Aina Martínez Gutierrez and Cristina Solé Ollé Museums andmonuments of the city.
I n d e x MUSEUMS:MONUMENTS: The National museum ofAnna Livia Decorative Arts & HistoryAras an Uachtarain The Dublin WritersChrist Church Cathedral museumDublin Castle Bram Storkery DublinMansion House Oscar Wilde HouseMolly Malone The Natural Museum ofRoyal Hospital KilmainhamNatural History.Spire of Dublin Chester Beatty Library.St.Patrik Catedral The National Wax Museum.
Anna LiviaThis enchanting figure personifies the River Liffey and residesin OConnell Street, opposite the general Post Office. JamesJoyces mythical Anna Livia character is cast in bronze andreclines in a pool of fast flowing water. Locals affectionatelyrefer to this statue as the Floozy in the Jacuzzi.
Aras an UachtarainOriginally much smaller, this 1751country house has been extendedseveral times and now appears verygrand indeed. Aras an Uachtaráin isIrish for House of the President andthis grand home has recently beenopened to visitors. Guided tours areavailable every Saturday and start atthe Phoenix Park Visitors Centre. Thetour lasts an hour, beginning with ashort historical film, and a bustransports visitors to and from thehouse. As tickets are limited, it isadvisable to arrive early. Thefollowing items are not allowed intothe house for security reasons -backpacks, buggies, cameras andmobile phones.
Christ Church CathedralThis church serves as the citys oldestbuilding, founded in 1038 by King Sitricof Dublin and constructed by Vikingsettlers. In 1169 it was rebuilt in stoneby the Earl of Pembroke and restored intrue Gothic style in 1871. A largenumber of people visit the cathedralevery year to appreciate the wonderfulstructure of the building and also to seethe interesting features, which includeremarkable monuments, sculptures,punishment stocks, a crypt which datesfrom 1172 and even the embalmedheart of the Archbishop of Dublin from1180.
Dublin CastleOver the years, Dublin Castle has been undersiege, almost destroyed by fire and used as aprison, with its Undercroft actually being part ofa former Viking fortress. Now the StateApartments are occasionally used forgovernment conferences and similar functions.Other features include the Portrait Gallery, theGothic Royal Chapel, the Wedgewood Room andthe Chester Beatty Library, which has a collectionof over 22,000 manuscripts from all over theworld.
Mansion HouseAlthough this house is not actually open tomembers of the public, the impressiveexterior is still worth visiting. This QueenAnne-style building was built by JoshuaDawson and has been the official residenceof Dublins Lord Mayors since 1715. TheHouse of Representatives was assembledhere in 1919 to adopt Irelands Declarationof Independence and ratify theProclamation of the Irish Republic.
Molly MaloneSweet Molly Malone is a much-loved fictionalcharacter in the city and features in Dublinspopular unofficial anthem Cockles and Mussels.Always pointed out during guided bus tours, thislife-size bronze resides on the corner of SuffolkStreet and Grafton Street, where she is depictedin 17th-century attire, complete with flower cartand affectionately known by locals as The Tartwith the Cart and The Dolly with the Trolley.
Royal Hospital KilmainhamThe Royal Hospital Kilmainham is widely thought to be the mostimportant 17th-century building in Ireland. It is actually a replicaof the Paris hospital Les Invalides and construction finished in1684. Originally built as a hospice for disabled and veteransoldiers, it operated as a hospital up to the 1920s, but after thisthe building fell into a state of disrepair and a recent majorrestoration project has returned the landmark to its former self.Inside there are four galleries arranged around a courtyard, agrand dining room, a spectacular baroque chapel withwonderfully detailed wood carvings and a café. The hospital is alsohome to the Irish Museum of Modern Art, which exhibits works byfamous artists, such as Picasso and Miró, as well as many Irishartists. From the city centre, the Royal Hospital is just a short rideby bus or taxi. Hourly guided tours are available.
Spire of DublinA modern monument erected between 2002 and 2003,the Spire of Dublin stands just across from the JamesJoyce Statue and was built as a replacement forNelsons Pillar, which was constructed during thecolonial era and destroyed in the sixties by Irishrepublicans. This contemporary conical spire is madefrom stainless steel and towers for approximately 120metres / 394 feet, being installed with the vision ofcreating an elegant 21st-century landmark.
St. Patrik’s CathedralThe Cathedral of the Blessed Virgin Mary and St. Patrickstands in the city centre, close to Liberties College andMarshs Library. Currently the biggest church in Ireland,the cathedral was built at the end of the 12th century,on the site of a much older 5th-century Christianbuilding. Boasting Irelands most powerful pipe organ,some of the countrys biggest bells (housed within theWest Tower) and a tall spire, this landmark measures inat some 43 metres / 141 feet, being clearly visible fromafar.
The National museum of Decorative Arts & History.Is home to a wide range of objects which includeweaponry, furniture, silver, ceramics andglassware, as well as examples of folklife andcostume. The exhibitions have been designed ininnovative and contemporary galleries. Whichopened in September 1997. Today, CollinsBarracks the first commander-in-chief of theIrish Free State.
The Dublin Writers museum.Dublin was originated by the journalist andauthor Maurice Gorham (1902 - 1975), whoproposed it to Dublin Tourism. It was to takesome years before a suitable building and asufficient level of funding became available.Opened in November 1991 at No 18, ParnellSquare, the museum occupies an originaleighteenth-century house, which accommodatesthe museum rooms, library, gallery andadministration area.
Bram Stoker Dublín.Bram Stoker was a civil servant at Dublin Castlebefore he went to London to manage a theaterand later to write "Dracula." Stoker was Irish.Many places in Irelands capital influencedStoker as a person and as writer, and theybecame steps along the path that led him toDracula. Now a day, these sites cant only beenjoyed for their historical and cultural value,but also for helping to conjure up one ofliteratures most iconic interpretations of evil.
Oscar Wilde House.Number One Merrion Square is the formerchildhood home of one of Dublin’s most famoussons, the writer and dramatist Oscar Wilde.American College Dublin came into possessionof this house in 1994 and was presented with anextremely generous donation in 1998.
The Natural Museum of Natural History.Just two years before Charles Darwin published hisfamous work, The Origin of Species, the NaturalHistory Museum in Merrion Street was opened tothe public for the first time in 1857.Now, as then, it educates and inspires, leaving usfeeling small and humbled amidst the vast andwondrous diversity of life on display.In this museum, are two million the species, andalso It’s decorated and sculptured panels depictingmythological figures.
Chester Beatty Library .The Chester Beatty Library was established inDublin, Ireland in 1950, to house the collectionsof mining magnate, Sir Alfred Chester Beatty.The present library, on the grounds of DublinCastle, opened on February 7, 2000, the 125thanniversary of Sir Alfreds birth and was namedEuropean Museum of the Year in 2002.
The National Wax Museum.The National Wax Museum is a privately ownedwaxworks museum in Dublin, Ireland. OnOctober 7, 2009, the museum officially re-opened (although it had been open to the publica number of weeks prior) following extensiverenovation at its new location in the left flank ofthe Irish Houses of Parliament, at Foster Place.