Chao Phraya River Basin:
URBAN
A PowerPoint Presentation
For M. 5 Students
Facebook acct.
missrelyn_sstudies@yahoo.com
Facts:
• The Basin represents only 30% of
Thailand’s area BUT is the basis for
almost 70 % of the nation’s economy.
• More...
Bangkok: Thailand’s Mega City
• In the past: Cities develop naturally
1. As more people migrate to the city
markets were set-up
neighborhood become esta...
The Establishment of Bangkok
- is due to the relationship between the
physical geography and human activity
Physical Geography: the landscape
Needs for Defense: usually enemies would
attack from water
Location of Resources: such a...
Urban Planning
- The growth of Bangkok needs to be
planned and regulated.
- As cities expand, they take more lands.
Bangko...
Districts: (as used by Urban Planners)
A. City Centre, Historic
Core and Inner City
- oldest
- most historic part
of the c...
B. Central Business
District or Business Core
(Downtown)
-office buildings
- banks
- government
buildings
- foreign embass...
C. Commercial District:
-buy and sell
goods
- Sukkhumvit Rd.
- Silom
- Chinatown
D. Residential Zones
-space in the city
intended for housing.
- mixed residential
and commercial spaces.
- special
residen...
E. Parkland, Greenbelts
or Green Zones
- Public stadiums
-swimming pools
- public gardens
-parks
F. Services:
- installation of
sewer pipes under the
roads.
- public hospitals
- public schools,
libraries, post office,
p...
Urban Issues in Chao Phraya
1. Sanitation
- Disposal of human
waste and
household garbage
go directly into the
river.
 So...
Industrialization
• Industry uses great
quantities of water
and creates material
wastes that are
harmful to the
environmen...
• Government impose
strict regulations upon
industrial expansion
• Monitor water quality
of the river
Water Use: Flood Control and
Hydro electric Dams
• Flood Control
 Flood prevents
damage of property
 Silt that nourishes...
• Dams
• Construction to
generate energy and
meet energy needs of
big cities.
• Dams alter flow of run
off downstream
• Fa...
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Bangkok

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Bangkok

  1. 1. Chao Phraya River Basin: URBAN A PowerPoint Presentation For M. 5 Students
  2. 2. Facebook acct. missrelyn_sstudies@yahoo.com
  3. 3. Facts: • The Basin represents only 30% of Thailand’s area BUT is the basis for almost 70 % of the nation’s economy. • More than half of the entire Thai population live in the Chao Phraya River basin region- that is mostly in cities along the river system.
  4. 4. Bangkok: Thailand’s Mega City
  5. 5. • In the past: Cities develop naturally 1. As more people migrate to the city markets were set-up neighborhood become established cities grew outward away from the center
  6. 6. The Establishment of Bangkok - is due to the relationship between the physical geography and human activity
  7. 7. Physical Geography: the landscape Needs for Defense: usually enemies would attack from water Location of Resources: such as water, farmland, sources of energy.
  8. 8. Urban Planning - The growth of Bangkok needs to be planned and regulated. - As cities expand, they take more lands. Bangkok is located within the river basin (rich farmland), without control, valuable farmlands would be taken over to accommodate the expansion of the city. - The Department of Public Works and Town and Country Planning is responsible for this
  9. 9. Districts: (as used by Urban Planners) A. City Centre, Historic Core and Inner City - oldest - most historic part of the city - areas around the Grand Palace
  10. 10. B. Central Business District or Business Core (Downtown) -office buildings - banks - government buildings - foreign embassies
  11. 11. C. Commercial District: -buy and sell goods - Sukkhumvit Rd. - Silom - Chinatown
  12. 12. D. Residential Zones -space in the city intended for housing. - mixed residential and commercial spaces. - special residential zones where condominiums are constructed.
  13. 13. E. Parkland, Greenbelts or Green Zones - Public stadiums -swimming pools - public gardens -parks
  14. 14. F. Services: - installation of sewer pipes under the roads. - public hospitals - public schools, libraries, post office, police stations - transportation system - bridges
  15. 15. Urban Issues in Chao Phraya 1. Sanitation - Disposal of human waste and household garbage go directly into the river.  Some homes were torn down  Residents find new housing  Cannot rebuild once damaged or destroyed by storms
  16. 16. Industrialization • Industry uses great quantities of water and creates material wastes that are harmful to the environment -Chemicals and heavy metals are disposed in soil, they are carried with rainwater to the river • - Health risk for humans , aquatic and animal species in or around the river
  17. 17. • Government impose strict regulations upon industrial expansion • Monitor water quality of the river
  18. 18. Water Use: Flood Control and Hydro electric Dams • Flood Control  Flood prevents damage of property  Silt that nourishes the soil is reduced - Farmers will then use fertilizers to the soil - Chemicals harm environment
  19. 19. • Dams • Construction to generate energy and meet energy needs of big cities. • Dams alter flow of run off downstream • Farmers depends on irrigation system • Crops become more expensive

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