲ Construction & Architecture Magazine What role does a climatic or environmental conditions play to sustain the durability for any structure? Do you have to face any shortcomings? How do you overcome them? Proximity to sea, industrial activity in & around, and geographical conditions affects the performance of any building made of any material. ZINCALUME® steel and COLORBOND® steel are quite capable to withstand the different environment conditions over galvanised steel. What do you think is the future of industry? Do you think any breakthrough trends are desperately needed for a normal growth curve? The future of the roofing and wall Cladding industry seems to be bright, given the upswing in usage of steel and also, given that the steelmanufacturing capacity is set to increase in the near future. More awareness and removal of some misconceptions about steel buildings in general is the need of the hour. Usage of more flat steel in residential application will give a big boost to the industry.
  5. 5. special feature special feature CONSTRUCTION AND MINING EQUIPMENT CONSTRUCTION AND MINING EQUIPMENT awarded to Jaypee Infrastructure Pvt. Ltd and the (main) sub-contractors for the project are C & C Infrastructure P Ltd and M/S Oriental structural engineering. Slated for completion by March 2011, the length of the Yamuna Expressway will be 165.5 km and a width of 15.7 m. The expressway is a six-lane project, which can be extended to 8 lanes. There will be 3 main toll plazas on the expressway, 7 toll plazas on the interchange loop and 35 underpasses, in all. The expressway will further have one major bridge, 42 minor bridges and one rail-over-bridge. The project has been broadly classified into three packages – C1 (0-56 km), C2 (56108 km) and C3 (110- 165 km). The construction equipment for this formidable project was supplied by UNDERSTANDING THE GROWTH POTENTIAL OF THE COUNTRY Construction Equipment manufacturers would need to focus on customising their products to suit the Indian market says, Anand Sundaresan - MD – Schwing Setter India Pvt Ltd speaking to Remona Divekar growth and development of the real estate sector. Previously, the concreting tequipment sector was a highly fragmented one with many proprietary concerns and unorganised sectors. However, with the entry of organised players / MNCs like us, the sector has seen a lot of streamlining and development. Also, it is important for the manufacturers to understand what customers look for, in their equipment, and identify how these features can be incorporated in the machines. Being 100 percent subsidiary of the German parent, it helps us bring this technology into India and to customise this based on the needs of our customers here. All activities undertaken by our parent company will revolve around the theme Go Green. What revolutionary changes and developments has your company implemented in the Indian market? How was it before you ventured? Schwing Stetter India was started in the year 1999 with a keen understanding of the potential the country offered. India saw an incredible burst of construction activity, with a number of government infrastructure projects, as well as the Share your insight on the Yamuna Expressway. Share with us the challenging aspect of constructing that highway? How did you go about making that express way road? The Yamuna Expressway, commissioned in 2001 by the State Government of Uttar Pradesh, is a six-lane expressway, which will connect Delhi and Agra, via Mathura. The project was 76 September – October 2010 ▲ Construction & Architecture Magazine Schwing Stetter India Pvt. Ltd, India’s leading RMC-equipment manufacturer. Having understood the scale of the project, SSIPL recommended to Jaypee Infrastructure, the equipment range that had to be used, which would be ideal to produce concrete for the Expressway project. Currently, in terms of project status, 22 km of road have been paved in C1; earth work is in progress for C2 and 55 km of road have been laid on both sides, in C3. This being a Greenfield Project, moving of men, machinery and material at the middle of nowhere is a big task. Similarly, there are many bridges and converts throughout the length which costs stoppage and shifting of the paving equipments. It has hurdles because it not only calls for dismantling and reassembling the huge paving equipments used on this project, but also causes delay. What kinds of equipments were used and in what stages of development? What were the challenges involved? How were they overcome? The Yamuna Expressway, a six-lane project which will connect Delhi and Agra. It is broadly being implemented in three phases. The equipment that we have used for the construction are Batching plant - H6N: 10 units. Batching plant - CP30: 7 units. Batching plant - CP18: 1 unit. Concrete pump - BP350: 5 units. Boom Pump - S36: 1 unit. Transit Mixer: 39 units. Three batching plants at Dankaur and Jewar have produced approx 26,000 cubic mt and 70,000 cubic mt of concrete respectively. The equipment rental market is not yet fully developed but in India there are still a number of companies who are entering into this business encouraged by the low interest regime. Your take. Yes, the rental equipment market in India is yet to evolve. In India it is only about 7-8 percent, as compared to anywhere between 50 and 70 percent in some countries. We understand that in UK 70 percent of the equipments are deployed on rental basis. A robust rental market enables reduction in investments in projects by outsourcing the equipment requirement (including spares and services) and improving capacity utilization of equipment. We are seeing an increased number of organised equipment banks gaining a strong foothold in the rental business. However, a large part of the market continues to be served by small fleet owners, who have less than 10 machines each. Lack of synchronisation of interstate tax policies largely prevent the evolution of a more evolved and organised system. However, with the government proposing many significant infrastructure projects, we foresee that the demand for rental equipment will grow. What is the current status of this industry in India especially at the times of economic crises? What new products are you planning for the Indian market in near future? The Indian construction equipment industry was estimated at US $ 7 – 7.5 billion at the end of fiscal 2009-2010 and is expected to grow to a size of US $ 1213 billion by 2015. Overall, the Indian MCE industry has a volume of about 45,000 units per annum, at an estimated turnover of about US$ 2.6 – 3.1 billion. 78 September – October 2010 The Indian construction equipment industry was estimated at US$ 7 – 7.5 billion at the end of fiscal 2009-2010. One of the sectors most affected by the recession was the CE sector, which saw a sharp 15-30 percent drop across product segments. While the Government infrastructure projects continued to keep the demand in the sector alive, projects commissioned by the private enterprises suffered due to lack of funds. However, the sector started picking up again from the end of 2009 and the sector has posted a growth of 10.1 percent in the Index of Industrial Production (IIP) for the period Feb – April, 2010. Demand from the real estate sector is yet to pick up. Some of the key growth drivers in India were strong around in the last few months, driven by increased infrastructure activity and finance availability. With large investments being planned in the infrastructure sector over the next few years, the CE industry is likely to grow at a healthy rate. Some of the large projects include the target of constructing 20 km per day, set by the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, implying more than 35,000 km between 2008-09 and 2013-14. The Eleventh Plan commission estimates that over US $ 155 billion will be spent on infrastructure investments, towards development of roads, bridges, railways, ports and airports. Since inception in December 2005 and until December 2009, 515 projects across 31 States at a cost of Rs 580 billion have been economic development, government and private investments in infrastructure, large government projects like road building, high commodity prices (supporting mining activity) and growing levels of mechanisation. Our company is dealing only with concreting equipments. Therefore, our focus will be only on introducing newer products in this segment depending upon the local requirements and developments that are taking place. We may also add a few products which are ancillary to the concreting equipments. sanctioned for urban infrastructure development under the Jawaharlal Nehru Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM). Besides this, the Special Accelerated Road Development Programme in the North-eastern Region (SARDP-NE) envisages two / four-laning of about 5,184 km of National Highways and two-laning / improvement of about 4,756 km of State roads. R&D is likely to assume a lot more importance in the coming years, encouraging the manufacturers to align their expenditure in this area to customer expectations. Construction equipment manufacturers would need to focus on customising their products to suit the Indian market, setting up an effective after-sales network and training of manpower. How do you see this industry progressing in coming years? What are the future plans of the company? The industry has seen a significant turn- ▲ Construction & Architecture Magazine