Structural Funds for regional ICT: Reality and future programming period 2014 -2020
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Structural Funds for regional ICT: Reality and future programming period 2014 -2020

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“ONE” Project Conference, Brussels – April 24, 2014

“ONE” Project Conference, Brussels – April 24, 2014

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  • 1.   Structural Funds for regional ICT: Reality and future programming period 2014 -2020   “ONE” Project Conference, Brussels – April 24, 2014 Luigi Reggi Department for Economic Development and Cohesion @luigireggi
  • 2. •  Current financial support of Structural Funds to ICT policies •  Regional strategies for ICT •  2014-2020 new programming period •  Open Data on EU Regional Policy 2 Agenda
  • 3. •  1994-1999 > Regional Information Society Initiative (RISI) •  2000-2006 > 5.5 billion € (Source:Vincente and Lopez, 2011) •  2007-2013 > 15.3 billion € (Year 2010. Source: Reggi & Scicchitano based on EU Commission data. 14.6 billion in 2013. Source: EU Commission] •  2014-2020 > Maybe higher? 3 Financial support of Cohesion Policy to ICT policies
  • 4. 4 What we buy with Structural Funds in the current period 2007-13 Broadband networks 15% Information and communication technologies (interoperability, security, etc.) 27% Services and applications for citizens 34% Services and applications for SMEs 14% Other measures for improving use of ICT by SMEs 10% Source: Reggi & Scicchitano, Are EU regional digital strategies evidence-based? An analysis of the allocation of 2007–13 Structural Funds. Telecommunications Policy, 2014 (in press).
  • 5. 5 …and where we buy it 0   400   800   1,200   1,600   2,000   0%   2%   4%   6%   8%   10%   12%   SK   FI   GR   COOP   DK   SE   IT   PO   IR   FR   LV   ND   UK   CK   SL   LT   ES   PT   MA   HU   LU   KR   RM   EE   AT   DE   BG   BE   Milions   IS  -­‐  Absolute  values   IS  -­‐  %  of  Total  Structural  Funds   3,714   Allocation of 2007-13 Structural Funds to ICT development (categories of expenditure 10-15) Source: Reggi & Scicchitano, Are EU regional digital strategies evidence-based? An analysis of the allocation of 2007–13 Structural Funds. Telecommunications Policy, 2014 (in press).
  • 6. 6 Allocation of 2007-13 Structural Funds to ICT development (categories of expenditure 10-15)
  • 7. 7 Regional Strategies for ICT development Regional planning for ICT should be guided by effective Regional “digital strategies”: 1.  consistent with the EU policy framework (Digital Agenda for Europe) 2.  place-based, i.e. based on available evidence on the characteristics of local contexts in terms of IS development (Barca, 2009; Tsipouri, 2002) ⇒  based on available regional indicators! 3.  comprehensive and balanced
  • 8. Telecommunication infrastructures vs. eServices development Supply vs. Demand of ICT •  improve Internet penetration •  use of ICT services and applications in households businesses and public administrations •  digital inclusion •  citizen empowerment •  … •  eServices provision •  availability of equipment, infrastructures and applications •  ICT professionals/ practicioners •  … A balanced approach
  • 9. -3.0 -1.5 0 1.5 -1.5 0 1.5 3.0 broadband Dimension 1 - 36.90 % CLUSTER 2 CLUSTER 3 SME2 SME1 ICT e-Services CLUSTER 1 Dimension 2 - 27.21 % Regional Strategies for ICT development: 2007-13 allocations (CONV objective) Cluster 1 = eServices provision (“back office”) Cluster 2 = Public eServices (“front office”) Cluster 3 = ICT in SMEs + Broadband Source: Reggi & Scicchitano, Are EU regional digital strategies evidence-based? An analysis of the allocation of 2007–13 Structural Funds. Telecommunications Policy, 2014 (in press).
  • 10. 10 •  Reggi & Schicchitano (2014) have compared the financial allocations in CONV regions (made in 2006 for the 2007-13 period) with the available indicators at the regional level (Eurostsat, 2006): •  Households with broadband access •  Households with access to the Internet •  Individuals who ordered goods or services over the Internet for private use •  Individuals using the Internet for interaction with public authorities •  Enterprises who have ERP software package to share information on sales/purchases with other internal functional areas •  Control variables: •  Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita •  Number of local units •  Number of employees in local units •  Total intramural R&D expenditure in the higher education sector •  Rate of unemployment 2007-13 Regional ICT strategies …maybe not so evidence-based & balanced? :(
  • 11. 11 2007-13 Regional ICT strategies …maybe not so evidence-based & balanced? :( •  EU Regions investing in public eServices development (both “front” and “back office”, clusters 1&2) => significantly higher levels of uptake of public eServices (“Individuals using the Internet for interaction with public authorities”) •  Regions investing in broadband + ICT in SMSs (cluster 3) => significantly higher values of ICT diffusion in SMEs (“Enterprises with ERP software”) and of Broadband penetration (“Households with broadband connection”)
  • 12. 12 2007-13 Regional ICT strategies …maybe not so evidence-based & balanced? :( Regions seek to further improve their strengths rather than focus on the weaknesses that emerge from the regional ICT context - WHY? - -  Inadequate analysis of local context (qualitative vs. quantitative analysis, shortage of regional data) -  Path dependence (e.g. multiannual plans on large telecomm infrastructures) -  Automatic decommission rule of Structural Funds “N+2” (concentrating resources on on-going projects that ensure immediate spending) -  …?
  • 13. 13 ICT policy in 2014-2020 Programming Period
  • 14. 14 1.  Research & innovation 2.  Information and communication technologies (ICT) 3.  Competitiveness of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) 4.  Shift towards a low-carbon economy 5.  Climate change adaptation & risk prevention and management 6.  Environmental protection & resource efficiency 7.  Sustainable transport & removing bottlenecks in key network infrastructures 8.  Employment & supporting labour mobility 9.  Social inclusion & combating poverty 10.  Education, skills & lifelong learning 11.  Institutional capacity building & efficient public administrations Thematic objectives
  • 15. 15 Research & innovation + Digital Agenda Energy efficiency & renewable energy Competitiveness of SMEs ERDF Thematic concentration €100 billion Less developed regionsMore developed regions 80% 20% 50% Transition = 60%
  • 16. 16 ERDF Investment priorities Enhancing access to, and use and quality of, ICT by: (a)  extending broadband deployment and the roll-out of high-speed networks and supporting the adoption of emerging technologies and networks for the digital economy; (b)  developing ICT products and services, e-commerce, and enhancing demand for ICT; (c)  strengthening ICT applications for e-government, e- learning, e-inclusion, e-culture and e-health; Art. 5 Reg 1301/2013
  • 17. 17 A strategic policy framework for digital growth, for instance, within the national or regional smart specialisation strategy is in place that contains: •  budgeting and prioritisation of actions through a SWOT or similar analysis consistent with the Scoreboard of the Digital Agenda for Europe; •  an analysis of balancing support for demand and supply of ICT should have been conducted; •  indicators to measure progress of interventions in areas such as digital literacy, e-inclusion, e-accessibility, and progress of e- health within the limits of Article 168 TFEU which are aligned, where appropriate, with existing relevant sectoral Union, national or regional strategies; •  assessment of needs to reinforce ICT capacity-building. Ex-ante conditionalities: 2.1 Strategic policy Framework for Digital growth
  • 18. 18 Ex-ante conditionalities: 2.2 NGA Plan A national Next-Generation Access (NGA) Plan is in place that contains: •  a plan of infrastructure investments based on an economic analysis taking account of existing private and public infrastructures and planned investments; •  sustainable investment models that enhance competition and provide access to open, affordable, quality and future-proof infrastructure and services; •  measures to stimulate private investment.
  • 19. 19 Open data on EU Regional Policy FORMAT: machine readable (XML, CSV…) ACCESSIBILITY: data accessible from a national portal LICENCE CONTENT: •  beneficiary name (only of legal entities; no natural persons shall be named); •  operation name; •  operation summary; •  operation start date; •  operation end date (expected date for physical completion or full implementation of the operation); •  total eligible expenditure allocated to the operation; •  Union co-financing rate, as per priority axis; •  operation postcode; or other appropriate location indicator; •  country; •  name of category of intervention for the operation in accordance with point (b) (vi) of the first subparagraph of Article 96(2); •  date of last update of the list of operations. •  The headings of the data fields shall be also provided in at least one other official language of the Union. New rules within the Information & Publicity Chapter
  • 20. 20 Open data on EU Regional Policy
  • 21. 21 Level of compliance to 2014-2020 rules on data publication of current Operational Programmes (December 2013, preliminary data) Source: Study on Open Data & Structural Funds (ODSF), OpenCoesione team, 2014. 0%   20%   40%   60%   80%   100%   BG   PL   CZ   FI   LT   HU   GR   SK   DK   SE   NL   Media  UE   AT   UK   PT   FR   IE   EE   LV   MT   RO   SI   IT   LU   BE   DE   CY   ES   2011   2013   EU  AVERAGE  2013   Open data on EU Regional Policy
  • 22. Open data on EU Regional Policy in ITALY www.opencoesione.it www.ascuoladiopencoesione.it www.monithon.it
  • 23. 23 Thank you! @luigireggi Word cloud of 2014-2020 General Regulation Proposal