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Types of fractures
Types of fractures
Types of fractures
Types of fractures
Types of fractures
Types of fractures
Types of fractures
Types of fractures
Types of fractures
Types of fractures
Types of fractures
Types of fractures
Types of fractures
Types of fractures
Types of fractures
Types of fractures
Types of fractures
Types of fractures
Types of fractures
Types of fractures
Types of fractures
Types of fractures
Types of fractures
Types of fractures
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Types of fractures

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This power point is made by collecting illustrations from different sources in order to make a complete presentation. it has been made in the pretext of veterinary medicine …

This power point is made by collecting illustrations from different sources in order to make a complete presentation. it has been made in the pretext of veterinary medicine

Published in: Health & Medicine, Technology
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  • 1.  Types of fractures Shaft – diaphysis and 2 extremities , epiphysis Marrow cavity
  • 2.  Def : fracture Complete/ incomplete break – continuity – bone / cartilage or both, with or without displacement of fracture fragments Assoc. soft tissue damage
  • 3.  Type of Fracture:2. Cause, mild/ severe3. Bone involved: Young / old / cortical / cancellous4. Site of fracture5. Temperament of animal
  • 4. Etiology:• Extrinsic – trauma and forces – act on bonec. Direct trauma: Automobile accident (80 %) Fall from a height Usually comminuted/ multiple type
  • 5. a. Indirect : arises during running , jumping or falling of an animal Forces like bending , torsional , compressive and shearing are transmitted – weak link within the bone
  • 6. Bending forces  When it overcomes – elastic limit of a bone- cortex opposite to force – breaks – additional force- complete fracture  Oblique or transverse fractures  Steps into a hole while running
  • 7. Torsional force Bone is twisted along its ling axis. Result – one end is fixed and other is forced to rotate Long / short spiral fracture
  • 8. Compressive forces One end is fixed – other is forced towards fixed end – compacted / compression fracture
  • 9. Shearing Force transmitted along long axis – transferred to a portion of the same bone – peripheral to the axis Fracture line – parallel to direction of applied force Eg: fracture of bony prominences
  • 10. Intrinsic causes Cause Inside body Related to violent m. contraction/ local or systemic diseasesc. Muscular contraction: Skeletal m. – violently – chip off – bone – attachment insertion/ origin)Avulsion fracturesImmature animals – commonAcromion , greater trochanter, tibial tuberosity, calcaneal of fibular tarsal
  • 11.  B. Pathological: local / systemic dis. – bones – abnormal/ weak – fracture with wt. Bone tumours, cysts, osteoporosis, bone infections, rickets , osteoporosis by prolonged fixations
  • 12. Classification1. Basis of comminucation of the site to the environment: Simple (closed) Compound (open)Simple: no wound at surface no communicationCompound: open wound communication prone to infection
  • 13.  2. Extent of fracture: complete Incomplete Incomplete: 1. green stick – cortex opp. To bending breaks and under the force remains intact Immature animals – elastic nature of bone
  • 14.  2. Fissure fracture; Direct trauma – incomplete fracture 3. Depression fracture; A small portion of cortex – depressed into its parent bone – Maxilla and frontal bones
  • 15. Complete fractures Complete loss of bone continuity and bone – div. – 2 or more fragments On the basis of direction of the fracture lines:3. Transverse- result of bending force
  • 16. 2.Oblique – Bending + axial compression – diagonal to long axis3. Spiral : Frac. Line spirals the long axis of bone(torsion, twisting/ rotational forces)
  • 17. 4. Comminuted: 2 or more fracture lines interconnect each other at one point.(butterfly fracture)5. Multiple fracture: 2 or more – frac. Lines – donot interconnect – div. the bone into 3 or more fracture fragments. – severe soft tissue injuries- healing time is more
  • 18. 6. Impacted fracture: cortical end is impacted into cancellous – usually at junction of diaphysis and metaphysis of a long bone
  • 19. 7. Compression fracture: Cancellous bone collapses – compresses upon itself- eg. Frac. Of vertebral bodies – spine trauma
  • 20. 8. Avulsion fracture: Part of the bone is torn away
  • 21. Basis of anatomicallocationn Diaphyseal fracture: 1/3rd, 2/3rd or distal 3rdn Metaphyseal fracture: Distal / proximaln Epiphyseal: Distal / proximal
  • 22. 4. Condylar : frac. Lines pass through condyles or between condylesEg; distal end of humerus / femurFurther classified as medial/ lateral /.intercondylar/ supracondylar
  • 23.  5. Articular: frac. Of subchondral bone 6. fracture dislocation: results into a joint instability – luxation of joint eg: Montegia fracture of olecranon process and dislocation of elbow joint.

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