America’s Government By: Arielle HorowitzA ch ildren’s b oo k !
The United States Constitution separates our country’s government into three branches.These branches are the Executive Branch, theLegislative Branch, and the Judicial Branch. Click for Video
The Executive Branch of Government makessure everyone listens to the rules. The President runs this group, but he also gets a lot of help from other people. Click for Video
The people that help the President run the Executive Branch are called the Cabinet.Sixteen people make up the President’s Cabinet,they are the Vice President and 15 other special advisors.
As the head of the Executive Branch, the President has many responsibilities. ThePresident approves the laws Congress makes, he is the Head of State, the Chief ofGovernment, and the head of the US Military.
The next important branch of government isthe Legislative Branch. This branch is referredto as Congress and is divided into two houses, the Senate and the House of Representatives.
Congress’ job is to write, debate, and pass bills. These bills are then passed on to the presidentfor his approval. Some other duties of Congress are investigating national issues andsupervising the executive and judicial branches.
The House of Representatives has 435 members, these members are chosen based on each state’s population. Each member is elected into office for a two-year term and must be 25 years old, a citizen for at least seven years, and a resident of the state from which they are elected. A few of the special jobs that the House has are starting laws that make people pay taxes, and deciding if a government officialshould be put on trial before the Senate if they commits a crime against the country.
The Senate has 100 members, each state is entitled to have tworepresentatives regardless of their population. Each member is elected into office for a six-year term and must be 30 years old, a citizen for at leastnine years, and a resident of the state from which they are elected. A few of the special jobs that the Senate has are confirming/ disapproving any treaties the President drafts, confirming/ disapproving the Presidentialappointments, and holding a trial for a Government official who commits a crime against the country.
The third and final branch of government is known as the Judicial Branch. This branchhouses the Supreme Court, which is the highest court in the country. Click for Video
The jobs of the Supreme Court are to makedecisions about the meaning of laws, decidehow those laws are applied, and figure out whether or not the laws violate the Constitution.
Nine Justices make up the Supreme Court, and one of them is known as the Supreme Justice.The Justices are appointed by the President and then approved by the Senate, there are no set qualifications needed to become a Supreme Court Justice.
How many Justices arethere in the Supreme Court?a.) Tenb.) Onec.) Nine
The number of Senators foreach state is determined by:a.) Every state hastwo Senatorsb.) Senators aredetermined by thestate’s populationc.) They are pickedrandomly
Which of the following is NOT a job of The House of Representatives? a.)Interpreting the Constitution b.) Deciding if a government official should be put on trial before the Senate if they commits a crime against the country c.) Starting laws that make people pay taxes
True or False: The Vice President is a member of the President’s Cabinet.a.)Falseb.)True
Which of the following is one of the three branches of government? a.) The House of Representatives b.) The Senate c.) The Executive
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