Thermal coal upgradation and conversion in india ibc asia, jakarta april 25, 2012 sent

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PRIORITIES ON ENERGY GENERATION SECTOR ARE:Increased use of Advanced Fossil Fuel Technology, Promote CCT where coal is main stay fuel for Power Generation AND Reduce Atmospheric Pollution from Energy …

PRIORITIES ON ENERGY GENERATION SECTOR ARE:Increased use of Advanced Fossil Fuel Technology, Promote CCT where coal is main stay fuel for Power Generation AND Reduce Atmospheric Pollution from Energy Generating Systems WHILE Ensuring energy security . India's initiatives in using the low rank coals like lignite, or the high ash coals are dicussed.

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  • 1. THERMAL COAL UPGRADATION AND CONVERSION IN INDIA 2012 TOWARDS A MORE SUSTAINABLE ENERGY FUTURE FOR INDIADR. HIMADRI BANERJI,Ex CEO RELIANCE ENERGYMD ECOURJAAT THE 2ND ANNUAL COAL UPGRADATION ANDCONVERSION, IBC ASIA , JAKARTA, 25TH APRIL 2012 DR HIMADRI BANERJI EX CEO RELIANCE ENERGY IBC ASIA JAKARTA 24-26 APRIL 2012
  • 2. COAL CONVERSION AND UPGRADATION IBC ASIAPRIORITIES ON ENERGY GENERATION SECTOR: – Increased use of Advanced Fossil Fuel Technology. – Promote CCT where coal is main stay fuel for Power Generation. – Reduce Atmospheric Pollution from Energy Generating Systems. – Ensuring energy security DR HIMADRI BANERJI EX CEO RELIANCE ENERGY IBC ASIA JAKARTA 24-26 APRIL 2012
  • 3. Total Thermal generation 2012 700 billion kwh Total Coal Based 2012-13 518 billion kwh Target Coal based 2012-2013 560 billion kwh Generation Loss Coal Shortage: 8.7 billion kwhDR HIMADRI BANERJI EX CEO RELIANCE ENERGY IBC ASIA JAKARTA 24-26 APRIL 2012
  • 4. DEMAND PROJECTIONYEAR 2020 MIX OF GENERATION • Thermal 326,000MW • Renewable & Hydro 104,000 MW • Nuclear 20,000 MW • Total 450,000 MW DR HIMADRI BANERJI EX CEO RELIANCE ENERGY IBC ASIA JAKARTA 24-26 APRIL 2012
  • 5. COAL FOR POWER GENERATIONChina and India are projected to account for 30%of the world’s increase in energy consumptionbetween 2000-2020 and 92% of increase in coal use.The key challenges facing the coal industry in Indiaare related to : Obsolete Coal Mining Technology Frequent Disruptions Due to Flooding Forest and Environmental Clearances Regulated and Unrealistic Prices
  • 6. Coal Production Data 2008-2012Coal Production Coal India LtdGrades Fiscal 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Raw coal % of Raw coal % of Raw coal % of Raw coal % of Raw coal % of production Raw coal production Raw coal production Raw coal production Raw coal production Raw coal Mill Te production Mill Te production Mill Te production Mill Te production Mill Te production Non Coking 353.30 93.1 377.19 93.4 395.13 91.6 389.97 90.4 413.70 90.7 Coal 1 Coking 26.16 6.9 26.54 6.6 36.13 8.4 41.35 9.6 42.40 9.3 Coal 2 Total 379.46 100.0 403.73 100.0 431.26 100.0 431.32 100.0 456.10 100.0 DR HIMADRI BANERJI EX CEO RELIANCE ENERGY IBC ASIA JAKARTA 24-26 APRIL 2012
  • 7. MAJOR COALFIELDS INDIA
  • 8. Coal Reserves India 2012SOURCE: ANNUAL REPORT 2011 MINISTRY OF COAL (in Million Tonnes)
  • 9. LIGNITE RESERVES INDIA 2012SOURCE: ANNUAL REPORT 2011 MINISTRY OF COAL DR HIMADRI BANERJI EX CEO RELIANCE ENERGY IBC ASIA JAKARTA 24-26 APRIL 2012
  • 10. COAL CHARACTERIZATIONCOAL QUALLITY IN INDIA DR HIMADRI BANERJI EX CEO RELIANCE ENERGY IBC ASIA JAKARTA 24-26 APRIL 2012
  • 11. COAL RANK, GAS GENERATION AND ADSORPTION THERMAL MATURITY GAS GENERATION &COAL RANK (ASTM) (Ro%) ADSORPTION BARMER, CAMBAY, LIGNITE BIOGENIC & MANNARGUADI LIGNITE GROUP C 0.4% MIXED GASSUB BITUMINOUS BASINS A.B.C. RANIGANJ FM. HIGH 0.5% OF RANIGANJ & JHARIA B I VOLATILE C ADSORPTIO 0.6% N CAPACITY COALFIELDS T HIGH GROUP B U BARAKAR FM. M VOLATILE B OF SATPURA, SOHAGPUR, I 0.8% HIGH WARDHA, GODAVARI, N O VOLATILE A THERMAL SONHAT COALFIELDS U GENERATION S 1.1% BARAKAR FM. MEDIUM OF JHARIA, RANIGANJ, EAST R VOLATILE BOKARO & KARANPURA GROUP A A 1.5% N COALFIELDS LOW K S VOLATILE 2.0%SEMI ANTHRACITE 2.6% ANTHRACITE META 0 2000 6000 SCF / T ANTHRACITE
  • 12. COAL QUALLITY IN INDIA INDIAN COALS HIGH ON ASH As equipment for hauling and mining gets larger, there is also more opportunity for dirt bands to get into the mined coal. Furthermore, current coal resource assessments are limited to within 300 m, which implies that opencast mining is expected to dominate production over the next 20-30 years, and thus, coal quality might not improve much without additional cleaning and beneficiation). Furthermore, the current grading system of coals in India does not provide a proper pricing signal for coal producers to improve coal quality (see footnote 196).
  • 13. Coal QualityIndian Power Plants vs US and China
  • 14. EFFECT OF HIGH ASH 1. damage to conveyor belts, coal crushers, 2. blockage of chutes and feeders, 3. damage to, and high erosion of, pulverizers, 4. reduced availability of coal mills, 5. reduced flame stability, 6. slagging and fouling of water walls, 7. high boiler erosion, 8. increased requirement for land for dumping, 9. higher emissions The high ash content AND HIGH ALPHA QUARTZ also leads to technical difficulties for utilizing the coal, as well as lower efficiency and higher costs for power plants.
  • 15. EFFECT OF HIGH ASH 1. corrosion of boiler walls and fouling of economizers, 2. high fly ash emissions (IEA, 2002a). 3. The high silica and alumina content in Indian coal ash is another problem, as it increases ash resistivity that reduces the ESP’s efficiency and increases emissions 4. although the high ash fusion temperature (>1100 DegC) of Indian coals is helpful for reducing slagging in boilers. 5. However, the high ash fusion temperature does eliminate the use of Indian coals in entrained-flow gasifiers – The high ash content also leads to technical difficulties for utilizing the coal, as well as lower efficiency and higher costs for power plants
  • 16. COAL WASHING &UPGRADATIONAsh in Indian coals is generally finely intermixed into the coal structureand the distribution of materials across different relative densityfractions is uniform.Hence, coal washing using physical methods is difficult, as coal must becrushed to small sizes for effective washing. There are various options for removing of impurities / reduction of Ash from the coal. Coal Extraction Stage: 1. Judicious Mining – Removal of dirt bands separately. 2. In Situ Gasification or UGC – Still at Infancy stage Post Coal Extraction Stage: 1. Washing / Processing the Coal 2. Blending high Ash Indian Coal with Low Ash Imported Coal 3. On Surface Gasification – adoption of IGCC – Attempts are underway
  • 17. Coal Beneficiation India is endowed with 276 billion Tonnes of Coal Reserves. The proven reserves stand at about 110 billion tonnes, corresponding to 10% of world’s total proven reserves. 84% of the country’s coal production is from Open Cast Mines. 75% of the total Coal produced in the country is consumed by the Power Sector. Indian Coals is that they are low in sulphur, however, they have very high Ash Content. Indian coals have high Ash (30% to 45%, compared to Ash in coal at Developed countries (7 to 20%). When compared on energy terms, it may be misnomer to state these reserves as huge. Cleaning of Coal (Coal beneficiation) assumes importance from environment & long distance transportation point of view
  • 18. Coal Beneficiation In 1997, the MoEF mandated the use of beneficiated coals with ash content of 34% (orlower) in power plants located beyond 1000 km from their coal source, and plants located incritically polluted areas, urban areas, and ecologically sensitive areas (CPCB, 2000b). This notification was based on a recommendation from a committee headed by thechairman of CPCB. Although this rule was to be enforced from June 2000, it is not clear howwell the rule is being is met. According to the CEA, more than 40 plants (about 24 GW of capacity) needed better qualitycoals and the estimated annual cleaner coal consumption was expected to be about 87 MT(CPCB, 2000b). On the other hand, the thermal coal washery capacity in 1999-00 was onlyabout 24 MT.
  • 19. Coal Beneficiation Hence, a key option available for power plants was the use of blended coals using betterquality foreign sources or a small quantity of well-cleaned domestic coal (CPCB, 2000b). With rising demand for better quality coals, the private sector has taken an increasinginterest in building washeries in the last few years. The current washery capacity is nearly 110 MT of thermal coal. The share of the privatesector is about 78%, and the share of CIL (which account for about 22%) is primarily fromconverted-coking-coal washeries (Ministry of Coal, 2005a; Kanchan, 2006). The government has also encouraged the building of private washeries with its“build-own-and-operate (BOO)” policy. DR HIMADRI BANERJI EX CEO RELIANCE ENERGY IBC ASIA JAKARTA 24-26 APRIL 2012
  • 20. CostGrades and Prices of Indian Coal. The lowest range of prices is fromMahanadi Coalfields Limited and the highest is from Eastern CoalfieldsLimited and Western Coalfields Limited. Source: (Ministry of Coal,2005a) and CIL website.These costs are for run-of-mine and they do not include royalty, tax, and cost of transport.The cost of transportation is another important part of the final cost of delivered coal toconsumers. Considering the calorific value of coal, the weighted average free-on-rail price ofcoal for power plants is under $5/million kilocalories, inclusive of royalty of tax; however, theprice of delivered coal is about $12-16/million kilocalories, as freight and handling add about $7-$11, depending on distance and mode of transport (Ministry of Coal, 2005a).227 In contrast, thecost, insurance and freight (cif) price of imported coal is about $13 per million kilocalories atcoastal locations. The prices have increased by over 50% by 2012
  • 21. India’s Concerns and Strategies for a Clean Environment DR HIMADRI BANERJI EX CEO RELIANCE ENERGY IBC ASIA JAKARTA 24-26 APRIL 2012
  • 22. INDIA RANKS 3RD ON TOTAL CO2 EMISSIONS Country CO2 emissions[14] Area (in km2) PopulationWorld 33,508,901 148,940,000 6,852,472,823China 8,240,958 9,640,821 1,339,724,852United States 5,492,170 9,826,675 312,793,000India 2,069,738 3,287,263 1,210,193,422Russia 1,688,688 17,075,400 142,946,800Japan 1,138,432 377,944 128,056,026Germany 762,543 357,021 81,799,600
  • 23. Green House inventory for India for Power Sector (Million Tonnes of CO2) Energy Sector CO2 CO2 equivalent (CO2+CH4+NOx) Total Emission 1200 1324 (58% of total) (64% of total) Source : IAE : 2010 Total Emissions India:2069 Million Tonnes
  • 24. PER CAPITA EMISSIONS OF CO2 Top 6 Polluters DR HIMADRI BANERJI EX CEO RELIANCE ENERGY IBC ASIA JAKARTA 24-26 APRIL 2012
  • 25. COST OF VARIOUS CO2 MITIGATION OPTIONS FOR INDIAN POWER SECTOR Potential Green house COST (Rs/Tonnes CO2) . Technologies gas emission reduction (kg/kWh) 1. Co-generation 1.50 480 2. Combined Cycle 0.96 2600 0.18 24000 3. PFBC 0.23 16000 4. IGCC 0.18 16000 5. Supercritical 0.125 8500 Source: ADP 1998 6. Coal Washing DR HIMADRI BANERJI EX CEO RELIANCE ENERGY IBC ASIA JAKARTA 24-26 APRIL 2012
  • 26. CLEAN COAL TECHNOLOGIES• Mining Through better Management Practices (Reduction of Extraneous material)• Coal Preparation Process after mining to improve Inherent & Extraneous material (washing & beneficiation)• Conversion Technologies Supercritical, CFBC, PFBC, CTL, Coal Gasification and, IGCC• Post combustion cleaning Particulate and gaseous pollutants removal (Environmental Requirement) DR HIMADRI BANERJI EX CEO RELIANCE ENERGY IBC ASIA JAKARTA 24-26 APRIL 2012
  • 27. VISION 2020 PROGRAM Gasification using + In-combustion Clean- fluidized bed, moving up Fluidized bed bed or Entrained bed combustion (CFBC, Gasifiers PFBC, AFBC)Pre combustion Clean-up Post combustion beneficiation/washing Clean-up- Desulfurization (FGC systems) CLEAN COAL Supercritical TECHNOLOGIES Technologies for utilization of Coal for Power Generation with minimal pollutants discharged to the atmosphere (Reduced CO2, Sox, Nox, SPM) at high conversion efficiency……….World Coal Institute. DR HIMADRI BANERJI EX CEO RELIANCE ENERGY IBC ASIA JAKARTA 24-26 APRIL 2012
  • 28. Super Critical PC Power Plant (15 oC Amb.) 60 Super Critical PC Power Plant (Indian Condition) IGCC (15 o Amb) CNet Thermal Efficiency (%) 55 IGCC (Indian Condition) Sub Critical PC Power Plant (Indian Condition) 50 1500 oC 1300o C 623 o C 45 600oC 566 oC 40 Ceramic gas 1184o C turbine 650o C 35 540oC 30 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 Year of commercial use EFFICIENCY IMPROVEMENT FORECAST CONVENTIONAL Vs IGCC ( Courtesy BHEL) DR HIMADRI BANERJI EX CEO RELIANCE ENERGY IBC ASIA JAKARTA 24-26 APRIL 2012
  • 29. POLLUTANT GENERATION FROM PC PLANTS 128 150 85 100MMT 20 No Change Scenario 50 13.3 0 Specific Coal Consumption 1997 2002 1997 2002 ASH =0.75 KG/KWH 15 10 Coal 10MMT 4.3 6.6 Ash : 43% 5 2.8 Sulphur : 0.6% 0 1997 2002 1997 2002 SO2 570 Ideal Scenario 600 500 Specific Coal Consumption 400 380 384 =0.35 KG/KWHMMT 300 256 Coal 200 100 Ash : 15% 0 Sulphur : 3% 1997 2002 1997 2002 DR HIMADRI BANERJI EX CEO RELIANCE ENERGY IBC ASIA JAKARTA 24-26 APRIL 2012 CO2
  • 30. RELATIVE EMMISSION 120PERCENTAGE OF PC PLANTS 110 100 90 PC 80 PC+FGD 70 60 PFBC 50 40 IGCC 30 20 10 0 SOx NOx Particulates DR HIMADRI BANERJI EX CEO RELIANCE ENERGY IBC ASIA JAKARTA 24-26 APRIL 2012
  • 31. SUPER CRITICAL UNITS • Standardized Unit Size 660 MW, 246 ata, 565 oC • Station Size 2x660 MW (Minimum) • Common Off site facility • FW Temperature 270 oC – 275 oC with 6 Heaters. Total Capacity Planned 44,560 MW * Number of Units 40 Units * Includes 6x800 MW and 2x600 MW Imported sets.DR HIMADRI BANERJI EX CEO RELIANCE ENERGY IBC ASIA JAKARTA 24-26 APRIL 2012
  • 32. Main advantages of Super-Critical Steam Cycle• Reduced fuel cost due to improved thermal efficiency• Reduction of CO2 emissions by 15% per unit of Power generated compared to sub-critical• Very good part load efficiencies• Plant costs are comparable with sub-critical units DR HIMADRI BANERJI EX CEO RELIANCE ENERGY IBC ASIA JAKARTA 24-26 APRIL 2012
  • 33. Current State-of-ArtSuper-critical Steam Power Generation Plants Pressure - 300 bar Temperature - 600oC Efficiency - 45% (LHV Basis)Nickel based alloys allows up 700oC By the year 2005 - 620 oC By the year 2020 - 650-700 oC Cycle Efficiency - 50-55% DR HIMADRI BANERJI EX CEO RELIANCE ENERGY IBC ASIA JAKARTA 24-26 APRIL 2012
  • 34. R&D IN SUPERCRITICAL TECHNOLOGYMain Thrust Areas : Materials & Metallurgy for components of boiler & turbine subjected to high temperature and high pressure Adv-USC Materials Nickel based alloys have been developed for 700 ° C application: IN 617, IN740, Alloy 263 and their variants Development is also in progress to develop improved materials to meet specific objectives: 12-15%Cr Advanced Martensitic Steels for temperatures up to 650 ° C Z Phase strengthening steels up to 650 ° C Low Nickel alloys for 700 °C to 710 ° C
  • 35. SUPER CRITICAL SCENARIOEXPECTED BENEFITS: • Coal Saving 1,565,200 Tonnes • Co2 Emission Reduction 1,909,544 ” • SO2 Emission Reduction 11,648 ” • Ash Reduction 661,752 ” DR HIMADRI BANERJI EX CEO RELIANCE ENERGY IBC ASIA JAKARTA 24-26 APRIL 2012
  • 36. COAL GASIFIERSJust as conventional solid-fuel boilers may be divided into threebasic types (namely pf-fired, fluidised bed and grate-fired),gasifiers fall into three groups: entrained flow, fluidised bed andmoving bed (sometimes called, somewhat erroneously, fixedbed).Fluidised bed gasifiers are exactly analogous to fluidised bedcombustors; entrained flow gasifiers are similar in concept topf-firing; and moving bed gasifiers bear some resemblance tograte firing. DR HIMADRI BANERJI EX CEO RELIANCE ENERGY IBC ASIA JAKARTA 24-26 APRIL 2012
  • 37. COMPARISON OF GASIFIER TYPES DR HIMADRI BANERJI EX CEO RELIANCE ENERGY IBC ASIA JAKARTA 24-26 APRIL 2012
  • 38. COAL BASED COMBINED CYCLE PLANT Routes Combustion GasificationHot Flue gas under pressure Pressurized gasificationdrives the G.T. process produces fuel for G.T.Pressurized Options AvailableFluidized – BED Moving – BEDCombustor (PFBC) Fluidized – BED Entrained – BED DR HIMADRI BANERJI EX CEO RELIANCE ENERGY IBC ASIA JAKARTA 24-26 APRIL 2012
  • 39. The BGL gasifier (courtesy of BG plc) DR HIMADRI BANERJI EX CEO RELIANCE ENERGY IBC ASIA JAKARTA 24-26 APRIL 2012
  • 40. COAL BASED COMBINED CYCLE POWER GENERATION• Offers Plant efficiency over 44% with advanced GT• Has Lower emission of gaseous and solid pollutants• Accept Inferior and varying quality of coals• Lower water requirement• Capability of phased construction and retrofitting DR HIMADRI BANERJI EX CEO RELIANCE ENERGY IBC ASIA JAKARTA 24-26 APRIL 2012
  • 41. IGCC DR HIMADRI BANERJI EX CEO RELIANCE ENERGY IBC ASIA JAKARTA 24-26 APRIL 2012
  • 42. IGCC TECHNOLOGY ...– Gasification of coal is the cleanest way of utilization of coal, while combined cycle power generation gives the highest efficiency.– Integration of these two technologies in IGCC power generation offers the benefits of very low emissions and efficiencies of the order of 44-48%.– The comparative indices show that in case of IGCC, emission of particulate, NOx and SOx are: 7.1%, 20% and 16%, respectively, of the corresponding emissions from PC plant. DR HIMADRI BANERJI EX CEO RELIANCE ENERGY IBC ASIA JAKARTA 24-26 APRIL 2012
  • 43. IGCC Technology Contd...– Environmental performance of IGCC plants far exceeds that of conventional and even supercritical plants.– Three major areas of technology that will contribute to improvements in IGCC are : • hot gas de-sulfurisation • hot gas particulate removal • advanced turbine systems DR HIMADRI BANERJI EX CEO RELIANCE ENERGY IBC ASIA JAKARTA 24-26 APRIL 2012
  • 44. DEVELOPMENTAL GOALS and CHALLENGES FOR IGCC • To utilize India’s low grade coal for power generation with improved plant efficiency. IGCC plant are still at the demonstration stage and nearly all of the projects so far have required some form of Government support. • The technology has three major deficiencies that need to be remedied before it becomes widely used • IGCC plant are expensive to build, costing significantly more than conventional coal-fired plant with environmental protection equipment. • IGCC plant have so far suffered from relatively poor reliability. • iThe operational flexibility of IGCC plant at least those with oxygen (O2) plant - has yet to be fully proven; in particular, the start-up times for IGCC plant are measured in days rather than hours. DR HIMADRI BANERJI EX CEO RELIANCE ENERGY IBC ASIA JAKARTA 24-26 APRIL 2012
  • 45. IGCC DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM IN INDIAMAJOR MILE STONES: • Choice of gasification for high ash coals by BHEL • 6.2 MW IGCC demonstration plant established by BHEL both with Moving Bed and Fluidized Bed. • Coal Characterization by BHEL & IICT for gasification application. • Intensive data generated by IICT on oxygen-steam gasification in their Moving Bed gasifier. • Task force CEA, CSIR, NTPC & BHEL constituted to assess technological maturity & Financial requirement for a green field IGCC plant of 100 MW capacity at Dadri (NTPC). • BHEL, CSIR & NTPC prepared proposal for setting up of this 100 MW IGCC demonstration plant. DR HIMADRI BANERJI EX CEO RELIANCE ENERGY IBC ASIA JAKARTA 24-26 APRIL 2012
  • 46. DR HIMADRI BANERJI EX CEO RELIANCE ENERGY IBC ASIA JAKARTA 24-26 APRIL 2012
  • 47. DR HIMADRI BANERJI EX CEO RELIANCE ENERGY IBC ASIA JAKARTA 24-26 APRIL 2012
  • 48. Circulating Fluidized Bed Combustion • Circulating Fluidized Bed Combustion (CFBC) technology has selectively been applied in India for firing high sulphur refinery residues, pet coke, lignite, etc. CFBC Technology is superior to PC Power Plant Technology: – Lower NOx formation and the ability to capture SO2 with limestone injection in the furnace. DR HIMADRI BANERJI EX CEO RELIANCE ENERGY IBC ASIA JAKARTA 24-26 APRIL 2012
  • 49. Circulating fluidized Bed Combustion • Good combustion efficiencies comparable to PC Power Plants. • The heat transfer coefficient of the CFB furnace is nearly double that of PC which makes the furnace compact. • Fuel Flexibility: The CFB can handle a wide range of fuels such as inferior coal, washery rejects, lignite, anthracite, petroleum coke and agricultural waste with lower heating. DR HIMADRI BANERJI EX CEO RELIANCE ENERGY IBC ASIA JAKARTA 24-26 APRIL 2012
  • 50. Circulating Fluidised Bed Boiler Steam to Super Heater Cyclone Back-PassCoal Feed FurnaceHopper ESP External Heat-ExchangerAsh Cooler HP Air DR HIMADRI BANERJI EX CEO RELIANCE ENERGY IBC ASIA JAKARTA 24-26 APRIL 2012
  • 51. CFBC Vs Other Clean Coal Technologies ITEM CFBC PF+FGD/SCR IGCC Cycle Eff. % 34.8 36.7 41-42 41- Relative Capital 1.0 1.03- 1.03-1.19 1.15- 1.15-1.42 Cost/kW Relative O&M 1.0 1.49 0.8-0.98 0.8- Cost/kW At present pulverized fuel firing with FGD are less costly than prevailing IGCC technology. However, firing in CFB Boiler is still more economical when using high sulfur lignite and low- grade coals and rejects.
  • 52. SUMMARY• Renovation & Modernization (R&M) and Life Extension (LE) of old power plants is a cost- effective option as compared to adding up green field plant capacities.• Growing environmental regulations would force many utilities within the country to go for revamping these polluting old power plants using environmentally benign CFBC technology. DR HIMADRI BANERJI EX CEO RELIANCE ENERGY IBC ASIA JAKARTA 24-26 APRIL 2012
  • 53. SUMMARYSustainable Power Development calls foradoption of Clean Coal Technologies likeSupercritical cycles, IGCC and FBCtechnologiesSupercritical Power technologies mayselectively be used for Pit Head powergeneration using washed coal DR HIMADRI BANERJI EX CEO RELIANCE ENERGY IBC ASIA JAKARTA 24-26 APRIL 2012
  • 54. SUMMARY• IGCC can revolutionize the power generation scenario in India, once the commercial viability of technology with high ash coals is established at the proposed 100 MW plant.• The success of the project will largely depend on maturity of Fluidized bed gasification technology for high ash Indian Coals.• CFBC technologies are particularly useful for Boiler Emission reduction through revamping of old polluting plants. DR HIMADRI BANERJI EX CEO RELIANCE ENERGY IBC ASIA JAKARTA 24-26 APRIL 2012